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  1. 1. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder Megan Deahr NSA 2004
  2. 2. ADHD <ul><li>Recognized in a child (sometimes adults) who have trouble holding concentration, staying on task, and/or is often hyperactive. </li></ul><ul><li>Affects 3-5 percent of American children or 2 million children in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different subtypes of ADHD including the following: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and a combined type. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Symptoms <ul><li>Hyperactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Impulsivity </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to listen to instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to organize </li></ul><ul><li>Talking too much </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving projects unfinished </li></ul><ul><li>Fidgeting with hands and feet </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty paying attention </li></ul><ul><li>Many of these symptoms are normal behavior for children without a disorder. It is important that a child is thoroughly checked by a doctor and diagnosed. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes <ul><li>The causes of ADHD seem to arise from neurobiology and genetics although the exact causes are not yet known. However, many theories exist. These include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Factors (drugs and alcohol in pregnancy, lead) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain Injury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Treatments <ul><li>A variety of medications are often used in the treatment of ADHD. A common medication is Ritalin. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Social Skills Training </li></ul>
  6. 6. Diagnosis <ul><li>One must get a proper diagnosis of ADHD from a doctor since many children have these traits. These traits must be exhibited often and at a certain level in order to diagnosis a person with ADHD. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adults with ADHD <ul><li>Between thirty and seventy percent of children with ADHD still exhibit symptoms into their adult years. Many adults with the disorder are never diagnosed and do not feel that they have a disorder. They often find it hard to get organized, get to work on time, get up and get ready in the morning, and to be productive at work. Some adults are diagnosed when they recognize their child’s symptoms in themselves. Others are seeking help for depression and anxiety and discover that the real cause is ADHD. Adults are also treated with medication but special considerations must be made. Medications may have different half-lives or effects on adults rather than children. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Recent Studies <ul><li>One recent study shows that those diagnosed with ADHD often have smaller brains. However, this can not be used to determine whether or not a person will develop ADHD. </li></ul><ul><li>Other research is being done to help in the treatment of patients with ADHD as well as better ways of identifying the disorder. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Summary <ul><li>ADHD has no specific known cause. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be treated with therapy as well as medication. </li></ul><ul><li>The disorder most often occurs in children, but symptoms often carry on to adulthood. </li></ul><ul><li>ADHD has been found to be hereditary. </li></ul><ul><li>Those with ADHD often find it hard to concentrate, finish projects, often talk too much, and fidget. </li></ul><ul><li>No cure has been found for this disorder. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sources <ul><li>The National Institute of Mental Health </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>