What do you think is the message of the
artist in this masterpiece?
Diego Rivera, Mexican, is a social activist through art.
All arts have function, for man, the
maker, creates things because he has a
particular need for them.
Must art communicate?
What is communicated by a church? A vase? A
Arts functions can be classified into :
1. Motivated (Functional)
Examples: Architecture, weaving,
2. Non-motivated (Non-functional)
Examples: Painting, sculpture, literature,
music, and the theater arts
Arts are vehicles for the artists’ expression of their
feelings and ideas. The arts also serve as means of
expression for us.
The therapeutic value of music cannot be
Works of art make us aware of other ways
of thinking, feeling, and imagining that have
never occurred to us before. (see Pina Bausch choreography)
One cannot conceive of a society without art, for art is
closely related to every aspect of social life.
Arts perform a social function when:
1. Influences Social Behavior
It seeks or tends to influence the collective
behavior of a people. (Guernica by Pablo Picasso)
2. Display and Celebration
It is created to be seen or
used primarily in public
One function of sculpture and painting is the
commemoration of important personages in society.
The statues of national heroes that grace our parks and
plazas are commemorative works as are the
commissioned paintings of leaders or rulers. Often
they serve to record important historical events, or
reveal the ideals of heroism and leadership that the
community would want the young to emulate.
3. Social Description
It expresses or
describes social or
collective aspects of
existence as opposed to
individual and personal
kind of experiences.
Romana Carillo by Justiniano Asuncion (1875)
Tools and containers are objects which function to make our
lives physically comfortable. Functional works of art may
be classified as either tools or containers.
Tell whether the following is a tool or container.
1. a spoon -
2. a car-
3. a building-
4. a community -
5. a ceramic vase -
6. a chair.-
1. Form and Function
The function of an object is
generally determines in the
basic form that it takes. A
chair is so designed as to allow
the seated body to rest
comfortably on it. The shapes,
sizes , and different parts are
harmoniously related to one
another and integrated into an
object that fulfills and tells
about their particular
The design of the building is determined primarily by its
operational function. What is the building for? Who
are going to use it? How many are they?
The design that a building takes is also adapted to the
climate of the region.
The architect must take the physical, psychological, and
spiritual needs of the family into account when he
designs a house.
3. Community Planning
A community is more than just a group of buildings. It is
a group of individuals and families living in a
particular locality because of common interest and
Community planning involves the efficient organization
of buildings, roads, and spaces so that they meet the
physical and aesthetic needs of the community.
Community planning takes into consideration the
assignment of areas for proper land use. These are:
1. Residential districts
Special areas are assigned for residential purposes.
The present trend is to get away from overcrowded
downtown districts and the attendant problems and
settle in areas where it is possible to blend the charms
of rural living with the conveniences of urban living.
2. Industrial and commercial areas
These areas are usually located near the
source of raw materials.
A commercial area can be a cluster of
small neighborhood stores, a shopping complex
in the suburbs, or a central downtown district. It
is usually situated where it can be reached easily
by car or public transport.
3. Civic centers
A community governs itself; it therefore
provides structures where the functions of government
can be efficiently carried out, and which would, in
appearance, be symbolic of community dignity and
4. Parks, plazas, and malls
The need for a balance between man-made
structures and natural areas is answered in the design
of plazas and malls. These may provide some relief
from problems such as air and water pollution,
inadequate facilities for recreation, and lack of parking
5. Streets and roads
Transportation must function with
reasonable ease and rapidity from one area to another.
Streets are large or small according to their function.
4. Function and Beauty
Many things remain the same in shape throughout the
years because their functional requirements do not
allow for greater variations in their form. Time has
proved that their designs best enable them to
accomplish their purpose.
A. Identify the social functions of the following artworks.
1. a painting of children at play
2. window chimes
3. sculpture of Malakas and Maganda
4. rattan chair
5. weaved blanket
B. Tell whether the function of art in the
following artworks is personal, physical, or social.
2. sculpture of a national hero
3. handcrafted bag
List at least five (5) Filipino Modern
Artists and two (2) of their works.