SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 32
The “Big Society” Phillip Blond Director of ResPublica
What is the Big Society? ,[object Object]
  Association (social)
  Distribution of power (political)
  Distribution of assets (economic),[object Object]
Lack of participation Decrease in civic engagement:  In 2009/10, only 34% of people in England engaged in some form of civic participation – in 2001, this figure was 38% Decrease in volunteering:  In 2009/10, 25% of people in England volunteered formally at least once a month, compared to 29% in 2005 Source: ONS Citizenship Survey 2009/10
Lack of social cohesion Fragmentation of the community:  97% of communities in the UK have become more socially fragmented over the past three decades  (based on the number of non-married adults, one-person households and people moving in the last year) Source: Changing UK (Dec 2008), BBC Report Loneliness:  The number of lone-person households has risen from 3 million to 6 million over the last 35 years and is expected to rise by another 3 million in the next 15 (by 2021) 	Source: JRF Report, Social Exclusion (Sept 2006)
Mistrust:  Only 68% of people trusted their neighbours in 2005 compared to 81% in 2003 Source: You Gov Survey on Public Trust, 2003 & 2005 	Our general level of social trust in the UK has almost halved to 30% in 2002/03 from 56% in 1959 and is amongst the lowest in Europe 	Source: Civic Culture Study 1959; European and World Values Surveys 1990-2002/03
Concentration of assets The wealthiest half of households hold 91% of the UK’s total wealth, whilst the other half has the remaining 9% Source: ONS, Wealth in Great Britain – Main Results from the Wealth and Assets Survey 2006/08 (2009) By 2008/09, 13m people were in poverty  Of these, 5.8m (44% of the total) were in ‘deep poverty’ (household income at least one third below the poverty line) - the highest proportion on record           Source: JRF Report, Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion 2010
Amongst other developed countries, the UK has the worst social mobility record The chances of a child enjoying higher earnings and better education than their parents is lower in Britain than any other western countries The strength of link between individual and parental earnings varies across OECD countries Source: OECD, Going for Growth (2010)
Concentration of power Low levels of influence:  In 2009/10, only 37% of people felt they could influence decisions in their local area – this figure was 44% in 2001 Source: ONS Citizenship Survey 2009/10
However, perceptions are shifting... Almost 6 in 10 people express a belief in community as opposed to individualism Source: The Futures Company research 2010 In 2009/10, 85% of people thought that their community was cohesive (agreeing that their local area was a place where people from different background got on well together) – this represents an increase from 2003 and 2005 (both 80%)  Source: ONS Citizenship Survey 2009/10
How does the  Big Society work?
Civil Society and Association Building social capital and strengthening community confidence... ,[object Object]
encourage interaction between different generations, cultures, religions,[object Object]
Bureaucracy reduction,[object Object]
Distribution of Assets & Power Develop a participative, pluralist economy... ,[object Object]
allow access to ownership and trade
asset-building approach to welfareCommunity right to buy: 	Requires local authorities to maintain a list of assets of community value in order to give the community time to develop a bid if such assets come up for sale  e.g. Port of Dover
Community right to build: Gives groups of people the ability to bring forward small developments – the benefits of the developments (e.g. profits made from letting homes) will stay within the community Public service co-operatives: Gives people more involvement and control of the services they use and the places where they live by putting council resources into their hands e.g. Lambeth Council
Give more power to communities... Your Square Mile: A central nervous system for civic society that enables the interchange of ideas, advice, support and benefits to citizens throughout the UK -   	Mutual: owned by members and run for their benefit Neighbourhood planning: Give people more of a say on where houses, shops. Hospitals, etc should be built and what they should look like
...and deliver better public services ,[object Object]
by allowing community groups, individuals and social enterprises to provide public servicesCommunity right to challenge: 	Encourages more innovation in public service delivery – voluntary and community groups to be given the right to express an interest in taking over public services 		e.g. social enterprises and public procurement
The Netherlands and the  Big Society?
The Statistics... The Netherlands seems to trump Britain on most statistics! Child well-being: Amongst all OECD countries, the UK is ranked the lowest with regard to child well-being, whilst the Netherlands is right at the top! Source: UNICEF Report Card based on OECD data (2007)
Participation and trust levels have increased over the past decade... Contacts with friends has increased from 77% in 1997 to 80% in 2009 Contacts with neighbours has stabilised at around 66% Trust in other people has increased from 58% in 2002 to 64% in 2008 42% of people in the Netherlands volunteered at least once a year for one or more organisations – and this figure has steadied Source: Hans Schmeets & SaskiteRiele, “A decline in social cohesion in the Netherlands? Participation and trust, 1997-2010” (Jan 2010)
Civil society and participatory democracy is to be admired... ‘Opzoomeren’ programme: Challenges residents in the streets of Rotterdam to take responsibility for their own environment Social enterprises: The Netherlands’ engagement in social entrepreneurship as a percentage of all employment is almost twice that of the UK (16.64% and 8.42% respectively) 	Source: EMES, “Social Enterprise in Western Europe,” Roger Spear Direct democracy: The ‘citizens’ initiative’ – Dutch voters can gather signatories to raise a local concern and propose that the issue is raised and debated in parliament
However, the Netherlands is not without its own geographic, social and ethnic divides... At the municipal level, there are clear regional divides: -  Volunteer activities range from 12% in Kerkrade to 43% in Nijefurd -  in Den Bosch, the contact rate with neighbours is 58%, whereas in Boxmeer and Pijnacker-Nootdorp the rate is 85% ,[object Object],Source:Hans Schmeets & SaskiteRiele, “A decline in social cohesion in the Netherlands? Participation and trust, 1997-2010” (Jan 2010)
Based on Putnam’s hypothesis that diversity (in its immediate ‘short-term’ impact) poses challenges for social capital, a recent study sought to determine whether this was also the case for the Netherlands... Both for immigrants and native residents:  ,[object Object]
those with neighbours of a different ethnicity  have less trust in neighbourhoods and neighboursSource: Bram Lancee & JaapDronkers, “Ethnic diversity in the neighbourhood and social trust of immigrants and natives: a replication of the Putnam (2007) study in a West-European country”
Out of the EU countries, the Netherlands  ranks second, after France, as the country where the largest group of citizens feels discriminated against (p.45)          Source: Statistics Netherlands, Statistical Yearbook 	2010, p.45. ‘Minorities’ were reported to be the highest perceived concern by Dutch citizens in 2006           Source: CBS, the Netherlands Bureau for Economic 	Policy Analysis (2006)
The Future Shape of Society The benefits of association…

