A Talk to New Doctoral Students

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A Talk to New Doctoral Students

  1. 1. A Talk to New Doctoral Students Der Chao Chen Assistant Professor of Strategy Department of Business Administration National Central University September 25, 2009 Seminar on POM
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Crafting of Research </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Your Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Doing Your Research </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Organizations related with Your Fields </li></ul>
  3. 3. Crafting Your Research
  4. 4. Some presentation material in this section derived from Booth, W. G., G. G. Colomb, and J. M. Williams. 2008. The Craft of Research , 3rd ed. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.
  5. 5. Table of Contents <ul><li>I. Research, Researchers, and Readers </li></ul><ul><li>II. Asking Questions, Finding Answers </li></ul><ul><li>III. Making a Claim and Supporting It </li></ul><ul><li>IV. Planning, Drafting, and Revising </li></ul><ul><li>V. Some Last Considerations </li></ul>
  6. 6. I. Research, Researchers, and Readers <ul><li>Prologue: Starting a Research Project </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking in Print: The Uses of Research, Public and Private </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting with Your Reader: (Re) Creating Your Self and Your Audience </li></ul>
  7. 7. II. Asking Questions, Finding Answers <ul><li>Prologue: Planning your project- An overview </li></ul><ul><li>From Topics to Questions </li></ul><ul><li>From Questions to Problems </li></ul><ul><li>From Problems to Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging Sources </li></ul>
  8. 8. III. Making a Claim and Supporting It <ul><li>Prologue: Assembling A Research Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Making Good Arguments: An Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Making Claims </li></ul><ul><li>Assembling Reasons and Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledgements and Responses </li></ul><ul><li>Warrants </li></ul>
  9. 9. IV. Planning, Drafting, and Revising <ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting Your Report </li></ul><ul><li>Revising Your Organization and Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating Evidence Visually </li></ul><ul><li>Introductions and Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Revising Style: Telling Your Story Clearly </li></ul>
  10. 10. V. Some Last Considerations <ul><li>The Ethic of Research </li></ul><ul><li>A Postscript for Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix: Bibliographic Sources </li></ul>
  11. 11. Writing Your Paper
  12. 12. Writing Your Paper <ul><li>Outline of a Academic Paper * </li></ul><ul><li>Cover page, include authorship, abstract / keywords, contact information, acknowledgement, </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Review </li></ul><ul><li>Research Method </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions and/or, Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>* It is only a generic outline for reference
  13. 13. Writing Your Paper <ul><li>INTRODUCTION contains </li></ul><ul><li>Research questions, and some background information, </li></ul><ul><li>The value of your work, </li></ul><ul><li>Summaries your finding (optional), </li></ul><ul><li>The organization of your paper. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Writing Your Paper <ul><li>LITERATURE REVIEW includes </li></ul><ul><li>Previous and related work, </li></ul><ul><li>You may also present your Propositions and </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesis in this section. </li></ul><ul><li>RESEARCH METHOD covers </li></ul><ul><li>Your research sample/setting - Who? why? how to access? </li></ul><ul><li>Methods you applied - Why? how to do? validity and credibility of your chosen method. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Writing Your Paper <ul><li>RESULTS explain </li></ul><ul><li>What do you find? Just plain description and point out any significances of your findings </li></ul><ul><li>DISCUSSIONS have to </li></ul><ul><li>Compare your analysis and/ or empirical results and with previous works, describe whether your analysis support or oppose your arguments (hypotheses and propositions) and any extra interesting findings </li></ul>
  16. 16. Writing Your Paper <ul><li>CONCULSIONS summarize </li></ul><ul><li>Your major findings and contributions, </li></ul><ul><li>Point out your research limitations, </li></ul><ul><li>Indicate future research directions. </li></ul><ul><li>REFERENCES need to </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the guide for the authors from individual journals (your target journal), or </li></ul><ul><li>Any other appointed by supervisor, funding vendors, etc . </li></ul>
