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  1. 1. DEPARTMENT OF NEUROLOGY . Neurology Exam Question List for 5th Year Students . 1. The visual system. Visual field defects. 2. Symptoms of occipital lobe damage. 3. Pathological changes of the optic disc. 4. The III., IV., VI. cranial nerves. 5. The pupillary reflexes and their disturbances. 6. Signs of facial nerve dysfunction. 7. Classification of reflexes. The liberation signs. 8. Signs of upper and lower motoneuron lesion. 9. Localization of various types of paresis. 10. Symptoms of the pyramidal tract lesion. 11. Clinical signs of medulla oblongata lesion. 12. Clinical signs of pons lesion. 13. Clinical signs of mesencephalon lesion. 14. The muscle tone control. 15. Dysfunction of the vestibular system. 16. Clinical signs of cerebellar lesions. 17. Symptoms of frontal lobe damage. 18. Symptoms of parietal lobe damage. 19. Clinical examination of aphasias. 20. The limbic system. 21. Symptoms of temporal lobe damage. 22. Symptoms of spinal cord damage. 23. The segmental system of the spinal cord. 24. Bladder and bowel dysfunctions. 25. The lumbosacral plexus. 26. Increased intracranial pressure. 27. Cerebral edema. 28. Brain herniations. 29. Symptoms of cerebello-pontine angle tumors. 30. Dysfunction of the brainstem reticular activating system. 31. Types of unconsciousness. 32. Evaluation of focal neurological symptoms in an unconscious patient. 33. Regulation of cerebral blood circulation. 34. Classification of cerebral vascular disorders. 35. Transient ischemic attack. 36. Aneurysms and subarachnoid hemorrhage. 37. Symptoms of Parkinson's disease. 38. Examination of a Parkinsonian patient. 39. Classification of headaches. 40. Trigeminal neuralgia. 41. Status epilepticus. 42. The characteristics of the normal adult EEG. 43. Diagnostic procedure in epilepsy (CT, NMR, EEG). 44. Alcohol withdrawal and febrile seizures. 45. Symptomatic epilepsy. 46. Differential diagnosis of syncope.
  2. 2. 47. Cortical motor areas and their connections. 48. Thalamus syndromes. 49. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid. 50. The CSF in neurological inflammatory diseases. 51. Cerebral blood supply. 52. Cerebral metabolism. 53. Examination of the unconscious patient. 54. Signs of meningeal irritation. 55. Gait disturbances. 56. Vertigo and dizziness: differential diagnosis. 57. Diagnosis of polyneuropathies. 58. Emergency situations in neurology. 59. Traumatic CNS diseases. 60. Imaging techniques. 61. Evaluation of the demented patient: mental status testing. Neurology Exam Question List for 6th Year Students 1st series priority questions 1. Signs of meningeal irritation. 2. Pathological changes of the optic disc. 3. Innervation of the pupils, evaluation of the pupillary reflexes. 4. Disorders of the facial nerve. 5. Vertigo and dizziness. 6. Clinical signs of medulla oblongata lesions. 7. Localization of various type of pareses. 8. Clinical manifestations of upper and lower motoneuron lesion. 9. Principal types of aphasias. 10. Lowered consciousness due to reticular activating system dysfunction (hypnoid type). 11. Examination of the unconscious patient: evaluation of focal signs. 12. Organic psycho-syndromes. 13. Emergency situations in neurology. 14. Signs of increased intracranial pressure. 15. Brain herniations. 16. Intracranial bleedings caused by trauma. 17. Trauma of the spine and spinal cord. 18. TIA. 19. Signs of stenosis or obstruction of internal carotid artery. 20. Signs of stenosis or obstruction of vertebral and basilar arteries. 21. Cerebral embolisation. 22. Symptomatology of venous and sinus thromboses. 23. Intracerebral bleedings. 24. Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage. 25. Classification of epilepsies. 26. Status epilepticus. 27. Meningitides. 28. Encephalitides. 29. Multiple sclerosis: diagnosis and symptoms.
