Autism
<ul><li>Developmental brain disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Affects a child’s ability to communicate and understand language </...
<ul><li>Range from mild to severe </li></ul><ul><li>Social interaction difficulties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unresponsive to ...
<ul><li>Cause is unknown </li></ul><ul><li>However, researchers are investigating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain development ...
<ul><li>Affects approximately 1 in 150 children </li></ul><ul><li>4x more common in boys than in girls </li></ul><ul><li>T...
<ul><li>Symptoms may improve with treatment and age </li></ul><ul><li>Some children may be at risk of developing epilepsy ...
<ul><li>Educational/behavioral interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Family counseling for siblings and parents </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>For more information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ninds.nih.gov  (National Institute of Neurological Disorder...
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Recognize Promise powerpoint

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Recognize Promise powerpoint

  1. 1. Autism
  2. 2. <ul><li>Developmental brain disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Affects a child’s ability to communicate and understand language </li></ul><ul><li>Considered a type of Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) </li></ul>Autism
  3. 3. <ul><li>Range from mild to severe </li></ul><ul><li>Social interaction difficulties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unresponsive to people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus intently on an item </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid eye contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack empathy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbal and Non-verbal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repetitive behaviors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat activities and movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefer same daily routine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rocking and twirling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sensitive to sensations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loud noises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced sensitivity to pain </li></ul><ul><li>Higher risk of other conditions </li></ul>Signs / Symptoms
  4. 4. <ul><li>Cause is unknown </li></ul><ul><li>However, researchers are investigating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biochemical imbalance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NOT caused by poor parental practices </li></ul>Causes of Autism
  5. 5. <ul><li>Affects approximately 1 in 150 children </li></ul><ul><li>4x more common in boys than in girls </li></ul><ul><li>Typically diagnosed before age of 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnoses growing at rate of 10-17% per year </li></ul><ul><li>Not related to race, ethnicity, or socio-economic status </li></ul>Incidence/Prevalence
  6. 6. <ul><li>Symptoms may improve with treatment and age </li></ul><ul><li>Some children may be at risk of developing epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>May become depressed or experience behavioral problems during adolescence </li></ul>Prognosis
  7. 7. <ul><li>Educational/behavioral interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Family counseling for siblings and parents </li></ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antidepressants for anxiety, depression, or obsessive-compulsive disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-psychotic medications for severe behavioral problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anticonvulsants for seizures </li></ul></ul>Treatment
  8. 8. <ul><li>For more information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ninds.nih.gov (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.healthcare.uiowa.edu/cdd/patients/cerebralpalsyguide.asp (University of Iowa Health Care) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.autism-society.org/ (Autism Society of America) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://nichcy.org/resources/autism.asp (National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities) </li></ul></ul>Autism

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