Tourette’s Syndrome
What is Tourette’s? <ul><li>Neurological disorder  </li></ul><ul><li>Characterized by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetitive in...
Symptoms <ul><li>Noticed first in early childhood  </li></ul><ul><li>Tics classified either simple or complex </li></ul><u...
Tics  <ul><li>Often worse with excitement or anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Better during calm, focused activities  </li></ul><...
Occurrences  <ul><li>Tics come and go over time </li></ul><ul><li>First symptoms usually occur in the head and neck area <...
Can people control their tics? <ul><li>Symptoms are involuntary, can suppress, camouflage or manage their tics </li></ul><...
Causes <ul><li>Cause of tourette’s is unknown:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research points to abnormalities in brain regions </...
Disorders associated with TS <ul><li>ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with readi...
Diagnosis  <ul><li>Diagnosed after symptoms persist for 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>Common tics are often misdiagnosed  </li>...
Treatment <ul><li>Medications are available for patients who cannot function correctly: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications ...
Prognosis <ul><li>No cure for TS </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms get better for patients in late teens or early adulthood  </li...
Do children have special needs? <ul><li>Same IQ range as other children without TS </li></ul><ul><li>Help by teachers shou...
What kind of future do TS patients have? <ul><li>Lead productive lives  </li></ul><ul><li>Have normal life span </li></ul>...
Sources <ul><li>www.tsa-usa.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tourette/detail_tourette.html </li></ul><ul>...
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Tourette PPt.

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Tourette PPt.

  1. 1. Tourette’s Syndrome
  2. 2. What is Tourette’s? <ul><li>Neurological disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Characterized by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetitive involuntary movements called tics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obscene language is manifested in only 15% of patients </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Symptoms <ul><li>Noticed first in early childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Tics classified either simple or complex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple: eye blinking, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, or head jerking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex: facial grimacing combined with head twist and shoulder shrug </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common are: eye blinking, head jerking, throat clearing, sniffing and tongue clicking </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Tics <ul><li>Often worse with excitement or anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Better during calm, focused activities </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences can trigger tics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collars on shirts may trigger neck tics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing another person cough may trigger similar sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tics do not go away when sleeping but they are diminished </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Occurrences <ul><li>Tics come and go over time </li></ul><ul><li>First symptoms usually occur in the head and neck area </li></ul>
  6. 6. Can people control their tics? <ul><li>Symptoms are involuntary, can suppress, camouflage or manage their tics </li></ul><ul><li>Patients report build up tension when suppressing tics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tic must then be expressed </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Causes <ul><li>Cause of tourette’s is unknown: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research points to abnormalities in brain regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inherited disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many genes with smaller effects and environmental factors may play a role in TS </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Disorders associated with TS <ul><li>ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with reading, writing, math </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessive - compulsive symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Depressions, anxiety problems </li></ul>
  9. 9. Diagnosis <ul><li>Diagnosed after symptoms persist for 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>Common tics are often misdiagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>No blood or lab tests needed for diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Use MRI, CT, EEG scans to diagnose </li></ul>
  10. 10. Treatment <ul><li>Medications are available for patients who cannot function correctly: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medications vary from person to person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychotherapy: Help patient cope with TS </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Prognosis <ul><li>No cure for TS </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms get better for patients in late teens or early adulthood </li></ul><ul><li>Only 10% of patients have disabling tics that last into adulthood </li></ul>
  12. 12. Do children have special needs? <ul><li>Same IQ range as other children without TS </li></ul><ul><li>Help by teachers should include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using tape recorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers to assist reading and writing </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. What kind of future do TS patients have? <ul><li>Lead productive lives </li></ul><ul><li>Have normal life span </li></ul><ul><li>May reach high levels of achievement </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sources <ul><li>www.tsa-usa.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tourette/detail_tourette.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://members.tripod.com/~tourette13/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mentalhealth.com/book/p40-gtor.html </li></ul>

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