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3Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
Identificación del material AICLE
CONSEJERÍA DE EDUCACIÓN
Dirección General de Participación e Innovación Educativa
The Human Body, Physical Activity and HealthTÍTULO
A2
NIVEL LINGÜÍSTICO
SEGÚN MCER
InglésIDIOMA
Educación FísicaÁREA / MATERIA
Condición física y salud, el cuerpo humano y la actividad físicaNÚCLEO TEMÁTICO
2º de Educación Secundaria
CORRESPONDENCIA
CURRICULAR
6-8 sesiones.
TEMPORALIZACIÓN
APROXIMADA
El cuerpo humano se adapta al entrenamiento con lo que habrá unos cambios.
Para conocer, realizar y valorar los rasgos que definen una actividad física
saludable es necesario tener un conocimiento del sistema óseo, muscular y
articular del cuerpo humano. El calentamiento general y su significado en la
práctica de la actividad física. Efectos, objetivos y fases del calentamiento. Por
último la ficha de condición física individual recogerá los datos biométricos, la
respuesta cardiaca al esfuerzo y los tests físicos.
GUIÓN TEMÁTICO
- Comunicación lingüística.
- Conocimiento e interacción con el medio físico y natural .
- Competencia para la autonomía e iniciativa personal.
- Competencia y actitudes para seguir aprendiendo deforma autónoma.
- Competencia social y ciudadana.
COMPETENCIAS
BÁSICAS
La última parte en relación a la ficha de condición física individual se realizará
periódicamente durante todo el curso académico, lo cual conllevará más tiempo
por la toma de datos que requiere.
OBSERVACIONES
Material didáctico en formato PDFFORMATO
José Ramón Arredondo PérezAUTORÍA
4 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
Tabla de programación AICLE
- Conocer y aceptar el funcionamiento del propio cuerpo y el de los otros, respetar
las diferencias, afianzar los hábitos de cuidado y salud corporales e incorporar la edu-
cación física y la práctica del deporte para favorecer el desarrollo personal y social
- Valorar críticamente los hábitos sociales relacionados con la salud contribuyendo a
su conservación y mejora
OBJETIVOS
- Relacionar conceptos y definiciones
- Clasificar movimientos articulares en el ejercicio físico
- Diferenciar los tipos de fibras
- Ejemplificar los tipos de articulaciones
- Elaborar un calentamiento
TEMA
- Toma de pulsaciones
- Carreras. Técnicas de mejora
- Cuestionario sobre la atención a la higiene corporal después de la práctica de
actividad física
TAREAS
- Reconocer a través de la práctica, los diferentes elementos de los sistemas
muscular, óseo y articular y tipos de movimiento articular para la salud, se evaluará si
el alumnado diferencia los mismos. Posteriormente en cuanto a los procedimientos se
analizará si los trasfiere a la actividad física
-Incrementar las cualidades físicas relacionadas con la salud trabajadas durante el
curso respecto a su nivel inicial. Se pretende autoexigencia en su esfuerzo para
mejorar los niveles de las cualidades físicas. Para la evaluación se deberá tener en
cuenta, sobre todo, la mejora respecto a sus propios niveles iniciales y no sólo el
resultado obtenido
CRITERIOS DE
EVALUACIÓN
- Relacionar los diferentes sistemas orgánicos que intervienen en el ejercicio físico
- Diferenciar los tipos de movimiento articular
- Relacionar los tipos huesos, articulaciones, músculos y de fibras musculares
- Situar el calentamiento en la sesión, efectos, fases, y propuesta de ejercicios
- Valorar la condición física
MODELOS
DISCURSIVOS
CONTENIDOS
LINGÜÍSTICOS
FUNCIONES:
- Describir una ilustración
- Describir un proceso
reflejado en un dibujo
-Definir conceptos
técnicos
ESTRUCTURAS:
- Rotation is moving…
- As you can see…
- The picture shows…
LÉXICO:
Adaptation, volume, intensity, health, skeleton, rib,
tibia, fibula, phalanges, vertebral column, cartilage,
ligaments, tendons, joints, circunduction, muscles,
fibres, trapezius, hamstring, deltoids, pectorals,
gluteals, valves, fast-twitch, blood flow, stretches.
