School of Dentistry


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School of Dentistry

  1. 1. School of Dentistry 520 North 12th Street learning laboratory. The classrooms contain a as a leader not only in helping the dental P.O. Box 980566 full range of audiovisual equipment. profession respond to a changing environ- Richmond, Virginia 23298-0566 The Division of Dental Hygiene was ment, but in developing and initiating inter- (804) 828-9183 • Fax (804) 828-6072 formed in 1969 and offers courses leading ventions that prevent and control oral disease to a Bachelor of Science in Dental Hygiene. and promote oral wellness, as well as in facili- The program requires two years of liberal arts tating that change itself. Ronald J. Hunt study, with a minimum of 60 semester hours, The division assumes a responsibility to Harry Lyons Professor and Dean (1998) D.D.S. 1973 University of Iowa followed by two years of study focusing on provide current and future practitioners with M.S. 1982 University of Iowa basic and dental sciences, dental hygiene skills that allow them to provide efficient, theory, community health, and preclinical quality oral health care to the public, to be Betsy A. Hagan and clinical experiences. responsive to a changing profession, to be Senior Associate Dean (1980) The Commission on Dental Accreditation lifelong learners and to provide service to the B.S. 1974 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State of the American Dental Association accredits community and the profession. University D.D.S. 1978 Virginia Commonwealth University the Dental Hygiene Program. Upon successful M.B.A. 1984 Virginia Commonwealth University completion of the program, graduates are awarded the Bachelor of Science in Dental Division of Dental Hygiene Carolyn Booker Hygiene and are eligible for national, regional Assistant Dean for Students and state board licensing examinations. Kim T. Isringhausen B.S. 1976 South Carolina State University Director, Division of Dental Hygiene (2005) M.A. 1977 South Carolina State University B.S. 1995 Virginia Commonwealth University Ph.D. 1987 Southern Illinois University Mission M.P.H. 2004 Virginia Commonwealth University Harvey A. Schenkein Paul Tucker Goad Professor of Periodontics The primary mission of the School of Dentistry is to educate practitioners of Admissions and Microbiology and Immunology and Assistant Dean for Research (1978) dentistry and dental hygiene capable of The Division of Dental Hygiene welcomes B.A. 1970 State University of New York meeting the general oral health care needs and encourages individuals from any cultural D.D.S. 1974 State University of New York of the communities they serve. Within this or ethnic background who are interested in a Ph.D. 1978 State University of New York educational mission is the explicit responsi- professional career in dental hygiene to apply bility to provide future practitioners with the for admission. A minimum of 60 semester The School of Dentistry was created in analytical and technological skills that will hours (or equivalent) of transferable credits 1893 when the University College of Medi- allow them to be efficient providers of quality from an accredited college or university is cine opened with a dental department as one oral health care. Integral to the mission is required and must be documented. Academic of its original divisions. The Medical College the responsibility for the school to assume a credits presented by an applicant must be of Virginia inaugurated a dental education prominent role in research and other scholarly acceptable for credit toward a degree in the program in 1897, and in 1913 the two schools activity, and to provide service and patient institution in which the courses are taken. were merged to form the Medical College of care to the community and the profession. Minimum admission criteria include the Virginia School of Dentistry. Consistent with the primary mission, the applicant to be eligible for readmission or in In 1968, by an act of the Virginia General School of Dentistry provides programs in good standing at the last college or university Assembly, the Medical College of Virginia advanced dental education, dental hygiene attended; to have a minimum GPA of 2.5 was merged with Richmond Professional and continuing education. based on a four-point scale in cumulative, Institute to form Virginia Commonwealth The Division of Dental Hygiene believes math/science and designated prerequisite University. The School of Dentistry is located the modern practicing dental hygienist courses; and to complete the application and at the VCU Medical Center. requires a broad range of skills to function submit the required transcripts, references The facilities of the School of Dentistry effectively. Competency in specific clinical- and application by Feb. 15. The Division of are housed in the Wood Memorial and technical skills, while essential, will not be Dental Hygiene at Virginia Commonwealth Lyons buildings and contain clinical and sufficient to meet increasing social needs and University School of Dentistry cannot be research facilities, classrooms, student labora- demands for comprehensive oral health care responsible for items lost or delayed by the tories, departmental offices, and a computer at all societal levels. The division views the Postal Service. The transferred credits must dental hygienist with a baccalaureate degree include the prescribed prerequisites: VCU Undergraduate Bulletin 2005 – 06 225
