Things I Wish I Knew:

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Things I Wish I Knew:

  1. 1. Things I Wish I Knew: Introduction to being Pre-Dental at Penn Penn Pre-Dental ASDA October 4, 2007
  2. 2. What is Dentistry? <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dentistry is defined as the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment (nonsurgical, surgical or related procedures) of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body ; provided by a dentist, within the scope of his/her education, training and experience, in accordance with the ethics of the profession and applicable law. “ (www.ada.org) </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Dentistry? <ul><li>http://www.drbaradaranperio.com/media/trea/3DI.gif </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Dentistry <ul><li>Also involves systemic health! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals with diabetes are at greater risk for periodontal diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correlation between quality of life and healthy smile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A dentist can make a preliminary diagnosis of systemic disease because many systemic diseases and conditions have oral manifestations (ex. bulimia, drug use, cancer) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US Department of Health and Human Services. Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General-- Executive Summary . Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, 2000. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What career options are available to a DDS/DMD? <ul><li>Private Practice (Majority of Graduates) </li></ul><ul><li>Specialties (ex: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Endodontics, more!; ~20% Graduates) </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Dentistry/Research </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Dentistry </li></ul>
  6. 6. Get Dental Experience! <ul><li>Most important in helping you decide on your career! </li></ul><ul><li>Important to see a range of general dentists and specialists to get a broad view of the profession </li></ul><ul><li>Contact your dentist, local dentists, county dental societies to find a dentist to shadow </li></ul><ul><li>Penn Smiles Van  </li></ul><ul><li>Try to assist if you can! </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, some schools require shadowing hours or a letter of recommendation from a dentist (eg. Tufts) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Required Undergraduate Courses <ul><li>You can major in whatever you want, but you must complete pre-req’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One Year of Biology, Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Physics (all with lab) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One Year of English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One Year of Math (must be at least one semester of Calculus) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanities Classes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These may be completed in any order, but it is most helpful to have taken the Organic Chemistry lecture before or during your junior year—I’ll explain </li></ul><ul><li>You may take Orgo Lab (Chem 245) and Physics your senior year, although it is “safer” to finish your prereq’s before senior year—I’ll explain </li></ul>
  8. 8. More on Courses <ul><li>Many Dental schools have additional pre-req’s that are not listed </li></ul><ul><li>If you decide you want to apply, check with schools as early as possible for specific pre-req’s </li></ul><ul><li>Biochemistry is becoming an “unofficial” pre-req </li></ul><ul><li>Business classes now will help you with practice management later—but are not required </li></ul><ul><li>Study what you’re interested in!!! </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Dental Admissions Test (DAT) <ul><li>Multiple choice, computer based </li></ul><ul><li>4 hour 15 mins, plus optional 15 min break </li></ul><ul><li>Sections: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey of the Natural Sciences (SNS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biology (40 q), General Chemistry (30 q), Organic Chemistry (30 q) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceptual Ability Test (PAT) (90 q) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading Comprehension (50 q) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantative Reasoning (40 q) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Average </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each section and sub-section is put on a 1-30 curve </li></ul><ul><li>Some schools care about some sections more/less than other schools (ex: Penn and the PAT) </li></ul><ul><li>No penalty for guessing (not like the SAT or MCAT) </li></ul><ul><li>Only allowed to take 3x (new ADA rule!) </li></ul>
  10. 10. The “Numbers” Question <ul><li>GPA National Mean GPA’s of 2005 Entering Class First Year Enrollees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall: 3.49 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science: 3.41 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Mean DAT Scores of 2005 Entering Class First Year Enrollees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Average: 18.9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Science: 18.4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAT: 17.4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( http:// www.adea.org/webdocs/AADSAS/DentistryUpdate.pdf ) </li></ul>
  11. 11. More on “Numbers” <ul><li>There is about a ½ chance of getting into dental school, nationally (fluctuates with number of applicants per year) </li></ul><ul><li>However, for individual schools, the number of applicants/seat varies from about 3 to 40 (Penn ~16) </li></ul><ul><li>www.adea.org </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Application Process <ul><li>55 US ADA Accredited Schools </li></ul><ul><li>One ADA Accredited School in Puerto Rico—Hard to get into </li></ul><ul><li>Each school has its strengths and weaknesses, and each person has individual preferences… (ex: cost of tuition) Do your research! </li></ul><ul><li>Application Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Association of Dental Schools Application Service—AADSAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas Medical & Dental Schools Application Service—TMDSAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handful of schools do not use either of these central services </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. More on Applying <ul><li>Career Services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandatory workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Health Profession Advisory Board (HPAB) Packet” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Committee Letter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At least 3 letters of recommendation: 2 should be science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Statement Help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict guidelines to help you get everything in on time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timing is everything when applying to Dental School! (May 15 th ) </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Interview <ul><li>Show yourself off! </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about your extracurriculars and dental experience </li></ul><ul><li>Show off your people skills </li></ul><ul><li>You’re interviewing the school as well! </li></ul>
  15. 15. You’re Finally In! <ul><li>First round of acceptances go out Dec. 1, rolling after </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Dental School Curriculum: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First two years are didactic and not so much clinical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last two years are mostly clinical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of the Pacific  3 year program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Boards: Part I after 2 nd Year and Part II after 3 rd Year </li></ul><ul><li>Residency only required to practice in some states </li></ul>
  16. 16. Any Questions?? <ul><li>Feel free to e-mail the board any additional questions: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Check the links on the web site: http:// dolphin.upenn.edu/~preasda </li></ul><ul><li>Stay tuned for the Dental Sibling Mixer event and for updates on the Penn Smiles Van!!! </li></ul>
  17. 17. Thanks for Coming!

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