- El cuerpo, actividad física y salud
- Capacidades físicas
- Actividad física y salud
- Atletismo II
- Actividades físicas recreativas, palas y hockey
- Voleibol
- Marcha, acampada y carrera de orientación
CONTENIDOS
DE
CURSO / CICLO
5Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
CONTENTS
1. The human body and physical activity
2. The skeletal system
3. Joints. Types of Joint Movements
4. The Muscular System
5. Organising a general warm-up
6. Individual physical condition card
- BIOMETRIC INFORMATION
- MEASURING YOUR HEART RATE AND RUFFIER TEST
- THE RESULTS OF THE PHYSICAL CONDITION AND COORDINATION TESTS
UNIT
1
The Human Body,
Physical Activity and
Health
6 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
1.The Human Body and Physical Activity
The human body
Physical activity
“The body adapts
to training”
“Exercise makes your body change”
REMEMBER: Physical exercise needs to be controlled
The amount of
exercise
=
Volume
Intensity of work
=
rhythm or
percentage of
effort
7Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 1:
Match each body system to the corresponding picture.
- Your heart and circulatory system?
- Your chest and respiratory system?
- Your muscles, joints and nervous system?
REMEMBER: Exercise helps you physically,
mentally and socially = HEALTH
PHYSICAL BENEFITS
These
Changes
Imply
8 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 2:
(We also have a muscular system which will be explained later on, and the
circulatory and respiratory system, which will be studied next year).
2. The skeletal system
The Skeleton is Made Up of Bones
The skeleton of
an adult human
is made up of 206
bones
Learn them
all,
Sorry….
Ulna
Metacarpals
Sacrum
Phalanges
Coccyx
Femur
Carpals
Patella
(Kneecap)
Mandible
(jaw)
Cranium
(skull)
Clavicle
(collarbon
e)
Sternum
(breastbone)
Scapula
Humerus
Rib
Backbone
Ilium
Tibia
Phalanges
metatarsals
Tarsals
Fibula
Radius
Ulna
Sacrum
Phalanges
Coccyx
Femur
Patella
(Kneecap)
Mandible
(jaw)
Cranium
(skull)
Clavicle
(collarbon
e)
Sternum
(breastbone)
Scapula
Humerus
Rib
Backbone
Ilium
Tibia
Phalanges
metatarsals
Tarsals
Fibula
Radius
9Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
2.1. DON´T LOOK AT THE LAST PICTURE.
LABEL THE BONES.
2.2. REVIEW ALL OF THE MAIN BONES
THAT THE TEACHER POINTS TO.
A……………………………..
B……………………………..
C……………………………..
D……………………………..
E……………………………..
A
B
C
D
E
A .....................................
B .....................................
C .....................................
D .....................................
E .....................................
Where are the ribs?
and the tibia?....
10 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
2.3. Can you write an example of each of these functions?
2.4. What kind of bones is a handball player likely to have?
__________________________
And a volleyball player?_____________________
And finally, what sports would you be good at
(taking into acount your bone structure)?
__________________________________________
- Support
- Shape
- Protection
- Movement
- Making Blood Cells
The Skeleton has Various Functions
The skeleton has a big effect on performance
Strong bones are very
important in sports like
rugby or weightlifting
People with long and
light bones are well
suited for sports like
Basketball or high jump
11Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 3:
3. JOINTS
The spine has Five Different Sections, Each one contains
bones called vertebrae (each bone is a “vertebra”)
? Lumbar vetebrae
? The sacrum
? The coccyx
? Cervical vertebrae
? Thoracic vertebrae
3.1. Draw an arrow matching the parts of the spinal column with the names.
12 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 4: JOINTS
Connective Tissues Join Muscle and Bones
Don´t confuse tendons and ligaments …
REMEMBER – ligaments connect bones with bones; tendons
connect bones with muscles.
CARTILAGE 		LIGAMENTS 		 TENDONS
Cartilage forms cushions
between bones to stop
them from rubbing
Ligaments are like very
strong string that holds
bones together
Tendons attach muscles
to bones (or to other
muscles)
4.1. Complete the table below
Connective Tissues Function
Cartilage
Ligaments
Tendons
13Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 5: JOINTS
There are Three Different Types of Joints
Immovable joints ...like between
bones in the cranium
Slightlly movable joints.
