School of Dentistry


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School of Dentistry

  1. 1. School of Dentistry 520 N. 12th St. • P.O. Box 980566 The Division of Dental Hygiene was dental profession respond to a changing Richmond, VA 23298-0566 formed in 1969 and offers courses leading environment but in developing and initi- (804) 828-9183 • Fax (804) 828-6072 to a Bachelor of Science in Dental Hygiene ating interventions that prevent and control degree. The program requires two years of oral disease and promote oral wellness, as liberal arts study, with a minimum of 60 well as in facilitating that change itself. Ronald J. Hunt semester hours, followed by two years of The division assumes a responsibility to Harry Lyons Professor and Dean (1998) D.D.S. 1973 University of Iowa study focusing on basic and dental sciences, provide current and future practitioners M.S. 1982 University of Iowa dental hygiene theory, community health with skills that allow them to provide effi- and preclinical and clinical experiences. cient, quality oral health care to the public, Betsy A. Hagan The Commission on Dental Accredita- to be responsive to a changing profession, to Senior Associate Dean (1980) tion of the American Dental Association be lifelong learners and to provide service to B.S. 1974 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State accredits the Dental Hygiene Program. Upon the community and the profession. University D.D.S. 1978 Virginia Commonwealth University successful completion of the program, grad- M.B.A. 1984 Virginia Commonwealth University uates are awarded the Bachelor of Science in Dental Hygiene degree and are eligible for Division of Dental Hygiene Carolyn Booker national, regional and state board licensing Assistant Dean for Students examinations. Janet L. Scharer B.S. 1976 South Carolina State University Assistant Professor and Program Director (1990) M.A. 1977 South Carolina State University A.S. 1968 Cuyahoga Community College Ph.D. 1987 Southern Illinois University B.S.Ed. 1971 Ohio State University Mission M.A. 1974 Ohio State University Harvey A. Schenkein The primary mission of the School of Paul Tucker Goad Professor of Periodontics and Dentistry is to educate practitioners of Microbiology and Immunology and Assistant Admissions Dean for Research (1978) dentistry and dental hygiene capable of B.A. 1970 State University of New York meeting the general oral health care needs The Division of Dental Hygiene welcomes D.D.S. 1974 State University of New York of the communities they serve. Within this and encourages individuals from any cultural Ph.D. 1978 State University of New York educational mission is the explicit respon- or ethnic background who are interested sibility to provide future practitioners with in a professional career in dental hygiene The School of Dentistry was created in the analytical and technological skills that to apply for admission. A minimum of 60 1893 when the University College of Medi- will allow them to be efficient providers semester hours (or equivalent) of transfer- cine opened with a dental department as one of quality oral health care. Integral to the able credits from an accredited college or of its original divisions. The Medical College mission is the responsibility for the school university is required and must be docu- of Virginia inaugurated a dental education to assume a prominent role in research and mented. Academic credits presented by program in 1897, and in 1913 the two other scholarly activity, and to provide service an applicant must be acceptable for credit schools were merged to form the Medical and patient care to the community and the toward a degree in the institution in which College of Virginia School of Dentistry. profession. Consistent with the primary the courses are taken. Minimum admission In 1968, by an act of the Virginia General mission, the School of Dentistry provides criteria include the applicant to be eligible Assembly, the Medical College of Virginia programs in advanced dental education, for re-admission or in good standing at the was merged with Richmond Professional dental hygiene and continuing education. last college or university attended; to have Institute to form Virginia Commonwealth The Division of Dental Hygiene believes a minimum GPA of 2.5 based on a four- University. The School of Dentistry is the modern practicing dental hygienist point scale in cumulative, math/science located at the VCU Medical Center. requires a broad range of skills to function and designated prerequisite courses; and to The facilities of the School of Dentistry effectively. Competency in specific clinical- complete the application and submit the are housed in the Wood Memorial and Lyons technical skills, while essential, will not be required transcripts, references and applica- buildings and contain clinical and research sufficient to meet increasing social needs tion by Feb. 15. The transferred credits must facilities, classrooms, student laborato- and demands for comprehensive oral health include the prescribed prerequisites: ries, departmental offices and a computer care at all societal levels. The division views learning laboratory. The classrooms contain the dental hygienist with a baccalaureate credits English 6 a full range of audiovisual equipment. degree as a leader not only in helping the General biology and laboratory 3-5 VCU Undergraduate Bulletin 2004 – 05 231