  3. 3. 30. Symptoms of intracranial tumors. 31. Symptoms of extra and intramedullary tumors. 32. Parkinson’s disease. 33. Diagnostic criteria of dementia. 34. Neurologic disorders due to alcoholism. 35. Guillain-Barre syndrome. 36. Syndrome of the conus and syndrome of the cauda. 37. Disturbances of bladder and bowel function. 38. Myasthenia gravis. 2nd series 1. Decreased visual acuity due to neurological causes. 2. Visual field defects. 3. Ocular movement and gaze disorders. 4. Dysfunction of the vestibular system. 5. Disorders of the lower cranial nerves (IX., X., XI., XII.). 6. Symptoms of pons lesions. 7. Symptoms of midbrain lesions. 8. The muscle tone control. 9. Functional neuroanatomy of the sensory system. 10. Dissociated sensory loss. 11. Symptoms of cerebellar lesions. 12. Gait disturbances. 13. Functional neuroanatomy of the cerebellum and its connections. 14. Symptoms of frontal lobe damage. 15. Symptoms of temporal lobe damage. 16. The limbic system. 17. Symptoms of parietal lobe damage. 18. The lesion of the subdominant parietal lobe. 19. Symptoms of occipital lobe damage. 20. Classification of aphasias. 21. Agnosia, apraxia, alexia, agraphia. 22. Investigation of gnostic functions. 23. Functional brain asymmetry. 24. Thalamus syndromes. 25. Apallic state and akinetic mutism. 26. Locked-in syndrome. 27. X-ray examination of the scull and spine. 28. Angiography and myelography. 29. Imaging techniques (CT, NMR, PET). 30. Investigation methods using isotopes. 31. Sonography in neurology. 32. EEG. 33. Evoked potentials. 34. EMG, ENG. 35. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid. 36. CSF in neurological inflammatory diseases. 37. Emergency in cerebrovascular disorders. 38. Cerebral concussion and contusion.
  4. 4. 39. Cerebral blood supply. 40. Regulation of cerebral blood flow. 41. Diagnostic procedures in cerebrovascular diseases. 42. Risk factors for stroke. 43. Neurologic consequences of atherosclerosis. 44. Lacunar encephalopathy. 45. Stroke in young adults. 46. Therapy of ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. 47. Generalized epileptic seizures. 48. Partial epileptic seizures. 49. Alcohol withdrawal and febrile seizures. 50. Epilepsy in children. 51. Diagnostic procedure in epilepsy (CT, NMR, EEG). 52. Differential diagnosis of syncope. 53. Treatment of epilepsy. 3rd series. 1. Brain abscess. 2. Neuroborreliosis. 3. Neurosyphilis. 4. Rabies. 5. Acute anterior poliomyelitis. 6. Slow viral infections. 7. Prion diseases. 8. Neurological consequences of AIDS. 9. Herpes zooster. 10. Treatment of multiple sclerosis. 11. Classification of brain tumors (histology, localization). 12. Tumors of the pituitary gland. 13. Cerebello-pontine angle tumors. 14. Brain tumors in children. 15. Metastatic tumors in the nervous system. 16. Paraneoplastic syndromes of the nervous system. 17. Basal ganglia. 18. Treatment of Parkinson's disease. 19. Hyperkinesias. 20. Dystonias. 21. Differential diagnosis of tremor. 22. Classification of encephalopathies. 23. Alzheimer’s and Pick’s disease. 24. Multiple system atrophy. 25. Disorders of cerebrospinal fluid circulation (hydrocephalus). 26. Wernicke-Korsakoff’s syndrome. 27. Syndrome of brachial plexus damage. 28. Syndrome of radial nerve damage. 29. Syndrome of ulnar nerve damage. 30. Syndrome of median nerve damage. 31. Syndrome of lumbosacral plexus damage. 32. Syndrome of peroneal nerve damage.
  5. 5. 33. Carpal tunnel syndromes. 34. Etiology of polyneuropathies. 35. Diabetic polyneuropathy. 36. Inherited polyneuropathies. 37. Low back pain. 38. Cervical disk disease. 39. Malformations of the craniocervical junction and cervical spine. 40. Syringomyelia, syringobulbia. 41. Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord. 42. Spinal muscle atrophies. 43. Amyotrophic lateralsclerosis. 44. Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy. 45. Myositis and myopathies. 46. Classification of headache. 47. Migraine and cluster headache. 48. Neuralgias, causalgia and phantom-pain. 49. Physiology and disorders of sleep. 50. Genetically determined neurological disorders. See also at Neurology Exam Question List for 6th year