.. bones that can move a little bit - vertebrae
Freely movable joints … the shoulder
1
2
3
5.1. Draw the joints mentioned above and point out the
differences between them.
14 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 6: JOINTS
There are Six Kinds of Joint Movements
Also CIRCUNDUCTION is a combination
of extension, flexion, abduction and
adduction - for example when you move
your finger in a circular motion.
6.1. Explain different stretching techniques using
these words: EXTENSION, FLEXION, ABDUCTION,
ADDUCTION, ROTATION and CIRCUNDUCTION
EXTENSION
Opening
a joint.
FLEXION
closing a
joint.
ADDUCTION
Moving
Towards
an
Imaginary
Centre line.
ABDUCTION
Moving away from an
imaginary centre line.
ROTATION
turning
a limb
clockwise
or
anticlockwise.
15Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
6.2. Can you explain this movement in terms of joint
movements in the hips and arms?
6.3. and this movement for the hip, knee, and left
and right ankle joints?
6.4. Write the joint movements that you see in the following drawings:
16 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 7:
4.Muscular System
(We also have a circulatory and respiratory system which will be studied next year).
Muscles are Made up of Loads of Small Fibres
An adult human has more
than 600 muscles
pectorals
deltoids
biceps
quadriceps
abdominals
trapezius
triceps
Latissimus
dorsi
gluteals
hamstrings
gastrocnemius
An adult human has more
than 600 muscles
17Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
7.1. DON´T LOOK AT THE PREVIOUS PICTURE. LABEL THE MUSCLES
7.2. REVIEW THE MUSCLES THAT THE TEACHER POINTS OUT.
A……………………………..
B……………………………..
C……………………………..
D……………………………..
E……………………………..
F……………………………..
A
B
C
D
E
F
7.2. REVIEW THE MUSCLES THAT THE TEACHER
POINTS OUT.
A .....................................
B .....................................
C .....................................
D .....................................
E .....................................
F .....................................
18 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
8.1. Match the types of muscles with the drawings.
SHEET 8: MUSCLES
There are Three Different Types of Muscles
Heart Muscles
..only in the heart
Involuntary Muscles ..intestines
and blood vessels
Voluntary Muscles
… used for movement
1
2
3
valves
triceps
relaxes
Biceps
contracts
19Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 9: MUSCLES
?
?
?
?
?
Fast-Twitch for
Sprinters, shot-putters
Slow-Twitch for
Long-distance runners
Fast-Twitch for Power, Slow-Twitch for Endurance
	 (White) 					(Red)
20 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 10:
Always warm up first and cool down afterwards
These are vital to every training
session, but should be done in a
gentle and progressive way.
5. Organising a general warmup
TRAINING
SESSION
WARM-UP
TRAINING
ACTIVITY
OR
P.E. SESSION
OR
COMPETITION
COOL-DOWN
21Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
WARM-UP- gradually gets your
body ready for training.
WHY IS IT SO IMPORTANT?:
1) It increases the temperature of the body, and increases
blood flow to the muscles - so they can work well later on in the training
2) It stretches the muscles, moves the joints and increases the range of
movement - so you´re ready to work and less likely to injure yourself
3) It concentrates the mind on training
You should warm-up your
cardiovascular system first.
Do some gentle exercise, like
jogging, until you are just out of
breath.
Then stretch
And then, play a game, such as
a short distance run to increase
your pulse rate
STAGES OF A
WARM UP
1. JOGGING
2. STRETCHING
3. GAMES
22 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
10.1. GENERAL WARM-UP. Review and improve the warm-up you prepared last
year. Keeping in mind the parts of a general warm-up, design a warm-up with
order and progress in the order that you see on the sheet. Use the names of the
muscles that you have just learnt
GENERAL WARM-UP
DESCRIPTION OF THE ACTIVITY DRAWING
MUSCLES, BONES AND
JOINTS INCLUDED
TIME
1) JOGGING:
2.) STRECHING and JOINT MOVEMENT.