  2. 2. School of Dentistry College chemistry and laboratory 3-5 by March 1 preceding the academic year in and admission to the dental hygiene program. Anatomy and physiology and laboratory 6-8 which studies are to be resumed declaring Designed to familiarize the student with the scope, role Microbiology and laboratory 3-5 and responsibilities of the dental hygiene profession. his or her intent to return to school. Failure Topics include an introduction to the educational Humanities 3 Introductory sociology 3 to do so is considered a withdrawal; the and therapeutic services as well as the philosophy student ceases to be a student in the Divi- of preventive oral health and its relevance to the Introductory psychology 3 practice of dental hygiene. Also introduces the clinical Speech 3 sion of Dental Hygiene, forfeits the right knowledge and skills needed to perform fundamental Statistics 3 to return without reapplication and must clinical dental hygiene procedures, instrumentation and Visual/performing arts 3 reapply through appropriate procedures if preventive services. readmittance is desired. DENH 302 Dental Hygiene Theory II To successfully complete the dental Students who are readmitted will receive Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: hygiene curriculum, students are required to credit for only those courses that have been DENH 301. Continuation of DENH 301. Designed to clearly communicate with faculty, students, completed and a final grade rendered prior to provide the student with knowledge and skills necessary staff and patients. Accordingly, applicants to provide patient care and includes instruction in withdrawal. Retention of credit for clinical some more advanced dental hygiene skills including may be required to provide evidence of their requirements earned prior to withdrawal will application of topical medicaments and use of sonic proficiency in American English via stan- be at the discretion of the Class Committee. and ultrasonic instrumentation. dardized tests. Applicants who do not have Students whose requests for withdrawal are DENH 312 Preventive Oral Health Education English as their natural language, regardless approved by the dean for nonhealth-related Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: of immigration status or previous course reasons through the Academic Performance Junior standing in the dental hygiene program. work, must present a minimum TOEFL Committee must apply for readmission with Introduces preventive oral health strategies, methods, Score of 580 (paper) or 237 (computer) materials and principles of instruction in health advanced standing. education and communication. Emphasizes preventive and a minimum TWE score of 4.0. TOEFL oral health concepts as they relate to individual patients, and TWE scores must be included with the community groups as well as professional peer group application materials. Academic Performance presentations. Current theories on topical issues, such Applications received after Feb. 15 will be Committee Guidelines as fluoridation, cardiology, dental products and devices, and alcohol/tobacco/illicit drug use will be presented. considered on a space-available basis. Admis- The faculty of the VCU School of sion to the Division of Dental Hygiene is Dentistry has the responsibility for evalu- DENH 327 Clinical Dental Hygiene I competitive. Applicants will be notified of ating the student’s academic performance. It Semester course; 1 seminar and 9 laboratory/clinical hours. 4 credits. Prerequisites: DENH 310, ANAT admission decisions by letter. is incumbent on the course directors or their 301, GENP 311. This course has two segments. The Applicants who wish to be considered for designees to specify, at the time a course first initial segment reinforces the knowledge and clinical early acceptance will be considered if the convenes, the criteria to be used in student skills learned in DENH 301 Dental Hygiene Theory assessment and the standards by which the I. Additional laboratory experiences allow the student following criteria are met: submission of the to re-assert technical skill proficiency prior to entry complete application by Oct. 15 and a GPA students will be judged. into the clinical education experience. The second of 3.5 or better in the cumulative, math/ Guidelines that govern the actions of the segment introduces the clinical practicum and dental science and required prerequisite courses. Academic Performance Committee and hygiene services as part of a comprehensive care model within the School of Dentistry. Students apply basic the academic activities of the students are instrumentation and patient treatment skills in a clinical distributed to all students at the beginning setting. Seminars provide opportunity for students to Admission with advanced standing of their studies. The guidelines are available problem solve and critically discuss and assess clinical The Division