Communicative Competence’ s recent
trends have put more attention to language
as interactive communication among
individuals, each with a sociocultural
communicative competence enables us to
convey and interpret messages and to
negotiate meanings interpersonally within
that enable to
embedded- face to face
Canale and Swain said that CC has four components:
Grammatical competence: focused on sentence-level
Discourse competence: concerned with
Sociolinguistic Competence: knowledge of the
Strategic Competence: verbal and nonverbal
communication strategies to compensate
Strategic competence enhance the effectiveness
of communication or to compensate for
breakdowns. (Swain four years later)
Strategic competence is the way we manipulate
language in order to meet communicative goals.
- Sensitivity to
figures of speech
Knowledge of the
Knowledge of the
Halliday´s seven function
The instrumental : manipulate the environment.
The regulatory: to control of the situation.
The representational : as one sees it.
The interactional: to ensure social maintenance.
The personal: to express feelings, emotions, personality.
The heuristic: involves language used to acquire knowledge, to
learn about the environment
The imaginative: to create imaginary systems or ideas.
A single sentence or conversation might incorporate
many different functions simultaneously.
Curricula were organized around different functions: identifying,
reporting, denying, declining an invitation, asking permission,
apologizing, etc. Now it is referred to as functional syllabuses.
(Van EK and Alexander 1975)
Berns went on to show how context is the real key to giving meaning
to both form and function.
THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!!
It has been a nice opportunity to share our ideas with
you. We hope it has been a meaningful experience for
you as it has been for us.
PATRICIA CUBILLOS MUÑOZ
DIANA MARCELA ESCOBAR