More Related Content

What's hot

Workshop A Gordon Partridge
Workshop A Gordon PartridgeWorkshop A Gordon Partridge
Workshop A Gordon PartridgeStuart Reid
 
Building a Nation of Readers: The battle for Literacy in the UK
Building a Nation of Readers: The battle for Literacy in the UKBuilding a Nation of Readers: The battle for Literacy in the UK
Building a Nation of Readers: The battle for Literacy in the UKCILIP
 
The Library Dividend
The Library DividendThe Library Dividend
The Library DividendCILIP
 
RSA_CitizenPower_Final-report_20130709 (1)
RSA_CitizenPower_Final-report_20130709 (1)RSA_CitizenPower_Final-report_20130709 (1)
RSA_CitizenPower_Final-report_20130709 (1)Di Goldsmith
 
Criminology VHS ASB
Criminology VHS ASBCriminology VHS ASB
Criminology VHS ASBPhil302
 
Whose Welfare State Now? - Adrian Sinfield
Whose Welfare State Now? - Adrian SinfieldWhose Welfare State Now? - Adrian Sinfield
Whose Welfare State Now? - Adrian SinfieldOxfam GB
 
Coworking - Conviviality and intention
Coworking - Conviviality and intentionCoworking - Conviviality and intention
Coworking - Conviviality and intentionJean-Yves Huwart
 
Philanthropy and a better society
Philanthropy and a better societyPhilanthropy and a better society
Philanthropy and a better societyFCE
 
Human Rights & Self-Directed Support
Human Rights & Self-Directed SupportHuman Rights & Self-Directed Support
Human Rights & Self-Directed SupportCitizen Network
 
E-democracy overview
E-democracy overviewE-democracy overview
E-democracy overviewDavid Wilcox
 
Developing a new policy for social (care)
Developing a new policy for social (care)Developing a new policy for social (care)
Developing a new policy for social (care)Citizen Network
 
london-without-poverty_0
london-without-poverty_0london-without-poverty_0
london-without-poverty_0Alvin Carpio
 
New Voices: Online citizen participation trends and opportunities (Finland)
New Voices: Online citizen participation trends and opportunities (Finland)New Voices: Online citizen participation trends and opportunities (Finland)
New Voices: Online citizen participation trends and opportunities (Finland)Steven Clift
 