of Dental Hygiene will upon request from the Office of Academics experiences. consider applicants for admission with in the School of Dentistry. DENH 342 Nutrition advanced standing on an individual basis Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: depending upon positions available and CHEM 101 or equivalent and junior standing in qualifications of the applicant. Financial assistance the dental hygiene program. Designed to provide A brief description of financial aid based students with an overview of the chemistry of the major nutrients as well as provide a practical approach on demonstrated need is contained in the to the concepts of nutrition. Emphasis will be placed Readmission following “Expenses and Financial Aid” chapter of this on developing positive personal dietary habits and a health-related withdrawal bulletin. Scholarships and loans are avail- providing nutritional education to dental patients in a This policy statement applies to the School clinical setting. The interrelationships of diet, nutrition able from various sources. Information on and dental diseases will be discussed along with current of Dentistry, Division of Dental Hygiene financial assistance is available upon request food trends, consumer aspects of food choices and and supplements the university policy on from the Office of Financial Affairs, School basic nutrition principles. A general review of herbal health-related withdrawals. of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth supplements also will be provided. Health-related withdrawals will be University, P.O. Box 980566, Richmond, DENH 401 Dental Hygiene Theory III granted, except in unusual circumstances, VA 23298-0566. Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: for the remaining portion of the academic DENH 301 and DENH 302. DENH 401 is a year in which withdrawal is approved. In no continuation of DENH 301 and 302 with introduction of additional techniques and information for event will withdrawal exceed one academic Courses in dental hygiene (DENH) performance of advanced dental hygiene procedures. year. Dental specialty content is presented; concepts and A student in the Division of Dental DENH 301 Dental Hygiene Theory I techniques in specialty areas that will enable the dental Semester course; 2 lecture and 6 laboratory/clinical hygienist to consider implications for dental hygiene Hygiene who is granted a health-related hours. 5 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 209 or equivalent treatment planning with relation to periodontics, withdrawal must notify the program director 232
  3. 3. School of Dentistry orthodontics, endodontics, preventive and restorative Students participate in comprehensive care clinical science concepts are defined and their relationships dentistry, pain control, pediatric dentistry and experiences within the School of Dentistry as well as the developed to establish an understanding of the implantology. specialty clinics via scheduled and supervised rotations. influence of material properties and manipulation on Advanced dental hygiene procedures are initiated the longevity and success of treatment. Dental materials DENH 402 Dental Hygiene Theory IV and patient assessment and management skills are are discussed in terms of their physical, mechanical, Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: emphasized. This course provides the student with the chemical, biological and esthetic properties. Factors DENH 401. This course is designed to present the opportunity to use and further enhance the knowledge that influence tooth sensitivity, caries prevention, tissue principles of dental practice, including dental team and skills of dental hygiene practice and procedures in irritation, longevity of restoration, dental bonding, management strategies, business office management, a clinical model that emphasizes comprehensive patient materials selection and allergic reactions are emphasized. increasing use of computers in dentistry, OSHA and its care and a foundation for transference of those skills to The primary dental materials will be discussed in impact on practice management, insurance coverage for the work environment. relation to their properties and manipulation with an dental care, and employment opportunities and career approach to aid in patient education. options. DENH 442 Introduction to Dental Hygiene Education GENP 307 Research Methods and Biostatistics DENH 411 Community Dental Health Semester course; 2 lecture hours and 3-6 clinical/ Semester course; 2 hours lecture/laboratory. 2 credits. Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: laboratory hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: DENH 312 Prerequisite: STAT 210 or equivalent. This course DENH 312. This course provides an introduction and DENH 411. Introduction to the principles and is designed for dental hygiene students to become to the principles of dental public health, community methods of health care teaching and instructional competent in the use of the scientific literature as a dental health education and community program design used in settings such as schools, community part of lifelong learning and for the improvement of planning. Topics include oral epidemiology, prevention management or higher education. Topics include patient care. The course covers foundational materials and control of oral diseases in a community, and performance objectives; planning, analysis and formative in biostatistics, including data collection, presentation community dental health services. Students become evaluation of health instruction; basic instructional of data, summarizing data and the development involved in the application of concepts such as program schemes and delivery systems; learning strategies; and of testable hypotheses in dental hygiene research. assessment, design, implementation and evaluation. basic principles of clinical supervision. Emphasis is placed on recognizing appropriate use of This course will prepare the dental hygienist for the statistical analyses and research designs that can lead role of dental public health practitioner, educator, DENH 447 Clinical Dental Hygiene III to answerable research questions. Students must also consultant and resource person in community settings. Semester course; 1 seminar hour and 12-15 clinical/ satisfactorily complete the examination on Protection Information gained in DENH 411 will be applied to laboratory hours. 6 credits. Prerequisite: DENH 437. of Human Subjects from Research Risks. This course DENH 412 Community Dental Health Practicum. This course is a continuation of the clinical practicum. depends heavily on the use of Web-based instruction Seminar and clinical experience continue to prepare and the use of computer software for data collection DENH 412 Community Dental Health Practicum the student to provide oral health care services in the and analyses. Semester course; 2 lecture hours and 3 laboratory/ private and public sector. Student’s clinical experience community project hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: DENH includes rotation assignments in the clinics within the GENP 311 Oral Anatomy and Occlusion 312 and DENH 411. Field experience designed to School of Dentistry as well as the specialty areas. Skill 10 week course. 2 lecture hours; 15-20 hours seminar/ prepare students to function in a variety of community development in dental hygiene procedures continues, recitation and online discussion. 3 credits. Pre- or health settings. Emphasis is on special populations of patient management skills as well as decision making corequisite: ANAT 301, ANAT 302, admission to the elementary school children, geriatric, institutionalized, and problem solving in relation to patient assessment, dental hygiene program. This course combines lecture hospitalized and mentally and physically disabled treatment planning and evaluation are emphasized. This with readings and research for online discussion and individuals. Participation in planning, implementing course provides the student with the opportunity to use addresses the dental terminology and the crown and and evaluating a community dental health project is and further develop the knowledge and skills of dental root morphology of the permanent dentition. Students required. hygiene practice and procedures in a clinical model that become familiar with the basic principles of occlusion: emphasizes comprehensive patient care and to provide how teeth occlude, the diverse occlusal classifications, DENH 422 Current Issues, the Law and Ethics a foundation for transference of those skills to the work the arrangement of teeth in the dental arches, and Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: environment in the private and public sector. the relationship of the dental arches to one another Completion of all required 300-level dental hygiene with focus on review of the anatomy and function of courses. This course is designed to explore the ethics, DENH 449 Clinics in Dental Hygiene masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints. jurisprudence and principles of practice. Included is a Semester course; 1 to 3 credits. Prerequisite: permission The lecture portion of the course is devoted to the study of ethical issues and dilemmas in dental hygiene of department. Clinical/laboratory experiences offering didactic aspects of learning tooth anatomy. The online and health care delivery. This course strives to provide the opportunity to use and further develop the portion of this course is devoted to the fundamentals students with the foundations of ethical practice and knowledge and skills of dental hygiene practice. of occlusion and making application of both course understanding of the legal and ethical aspects of oral segments to the clinical environment. health care. DENH 450 Independent Study Semester course; 1 to 5 credits. Prerequisite: permission DENH 432 Special Populations Clinical Practicum of department. Independent study projects planned to Semester course; 2 lecture hours and 3-6 clinical/ meet the learning objectives of the student. Courses in oral pathology (ORPT) laboratory hours. 3 credits. Pre- or corequisite: PHTX 441. This course considers the oral health care of the HIV- DENH 477 Special Topics in Dental Hygiene ORPT 301 Dental Radiology positive patient and the interrelationships of health care Semester course; 1 to 3 credits. Prerequisite: permission Semester course. 