How A Bill Becomes Law In Colorado


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An introduction to the law-making process here in Colorado.

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How A Bill Becomes Law In Colorado

  1. 1. How a bill becomes law in Colorado<br />
  2. 2. Introducing a bill<br />Bills are introduced by legislators<br />A bill can be introduced in the Colorado House or the Colorado Senate<br />
  3. 3. In the House …<br />Introduction<br />First reading by the House clerk<br />Assigned to committee by speaker of the House<br />You can search for, and look up the status of a bill here:<br /><br />
  4. 4. House Committees<br />Agriculture, Livestock, and Natural Resources<br />Appropriations<br />Business Affairs and Labor<br />Education<br />Health and Human Services<br />Judiciary<br />Local Government<br />State, Veterans, and Military Affairs<br />Transportation and Energy<br />You can find House Committee Membership Here:<br /><br />You can find Bills by Committee Here (Click on “By Committee” on the lower line)<br /><br />
  5. 5. In Committee<br />Committee hearing<br />Public and Expert Testimony <br />Amendments may be offered<br />A passing vote from the Committee sends the bill back to the House<br />Committees publish their calendars here:<br /><br />You can listen to committee hearings on a bill here:<br /><br />
  6. 6. Back on the House Floor<br />Committee reports offered (committees report on the status of a bill that was assigned to it)<br />House floor and second reading (may include debate and additional amendments)<br />House floor and third reading final passage<br />
  7. 7. On to the Senate…<br />Introduction<br />First reading by the Senate clerk<br />Assigned to committee by Senate President<br />Committee hearing (may contain any amendments)<br />Committee reports offered<br />Senate floor and second reading (may include debate and additional amendments)<br />Senate floor and third reading final passage (without any additional amendments)<br />
  8. 8. Senate Committees<br />Agriculture and Natural Resources<br />Appropriations<br />Business, Labor, and Technology<br />Education<br />Finance<br />Health and Human Services<br />Judiciary<br />Local Government and Energy<br />State, Veterans, and Military Affairs<br />Transportation<br />
  9. 9. Decision Time<br />If a bill passes the Senate without amendments, it goes to the Governor<br />Otherwise, it goes to Conference Committee.<br />
  10. 10. Conference Committee<br />A conference committee is composed of 3 members from each house, meeting to work out language acceptable to both houses on a bill that passed each house in different forms.<br />A majority of the members of the committee must agree before the Conference Committee Report may be submitted to the Senate and House<br />The bill then returns to each house for a final up-or-down vote<br />
  11. 11. If a bill requires appropriations…<br />Legislative Legal Services, the non-partisan research staff of the Legislature, analyzes a bill to determine it effect on the state’s spending or revenues <br />Any bill that would require funding (or would reduce revenue without reducing spending) if implemented is sent to the Appropriations Committee as part of the process.<br />In the Appropriations Committee an appropriation clause is added to the bill that includes the amount of funding required. <br />
  12. 12. The Governor<br />Once passed by the House or Senate, the bill becomes Colorado law when signed by the governor.<br />If the governor fails to sign a bill within 10 days upon receiving a bill while the General Assembly is in session or within 30 days if the General Assembly is adjourned, the bill becomes Colorado law.<br />
  13. 13. If the governor vetoes …<br />If vetoed, the governor sends a veto message to the General Assembly<br />If the General Assembly decides to override the governor&apos;s veto, it must have two-thirds votes of all members from both the House and Senate.<br />
  14. 14. The People<br />May approve Constitutional amendments and statutory changes proposed by the legislature (Referenda)<br />May approve Constitutional amendments and statutory changes placed on the ballot by petition (Initiatives)<br /><ul><li>People have the right to review all laws passed by the legislature, unless…
  15. 15. The law has a clause, known as, “The Safety Clause,” that this law is necessary for the public safety.
  16. 16. As a result, most laws now contain the Safety Clause</li></li></ul><li>