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Kamov 32


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Kamov 32

  1. 1. Ka-32 Helicopters Brief description, flight performance, application versions KAMOV 8A, March 8th street , Lubertsy 40007 Moscow Region Tel. 095-7003380, fax 7003071, e-mail:
  2. 2. MAIN FACTS ABOUT «Ka-32» -TYPE HELICOPTERS The helicopters of Ka-32 family are in series production since 1986. The model range includes the following helicopter versions: Ka-32Т - transport; Ka-32С - transport, search-and-rescue, radar surveillance; Ka-32А0 - transport, Russian limited certificate; Ka-32А - transport, certified in Russia (type certificate No 36-32А dated 16.07.93); Ka-32А11BC - transport, certified in Canada (type certificate NН-100 dated 11.05.98) for compliance with FAR29 and FAR33 (Canadian requirements 529 and 533), and in the Republic of China (Taiwan); Ka-32А12 - transport, certified in Switzerland in 1998. Records: the Ka-32 helicopter has set several world records including maximum flight altitude - 8,250 m, altitude with 100 kg of payload – 7,305 m, altitude with 2,000 kg of cargo - 6,400 m. 2
  3. 3. HELICOPTER DIMENSIONS 5,400 1,400 3,020 3,500 ∅ 15,900 11,300 The helicopter is very compact: the airframe elements do not protrude beyond the rotor diameter (15,9 m). During parking the blades are folded and the helicopter length makes 12,3 m. 3
  4. 4. DESIGN FEATURES The helicopter has coaxial rotor design; it means that all aerodynamic forces, necessary for helicopter movement and control, are created by two main contra-rotating rotors placed on one axis. The turn of the helicopter in a horizontal plane is achieved by pitch change of upper and lower rotors that causes differential change of torques. The rotors are set on main drive shafts and are powered by two TV3-117VMA turboshaft engines. The engine air intakes have special screen protecting engine from birds, stones, branches and ice ingression. The TV3-117VMA engine is designed by KLIMOV plant and is mounted on Ka-27, Ka-29, Ka-32, Ka-50, Ka-52, Mi-24, Mi-8, Mi-8MT helicopters and other helicopters of Russian manufacture. Batch production of the mentioned engines is realized by the Zaporozhye- based MOTOR-SICH JSC, the Ukraine. The engine is among the world’s best in its class with respect to fuel consumption efficiency and weight data. Well-organized manufacturing process provides the engine with high reliability and long service life. Main Advantages of the Engine: low specific fuel consumption low weight-to-power ratio high reliability long service life serviceability high maintainability operability in smoke/dust conditions possibility to sustain prolong maritime operations 4
  5. 5. Engine Performance Data All basic engine and transmission accessories as well as AI-9 APU TV3-117VMA TV3-117VMA ser.2 (Auxiliary Power Unit) that provides pneumatic engine starting, are Emergency power arranged in the engine nacelle attached to the upper part of the (H=0, V=0, ISA) no Power, h.p. (kW) 2,400 (1,765) fuselage. The helicopter fuselage is comprised of a two-pilot cockpit Take-off power with two doors serving as emergency exits; a transport cabin having a (H=0, V=0, ISA) Power, h.p. (kW) 2,200 (1,618) 2,200 (1,618) length of 4.52 m, an emergency hatch (starboard) and sliding door Specific fuel consumption, kg/h.p. ( kg/kWh) 0.210 (0.286) 0.210 (0.286) (portside). Cruise power The helicopters of T and C models have 15 flap seats for (H=0, V=0, ISA) 1,500 (1,130) 1,500 (1,130) transportation; helicopters of A11BC and A12 models have 13 flap Power, h.p. (kW) Dry weight, kg 294 294 seats. The fuselage can accommodate cargoes up to 3,700 kg; the external sling is capable of carrying up to 5,000 kg. Four-leg wheeled landing gear and empennage of a fix-aircraft type (stabilizer and two fins) are attached to the fuselage. For emergency ditching the helicopter has floatation gear system. For landing on a soft soil the skis gear are fitted on the landing gear wheels. The helicopter has complex control system: control linkage drives servo unit, in case of which there are hydraulic actuators. On Ka-32A11BC and Ka-32A12 in power hydraulic actuator, there are two servo valves in each control channel operated simultaneously from two independent hydraulic systems. The engines, APU gearbox in the general engine nacelle, coaxial rotor system with three-blade rotors are arranged on the upper part of the fuselage. The composite blades with front edge electro-thermal protective system have high degree of efficiency and long service life. 5
  6. 6. The electrical power supply system is comprised of two alternators and DC power supply sources. Each alternator powers its independent system. The fuel systems of LH and RH engines are also isolated, though if necessary, each engine can be fed from all tanks. The avionics package comprising piloting, navigation devices and systems, intercommunication gear, radio equipment, flight data and voice recording systems makes the helicopter capable to fly in daytime and at night, in simple and adverse weather conditions. The Ka-32A11BC helicopters have instruments and scales with the English unit of measurements. The provisions are made to install Russian and western equipment on the cockpit instrument panel. 6
