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3Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario)
Solucionario
The Human Body,
Physical Activity and
Health
4 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario)
SHEET 1:
SHEET 2:
- Your heart and circulatory system?
- Your chest and respiratory system?
- Your muscles, joints and nervous system?
1.
2.1.
A……………………………..
B……………………………..
C……………………………..
D……………………………..
E……………………………..
A
B
C
D
E
A: Cranium
B: Sternum
C: Femur
D: Humerus
E: Tibia
5Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario)
SHEET 3:
2.4.
3.1.
Strong bones
And a volleyball player? Long and light bones
And finally, what sports would you be good at
(taking into acount your bone structure)?
Lumbar vetebrae
The sacrum
The coccyx
Cervical vertebrae
Thoracic vertebrae
6 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario)
SHEET 4:
SHEET 6:
4.1.
6.2.
Hip: abduction
Arms: abduction
Right Hip: flexion
Right Knee: flexion
Left knee: extension
Right ankle: flexion
Left ankle: extension
Torso: flexion Knees: flexion
Hip: abduction
Elbow:flexion
Shoulders: extension
Elbow:flexion
6.3.
6.4.
Connective Tissues Function
Cartilage
Cartilage forms cushions between
bones to stop them rubbing
Ligaments l
Ligaments are like very strong string
that holds bones together
Tendons
Tendons attach muscles to bones
(or to other muscles)
7Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario)
SHEET 7:
SHEET 8:
7.1.
8.1.
A……………………………..
B……………………………..
C……………………………..
D……………………………..
E……………………………..
F……………………………..
A
B
C
D
E
F
7.2. REVIEW THE MUSCLES THAT THE TEACHER
POINTS OUT.
A: trapezius
B: triceps
C: Latissimus dorsi
D: gluteals
E: hamstrings
F: gastrocnemius
Heart Muscles
..only in the heart
Involuntary Muscles ..intestines
and blood vessels
Voluntary Muscles
… used for movement
1
2
3
valves
triceps
relaxes
Biceps
contracts
8 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario)
SHEET 9:
Fast-Twitch for
Sprinters, shot-putters
Slow-Twitch for
Long-distance runners
Fast-Twitch for Power, Slow-Twitch for Endurance
	 (White) 			 (Red)

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097sol

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3. 3Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario) Solucionario The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
  • 4. 4 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario) SHEET 1: SHEET 2: - Your heart and circulatory system? - Your chest and respiratory system? - Your muscles, joints and nervous system? 1. 2.1. A…………………………….. B…………………………….. C…………………………….. D…………………………….. E…………………………….. A B C D E A: Cranium B: Sternum C: Femur D: Humerus E: Tibia
  • 5. 5Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario) SHEET 3: 2.4. 3.1. Strong bones And a volleyball player? Long and light bones And finally, what sports would you be good at (taking into acount your bone structure)? Lumbar vetebrae The sacrum The coccyx Cervical vertebrae Thoracic vertebrae
  • 6. 6 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario) SHEET 4: SHEET 6: 4.1. 6.2. Hip: abduction Arms: abduction Right Hip: flexion Right Knee: flexion Left knee: extension Right ankle: flexion Left ankle: extension Torso: flexion Knees: flexion Hip: abduction Elbow:flexion Shoulders: extension Elbow:flexion 6.3. 6.4. Connective Tissues Function Cartilage Cartilage forms cushions between bones to stop them rubbing Ligaments l Ligaments are like very strong string that holds bones together Tendons Tendons attach muscles to bones (or to other muscles)
  • 7. 7Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario) SHEET 7: SHEET 8: 7.1. 8.1. A…………………………….. B…………………………….. C…………………………….. D…………………………….. E…………………………….. F…………………………….. A B C D E F 7.2. REVIEW THE MUSCLES THAT THE TEACHER POINTS OUT. A: trapezius B: triceps C: Latissimus dorsi D: gluteals E: hamstrings F: gastrocnemius Heart Muscles ..only in the heart Involuntary Muscles ..intestines and blood vessels Voluntary Muscles … used for movement 1 2 3 valves triceps relaxes Biceps contracts
  • 8. 8 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health (Solucionario) SHEET 9: Fast-Twitch for Sprinters, shot-putters Slow-Twitch for Long-distance runners Fast-Twitch for Power, Slow-Twitch for Endurance (White) (Red)