2.1.Ankles:
2.2.Knees:
2.3.Hips:
2.4. Torso:
2.5.Shoulders:
2.6. Elbows:
2.7. Wrists:
2.6.Neck:
3.) DYNAMIC ACTIVITY / GAME:
23Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SHEET 11:
6. Individual physical condition card
YOUR INDIVIDUAL PHYSICAL
CONDITION CARD WILL HAVE 3 PARTS:
- BIOMETRIC INFORMATION. YOUR HEIGHT, WEIGHT AND BODY MASS INDEX
- THE RESULTS OF THE RUFFIER TEST (30 SQUATS)
- THE RESULTS OF THE PHYSICAL CONDITION AND COORDINATION TESTS
11.1. Can you remember the names of the 7 physical tests that you
did last year and will do again this year?
Practise them in the PE class and compare your
results with last year’s.
24 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
1) Biometric information. Your height, weight and body mass index
BODY MASS INDEX (B.M.I.): This is done by dividing a person´s weight by their
height squared.
For example: Your weight is 75 kg and your height is 1.50:
		B.M.I (kg. /m2.)= 75 / 2,25 (1.50 x 1.50 ) = 33,33.
11.2. Calculate the Body Mass Index.
Do this in PE class, write them down and compare your B.M.I. results with last year’s.
B.M.I = 	 WEIGHT (in kg.)
		 HEIGHT 2 (in m.)
WEIGHT HEIGHT B.M.I.
Last year
Month WEIGHT HEIGHT B.M.I.
Octuber
_________0__________18_________25________30______35___________40
…. SLIM……….NORMAL…..OVERWEIGHT.........OBESITY…..
25Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
2) MEASURING YOUR HEART RATE AND RUFFIER TEST (30 SQUATS)
RUFFIER TEST (30
11.3. Calculate your results for the RUFFIER TEST.
Practise it in PE class and write down your results comparing them with last year’s.
EVALUATION:
EXCELLENT………= < 1
GOOD.......................= 2 to 6
NORMAL.................= 3 to 9
BELOW NORMAL...= + 10
FORMULA: HEART RATE AT REST+ H.R
SQUATS + H.R. RATE 1´- 200 / 10
HEART RATE
AT REST
H.R
SQUATS
H.R REST
1´
EVALUATION
Last
year
___
HEART RATE
AT REST
H.R SQUATS H.R REST 1´ EVALUATION
October ___
December
April
June
26 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
SELF ASSESSMENT
Read and tick ✓ where appropriate
YES
NOT
YET
NOT
SURE
I can recognize spoken and written words
and expressions related to the content of the
lesson.
I can report information from this unit both
orally and in writing.
I can talk about different aspects of this unit
providing my own opinion or views.
I can speak about some of the relevant themes
in the unit.
I can write and do projects about the topics in
the unit.

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097

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3. 3Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health Identificación del material AICLE CONSEJERÍA DE EDUCACIÓN Dirección General de Participación e Innovación Educativa The Human Body, Physical Activity and HealthTÍTULO A2 NIVEL LINGÜÍSTICO SEGÚN MCER InglésIDIOMA Educación FísicaÁREA / MATERIA Condición física y salud, el cuerpo humano y la actividad físicaNÚCLEO TEMÁTICO 2º de Educación Secundaria CORRESPONDENCIA CURRICULAR 6-8 sesiones. TEMPORALIZACIÓN APROXIMADA El cuerpo humano se adapta al entrenamiento con lo que habrá unos cambios. Para conocer, realizar y valorar los rasgos que definen una actividad física saludable es necesario tener un conocimiento del sistema óseo, muscular y articular del cuerpo humano. El calentamiento general y su significado en la práctica de la actividad física. Efectos, objetivos y fases del calentamiento. Por último la ficha de condición física individual recogerá los datos biométricos, la respuesta cardiaca al esfuerzo y los tests físicos. GUIÓN TEMÁTICO - Comunicación lingüística. - Conocimiento e interacción con el medio físico y natural . - Competencia para la autonomía e iniciativa personal. - Competencia y actitudes para seguir aprendiendo deforma autónoma. - Competencia social y ciudadana. COMPETENCIAS BÁSICAS La última parte en relación a la ficha de condición física individual se realizará periódicamente durante todo el curso académico, lo cual conllevará más tiempo por la toma de datos que requiere. OBSERVACIONES Material didáctico en formato PDFFORMATO José Ramón Arredondo PérezAUTORÍA