  2. 2. School of Dentistry credits Readmission following bulletin. Scholarships and loans are avail- English 6 a health-related withdrawal able from various sources. Information on General biology and laboratory 3-5 This policy statement applies to the School financial assistance is available upon request College chemistry and laboratory 3-5 Anatomy and physiology and laboratory 6-8 of Dentistry, Division of Dental Hygiene and from the Office of Financial Affairs, School Microbiology and laboratory 3-5 supplements the university policy on health- of Dentistry, Virginia Commonwealth Humanities 3 related withdrawals. University, P.O. Box 980566, Richmond, VA Introductory sociology 3 Health-related withdrawals will be granted, 23298-0566. Introductory psychology 3 Speech 3 except in unusual circumstances, for the Statistics 3 remaining portion of the academic year in Courses in dental hygiene (DENH) Visual/performing arts 3 which withdrawal is approved. In no event will withdrawal exceed one academic year. DENH 301 Dental Hygiene Theory I Semester course; 2 lecture and 6 laboratory/clinical To successfully complete the dental hygiene A student in the Division of Dental Hygiene hours. 5 credits. Prerequisites: BIOL 209 or equivalent curriculum, students are required to clearly who is granted a health-related withdrawal and admission to the dental hygiene program. communicate with faculty, students, staff must notify the program director by March 1 Designed to familiarize the student with the scope, role preceding the academic year in which studies and responsibilities of the dental hygiene profession. and patients. Accordingly, applicants may be Topics include an introduction to the educational required to provide evidence of their profi- are to be resumed declaring his or her intent and therapeutic services as well as the philosophy ciency in American English via standardized to return to school. Failure to do so is consid- of preventive oral health and its relevance to the tests. Applicants with a native language other ered a withdrawal; the student ceases to be a practice of dental hygiene. Also introduces the clinical knowledge and skills needed to perform fundamental than English, regardless of immigration status student in the Division of Dental Hygiene, clinical dental hygiene procedures, instrumentation and or previous course work, must present a Test forfeits the right to return without reapplica- preventive services. of English as a Foreign Language score of 580 tion and must reapply through appropriate procedures if readmittance is desired. DENH 302 Dental Hygiene Theory II (paper) or 237 (computer), or better, and a Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: Test of Written English score of 4.0 or better. Students who are readmitted will receive DENH 301. Continuation of DENH 301. Designed to TOEFL and TWE scores must be included credit for only those courses that have been provide the student with knowledge and skills necessary with application materials. Applicants who completed and a final grade rendered prior to to provide patient care and includes instruction in some more advanced dental hygiene skills including wish to request a waiver of the TOEFL/TWE withdrawal. Retention of credit for clinical application of topical medicaments and use of sonic requirements must meet with the chair of requirements earned prior to withdrawal will and ultrasonic instrumentation. the dental hygiene admissions committee. be at the discretion of the Class Committee. Students whose requests for withdrawal are DENH 312 Preventive Oral Health Education Appointments may be made by calling the Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: Division of Dental Hygiene office. approved by the dean for nonhealth-related Junior standing in the dental hygiene program. Unofficial transcripts of courses for which reasons through the Academic Performance Introduces preventive oral health strategies, methods, applicants are currently enrolled must be Committee must apply for readmission with materials and principles of instruction in health education and communication. Emphasizes preventive submitted with the application packet. advanced standing. oral health concepts as they relate to individual patients, Incomplete packets will not be considered community groups as well as professional peer group until all supplemental materials, including presentations. Current theories on topical issues, such Academic Performance Committee as fluoridation, cardiology, dental products and devices, official transcripts, are received. Completed guidelines and alcohol/tobacco/illicit drug use will be presented. applications received after Feb. 15 will be The faculty of the VCU School of Dentistry considered on a space-available basis. Admis- DENH 327 Clinical Dental Hygiene I has the responsibility for evaluating the Semester course; 1 seminar and 9 laboratory/clinical sion to the Division of Dental Hygiene is student’s academic performance. It is incum- hours. 