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  1. 1. Physiotherapy A science based healthcare profession
  2. 2. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Emphasises use of physical approaches in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restoration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Individuals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social well being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking into account the individuals changing health status </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Programme equips you with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential for clinical practice in changing healthcare market </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenging </li></ul><ul><li>Broad scope of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Patient groups </li></ul><ul><li>Client groups </li></ul>
  4. 4. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Healthcare delivery settings </li></ul><ul><li>Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impairment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>participation </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Entry requirements </li></ul><ul><li>You must satisfy the general entry requirements for a first degree programme and have obtained GCSE passes at grade C or above in Mathematics and a science (or equivalent). All candidates are required to pass a medical examination and undergo a Pre-Employment Consultancy Check. Additional selection methods may used. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Physiotherapy <ul><li>A Level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grades BBB for GCE applicants to include one science subject from Biology, Chemistry, Maths or Physics. Plus satisfactory performance in selection test (see below). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Irish Leaving Certificate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grades BBBBB at higher level, to include two subjects from Maths, Physics, Biology or Chemistry. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Selection Test <ul><li>End of January each year on University campuses </li></ul><ul><li>3 elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allied Health Professional applicants </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) </li></ul><ul><li>Fee £90 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Results valid for 2 years </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Selection Test <ul><li>Application alongside UCAS process </li></ul><ul><li>Details available on university website and </li></ul><ul><li>All applicants must complete the ACER test to be considered for entry to University of Ulster Allied Health Profession programmes </li></ul>
  9. 9. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Batchelor of Science (Honours) Degree programme </li></ul><ul><li>Full time </li></ul><ul><li>3 year course </li></ul><ul><li>Modular </li></ul><ul><li>Formal lectures and practical sessions </li></ul><ul><li>The successful student will undertake intensive study, approximately 27 hours per week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ongoing progressive home study is essential equal to that spent in lectures and practical sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students will undertake a research dissertation as part of their course </li></ul>
  10. 10. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Dress code for practical sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures and practical sessions delivered by a diverse teaching team including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physiotherapy lecturers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visiting physiotherapy lecturers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biologists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychologists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing lecturers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clinical placement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in-service training </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Anatomy </li></ul><ul><li>Physiology </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Musculoskeletal </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions commonly encountered as a physiotherapist </li></ul>
  12. 12. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Rheumatological conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory conditions; these include chest, heart and lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological conditions e.g. CVA, MS, GBS </li></ul><ul><li>Surgical </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Elderly care </li></ul><ul><li>Fractures </li></ul><ul><li>Moving and handling of patients </li></ul><ul><li>First aid </li></ul>
  13. 13. Physiotherapy <ul><li>To become a member of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (MCSP) 1000 hours of supervised clinical practice must be completed </li></ul><ul><li>1060 hours is built in to the programme over 5 clinical placements of 6 weeks in duration </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of learning include written and practical examinations </li></ul><ul><li>A portfolio of learning is recommended, this is an important reference for later registration and/or employment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides evidence of ongoing learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continual Professional Development (CPD) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Physiotherapy <ul><li>Lifelong learners </li></ul><ul><li>Post Graduate courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MSc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Career development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>? 10 % of salary devoted to courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CPD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Membership of clinical interest groups </li></ul><ul><li>Subscription to journals </li></ul><ul><li>Internet forums </li></ul>
  15. 15. Physiotherapist work areas <ul><li>National Health Service </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community based rehabilitation programmes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elderly Care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Day Hospital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Out Patient </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Physiotherapist work areas <ul><li>Paediatric </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Health </li></ul><ul><li>Community care </li></ul><ul><li>Domiciliary </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important aspect of physiotherapy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Private practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private health insurance companies require 2-5 years post graduate experience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sports Teams </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sports Medicine <ul><li>Sports medicine is defined as: </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of injury and illness </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis and treatment of injury and illness </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation and return to active participation in sport </li></ul><ul><li>Relates to the athlete, sport, sporting equipment and diagnostic instrumentation (Peterson and Rentr öm, 1998) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sports Medicine Team <ul><li>Consultants </li></ul><ul><li>Physiotherapists </li></ul><ul><li>Massage therapists </li></ul><ul><li>Podiatrists </li></ul><ul><li>Optometrist </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacists </li></ul><ul><li>Dentist </li></ul><ul><li>Gender verifiers * </li></ul><ul><li>Interpreters * </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sports Medicine model – professional sport The players agent also features prominently in athlete-coach interaction Doctor Dietician Psychologist Others Podiatrist Masseur Physio Trainer Athlete- Coach
  20. 20. Sports Physiotherapist <ul><li>Work with athletes to enable them to compete at the highest level. </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in pre-competition screening. </li></ul><ul><li>Education of athletes and coaches - injury risks. </li></ul><ul><li>Love thy sport – understand the demands </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying potential risks so reduce injury </li></ul><ul><li>Injury surveillance </li></ul>
  21. 21. Sports Physiotherapist <ul><li>Organise treatment equipment, kit and supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>Effectively assess and treat injuries part of team </li></ul><ul><li>Time for assessment is short </li></ul><ul><li>Tennis allows 180 seconds for assessment and treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Rugby allows PT’s onto the pitch without stopping play. </li></ul><ul><li>GAA games must be called on to the pitch by ref. </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to medical specialists or emergency services if required. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sports Physiotherapist <ul><li>Provide basic first aid. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep accurate records of injuries and treatments given. </li></ul><ul><li>Three Specific Times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before the game/competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the game/competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the end of competition </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Before <ul><li>PREPARATION </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-games screening </li></ul><ul><li>Gather information on the size of the team and the nature of the competition </li></ul><ul><li>Make contact with coaches/managers. </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of any medical problems that any of the athletes may suffer from - asthma. </li></ul><ul><li>Organise equipment required for every eventuality (telephone) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Before <ul><li>ASSESS THE LOCATION </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and ease of access to medical facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Locate physiotherapy facilities/training ground. </li></ul><ul><li>If travelling to another country - voltage, health hazards i.e. water and food, vaccinations required, voltage. </li></ul><ul><li>ONCE YOU HAVE ARRIVED </li></ul><ul><li>Locate emergency/first aid equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Is there an emergency plan </li></ul><ul><li>Other physiotherapy/medical personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Check out the timetable </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a treatment area </li></ul><ul><li>Liaise with coach/manager to prioritise any pre competition treatment and taping </li></ul>
  25. 25. During <ul><li>High level of awareness. </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments of injuries, fast and accurate. </li></ul><ul><li>Injury management </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain accurate records of treatments given and injuries received. </li></ul><ul><li>Stressful? </li></ul>
  26. 26. After <ul><li>Initial / early management will influence long term outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to assess and treat injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Possible onward referral. </li></ul><ul><li>Post-event discussions with athletes and coach, manager. </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment check and restock </li></ul>
  27. 27. Useful websites <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>