  17. 17. Writing Your Paper <ul><li>ACKNOWLEDGEMENT uses to </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciate who ever help your during the research, such as funding organization, supervisors, anonymous reviewers </li></ul><ul><li>Point out if it revised from any earlier presentations or works </li></ul><ul><li>How does the authorship matter? </li></ul><ul><li>The order of authorship represents contributions/responsibility of each listed author . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Process of Producing Academic Papers Writing Submission Review Revise & Resubmit Reject Accept
  19. 19. Cited from Ireland, R. (2008, June). YOUR MANUSCRIPT'S JOURNEY THROUGH THE AMJ REVIEW PROCESS. Academy of Management Journal , 51 (3), 409-412. Retrieved September 18, 2008, from AOM Archive database .
  20. 20. Doing Your Research
  21. 21. Doing Your Research <ul><li>Identify the research questions you really interest or at least like to dedicate for a long run. </li></ul><ul><li>How to identify? </li></ul><ul><li>W: where, who/to whom, what, when, why, which, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>H: how to… </li></ul>
  22. 22. The relationship between practical and research problem Practical Problem motivates Research Question defines Research Problem leads to Research Answer helps to solve Adopted from Booth, Colomb, and Williams (2008: 53)
  23. 23. From Questions to Problems <ul><li>Try to use the following steps to identify the significance of your research work (Booth, Colomb, and Williams, 2008: 51) </li></ul><ul><li> Topic: I am studying __________ </li></ul><ul><li>  Question: because I want to find out why/what/how __________ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  Significance: in order to help my readers understand ___________ </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Doing Your Research OLD NEW Questions New Research Methods OLD How will you pose your research?
  25. 25. Doing Your Research OLD NEW Questions New Theories OLD How will you pose your research?
  26. 26. Doing Your Research <ul><li>What ‘s new? </li></ul><ul><li>new variables/constructs, new contextual variation </li></ul><ul><li>What’s really interest you? </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking beyond the boundaries across disciplines and classical debates </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. Cross-/multi-disciplinary studies </li></ul><ul><li>So what? </li></ul><ul><li>Find out theoretical and practical implication. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Professional Organizations related with Your Fields
  28. 28. Professional Organizations You like to Know <ul><li>The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS) http://www.informs.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Publications: Management Science, Organization Science, Marketing Science, Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, etc . </li></ul><ul><li>Production and Operations Management Society (POMS) http://www.poms.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Publication: Production and Operations Management. </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE) http://www.iienet.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Publication: IIE Transactions, The Engineering Economist, etc. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Professional Organizations You like to Know <ul><li>IAMOT ( http://www.iamot.org/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Publication: Technovation </li></ul><ul><li>PDMA ( http://www.pdma.org/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>Publication: Journal of Product Innovation Management </li></ul>
  30. 30. Reading list <ul><li>Booth, W. C., Colomb, G. G, & Williams, J. M. 2003. The craft of research (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Day, A. 1988. How to get research published in journals . England: Gower Publishing Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>Feldman, D. C. (2004). The devil is in the details: Converting good research into publishable articles. Journal of Management , 30 (1), 1-6. </li></ul><ul><li>Gino, F., and G. Pisano. 2008. Toward a theory of behavioral operations. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management , 10(4):676-691. </li></ul><ul><li>Miller, J. E. 2005. The Chicago guide to writing about multivariate analysis . Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Davis, J. P., Eisenhardt, K. M., & Bingham, C. B. (2007). Developing theory through simulation methods. Academy of Management Review , 32(2), 480-499. </li></ul><ul><li>Sheppard, J. P., Nayyar, P. R., & Summer, C. E. (2000). Managing your doctoral program: A practical orientation. Production and Operations Management , 9 (4), 414-437. </li></ul><ul><li>Voss, C., N. Tsikriktsis, and M. Frohlich. 2002. Case research in operations management. International Journal of Operations & Production Management , 22(2):195-219. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Thanks for Your Attention 陳德釗 [email_address]

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