4 credits. Prerequisites: DENH 310, ANAT competitive. Applicants will be notified of 301, GENP 311. This course has two segments. The bent on the course directors or their designees admission decisions by letter. initial segment reinforces the knowledge and clinical to specify, at the time a course first convenes, skills learned in DENH 301 Dental Hygiene Theory Applicants who wish to be considered for the criteria to be used in student assessment I. Additional laboratory experiences allow the student early acceptance will be considered if the to re-assert technical skill proficiency prior to entry and the standards by which the students will following criteria are met: submission of the into the clinical education experience. The second be judged. complete application by Oct. 15 and a GPA segment introduces the clinical practicum and dental Guidelines that govern the actions of the hygiene services as part of a comprehensive care model of 3.5 or better in the cumulative, math/ Academic Performance Committee and the within the School of Dentistry. Students apply basic science and required prerequisite courses. instrumentation and patient treatment skills in a clinical academic activities of the students are distrib- setting. Seminars provide opportunity for students to uted to all students at the beginning of their problem solve and critically discuss and assess clinical Admission with advanced standing studies. The guidelines are available upon experiences. The Division of Dental Hygiene will request from the Office of Academics in the DENH 342 Nutrition consider applicants for admission with School of Dentistry. Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: advanced standing on an individual basis CHEM 101 or equivalent and junior standing in depending upon positions available and qual- the dental hygiene program. Designed to provide Financial assistance students with an overview of the chemistry of the ifications of the applicant. major nutrients as well as provide a practical approach A brief description of financial aid based to the concepts of nutrition. Emphasis will be placed on demonstrated need is contained in the on developing positive personal dietary habits and “Expenses and Financial Aid” chapter of this providing nutritional education to dental patients in a 226
  3. 3. School of Dentistry clinical setting. The interrelationships of diet, nutrition courses. This course is a continuation of the clinical relation to their properties and manipulation with an and dental diseases will be discussed along with current practicum. Seminars and clinical experiences continue approach to aid in patient education. food trends, consumer aspects of food choices and to prepare students to provide oral health care services. basic nutrition principles. A general review of herbal Students participate in comprehensive care clinical GENP 307 Research Methods and Study Designs supplements also will be provided. experiences within the School of Dentistry as well as the Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisites: specialty clinics via scheduled and supervised rotations. STAT 210 or equivalent and senior standing in dental DENH 401 Dental Hygiene Theory III Advanced dental hygiene procedures are initiated hygiene program or permission of instructor. Designed Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: and patient assessment and management skills are to guide students in becoming competent in the use of DENH 301 and DENH 302. DENH 401 is a emphasized. This course provides the student with the scientific literature as a part of lifelong learning and for continuation of DENH 301 and 302 with introduction opportunity to use and further enhance the knowledge the improvement of patient care. Covers foundational of additional techniques and information for and skills of dental hygiene practice and procedures in materials in biostatistics, including the development performance of advanced dental hygiene procedures. a clinical model that emphasizes comprehensive patient of testable hypotheses, data collection, data summary, Dental specialty content is presented; concepts and care and a foundation for transference of those skills to and evaluation and interpretation of data found in techniques in specialty areas that will enable the dental the work environment. scientific literature. Emphasis is placed on recognizing hygienist to consider implications for dental hygiene appropriate use of statistical analyses and research treatment planning with relation to periodontics, DENH 447 Clinical Dental Hygiene III designs that can lead to answerable research questions. orthodontics, endodontics, preventive and restorative Semester course; 1 seminar and 12-15 clinical/ Students will participate in an online Collaborative dentistry, pain control, pediatric dentistry and laboratory hours. 