Manifesto for a etworked_nation_-_race_online_2012
Manifesto for a etworked_nation_-_race_online_2012Manifesto for a etworked_nation_-_race_online_2012
Manifesto for a etworked_nation_-_race_online_2012Race Online 2012
 
Anna Coote: After the post-war welfare state: participation and equality
Anna Coote: After the post-war welfare state: participation and equalityAnna Coote: After the post-war welfare state: participation and equality
Anna Coote: After the post-war welfare state: participation and equalitySitra
 

What's hot (18)

Workshop A Gordon Partridge
Workshop A Gordon PartridgeWorkshop A Gordon Partridge
Workshop A Gordon Partridge
 
Building a Nation of Readers: The battle for Literacy in the UK
Building a Nation of Readers: The battle for Literacy in the UKBuilding a Nation of Readers: The battle for Literacy in the UK
Building a Nation of Readers: The battle for Literacy in the UK
 
The Library Dividend
The Library DividendThe Library Dividend
The Library Dividend
 
RSA_CitizenPower_Final-report_20130709 (1)
RSA_CitizenPower_Final-report_20130709 (1)RSA_CitizenPower_Final-report_20130709 (1)
RSA_CitizenPower_Final-report_20130709 (1)
 
Criminology VHS ASB
Criminology VHS ASBCriminology VHS ASB
Criminology VHS ASB
 
Annual Conference B7: A new political agenda? How can charities influence pol...
Annual Conference B7: A new political agenda? How can charities influence pol...Annual Conference B7: A new political agenda? How can charities influence pol...
Annual Conference B7: A new political agenda? How can charities influence pol...
 
Whose Welfare State Now? - Adrian Sinfield
Whose Welfare State Now? - Adrian SinfieldWhose Welfare State Now? - Adrian Sinfield
Whose Welfare State Now? - Adrian Sinfield
 
Karen Chouhan 2013 Future Focus Keynote Speaker
Karen Chouhan 2013 Future Focus Keynote Speaker Karen Chouhan 2013 Future Focus Keynote Speaker
Karen Chouhan 2013 Future Focus Keynote Speaker
 
Coworking - Conviviality and intention
Coworking - Conviviality and intentionCoworking - Conviviality and intention
Coworking - Conviviality and intention
 
Philanthropy and a better society
Philanthropy and a better societyPhilanthropy and a better society
Philanthropy and a better society
 
Human Rights & Self-Directed Support
Human Rights & Self-Directed SupportHuman Rights & Self-Directed Support
Human Rights & Self-Directed Support
 
E-democracy overview
E-democracy overviewE-democracy overview
E-democracy overview
 
Developing a new policy for social (care)
Developing a new policy for social (care)Developing a new policy for social (care)
Developing a new policy for social (care)
 
london-without-poverty_0
london-without-poverty_0london-without-poverty_0
london-without-poverty_0
 
New Voices: Online citizen participation trends and opportunities (Finland)
New Voices: Online citizen participation trends and opportunities (Finland)New Voices: Online citizen participation trends and opportunities (Finland)
New Voices: Online citizen participation trends and opportunities (Finland)
 
Williamson Keynote
Williamson KeynoteWilliamson Keynote
Williamson Keynote
 
Manifesto for a etworked_nation_-_race_online_2012
Manifesto for a etworked_nation_-_race_online_2012Manifesto for a etworked_nation_-_race_online_2012
Manifesto for a etworked_nation_-_race_online_2012
 
Anna Coote: After the post-war welfare state: participation and equality
Anna Coote: After the post-war welfare state: participation and equalityAnna Coote: After the post-war welfare state: participation and equality
Anna Coote: After the post-war welfare state: participation and equality
 

Viewers also liked (7)

D1 s3 tech and market evaluation
D1 s3 tech and market evaluationD1 s3 tech and market evaluation
D1 s3 tech and market evaluation
 
D2 s5 knowledge networks
D2 s5 knowledge networksD2 s5 knowledge networks
D2 s5 knowledge networks
 
Secep icip workshop 2 imp3rove
Secep icip workshop 2 imp3roveSecep icip workshop 2 imp3rove
Secep icip workshop 2 imp3rove
 
D1 s1 intro to innovation and tech transfer
D1 s1 intro to innovation and tech transferD1 s1 intro to innovation and tech transfer
D1 s1 intro to innovation and tech transfer
 