1 hour lecture. 1 credit. Prerequisite: and social support providers. DENH 432 will prepare of department. Designed around the interests of junior standing in dental hygiene program. This is the dental health professional student to identify HIV- students, faculty expertise and availability of educational an introductory course that covers radiation physics, related oral manifestations and other systemic changes resources. Format may include intensive mini-courses radiation biology and geometrical principles as applied associated with immune system compromising diseases, or workshops. to radiology and radiographic anatomy. Students will implement appropriate procedures for preventing study the radiographic anatomy of the head and neck infectious disease transmission, provide HIV risk and exposure and processing techniques for diagnostic assessment and education, and provide comprehensive radiographic examinations of the head and neck. Areas care to the HIV-infected patient. Courses in general practice (GENP) are covered with the intent to link these principles to the knowledge needed in clinical practice. DENH 437 Clinical Dental Hygiene II GENP 302 Dental Materials Semester course; 1 seminar hour and 12 clinical/ Semester course; 1 hour lecture and 3 hours laboratory. ORPT 324 Oral Pathology laboratory hours. 5 credits. Prerequisite: DENH 327 2 credits. Pre- or corequisite: junior standing in dental Semester course. 3 hours lecture. 3 credits. Prerequisite: and completion of all required 300-level dental hygiene hygiene program. The goal of this course is to provide MICR 365, ANAT 301, ANAT 302. This course is courses. This course is a continuation of the clinical the scientific foundation for understanding the factors designed to provide the student with a body of basic practicum. Seminars and clinical experiences continue guiding the use of biomaterials in dentistry as they relate information on general and organ specific pathology. to prepare students to provide oral health care services. to the practice of dental hygiene. Dental and material The purpose of the course is to enable the student to VCU Undergraduate Bulletin 2004 – 05 233
  4. 4. School of Dentistry better recognize and interpret symptoms, signs and Courses in physiology (PHIS) pathologic characteristics of organ, systemic and oral Other courses for dental hygiene disease that will be encountered in practice. Included is students PHIS 206 Human Physiology study relating to the etiology, pathogenesis, prognosis, prevention and treatment of oral disease. Students Other VCU schools and the college offer Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: will study the development, reactive and neoplastic A “C” grade or better in BIOL 101 and 101L or courses for dental hygiene students. Please refer equivalent. Functioning of the human body with conditions of the oral cavity with emphasis placed on the more commonly occurring diseases. to the appropriate chapters of this bulletin. emphasis on experimental procedures. Not applicable to the biology major. School of Medicine PHIZ 206L/BIOZ 206L Human Physiology Course in oral surgery (ORSG) Laboratory Courses in anatomy (ANAT) Semester course; 2 laboratory hours. 1 credit. Pre- or ORSG 431 Management of the Medically corequisites: PHIS 206. Functioning of the human ANAT 301 Head and Neck Anatomy for Dental body with emphasis on experimental procedures. Not Compromised Dental Patient and Medical Hygienists applicable to the biology major. Emergencies in the Dental Office Semester course; 2 lecture and 3 clinical/laboratory 2 lecture and 1 seminar hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: Admission to the Dental Hygiene Program. An PHIS 309 Introductory Quantitative Physiology I hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: ORPT 324 and PHTX Semester course; 3 lecture hours and 3 laboratory 441. Provides students with the knowledge and skills to overview of head and neck anatomy that examines the major osteological, neural, muscular, vascular and hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: Calculus at the level of provide safe and effective care for medically compromised MATH 200 and MATH 201. The course is intended patients. The student will have didactic and clinical visceral features. Lectures will be supplemented by textbook, self-study packages and by brief laboratory for majors in Biomedical Engineering. Other students experience in obtaining, recording and interpreting may enroll with permission of the instructor. This the findings of physical examination, obtaining and exercises that provide hands-on exposure to these major anatomical features. course is a survey course in physiology with emphasis interpreting results of appropriate clinical laboratory on physical principles. It is a systems analysis of cellular and radiological examination, and communicating anatomy, physiology and biochemistry which leads into with other health care professionals. Instruction in ANAT 302 Microscopic Anatomy (Dental Hygiene) Semester course; 2 lecture hours and 2 laboratory