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Class Time Reconsidered

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Talk on the flipped classroom given at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Saudi Arabia, October 26, 2015

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Class Time Reconsidered

  1. 1. Class Time Reconsidered Derek Bruff / Vanderbilt University @derekbruff / derekbruff.org
  2. 2. How often do you use a flipped approach in your teaching? A. Never B. Occasionally C. Frequently D. Always E. I don’t really know what that means.
  3. 3. What is the flipped classroom?
  4. 4. Class Time Transfer Assimilate Traditional Approach Before Class After Class
  5. 5. Class Time Transfer Assimilate Transfer Assimilate Traditional Approach Flipped Approach Before Class After Class
  6. 6. Class Time Transfer Assimilate First Exposure Practice & Feedback Traditional Approach Flipped Approach Before Class After Class
  7. 7. Class Time Transfer Assimilate First Exposure Practice & Feedback Traditional Approach Flipped Approach Before Class After Class Further Exploratio n
  8. 8. First Exposure Walvoord & Anderson (2009)
  9. 9. First Exposure
  10. 10. Practice & Feedback
  11. 11. Practice & Feedback
  12. 12. Further Exploration
  13. 13. Further Exploration
  14. 14. Further Exploration
  15. 15. • The flipped classroom… not a new idea. • A relatively new term. – Baker, J. W. (2000). The “Classroom Flip”: Using Web Course Management Tools to Become the Guide by the Side.” Selected Papers from the 11th International Conference on College Teaching and Learning. 9-17. – Lage, M. J., Platt, G. J., & Treglia, M. (2000). Inverting the classroom: A gateway to creating an inclusive learning environment. Journal of Economic Education, 31(1), 30-43.
  16. 16. How often do you use a flipped approach in your teaching? A. Never B. Occasionally C. Frequently D. Always E. I still don’t know what that means.
  17. 17. • The flipped classroom… not a new idea. • A relatively new term. – Baker, J. W. (2000). The “Classroom Flip”: Using Web Course Management Tools to Become the Guide by the Side.” Selected Papers from the 11th International Conference on College Teaching and Learning. 9-17. – Lage, M. J., Platt, G. J., & Treglia, M. (2000). Inverting the classroom: A gateway to creating an inclusive learning environment. Journal of Economic Education, 31(1), 30-43.
  18. 18. The Flipped Classroom
  19. 19. How can we make the most of the relatively limited time we have with students during class?
  20. 20. First Exposure Walvoord & Anderson (2009)
  21. 21. Textbooks
  22. 22. Screencasts Fazain Zubair, Chemical Engineering, Vanderbilt Universityc
  23. 23. Educational Videos “Effective Educational Videos,” Cynthia Brame, Vanderbilt U.
  24. 24. Order Matters A: Readings / Videos → Hands-On Activities B: Hands-On Activities → Readings / Videos Schneider, Wallace, Blikstein, & Pea (2013)
  25. 25. Which group do you think did better on the subsequent exam? A. Readings/Videos, then Activities B. Activities, then Readings/Videos
  26. 26. Order Matters A: Readings / Videos → Hands-On Activities B: Hands-On Activities → Readings / Videos Schneider, Wallace, Blikstein, & Pea (2013)
  27. 27. Times for Telling Schwartz & Bransford (1998)
  28. 28. Scaffolding
  29. 29. Guided Practice Robert Talbert, Grand Valley State University
  30. 30. Guided Practice Robert Talbert, Grand Valley State University
  31. 31. Practice & Feedback
  32. 32. Misconception Questions Considering that a tiny acorn can grow into a mighty oak tree, which of the following contributes the majority of the mass of the tree? A. Soil B. Air C. Water D. Sunlight
  33. 33. Instructor Poses Question (<1 Min) Students Answer Independently (1-3 Min) Instructor Views Results (<1 Min) If Most Answer Correctly, Briefly Discuss Question (1-3 Min) If Most Answer Incorrectly, Backtrack (5+ Min) If Students Are Split, Have Students Discuss in Pairs and Revote (1-5 Min) Instructor Leads Classwide Discussion (2-15 Min) Peer Instruction
  34. 34. Application Questions Consider the view of the northeastern horizon shown at a certain date and time. Which of the following best describes the positions of these constellations 24 hours later? 1. Slightly lower in the sky, closer to the NE horizon. 2. Exactly the same place 3. Slightly higher in the sky, farther up from the NE horizon 4. Somewhere just above the SW horizon 5. Not visible at all above the horizon Patrick Len, Astronomy, Cuesta College
  35. 35. The Challenge Generate Ideas Multiple Perspectives Research & Revise Test Your Mettle Go Public Challenge Cycles Cordray, Harris, & Klein (2009)
  36. 36. Formative Assessment Angelo & Cross (1998)
  37. 37. Further Exploration
  38. 38. Q&A via Piazza
  39. 39. Application Projects
  40. 40. Design Challenges Model-Based Amphibious Racing Challenge (M-BARC) Tom Withrow, Mechanical Engineering, Vanderbilt University
  41. 41. Transfer Bransford et al. (2000)
  42. 42. First Exposure Further ExplorationPractice & Feedback
  43. 43. Derek Bruff @derekbruff / derekbruff.org derek.bruff@vanderbilt.edu Flickr (CC) Photo Credits • “Flexible Space,” Derek Bruff • “Level Two,” Derek Bruff • “Young Skateboarder,” Tony Alter • “Untitled,” 7 w d • “Not Smelling the Roses,” Derek Bruff • “Stats,” Derek Bruff • “Mentos + Diet Coke,” Kat Keller • “College Halls,” Derek Bruff • "Oak Tree," MunstiSue • “Macbook X-Ray,” Jason de Villa • “No Ordinary Tourist,” Derek Bruff

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