Eco Innovation - Innovation in SME
Eco Innovation - Innovation in SMEEco Innovation - Innovation in SME
Eco Innovation - Innovation in SME
 
Inovacije u mspp sektoru
Inovacije u mspp sektoruInovacije u mspp sektoru
Inovacije u mspp sektoru
 
Sesija 4 imp3rove upitnik
Sesija 4 imp3rove upitnikSesija 4 imp3rove upitnik
Sesija 4 imp3rove upitnik
 

Similar to Burgerschapslezing 2011: Presentatie Phillip Blond

Presentatie henk cornelissen
Presentatie henk cornelissenPresentatie henk cornelissen
Presentatie henk cornelissenPraktijkleerstoel
 
Passion and professionalism: how can charities stay true to their values in a...
Passion and professionalism: how can charities stay true to their values in a...Passion and professionalism: how can charities stay true to their values in a...
Passion and professionalism: how can charities stay true to their values in a...Warwick Business School
 
Methodist political influence in localities
Methodist political influence in localitiesMethodist political influence in localities
Methodist political influence in localitiesBarryEJones
 
Methodist political influence in localities
Methodist political influence in localitiesMethodist political influence in localities
Methodist political influence in localitiesBarryEJones
 
What Is Active Citizenship
What Is Active CitizenshipWhat Is Active Citizenship
What Is Active CitizenshipEkrem Tufan
 
What the public think of public services and volunteering
What the public think of public services and volunteeringWhat the public think of public services and volunteering
What the public think of public services and volunteeringIpsos UK
 
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentationVandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentationSWF
 
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentationVandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentationSWF
 
Public funding and the voluntary sector
Public funding and the voluntary sectorPublic funding and the voluntary sector
Public funding and the voluntary sectorArjen de Wit
 
Challenges & Opportunities for the Charity Sector - NFP Synergy - PMDOS -4 Ma...
Challenges & Opportunities for the Charity Sector - NFP Synergy - PMDOS -4 Ma...Challenges & Opportunities for the Charity Sector - NFP Synergy - PMDOS -4 Ma...
Challenges & Opportunities for the Charity Sector - NFP Synergy - PMDOS -4 Ma...Wellingtone
 
Towards A Global Civil Society: A Review of Pertaining Issues, Successes and ...
Towards A Global Civil Society: A Review of Pertaining Issues, Successes and ...Towards A Global Civil Society: A Review of Pertaining Issues, Successes and ...
Towards A Global Civil Society: A Review of Pertaining Issues, Successes and ...AkashSharma618775
 
Webinar: The COVID crisis in cities: a tale of two lockdowns
Webinar: The COVID crisis in cities: a tale of two lockdownsWebinar: The COVID crisis in cities: a tale of two lockdowns
Webinar: The COVID crisis in cities: a tale of two lockdownsOECD CFE
 
Forum and swedish civil society 13 05-23
Forum and swedish civil society 13 05-23Forum and swedish civil society 13 05-23
Forum and swedish civil society 13 05-23Andreas Ericsson
 
Module 1 examining interface areas
Module 1   examining interface areasModule 1   examining interface areas
Module 1 examining interface areascaniceconsulting
 

Similar to Burgerschapslezing 2011: Presentatie Phillip Blond (20)

Presentatie henk cornelissen
Presentatie henk cornelissenPresentatie henk cornelissen
Presentatie henk cornelissen
 
Passion and professionalism: how can charities stay true to their values in a...
Passion and professionalism: how can charities stay true to their values in a...Passion and professionalism: how can charities stay true to their values in a...
Passion and professionalism: how can charities stay true to their values in a...
 
Methodist political influence in localities
Methodist political influence in localitiesMethodist political influence in localities
Methodist political influence in localities
 
Methodist political influence in localities
Methodist political influence in localitiesMethodist political influence in localities
Methodist political influence in localities
 
What Is Active Citizenship
What Is Active CitizenshipWhat Is Active Citizenship
What Is Active Citizenship
 
What the public think of public services and volunteering
What the public think of public services and volunteeringWhat the public think of public services and volunteering
What the public think of public services and volunteering
 
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentationVandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
 
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentationVandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
Vandna gohi equal right equal voices presentation
 
National Volunteering Forum: volunteering & social cohesion in a post Brexit ...
National Volunteering Forum: volunteering & social cohesion in a post Brexit ...National Volunteering Forum: volunteering & social cohesion in a post Brexit ...
National Volunteering Forum: volunteering & social cohesion in a post Brexit ...
 