hours. analysis of the nervous system, musculoskeletal system physical evaluation provides the student with sufficient and the digestive system. It is meant to be taken as part knowledge, judgment and skill to recognize normal 3 credits. A lecture course in the microscopic anatomy of general body tissues and the oral cavity. of a two-semester series with PHIS 310. findings as well as significant deviations from the normal. Didactic material includes a study of disease PHIS 310 Introductory Quantitative Physiology II processes that affect the major organ systems of the Semester course; 3 lecture and 3 laboratory hours. body. In addition, students will have the opportunity Courses in biochemistry 4 credits. Prerequisites: Calculus at the level of MATH to recognize and manage medical emergencies that can and molecular physics (BIOC) 200 and MATH 201 and PHIS 309. The course is occur during dental treatment. Care for individuals with intended for majors in biomedical engineering. Other physical and mental disabilities will be presented with BIOC 403/CHEM 403 Biochemistry students may enroll with permission of the instructor. emphasis on the management of this special population Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: This course is the second semester of a survey course in the general dental office. CHEM 101-102, CHEZ/FRSZ 101L, 102L and in physiology with emphasis on physical principles. CHEM 301-302, or equivalents with permission of It includes a systems analysis of the cardiovascular, instructor. A presentation of structural biochemistry, respiratory, renal and endocrine systems. It is meant Courses in periodontics (PERI) enzymology, biophysical techniques, bioenergetics and to be taken as part of a two-semester series with an introduction to intermediary metabolism. PHIS 309. PERI 326 Periodontics I BIOC 404/CHEM 404 Advanced Topics in 2 hours lecture; 15 hours recitation/seminar. 2.5 Biochemistry Courses in pharmacology credits. Pre or corequisite: ANAT 302, BIOL 209 or Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisites: equivalent, MICR 365. This course introduces the and toxicology (PHTX) CHEM 101-102, CHEZ/FRSZ 101L, 102L and fundamental concepts of periodontal disease necessary CHEM 301-302, and CHEM/BIOC 403, or for proper patient assessment, diagnosis, prognosis and equivalents with permission of instructor. Presentations PHTX 400 Drugs and their Actions treatment planning. This course stresses the rationale of cellular, molecular and structural aspects of Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: and technical aspects of examination and initial biochemistry. Selected topics of biomedical research. Junior or senior or permission of instructor. This course is treatment of the periodontal patient. Emphasis will be a general survey of pharmacology and related disciplines. placed on the etiology of periodontal diseases, rationale BIOC 501 Biochemistry (Dentistry) The history and basic principles are presented followed and outcomes of treatment. This course features small Semester course; 5 lecture hours plus clinical by discussions of neuropharmacology, psychoactive group seminars, patient-based computer simulation correlations. 3 credits. Prerequisite: Organic chemistry, drugs, drugs of abuse, immunopharmacology, basic and clinical instruction. three credits of physical chemistry, or permission of toxicology, drug design, drug development, autonomic instructor. A presentation of structural biochemistry, pharmacology, cardiovascular pharmacology, and PERI 329 Periodontics II intermediary metabolism, physiological chemistry, and endocrine pharmacology, as well as selected topics Semester course. 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: nutrition as part of the fundamental background of including scientific ethics, molecular pharmacology, PERI 326. This course covers the normal anatomy and modern dentistry. Four clinical correlation workshops and behavioral pharmacology. physiology of the periodontium; provides the scientific complement the lecture presentations. basis to understand the pathology of the periodontal PHTX 441 Pharmacology (Dental Hygiene) diseases; discusses the epidemiology of periodontal Semester course; 5 lecture hours. 5 credits. A didactic disease and the etiological factors that cause or Courses in microbiology course designed to emphasize the principles of contribute to periodontal disease. Students are prepared pharmacology and pain control and the rationale of and immunology (MICR) drug actions, uses, and adverse effects. to assess patients; periodontal status and to plan initial clinical periodontal management. Examination, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment planning procedures MICR 365 Infection and Immunity (Dental Hygiene) are covered. Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. A study of infectious diseases and the immune system of humans with emphasis on the distribution properties and roles of pathogenic microorganisms and the varied responses of the host, with emphasis on oral pathologies. Principles of prevention, control, and chemotherapy of infectious diseases are major components of the course. 234