Psychology in Dentistry Alan G. Glaros, Ph.D. Associate Dean Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences
The Learners I <ul><li>Enrolled in over 50 schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 4,400 graduates/year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
The Learners II <ul><li>Good at memorization </li></ul><ul><li>Different motivations </li></ul><ul><li>Good visuo-spatial ...
Required Training <ul><li>Nationwide training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural competency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UMKC School...
Dentistry and Health <ul><li>Consistent brushing and flossing and routine dental hygiene critical to maintenance of oral h...
Psychology and Dentistry <ul><li>Communications skills and rapport building </li></ul><ul><li>Dental fears </li></ul>Eitne...
Psychology and Dentistry <ul><li>Pain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Psychology and Dentistry <ul><li>Special needs populations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentally challenged </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Psychology and Dentistry <ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Craniofacial abnormalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Psychology Skills Useful for Dental Students <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Fear/anxiety management </li></ul><ul...
Psychology Skills for Dental Educators <ul><li>Learning how to use handpiece </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proprioception </li></u...
Challenges With Dental Students <ul><li>Curriculum very technique-oriented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not foster cognitive...
Institutional Challenges <ul><li>Off-site psychologists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less attuned to issues faced by dental stude...
Potential Solutions <ul><li>Collaborative relationships essential </li></ul><ul><li>“Teach the Teacher” </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Preparing for the Future <ul><li>Systems-based curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-disciplinary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Role for APA <ul><li>Encourage shift to systems-based curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for research funding </li></ul...
 
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Psychology in dentistry

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Psychology in dentistry

  1. 1. Psychology in Dentistry Alan G. Glaros, Ph.D. Associate Dean Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences
  2. 2. The Learners I <ul><li>Enrolled in over 50 schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 4,400 graduates/year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>42% female </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12% underrepresented minority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bright, motivated, enthusiastic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.35 science GPA </li></ul></ul>Weaver et al., 2005
  3. 3. The Learners II <ul><li>Good at memorization </li></ul><ul><li>Different motivations </li></ul><ul><li>Good visuo-spatial skills </li></ul><ul><li>Tech savvy? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandatory laptop programs in about 25% of dental schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On-line database searching relatively rare </li></ul></ul>Hendricson et al., 2006; Romanov & Aarnio, 2006
  4. 4. Required Training <ul><li>Nationwide training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural competency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UMKC School of Dentistry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline-based courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patient interviewing and management </li></ul></ul></ul>Henzi et al., 2007
  5. 5. Dentistry and Health <ul><li>Consistent brushing and flossing and routine dental hygiene critical to maintenance of oral health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology as the science of behavior </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Psychology and Dentistry <ul><li>Communications skills and rapport building </li></ul><ul><li>Dental fears </li></ul>Eitner et al., 2006Lahti et al., 2007
  7. 7. Psychology and Dentistry <ul><li>Pain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Temporomandibular disorders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neuralgias </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Oral parafunctional behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clenching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grinding (“bruxism”) </li></ul></ul>Drangsholt & LeResche, 1999; Glaros et al., 2005
  8. 8. Psychology and Dentistry <ul><li>Special needs populations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentally challenged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronically ill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geriatrics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community interventions </li></ul></ul>John et al., 2007
  9. 9. Psychology and Dentistry <ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Craniofacial abnormalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edentualism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Esthetic dentistry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orthodontics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowns, veneers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconstruction </li></ul></ul>Gordon et al., 2004; Lee et al., 2007
  10. 10. Psychology Skills Useful for Dental Students <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Fear/anxiety management </li></ul><ul><li>Management of disruptive child </li></ul><ul><li>Patient interventions to enhance self-care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivational interviewing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pain management </li></ul>
  11. 11. Psychology Skills for Dental Educators <ul><li>Learning how to use handpiece </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proprioception </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual learning </li></ul></ul>Diaz et al., 2001; Wierinck et al., 2006
  12. 12. Challenges With Dental Students <ul><li>Curriculum very technique-oriented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not foster cognitive skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Psychology not seen as “scientific” or practical enough </li></ul>
  13. 13. Institutional Challenges <ul><li>Off-site psychologists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less attuned to issues faced by dental students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Curricular time </li></ul>
  14. 14. Potential Solutions <ul><li>Collaborative relationships essential </li></ul><ul><li>“Teach the Teacher” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observational modeling </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Preparing for the Future <ul><li>Systems-based curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-disciplinary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the whole person </li></ul></ul>Willsie, 2004
  16. 16. Role for APA <ul><li>Encourage shift to systems-based curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for research funding </li></ul><ul><li>Educational research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liaison to ADEA </li></ul><ul><li>Remember dentistry </li></ul>

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