  7. 7. Ka-32 HELICOPTER CONFIGURATION 1. Pilot station 2. Navigator station 3. Operator station 4. Seats 5. Direction control pedals 6. Radar (optional) 7. Fuel tanks 8. Nose landing gear 9. Main landing gear 10. External sling support 11. Emergency ballonets 12. Compressed-air bottles to inflate emergency ballonets 13. Compartment for electrical and radio equipment 14. Doppler antenna 15. Emergency buoy (optional) 16. Winch (optional) 17. Fuel tanks 18. TV3-117VMA engines 19. Hydraulic actuator system 20. BR-252 gear box 21. Rotor mast 22. Rotor blades 23. Fan 24. Auxiliary power unit 26 25. Hydraulic pump station 26. Compartments for additional equipment 7
  8. 8. BASIC FLIGHT PERFORMANCE Number, type and model of the engine ТV3-117VMA 2 turboshafts Engine take-off power, h.p. 2,200 Helicopter take-off weight, kg 11,000 Flying weight with external load 12,700 Rotor diameter, m 15.9 Dimensions (length, height, width), m: • helicopter with blades folded 12.25 х 5.4 х 3.8 • cabin 4.52 х 1.24 х 1.3 Flight speed, km/h: • maximum 260 • cruise 230 HIGE: -ISA, m 4300 HOGE: -ISA, m 3700 -ISA+20°, m 2600 Service ceiling , m 5,000 Operational range, km 700 Maximum flight endurance, h 4.5 Service personnel 13-15 Crew 1-2 8
  9. 9. RANGE WITH EXTERNAL CARGO ISA, H = 200 m fuel en-route reserve = 300 kg Ka-32A11 9
  12. 12. SERVICE CEILING SERVICE CEILING, m 0 8000 9000 10000 11000 12000 13000 14000 FLYING WEIGHT, kg Ka-32A11 12
  14. 14. TRANSPORT VERSION The helicopters of Ka-32 family are intended for transportation of bulky cargoes on an external sling, and for passengers and cargoes transportation inside transport cabin. Depending on the mission performed, the helicopter may be fitted with different equipment: modern flight navigation suite, radar station, equipment for instrument ice patrol, and emergency ballonets. The equipment is used both for fulfillment of routine helicopter missions and for ship navigation in ice conditions, for unloading the ship at roadstead or on the move, for off-shore platforms support, for people evacuation and for provisions and medicines supply. The transport cabin accommodates up to 15 persons, in the ambulance version up to 9 persons can be taken (including 4 of them on stretchers.) The helicopter heating and conditioning systems provide the crew and passengers with normal temperature conditions. Sanitary equipment includes up to four stretchers and medical care facilities. The helicopter gross weight at cargo transportation on an external sling and people transportation in transport cabin should not exceed 12,700 kg. The helicopter has proved to be one of the best in cargo and people transportation in high mountains. The helicopter is capable to withstand very difficult operation conditions due to high strength characteristics and high service life of fuselage structure. 14
  15. 15. SEARCH-AND-RESCUE Excellent flight performance of Ka-32 helicopter and its reliability make it indispensable during land and sea SAR operations. SAR equipment includes rescue hoisting aids, communications and detection systems, lighting and signaling devices Ka-32 helicopter equipped with up-to-date systems configured and installed at customer’s option is capable: • to fly to a designated areas within the shortest time period, • to get a distress signal from emergency radios and beacons, • to detect the rescue object by the on-board radar, thermal imaging system or night vision goggles, • to get into contact with the victims using a loud-speaking device or by radio communication (if available), • to take on board the injured and victims using the winch or other special devices in hovering regime when it is impossible to land. • to coordinate the operation of sea floating vessels by loitering in the disaster area. • to take part in operations aimed at localizing and eliminating the consequences of accident oil spills from the tankers and of-shore oil rigs. • to demolish the blockages as a result of man-caused disasters in conditions of fully destroyed transportation links and approaches to enterprises and civil objects; • to deliver food and medical supplies for the inhabitants of the disaster areas. Considerable experience gained in Russia in operating helicopters for SAR missions allows to state with confidence that Ka-32 helicopter is the optimal machine for such challenges. 15