Public funding and the voluntary sector
Public funding and the voluntary sectorPublic funding and the voluntary sector
Public funding and the voluntary sector
 
Challenges & Opportunities for the Charity Sector - NFP Synergy - PMDOS -4 Ma...
Challenges & Opportunities for the Charity Sector - NFP Synergy - PMDOS -4 Ma...Challenges & Opportunities for the Charity Sector - NFP Synergy - PMDOS -4 Ma...
Challenges & Opportunities for the Charity Sector - NFP Synergy - PMDOS -4 Ma...
 
Towards A Global Civil Society: A Review of Pertaining Issues, Successes and ...
Towards A Global Civil Society: A Review of Pertaining Issues, Successes and ...Towards A Global Civil Society: A Review of Pertaining Issues, Successes and ...
Towards A Global Civil Society: A Review of Pertaining Issues, Successes and ...
 
Webinar: The COVID crisis in cities: a tale of two lockdowns
Webinar: The COVID crisis in cities: a tale of two lockdownsWebinar: The COVID crisis in cities: a tale of two lockdowns
Webinar: The COVID crisis in cities: a tale of two lockdowns
 
The Politics of Poverty
The Politics of PovertyThe Politics of Poverty
The Politics of Poverty
 
Enter module 1
Enter  module 1Enter  module 1
Enter module 1
 
Forum and swedish civil society 13 05-23
Forum and swedish civil society 13 05-23Forum and swedish civil society 13 05-23
Forum and swedish civil society 13 05-23
 
Philanthropy in the_regions
Philanthropy in the_regionsPhilanthropy in the_regions
Philanthropy in the_regions
 
Module 1 examining interface areas
Module 1   examining interface areasModule 1   examining interface areas
Module 1 examining interface areas
 
Democracy In The UK Essay
Democracy In The UK EssayDemocracy In The UK Essay
Democracy In The UK Essay
 
Danny Dorling
Danny DorlingDanny Dorling
Danny Dorling
 

Recently uploaded

Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptGeostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptUsmanKaran
 
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...The Lifesciences Magazine
 
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxPolitical-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxSasikiranMarri
 
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxlok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxdigiyvbmrkt
 
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)ssuser583c35
 
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptEmerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptNandinituteja1
 

Recently uploaded (10)

Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptGeostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
 
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
 
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxPolitical-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
 
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxlok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
 
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
 
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptEmerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
 

