These are strategies that can be used to improve student achievement. Lesson Plan creation can help and should include the following effective strategies. They should focus on strategies, available technologies, and focus on the unit. The following table talks about the percentage in score increase compared to the nine strategies.
What role do districts have in insuring that professional development sessions involving technology are implemented into the classrooms?
Increased time during professional development to work with technology.
Present information with student-centered instructional practices.
Plan meaningful professional development that isn’t just one shot.
Assess the types of technology that are already in use
Hirshheim and Smithson classify a continuum of approaches to the evaluation of information systems: ranging from what they call objective/rational to subjective/political approaches. The zones in the continuum are the following.
A survey was conducted to find out pre-service teachers’ background knowledge, experiences and perceptions about their preparation for technology integration at a university in the Middle East USA.
I. Improving Students Achievement
II. Better Professional Development
III. Evaluating Information Systems
IV. Getting Pre-Service Teachers Experience with
V. Examples of technology uses in classroom
Effectiveness of Nine Strategies
Identifying similarities and
Summarizing and note taking 1.00 34
Reinforcing effort and providing
Homework and practice .77 28
Nonlinguistic representation .75 27
Cooperative learning .73 27
Setting goals and providing feedback .61 23
Generating and testing hypotheses .61 23
Cues, questions, and advance
I. Improving Student Achievement
First, insure Professional Development sessions involve
Technology and are implemented
Next, increase the time to work with technology and plan
meaningful development that isn’t just one shot
Finally access technology already in use
II. Improved Professional
Develop a system in a competent and professional
Judge the systems true worth and value
Hughes Evaluation Model
Individual learners variables
III. Evaluating Information
Table 5: Findings related to comfort level with technological applications.
Application M SD
Word processing 2.92 0.27
Web searching 2.88 0.33
Internet communication 2.81 0.49
Presentation software 2.73 0.53
Web designing 2.62 0.69
Drill-practice programs, tutorials 2.50 0.71
Spreadsheets 2.35 0.75
Hypermedia / Hypertext 2.00 0.85
Concept mapping tools 1.73 0.83
Database tools 1.69 0.74
Simulation tools 1.50 0.65
Web Quests 1.23 0.43
Video editing software 1.23 0.52
Note. Participants rated these items by using a 3-point Likert scale ranging from low (1) to high (5).
IV. Getting Pre-Service Teachers
Word Processing Software
Organizing and brainstorming software
Data Collection Tools
V. Examples of Technology Uses