  16. 16. FLYING CRANE The ability to lift and to transport underslung heavy loads of up to 5 tons places Ka-32 helicopter to a leading position in the world in terms of operational efficiency criteria among the rotorcraft of this weight category. Ka-32 successfully operates in Switzerland, Canada, Middle East and South East countries performing the following missions: • logging; • forest fire-fighting; • installation of power transmission lines; • installation of cable-way towers; • building of mountain cafes and hotels; • off-shore platforms support. The helicopters were also flown for carrying cargo and personnel of American companies during development of the continental shelf in Papua New Guinea. Ka-32A11BC helicopters operate as flying cranes for logging in hard-to-reach mountainous regions of Canada and Switzerland. In logging missions, being the most complex in terms of lifted loads and operating conditions, the helicopter has demonstrated superb operational functionality and has taken the leading place on the helicopter logging market. 16
  17. 17. Due to its coaxial rotor system guaranteeing piloting accuracy and precision the helicopter is capable to carry loads in narrow canyons with minimum deviation from a specified point. For landing the helicopter requires a pad as small as 12 x 12 m. External cargo sling is attached to a frame in transport cabin. Underslung load stabilization system excludes cargo swinging and facilitates piloting task. The provisions are made in the cabin doorway to install a remotely-controlled 300-kg capacity winch on a movable boom. 17
  18. 18. FIRE-FIGHTING HELICOPTER This configuration of the helicopter can be used for fighting fires in hard-to-reach areas, in high-storied buildings, on enterprises and rural infrastructures serving simultaneously for transporting firemen and evacuating people from emergency constructions and buildings on fire, from ships and off-shore platforms. The unique qualities of coaxial rotors ensure high power-to-weight ratio of Ka-32 helicopter, its small dimensions and simplicity of piloting. Due to the absence of a tail rotor the helicopter is most safe during maneuvering in the vicinity of obstacles and is less sensitive to the wind force and direction. The helicopter performs any turns in a horizontal plane without changing flight altitude and additional engine power losses, which is particularly important in fighting fires in high air temperatures conditions when the powerplant excess power is unavailable. Two Ka-32 helicopters operated by fire-fighting service of the city of Moscow for 7 years have considerably increased the availability of Moscow fire brigades, saved the lives of hundreds of people and many industrial, city-owned and house stock objects. The availability of an open water basins in Moscow allows the helicopter to quickly react and effectively extinguish fire sources using a number of devices and systems which are simple and reliable in operation. 18
  19. 19. Fire-suppression systems «Simplex» system, model 10900-050, is a set of on-board equipment intended for autonomous charging, discharging and transportation of fire-extinguishing liquids. The system is comprised of the following components: pump charging system, allowing to take water without landing the helicopter, built-in tank with hydraulic water release doors (from below), two tanks with foam reagent (along the fuselage sides), electronic control unit. Active system of filling allows using of shallow, open basins. “Simplex” Company designs and delivers systems with water tanks, the capacity of which is up to 3,000 l and up to 5,000 l. The helicopters equipped with “Simplex” systems are extensively used for forest fire fighting in South Korea, Canada and other countries of the world. Изготовитель оборудования: “Simplex Manufacturing Company”, Portland, Oregon 97230, США 19
  20. 20. Underslung «Bambi Bucket» system of 5,000 l capacity. The less expensive and simple to use system for efficient fire fighting missions when open water basins are available nearby. Manufacturer: “Sei Industries Ltd”, 7400 Wilson Ave, Delta, B.C.V4G 1 E5, Canada 20
  21. 21. Russia-manufactured horizontal fire extinguishing system (water cannon) which can be fed from a fire-fighting vehicle and is capable of suppressing fire at the altitude of up to 100 m. When autonomous underslung water tanks of up to 3,400 l are used, the helicopter altitude of operation is practically unlimited. A system of special rescue cabins for 2, 10 or 20 people intended for rescuing people from the balconies or roofs of the buildings on fire. The helicopters are equipped with a cargo winch (of 300 kg capacity), floodlight, loud speaking device and special communication systems. 21
  22. 22. The helicopters with the above equipment are widely operated today. The helicopters with “Simplex” system are effectively operated in the Republic of Korea for forest fire-fighting. Two helicopters with «Bambi Bucket» system and water cannon are on duty with a fire-fighting service of the city of Moscow (Russia). During dry summer months Ka-32 helicopters are on a round-the-clock duty in the south European countries to protect forests and other objects from fire. The helicopter with these fire-fighting systems can operate in built-up areas and for fighting forest and oil- and-gas pipeline fires, as well as fires on off- shore platforms. 22
