Oecd environmental performance reviews Some lessons

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Oecd environmental performance reviews
Some lessons
Dr. Christian Avérous
OECD Environment Directorate
www.oecd.org/env

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Oecd environmental performance reviews Some lessons

  1. 1. Environmental Performance Reviews OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEWS SOME LESSONS Dr. Christian Avérous OECD Environment Directorate www.oecd.org/env Santiago, Chile 27 November 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>MANDATE and HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>1991 mandate OECD Ministerial meetings, </li></ul><ul><li>G7 Summit </li></ul><ul><li>1 st and 2 nd cycles for member countries </li></ul><ul><li>non member countries: e.g. Chile, China, Russia </li></ul><ul><li>62 reviews </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews PROGRAMME ROOTS
  3. 3. PROGRAMME ROOTS <ul><li>PEER REVIEWS : a core OECD function </li></ul><ul><li>ECO, ENV, AID, ENERGY </li></ul><ul><li>WPEP (i.e. 30 countries representatives ) </li></ul><ul><li>Helping Governments judge, make progress </li></ul><ul><li>Policy dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>ACCOUNTABILITY </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic and international commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental credibility of governments </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. public opinion, other governments) </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  4. 4. REFERENCE FRAMEWORK <ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Ambitious or modest objectives? </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  5. 5. REFERENCE FRAMEWORK <ul><li>THE 3S </li></ul><ul><li>Framework (pressure, state, response) </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives (aims, goals, targets) </li></ul><ul><li>Performance (intentions, actions, results) </li></ul><ul><li>Outputs (description, evaluation, prescription) </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  6. 6. REFERENCE FRAMEWORK <ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS </li></ul><ul><li>OECD indicators, CEI, KEI, SEI, DEI </li></ul><ul><li>National indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Only one tool </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation in context </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-country comparison </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  7. 7. REFERENCE FRAMEWORK <ul><li>PEER REVIEW PROCESS </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation stage </li></ul><ul><li>Mission (by review team) </li></ul><ul><li>Peer review examination (by WPEP) </li></ul><ul><li>In country publication </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up and monitoring </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  8. 8. OUTCOME <ul><li>PRODUCTS </li></ul><ul><li>Published report, conclusions recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>English/French/Third language </li></ul><ul><li>Derived products (e.g. water, Σ C&R, achievements) </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  9. 9. OUTCOME <ul><li>RECOMMENDATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>About 50 recommendations on future directions for each country review </li></ul><ul><li>Medium term, long term </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly agreed, country specific </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  10. 10. OUTCOME <ul><li>INFLUENCE/OWNERSHIP/FOLLOW-UP </li></ul><ul><li>Press Conference (Minister, OECD officials) </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament, Seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation to some Heads of State and Government </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-term reviews </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  11. 11. OUTCOME <ul><li>SECOND CYCLE REVIEWS </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews <ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Iceland </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>UK </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Czech Rep. </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Korea </li></ul><ul><li>N. Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Finland </li></ul><ul><li>30 sets of recommendations with rolling, monitoring and revision </li></ul>INTERNATIONAL SOFT LAW
  12. 12. KEY WORDS <ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Peer review </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  13. 13. Environmental Performance Reviews IMPLEMENTING OECD ENV STRATEGY <ul><li>Review of progress (2001-08) </li></ul><ul><li>At OECD meeting of Environment Ministers (April 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on OECD countries </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Environmental Performance Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Complements OECD Environmental Outlook </li></ul>
  14. 14. IMPLEMENTING OECD ENV STRATEGY <ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTIVENESS </li></ul><ul><li>and ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Economic instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Social instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring, enforcement </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  15. 15. IMPLEMENTING OECD ENV STRATEGY <ul><li>SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN PRACTICE </li></ul><ul><li>SD institutional arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional integration </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. strategic, planning, programming, budget, project levels) </li></ul><ul><li>Market-based sectoral integration </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. prices, taxes, subsidies) </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  16. 16. <ul><li>INTERNATIONAL COMMITMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Global </li></ul><ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral </li></ul><ul><li>OECD Acts </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews IMPLEMENTING OECD ENV STRATEGY
  17. 17. Environmental Performance Reviews IMPLEMENTING OECD ENV STRATEGY <ul><li>MAIN CONCLUSIONS (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Good progress in improving information for decision-making and addressing social- environmental interface </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven progress in improving ecosystem integrity, decoupling, international environmental governance and co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>Countries only beginning to address full range of challenges </li></ul>
  18. 18. Environmental Performance Reviews IMPLEMENTING OECD ENV STRATEGY <ul><li>MAIN CONCLUSIONS (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental efforts are too low compared to pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Need to address implementation gap in environmental policies </li></ul><ul><li>Need to reduce integration gap </li></ul><ul><li>Need to intensify implementation of international agreements </li></ul>
  19. 19. Environmental Performance Reviews OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>PROCESS </li></ul><ul><li>February 2006: review mission (Beijing – Lang Fang, Provinces of Jiangsu and Shaanxi) </li></ul><ul><li>16 OECD experts, (consultation with NGOs, industry, independent experts, field trips) </li></ul><ul><li>November 2006: Peer review (Beijing, 30 countries, 1 day and 1/2, questions from OECD Countries to Chinese delegation) </li></ul><ul><li>November 2006: Release of the Conclusions & </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations (Beijing – 51 recommendations) </li></ul><ul><li>July 2007: Press Conference (Beijing), international and Chinese press </li></ul>
  20. 20. OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>CONTEXT </li></ul><ul><li>Economic growth (4 th largest economy in the world) </li></ul><ul><li>Integration into the global economy </li></ul><ul><li>Income disparity </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonious society </li></ul><ul><li>Global economic and environmental interdependencies </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  21. 21. OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>ACHIEVEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>FYPs and FYEPs </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental policy implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Decoupling SO 2 , NO 2 and CO 2 emissions from economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Major reform of the water sector </li></ul><ul><li>3Rs and “circular economy” in the 11 th FYP </li></ul><ul><li>PAC expenditure (1.2% of GDP) </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  22. 22. OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>AREAS FOR PROGRESS </li></ul><ul><li>Human health & key natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement capacity at the local level </li></ul><ul><li>High pollution, energy and material intensities of the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Under-pricing of energy, water and other resources </li></ul><ul><li>Marine fisheries, coastal water quality, hazardous waste, GHGs at international level </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  23. 23. OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>ACHIEVEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development </li></ul><ul><li>Integration economic growth/social demands </li></ul><ul><li>EIA Law </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  24. 24. OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>AREAS FOR PROGRESS </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution remains serious </li></ul><ul><li>Price levels for energy </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of environmental finance </li></ul><ul><li>Integration environment/economy </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  25. 25. OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION </li></ul><ul><li>ACHIEVEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Impressive progress </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in regional & multilateral organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of ODS (more than any other country from 1995) </li></ul><ul><li>Active and constructive with MEAs </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  26. 26. OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION </li></ul><ul><li>AREAS FOR PROGRESS </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-desertification effort </li></ul><ul><li>Transboundary air pollution (Northeast Asia) </li></ul><ul><li>Coherent national plan on climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Development co-operation programme </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  27. 27. OECD ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW OF CHINA <ul><li>OUTCOME </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment of China on 51 recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of Ministry of Environment (March 2008 – November 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Plan </li></ul><ul><li>International context </li></ul>Environmental Performance Reviews
  28. 28. Environmental Performance Reviews
  29. 29. Environmental Performance Reviews
  30. 30. REFERENCES Environmental Performance Reviews www.oecd.org/department/0,3355,en_2649_34307_1_1_1_1_1,00.html

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