6 credits. Prerequisite: DENH 437. Investigator Training Initiative as an education implantology. This course is a continuation of the clinical practicum. program for protecting human subjects in research. Seminar and clinical experience continue to prepare At the completion of selected CITI modules, students DENH 402 Dental Hygiene Theory IV the student to provide oral health care services in the must satisfactorily complete associated module quizzes. Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: private and public sector. Student’s clinical experience Students will be introduced to different statistical DENH 401. This course is designed to present the includes rotation assignments in the clinics within the software used in data analysis. Dental hygiene students principles of dental practice, including dental team School of Dentistry as well as the specialty areas. Skill must take class for letter grade. Non majors may elect management strategies, business office management, development in dental hygiene procedures continues, pass/fail or letter grading. increasing use of computers in dentistry, OSHA and its patient management skills as well as decision making impact on practice management, insurance coverage for and problem solving in relation to patient assessment, GENP 311 Oral Anatomy and Occlusion dental care, and employment opportunities and career treatment planning and evaluation are emphasized. This Short course; 2 lecture hours; 15-20 hours seminar/ options. course provides the student with the opportunity to use recitation and online discussion. 10 weeks. 3 credits. and further develop the knowledge and skills of dental Pre- or corequisite: ANAT 301, ANAT 302, admission DENH 411 Community Dental Health hygiene practice and procedures in a clinical model that to the dental hygiene program. This course combines Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: emphasizes comprehensive patient care and to provide lecture with readings and research for online discussion DENH 312. This course provides an introduction a foundation for transference of those skills to the work and addresses the dental terminology and the crown and to the principles of dental public health, community environment in the private and public sector. root morphology of the permanent dentition. Students dental health education and community program become familiar with the basic principles of occlusion: planning. Topics include oral epidemiology, prevention DENH 449 Clinics in Dental Hygiene how teeth occlude, the diverse occlusal classifications, and control of oral diseases in a community, and Semester course; 1-3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of the arrangement of teeth in the dental arches, and community dental health services. Students become department. Clinical/laboratory experiences offering the the relationship of the dental arches to one another involved in the application of concepts such as program opportunity to use and further develop the knowledge with focus on review of the anatomy and function of assessment, design, implementation and evaluation. and skills of dental hygiene practice. masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints. This course will prepare the dental hygienist for the The lecture portion of the course is devoted to the role of dental public health practitioner, educator, DENH 450 Independent Study didactic aspects of learning tooth anatomy. The online consultant and resource person in community settings. Semester course; 1-5 credits. Prerequisite: permission portion of this course is devoted to the fundamentals Information gained in DENH 411 will be applied to of department. Independent study projects planned to of occlusion and making application of both course DENH 412 Community Dental Health Practicum. meet the learning objectives of the student. segments to the clinical environment. DENH 412 Community Dental Health Practicum DENH 477 Special Topics in Dental Hygiene Semester course; 1 lecture and 3 clinical/community Semester course; 1-3 credits. Prerequisite: permission of Courses in oral pathology (ORPT) project hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: DENH 312 and department. Designed around the interests of students, DENH 411. Field experience designed to prepare faculty expertise and availability of educational ORPT 301 Dental Radiology students to function in a variety of community health resources. Format may include intensive mini-courses Semester course; 1 lecture hour. 1 credit. Prerequisite: settings. Emphasis on special populations of elementary or workshops. junior standing in dental hygiene program. This is school children, geriatric, institutionalized, hospitalized an introductory course that covers radiation physics, and individuals with mental and/or physical disabilities. radiation biology and geometrical principles as applied Participation in planning, implementing and evaluating Courses in general practice (GENP) to radiology and radiographic anatomy. Students will a community dental health project is required. Written study the radiographic anatomy of the head and neck progress and final reports of activities are required. GENP 302 Dental Materials and exposure and processing techniques for diagnostic Graded as pass/fail. Semester course; 1 lecture and 3 laboratory hours. 