"[Franco] Lodato took as his model [for an ice axe] the woodpecker--a bird that chisels into wood to get at the insect larvae on which it feeds. Despite the bird's small size, it can manage 25 hits a second, with a surprisingly forceful impact. Studying the woodpecker's biomechanics further, Lodato found that its body is designed specifically for this movement. Woodpeckers brace themselves with their tails, which function as springs, taking advantage of both their center of gravity and their skull-bone configuration to absorb considerable stress. In other words, the birds did not hammer on the wood by using their necks. The finished axe consists of 'an inner core of titanium into which is inserted an adjustable aluminum point. These two parts are attached by a hinge inspired by the two valves of a mollusk. Special attention was dedicated to the shape of the handle. Rather than designing it to be straight, I incorporated into it a slight curve, again taking the body of the woodpecker as a model. This improves the efficiency of the blow.'" (Lodato 2005)\n\nLodato, F. 2008. The nature of design. Boston, MA: Design Management Institute. \nhttp://www.dmi.org/dmi/html/publications/journal/fullabstract_d.jsp?itemID=05161LOD56.\n
In Maori culture, nature is the master strategist. Nature has always taught humankind. \nThe Maori are no different. The animals, the trees, the weather patterns, the waters and nature herself were all teachers of the warrior. In the wananga (school) of life, the sky is the roof, the earth is the floor and all life forms are teachers. Here are some examples.\n\n
The Fern Frond. \nThe fern frond was used as a pattern to encircle, envelop and crush the enemy. It could be used as a tactical manoeuvre or a weaponry sequence. Look at the fern frond. Watch how it grows and spirals. Look at the small shoots. Notice the same patterns emerging. \n\nYou can apply the fern frond metaphor to a problem you may have. \nEncircle it from different directions. \nLook at it through different eyes. \nApproach it from different angles. \nUpside- down. Back to front. Inside-out. \nWatch a solution grow within your consciousness.\n\n
"Thin walled cylindrical shell structures are widespread in nature: examples include porcupine quills, hedgehog spines and plant stems. All have an outer shell of almost fully dense material supported by a low density, cellular core. In nature, all are loaded in some combination of axial compression and bending: failure is typically by buckling. Natural structures are often optimized. Here we have investigated and characterized the morphology of several natural tubular structures. Mechanical models recently developed to analyze the elastic buckling of a thin cylindrical shell supported by a soft elastic core (G.N. Karam and L.J. Gibson, Elastic buckling of cylindrical shells with elastic cores, I: Analysis, submitted to Int. J. Solids Structures, 1994, G.N. Karam and L.J. Gibson, Elastic buckling of cylindrical shells with elastic cores, II: Experiments, submitted to Int. J. Solids Structures, 1994) were used to study the mechanical efficiency of these natural structures. It was found that natural structures are often more mechanically efficient than equivalent weight hollow cylinders. Biomimicking of natural cylindrical shell structures may offer the potential to increase the mechanical efficiency of engineering structures." (Karam and Gibson 1994:113)\n\n\n
Biomimicry orthotics ispo 2010
Biomimetics and OrthoticsDerek Jones PhD., MBAA Bridge To New Insight And Inspiration
Wananga“School of life”✤ the Sky is the Roof✤ the Earth is the Floor✤ all Life Forms are Teachers
A pattern toencircle, envelopand crush..A Metaphor to Solve a Problem Encircle it. Look at it from different directions.View from different perspectives. Upside down - Back to front. Zoom in - Zoom out. Watch a Solution Grow!
What are you trying to achieve?Keep focused on the goal
Orthosis - added to the bodyStart with the fundamentals - What is the problem?
Static StructuresProgress through new materials and methods
New HorizonsTechnologies that behave like muscle, control methodologies that exploit principles of biologicalmovement - device structures like the skeleton
Dynamic StructureActuated AFO 1) Thermoplastic AFO 2) Series-elastic actuator 3) Angle sensor 4) Capacitive force sensorsFrom Herr, Whitely And Childress -“Cyborg Technology - Biomimetic Orthotic And Prosthetic Technology”
Some process steps✤ Identify the limitations of current functionality✤ Formulate the gaps as biological questions - How in the World?✤ Search for nature’s solution - Taxonomy✤ Generate some product ideas ✤ unique? ✤ cost-effective? ✤ sustainable?
Orthoses are addedand yet ..involve a cost•Control Motion at a Joint or Joints - Allowing, Resisting, Blocking•Control Positions of Body Segments - Correcting and Aligning•Redirect Forces from Body Tissue - Relieving, Sharing Load Cost - Cosmesis, Comfort,Encumbrance, Weight, Ease of Use
How nature meets challenges Control Motion at a joint? Control Positions of body segments ? Redirect Forces from body tissue? www.asknature.org
Thin walled, dense outer Animal Quills shell Low density, cellular corePrevent BucklingAxial and bending loads? Grasping Pea Stems tendrilsCan we control jointpositions under loadwithout overt constraint? Laminated Western Paciﬁc Skeletal hexactinellid sponge elements Exploring Strategy
Now you have yourgreat concept!But you still havea long way to go..
The pioneer’sproblemThose who go ﬁrst just might getopposition from the natives
Lead with Business Strategy - Support with DesignAs businesses adapt to meet new market needs and opportunities, strategy must lead, design must contribute. Designers must think like business people and create like artists