Burgerschapslezing 2011: Presentatie Phillip Blond

  • 1. The “Big Society” Phillip Blond Director of ResPublica
  • 2.
  • 3. Association (social)
  • 4. Distribution of power (political)
  • 5.
  • 6. Lack of participation Decrease in civic engagement: In 2009/10, only 34% of people in England engaged in some form of civic participation – in 2001, this figure was 38% Decrease in volunteering: In 2009/10, 25% of people in England volunteered formally at least once a month, compared to 29% in 2005 Source: ONS Citizenship Survey 2009/10
  • 7. Lack of social cohesion Fragmentation of the community: 97% of communities in the UK have become more socially fragmented over the past three decades (based on the number of non-married adults, one-person households and people moving in the last year) Source: Changing UK (Dec 2008), BBC Report Loneliness: The number of lone-person households has risen from 3 million to 6 million over the last 35 years and is expected to rise by another 3 million in the next 15 (by 2021) Source: JRF Report, Social Exclusion (Sept 2006)
  • 8. Mistrust: Only 68% of people trusted their neighbours in 2005 compared to 81% in 2003 Source: You Gov Survey on Public Trust, 2003 & 2005 Our general level of social trust in the UK has almost halved to 30% in 2002/03 from 56% in 1959 and is amongst the lowest in Europe Source: Civic Culture Study 1959; European and World Values Surveys 1990-2002/03
  • 9. Concentration of assets The wealthiest half of households hold 91% of the UK’s total wealth, whilst the other half has the remaining 9% Source: ONS, Wealth in Great Britain – Main Results from the Wealth and Assets Survey 2006/08 (2009) By 2008/09, 13m people were in poverty Of these, 5.8m (44% of the total) were in ‘deep poverty’ (household income at least one third below the poverty line) - the highest proportion on record Source: JRF Report, Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion 2010
  • 10. Amongst other developed countries, the UK has the worst social mobility record The chances of a child enjoying higher earnings and better education than their parents is lower in Britain than any other western countries The strength of link between individual and parental earnings varies across OECD countries Source: OECD, Going for Growth (2010)
  • 11. Concentration of power Low levels of influence: In 2009/10, only 37% of people felt they could influence decisions in their local area – this figure was 44% in 2001 Source: ONS Citizenship Survey 2009/10
  • 12. However, perceptions are shifting... Almost 6 in 10 people express a belief in community as opposed to individualism Source: The Futures Company research 2010 In 2009/10, 85% of people thought that their community was cohesive (agreeing that their local area was a place where people from different background got on well together) – this represents an increase from 2003 and 2005 (both 80%) Source: ONS Citizenship Survey 2009/10
  • 13. How does the Big Society work?
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. allow access to ownership and trade
  • 19. asset-building approach to welfareCommunity right to buy: Requires local authorities to maintain a list of assets of community value in order to give the community time to develop a bid if such assets come up for sale e.g. Port of Dover
  • 20. Community right to build: Gives groups of people the ability to bring forward small developments – the benefits of the developments (e.g. profits made from letting homes) will stay within the community Public service co-operatives: Gives people more involvement and control of the services they use and the places where they live by putting council resources into their hands e.g. Lambeth Council
  • 21. Give more power to communities... Your Square Mile: A central nervous system for civic society that enables the interchange of ideas, advice, support and benefits to citizens throughout the UK - Mutual: owned by members and run for their benefit Neighbourhood planning: Give people more of a say on where houses, shops. Hospitals, etc should be built and what they should look like
  • 22.
  • 23. by allowing community groups, individuals and social enterprises to provide public servicesCommunity right to challenge: Encourages more innovation in public service delivery – voluntary and community groups to be given the right to express an interest in taking over public services e.g. social enterprises and public procurement
  • 24. The Netherlands and the Big Society?
  • 25. The Statistics... The Netherlands seems to trump Britain on most statistics! Child well-being: Amongst all OECD countries, the UK is ranked the lowest with regard to child well-being, whilst the Netherlands is right at the top! Source: UNICEF Report Card based on OECD data (2007)
  • 26. Participation and trust levels have increased over the past decade... Contacts with friends has increased from 77% in 1997 to 80% in 2009 Contacts with neighbours has stabilised at around 66% Trust in other people has increased from 58% in 2002 to 64% in 2008 42% of people in the Netherlands volunteered at least once a year for one or more organisations – and this figure has steadied Source: Hans Schmeets & SaskiteRiele, “A decline in social cohesion in the Netherlands? Participation and trust, 1997-2010” (Jan 2010)
  • 27. Civil society and participatory democracy is to be admired... ‘Opzoomeren’ programme: Challenges residents in the streets of Rotterdam to take responsibility for their own environment Social enterprises: The Netherlands’ engagement in social entrepreneurship as a percentage of all employment is almost twice that of the UK (16.64% and 8.42% respectively) Source: EMES, “Social Enterprise in Western Europe,” Roger Spear Direct democracy: The ‘citizens’ initiative’ – Dutch voters can gather signatories to raise a local concern and propose that the issue is raised and debated in parliament
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30. those with neighbours of a different ethnicity have less trust in neighbourhoods and neighboursSource: Bram Lancee & JaapDronkers, “Ethnic diversity in the neighbourhood and social trust of immigrants and natives: a replication of the Putnam (2007) study in a West-European country”
  • 31. Out of the EU countries, the Netherlands ranks second, after France, as the country where the largest group of citizens feels discriminated against (p.45) Source: Statistics Netherlands, Statistical Yearbook 2010, p.45. ‘Minorities’ were reported to be the highest perceived concern by Dutch citizens in 2006 Source: CBS, the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (2006)
  • 32. The Future Shape of Society The benefits of association…
  • 33.
  • 34.
  • 35. 2. Encourages a participative democracy “Political activity is embedded in the non-political institutions of civil society… Undertaking activities that themselves have nothing to do with politics – for example, running the PTA fund drive or managing the church soup kitchen – can develop organisational and communications skills that are transferable to politics.” -- Verba, Scholzman & Brady
  • 36. London Citizens: Different faiths, communities and individuals come together to act on a common cause for concern e.g. challenging interest rates (usury)
  • 37. Robert Putnam, Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy Social capital is a necessary ingredient for government functioning Successful governments were located in areas where there was a high degree of “civic tradition” – north/south divide in Italy
  • 38.
  • 39. Lending and sharing: land share, car share, tool share, couch share
  • 40.