2 radiographic examinations of the head and neck. Areas credits. Pre- or corequisite: junior standing in dental are covered with the intent to link these principles to DENH 422 Current Issues, the Law and Ethics hygiene program. The goal of this course is to provide the knowledge needed in clinical practice. Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisite: the scientific foundation for understanding the factors Completion of all required 300-level dental hygiene guiding the use of biomaterials in dentistry as they relate ORPT 324 Oral Pathology courses. This course is designed to explore the ethics, to the practice of dental hygiene. Dental and material Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: jurisprudence and principles of practice. Included is a science concepts are defined and their relationships MICR 365, ANAT 301, ANAT 302. This course is study of ethical issues and dilemmas in dental hygiene developed to establish an understanding of the designed to provide the student with a body of basic and health care delivery. This course strives to provide influence of material properties and manipulation on information on general and organ specific pathology. students with the foundations of ethical practice and the longevity and success of treatment. Dental materials The purpose of the course is to enable the student to understanding of the legal and ethical aspects of oral are discussed in terms of their physical, mechanical, better recognize and interpret symptoms, signs and health care. chemical, biological and esthetic properties. Factors pathologic characteristics of organ, systemic and oral that influence tooth sensitivity, caries prevention, tissue disease that will be encountered in practice. Included is DENH 437 Clinical Dental Hygiene II irritation, longevity of restoration, dental bonding, study relating to the etiology, pathogenesis, prognosis, Semester course; 1 seminar and 12 clinical/laboratory materials selection and allergic reactions are emphasized. prevention and treatment of oral disease. Students hours. 5 credits. Prerequisite: DENH 327 and The primary dental materials will be discussed in will study the development, reactive and neoplastic completion of all required 300-level dental hygiene VCU Undergraduate Bulletin 2005 – 06 227
  4. 4. School of Dentistry conditions of the oral cavity with emphasis placed on School of Medicine Courses in physiology (PHIS) the more commonly occurring diseases. Courses in anatomy (ANAT) PHIS 206 Human Physiology Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: Course in oral surgery (ORSG) ANAT 301 Head and Neck Anatomy for Dental A “C” grade or better in BIOL 101 and 101L or Hygienists equivalent. Functioning of the human body with ORSG 431 Management of the Medically 2 lecture and 1 seminar hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: emphasis on experimental procedures. Not applicable Compromised Dental Patient and Medical Admission to the Dental Hygiene Program. An toward biology major. Emergencies in the Dental Office overview of head and neck anatomy that examines Semester course; 2 lecture and 3 clinical/laboratory the major osteological, neural, muscular, vascular and PHIZ 206L/BIOZ 206L Human Physiology hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: ORPT 324 and PHTX visceral features. Lectures will be supplemented by Laboratory 441. Provides students with the knowledge and skills to textbook, self-study packages and by brief laboratory Semester course; 2 laboratory hours. 1 credit. Pre- or provide safe and effective care for medically compromised exercises that provide hands-on exposure to these major corequisites: PHIS 206. Functioning of the human patients. The student will have didactic and clinical anatomical features. body with emphasis on experimental procedures. Not experience in obtaining, recording and interpreting applicable toward biology major. the findings of physical examination, obtaining and ANAT 302 Microscopic Anatomy (Dental Hygiene) interpreting results of appropriate clinical laboratory Semester course; 2 lecture and 2 laboratory hours. 3 PHIS 309 Introductory Quantitative Physiology I and radiological examination, and communicating credits. A lecture course in the microscopic anatomy of Semester course; 3 lecture hours and 3 laboratory with other health care professionals. Instruction in general body tissues and the oral cavity. hours. 