  • 4. 4 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health Tabla de programación AICLE - Conocer y aceptar el funcionamiento del propio cuerpo y el de los otros, respetar las diferencias, afianzar los hábitos de cuidado y salud corporales e incorporar la edu- cación física y la práctica del deporte para favorecer el desarrollo personal y social - Valorar críticamente los hábitos sociales relacionados con la salud contribuyendo a su conservación y mejora OBJETIVOS - Relacionar conceptos y definiciones - Clasificar movimientos articulares en el ejercicio físico - Diferenciar los tipos de fibras - Ejemplificar los tipos de articulaciones - Elaborar un calentamiento TEMA - Toma de pulsaciones - Carreras. Técnicas de mejora - Cuestionario sobre la atención a la higiene corporal después de la práctica de actividad física TAREAS - Reconocer a través de la práctica, los diferentes elementos de los sistemas muscular, óseo y articular y tipos de movimiento articular para la salud, se evaluará si el alumnado diferencia los mismos. Posteriormente en cuanto a los procedimientos se analizará si los trasfiere a la actividad física -Incrementar las cualidades físicas relacionadas con la salud trabajadas durante el curso respecto a su nivel inicial. Se pretende autoexigencia en su esfuerzo para mejorar los niveles de las cualidades físicas. Para la evaluación se deberá tener en cuenta, sobre todo, la mejora respecto a sus propios niveles iniciales y no sólo el resultado obtenido CRITERIOS DE EVALUACIÓN - Relacionar los diferentes sistemas orgánicos que intervienen en el ejercicio físico - Diferenciar los tipos de movimiento articular - Relacionar los tipos huesos, articulaciones, músculos y de fibras musculares - Situar el calentamiento en la sesión, efectos, fases, y propuesta de ejercicios - Valorar la condición física MODELOS DISCURSIVOS CONTENIDOS LINGÜÍSTICOS FUNCIONES: - Describir una ilustración - Describir un proceso reflejado en un dibujo -Definir conceptos técnicos ESTRUCTURAS: - Rotation is moving… - As you can see… - The picture shows… LÉXICO: Adaptation, volume, intensity, health, skeleton, rib, tibia, fibula, phalanges, vertebral column, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, joints, circunduction, muscles, fibres, trapezius, hamstring, deltoids, pectorals, gluteals, valves, fast-twitch, blood flow, stretches. - El cuerpo, actividad física y salud - Capacidades físicas - Actividad física y salud - Atletismo II - Actividades físicas recreativas, palas y hockey - Voleibol - Marcha, acampada y carrera de orientación CONTENIDOS DE CURSO / CICLO
  • 5. 5Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health CONTENTS 1. The human body and physical activity 2. The skeletal system 3. Joints. Types of Joint Movements 4. The Muscular System 5. Organising a general warm-up 6. Individual physical condition card - BIOMETRIC INFORMATION - MEASURING YOUR HEART RATE AND RUFFIER TEST - THE RESULTS OF THE PHYSICAL CONDITION AND COORDINATION TESTS UNIT 1 The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health
  • 6. 6 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 1.The Human Body and Physical Activity The human body Physical activity “The body adapts to training” “Exercise makes your body change” REMEMBER: Physical exercise needs to be controlled The amount of exercise = Volume Intensity of work = rhythm or percentage of effort
  • 7. 7Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 1: Match each body system to the corresponding picture. - Your heart and circulatory system? - Your chest and respiratory system? - Your muscles, joints and nervous system? REMEMBER: Exercise helps you physically, mentally and socially = HEALTH PHYSICAL BENEFITS These Changes Imply
  • 8. 8 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 2: (We also have a muscular system which will be explained later on, and the circulatory and respiratory system, which will be studied next year). 2. The skeletal system The Skeleton is Made Up of Bones The skeleton of an adult human is made up of 206 bones Learn them all, Sorry…. Ulna Metacarpals Sacrum Phalanges Coccyx Femur Carpals Patella (Kneecap) Mandible (jaw) Cranium (skull) Clavicle (collarbon e) Sternum (breastbone) Scapula Humerus Rib Backbone Ilium Tibia Phalanges metatarsals Tarsals Fibula Radius Ulna Sacrum Phalanges Coccyx Femur Patella (Kneecap) Mandible (jaw) Cranium (skull) Clavicle (collarbon e) Sternum (breastbone) Scapula Humerus Rib Backbone Ilium Tibia Phalanges metatarsals Tarsals Fibula Radius
  • 9. 9Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 2.1. DON´T LOOK AT THE LAST PICTURE. LABEL THE BONES. 2.2. REVIEW ALL OF THE MAIN BONES THAT THE TEACHER POINTS TO. A…………………………….. B…………………………….. C…………………………….. D…………………………….. E…………………………….. A B C D E A ..................................... B ..................................... C ..................................... D ..................................... E ..................................... Where are the ribs? and the tibia?....