  23. 23. POLICE HELICOPTER Ka-32А2 is developed on basis of the certified Ka-32А helicopter. The helicopter primary role is to provide air mobility of law enforcement and special groups to counteract criminals and terrorists: • search and detection of criminal groups (objects); • landing of a detaining group in a specified area; • suppression of delinquent resistance using helicopter weapons; • post deployment. The helicopter is additionally equipped with special communication systems, floodlights, loudspeaking device, seats for accommodating 12 soldiers in the cabin and special devices for simultaneous landing of 5 soldiers when the helicopter is hovering. Helicopter protection against ground fire is also provided. The helicopter can be used for search and elimination of criminal groups, transportation of special armed units, landing of law enforcement groups , cargo transportation inside the helicopter and on external sling. The helicopter can efficiently operate for detecting and counteracting unlawful armed formations in the cross country and in the mountains, for carrying light artillery guns, for setting up and supporting weapon emplacements and posts at the predominant eminences. 23
  24. 24. The helicopter is equipped with powerful floodlights, lowering devices for landing soldiers in hovering through doorways along both fuselage sides, pintles for machine guns or additional gunner seat. For increased combat survivability the cockpit is armor-protected and self-sealing fuel tanks are installed. In case of necessity Ka-32А2 can be used as a fire-fighting helicopter with underslung water or other extinguisher tank or as a rescue helicopter for prompt evacuation of people from hard-to-reach areas after man-caused and natural disasters. The helicopter efficiently operates in the city of Moscow for law enforcement missions, monitoring of the situation during mass meetings, festivals, sporting events, etc. 24
  25. 25. Ka-32 OPERATION AT SEA Ka-32 - a derivative of the Ka-27 ship-borne helicopter has inherited from its predecessor the ability to operate in different climatic zones, in aggressive sea environment, tropical heat and arctic frosts. Ka-32 helicopter, featuring high flight performance and modern avionics suite, is very effective in performing various missions in daytime and at night, in any time of the year, in simple and adverse weather, in zero visibility conditions, at sea state of up to 4-5 and 100% humidity. Anticorrosion protection of the fuselage, engines and equipment complies with the most stringent standards and allows to operate the helicopter at sea. Up-to-date flight-navigation integrated system automatically brings the helicopter to a remote spot in the ocean. Flight integrated system ensures automatic hovering, stabilization of the preset and flight speed. Using the main tanks fuel the helicopter is capably of continuous flight at a range of 700 km. Flight endurance with standard fuel (without reserve) is – 4-5 hrs. The helicopter can land on a 12 х 12 m pad including on a ship deck at 5-6 state of sea scale. 25
  26. 26. Removable ballonets are used to perform overwater flights, emergency ditching and people evacuation. Before ditching, the ballonets are inflated with air (no more than for 4 sec). Ballonet volume – 4,5 m3. . 26
  27. 27. The helicopter with rotor blades de-icing system was designed to fly at low temperatures in the mountains and in the Arctic Ocean. In rigorous Arctic environment the helicopter is used for ice patrol and ships unloading. In fact the helicopter was the only way of transporting cargoes for the Arctic expeditions and for small settlements in the North of Russia. During the years of active North exploration a unique technology was developed in the Soviet Union – to unload the ships on the move along the North sea route with the help of Ka-32 helicopters. The unique helicopter performance make it indispensable for a number of missions: • on oil rigs during exploration of the north continental shelf; • to unload the ships at roadstead and on the move; • for cargo handling in the ports; • for emergency evacuation of people from the ships and off-shore platforms; • for medical evacuation, medical assistance, transportation of the injured to coast, rotation of ship crews; • for search and rescue; • to eliminate the aftermath of man-caused environmental and natural disasters and to counteract terrorists. Usually such missions involve a high degree of risk and require not just the crew and rescuer proficiency but mainly the reliability of the helicopter. Tested by time and severe climatic conditions, working day and night in hard and even extreme conditions the helicopter proved itself to be a tireless plodder, a reliable and faithful friend. 27