4 credits. Prerequisite: Calculus at the level of physical evaluation provides the student with sufficient MATH 200 and MATH 201. The course is intended knowledge, judgment and skill to recognize normal for majors in Biomedical Engineering. Other students findings as well as significant deviations from the Courses in biochemistry (BIOC) may enroll with permission of the instructor. This normal. Didactic material includes a study of disease course is a survey course in physiology with emphasis processes that affect the major organ systems of the MICR 365 Infection and Immunity (Dental on physical principles. It is a systems analysis of cellular body. In addition, students will have the opportunity Hygiene) anatomy, physiology and biochemistry which leads into to recognize and manage medical emergencies that can Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. A study of analysis of the nervous system, musculoskeletal system occur during dental treatment. Care for individuals with infectious diseases and the immune system of humans and the digestive system. It is meant to be taken as part physical and mental disabilities will be presented with with emphasis on the distribution properties and roles of of a two-semester series with PHIS 310. emphasis on the management of this special population pathogenic microorganisms and the varied responses of in the general dental office. the host, with emphasis on oral pathologies. Principles PHIS 310 Introductory Quantitative Physiology II of prevention, control, and chemotherapy of infectious Semester course; 3 lecture and 3 laboratory hours. 4 diseases are major components of the course. credits. Prerequisites: Calculus at the level of MATH Courses in periodontics (PERI) 200 and MATH 201 and PHIS 309. The course is intended for majors in biomedical engineering. Other Courses in microbiology (MICR) students may enroll with permission of the instructor. PERI 326 Periodontics I This course is the second semester of a survey course 2 lecture and 15 recitation/seminar hours. 2.5 in physiology with emphasis on physical principles. credits. Pre or corequisite: ANAT 302, BIOL 209 or BIOC 403/CHEM 403 Biochemistry It includes a systems analysis of the cardiovascular, equivalent, MICR 365. This course introduces the Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisites: respiratory, renal and endocrine systems. It is meant fundamental concepts of periodontal disease necessary CHEM 101-102, CHEZ/FRSZ 101L, 102L and to be taken as part of a two-semester series with PHIS for proper patient assessment, diagnosis, prognosis and CHEM 301-302, or equivalents with permission of 309. treatment planning. This course stresses the rationale instructor. A presentation of structural biochemistry, and technical aspects of examination and initial enzymology, biophysical techniques, bioenergetics and treatment of the periodontal patient. Emphasis will be an introduction to intermediary metabolism. placed on the etiology of periodontal diseases, rationale Courses in pharmacology and outcomes of treatment. This course features small BIOC 404/CHEM 404 Advanced Topics in and toxicology (PHTX) group seminars, patient-based computer simulation Biochemistry and clinical instruction. Semester course; 2 lecture hours. 2 credits. Prerequisites: PHTX 400 Drugs and their Actions CHEM 101-102, CHEZ/FRSZ 101L, 102L and Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: PERI 329 Periodontics II CHEM 301-302, and CHEM/BIOC 403, or Junior or senior standing, or permission of instructor. Semester course; 3 lecture hours. 3 credits. Prerequisite: equivalents with permission of instructor. Presentations This course is a general survey of pharmacology PERI 326. This course covers the normal anatomy and of cellular, molecular and structural aspects of and related disciplines. The history and basic physiology of the periodontium; provides the scientific biochemistry. Selected topics of biomedical research. principles are presented followed by discussions of basis to understand the pathology of the periodontal neuropharmacology, psychoactive drugs, drugs of diseases; discusses the epidemiology of periodontal BIOC 501/BIOC 523 Biochemistry (Pharmacy and abuse, immunopharmacology, basic toxicology, drug disease and the etiological factors that cause or Dentistry Core Biochemistry Course) design, drug development, autonomic pharmacology, contribute to periodontal disease. Students are prepared Continuous course; 3 lecture hours plus clinical cardiovascular pharmacology, and endocrine to assess patients; periodontal status and to plan initial correlations. 3 credits. Prerequisite: CHEM 301-302 pharmacology, as well as selected topics including clinical periodontal management. Examination, or equivalent, organic chemistry and three credits scientific ethics, molecular pharmacology, and diagnosis, prognosis and treatment planning procedures of physical chemistry, or permission of the course behavioral pharmacology. are covered. director. An undergraduate course in biochemistry is highly recommended. A presentation of structural PHTX 441 Pharmacology (Dental Hygiene) biochemistry, intermediary metabolism, physiological Semester course; 5 lecture hours. 5 credits. A didactic chemistry, and nutrition as part of the fundamental course designed to emphasize the principles of Other courses for dental hygiene background of modern pharmacy and dentistry is pharmacology and pain control and the rationale of students presented. drug actions, uses, and adverse effects. Other VCU schools and the college offer courses for dental hygiene students. Please refer to the appropriate chapters of this bulletin. 228