  • 10. 10 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 2.3. Can you write an example of each of these functions? 2.4. What kind of bones is a handball player likely to have? __________________________ And a volleyball player?_____________________ And finally, what sports would you be good at (taking into acount your bone structure)? __________________________________________ - Support - Shape - Protection - Movement - Making Blood Cells The Skeleton has Various Functions The skeleton has a big effect on performance Strong bones are very important in sports like rugby or weightlifting People with long and light bones are well suited for sports like Basketball or high jump
  • 11. 11Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 3: 3. JOINTS The spine has Five Different Sections, Each one contains bones called vertebrae (each bone is a “vertebra”) ? Lumbar vetebrae ? The sacrum ? The coccyx ? Cervical vertebrae ? Thoracic vertebrae 3.1. Draw an arrow matching the parts of the spinal column with the names.
  • 12. 12 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 4: JOINTS Connective Tissues Join Muscle and Bones Don´t confuse tendons and ligaments … REMEMBER – ligaments connect bones with bones; tendons connect bones with muscles. CARTILAGE LIGAMENTS TENDONS Cartilage forms cushions between bones to stop them from rubbing Ligaments are like very strong string that holds bones together Tendons attach muscles to bones (or to other muscles) 4.1. Complete the table below Connective Tissues Function Cartilage Ligaments Tendons
  • 13. 13Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 5: JOINTS There are Three Different Types of Joints Immovable joints ...like between bones in the cranium Slightlly movable joints. .. bones that can move a little bit - vertebrae Freely movable joints … the shoulder 1 2 3 5.1. Draw the joints mentioned above and point out the differences between them.
  • 14. 14 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 6: JOINTS There are Six Kinds of Joint Movements Also CIRCUNDUCTION is a combination of extension, flexion, abduction and adduction - for example when you move your finger in a circular motion. 6.1. Explain different stretching techniques using these words: EXTENSION, FLEXION, ABDUCTION, ADDUCTION, ROTATION and CIRCUNDUCTION EXTENSION Opening a joint. FLEXION closing a joint. ADDUCTION Moving Towards an Imaginary Centre line. ABDUCTION Moving away from an imaginary centre line. ROTATION turning a limb clockwise or anticlockwise.
  • 15. 15Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 6.2. Can you explain this movement in terms of joint movements in the hips and arms? 6.3. and this movement for the hip, knee, and left and right ankle joints? 6.4. Write the joint movements that you see in the following drawings:
  • 16. 16 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 7: 4.Muscular System (We also have a circulatory and respiratory system which will be studied next year). Muscles are Made up of Loads of Small Fibres An adult human has more than 600 muscles pectorals deltoids biceps quadriceps abdominals trapezius triceps Latissimus dorsi gluteals hamstrings gastrocnemius An adult human has more than 600 muscles
  • 17. 17Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 7.1. DON´T LOOK AT THE PREVIOUS PICTURE. LABEL THE MUSCLES 7.2. REVIEW THE MUSCLES THAT THE TEACHER POINTS OUT. A…………………………….. B…………………………….. C…………………………….. D…………………………….. E…………………………….. F…………………………….. A B C D E F 7.2. REVIEW THE MUSCLES THAT THE TEACHER POINTS OUT. A ..................................... B ..................................... C ..................................... D ..................................... E ..................................... F .....................................
  • 18. 18 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 8.1. Match the types of muscles with the drawings. SHEET 8: MUSCLES There are Three Different Types of Muscles Heart Muscles ..only in the heart Involuntary Muscles ..intestines and blood vessels Voluntary Muscles … used for movement 1 2 3 valves triceps relaxes Biceps contracts
  • 19. 19Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 9: MUSCLES ? ? ? ? ? Fast-Twitch for Sprinters, shot-putters Slow-Twitch for Long-distance runners Fast-Twitch for Power, Slow-Twitch for Endurance (White) (Red)
  • 20. 20 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 10: Always warm up first and cool down afterwards These are vital to every training session, but should be done in a gentle and progressive way. 5. Organising a general warmup TRAINING SESSION WARM-UP TRAINING ACTIVITY OR P.E. SESSION OR COMPETITION COOL-DOWN
  • 21. 21Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health WARM-UP- gradually gets your body ready for training. WHY IS IT SO IMPORTANT?: 1) It increases the temperature of the body, and increases blood flow to the muscles - so they can work well later on in the training 2) It stretches the muscles, moves the joints and increases the range of movement - so you´re ready to work and less likely to injure yourself 3) It concentrates the mind on training You should warm-up your cardiovascular system first. Do some gentle exercise, like jogging, until you are just out of breath. Then stretch And then, play a game, such as a short distance run to increase your pulse rate STAGES OF A WARM UP 1. JOGGING 2. STRETCHING 3. GAMES
  • 22. 22 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 10.1. GENERAL WARM-UP. Review and improve the warm-up you prepared last year. Keeping in mind the parts of a general warm-up, design a warm-up with order and progress in the order that you see on the sheet. Use the names of the muscles that you have just learnt GENERAL WARM-UP DESCRIPTION OF THE ACTIVITY DRAWING MUSCLES, BONES AND JOINTS INCLUDED TIME 1) JOGGING: 2.) STRECHING and JOINT MOVEMENT. 2.1.Ankles: 2.2.Knees: 2.3.Hips: 2.4. Torso: 2.5.Shoulders: 2.6. Elbows: 2.7. Wrists: 2.6.Neck: 3.) DYNAMIC ACTIVITY / GAME:
  • 23. 23Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SHEET 11: 6. Individual physical condition card YOUR INDIVIDUAL PHYSICAL CONDITION CARD WILL HAVE 3 PARTS: - BIOMETRIC INFORMATION. YOUR HEIGHT, WEIGHT AND BODY MASS INDEX - THE RESULTS OF THE RUFFIER TEST (30 SQUATS) - THE RESULTS OF THE PHYSICAL CONDITION AND COORDINATION TESTS 11.1. Can you remember the names of the 7 physical tests that you did last year and will do again this year? Practise them in the PE class and compare your results with last year’s.
  • 24. 24 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 1) Biometric information. Your height, weight and body mass index BODY MASS INDEX (B.M.I.): This is done by dividing a person´s weight by their height squared. For example: Your weight is 75 kg and your height is 1.50: B.M.I (kg. /m2.)= 75 / 2,25 (1.50 x 1.50 ) = 33,33. 11.2. Calculate the Body Mass Index. Do this in PE class, write them down and compare your B.M.I. results with last year’s. B.M.I = WEIGHT (in kg.) HEIGHT 2 (in m.) WEIGHT HEIGHT B.M.I. Last year Month WEIGHT HEIGHT B.M.I. Octuber _________0__________18_________25________30______35___________40 …. SLIM……….NORMAL…..OVERWEIGHT.........OBESITY…..
  • 25. 25Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health 2) MEASURING YOUR HEART RATE AND RUFFIER TEST (30 SQUATS) RUFFIER TEST (30 11.3. Calculate your results for the RUFFIER TEST. Practise it in PE class and write down your results comparing them with last year’s. EVALUATION: EXCELLENT………= < 1 GOOD.......................= 2 to 6 NORMAL.................= 3 to 9 BELOW NORMAL...= + 10 FORMULA: HEART RATE AT REST+ H.R SQUATS + H.R. RATE 1´- 200 / 10 HEART RATE AT REST H.R SQUATS H.R REST 1´ EVALUATION Last year ___ HEART RATE AT REST H.R SQUATS H.R REST 1´ EVALUATION October ___ December April June
  • 26. 26 Material AICLE 2º de E.S.O: The Human Body, Physical Activity and Health SELF ASSESSMENT Read and tick ✓ where appropriate YES NOT YET NOT SURE I can recognize spoken and written words and expressions related to the content of the lesson. I can report information from this unit both orally and in writing. I can talk about different aspects of this unit providing my own opinion or views. I can speak about some of the relevant themes in the unit. I can write and do projects about the topics in the unit.