Overview of Communicative Disorders <ul><li>The profession </li></ul><ul><li>Speech and language development </li></ul><ul...
The profession <ul><li>How to become a speech-language pathology or audiologist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete an undergra...
Specifics on the UWW Commdis major <ul><li>Declare yourself a comdis major.  See me or Laura Burno in Roseman 1011 </li></ul>
Specifics on the UWW Commdis major <ul><li>Virtually all master’s program are two years including summer school. </li></ul...
Speech-Language Pathology Master’s Programs in Wisconsin. <ul><li>UW-Whitewater </li></ul><ul><li>UW-Madison </li></ul><ul...
Audiology Au.D. Programs in WI, MN, and IL. <ul><li>UW-Madison / UW-Stevens Point </li></ul><ul><li>University of Minnesot...
Language Disorders <ul><li>Aphasia </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed/disordered language </li></ul>
Aphasia <ul><li>Normally associated with elderly adults but can occur with any person </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a result o...
Delayed/disordered language <ul><li>Delayed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language which is inappropriate for age </li></ul></ul><...
Articulation and Phonology
Articulation <ul><li>Articulation is the ability to correctly produce speech sounds. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience </li...
Phonology <ul><li>Has ability to produce speech but has difficulty with rules. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., wabbit for rabb...
Fluency and Stuttering <ul><li>Fluency involves the ability to fluently produce speech.  </li></ul><ul><li>What can affect...
Voice <ul><li>Involves larynx and vocal folds </li></ul><ul><li>Disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loudness disorders </li></...
Hearing
Anatomy <ul><li>Outer ear </li></ul><ul><li>Middle ear </li></ul><ul><li>Inner ear </li></ul><ul><li>Central auditory path...
Hearing disorders <ul><li>Conductive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacted cerumen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Otitis media </li><...
Hearing disorders <ul><li>Mixed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conductive + sensorineural  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., otitis ...
Aural Rehabilitation <ul><li>Treatment of hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Amplification & other assistive devices </li></ul...
Other topics dealing with hearing <ul><li>Deaf cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf education </li></ul>
Communicative problems  associated with aging. <ul><li>Neurological problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alzheimer’s disease, ap...
 
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intro01overview.ppt

  1. 1. Overview of Communicative Disorders <ul><li>The profession </li></ul><ul><li>Speech and language development </li></ul><ul><li>Language disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Articulation and phonological disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Fluency (stuttering) </li></ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing and hearing disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Communicative Problems in the Elderly </li></ul>
  2. 2. The profession <ul><li>How to become a speech-language pathology or audiologist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete an undergraduate program in commdis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete a two year masters program in commdis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Successfully complete a clinical fellowship year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass a national certification examination (Praxis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain a DPI or audiology license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get a job </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Specifics on the UWW Commdis major <ul><li>Declare yourself a comdis major. See me or Laura Burno in Roseman 1011 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Specifics on the UWW Commdis major <ul><li>Virtually all master’s program are two years including summer school. </li></ul><ul><li>Admission is competitive. Based on GPA, letter of intent, letters of recommendation, GRE (varies with school), and a possible portfolio. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Speech-Language Pathology Master’s Programs in Wisconsin. <ul><li>UW-Whitewater </li></ul><ul><li>UW-Madison </li></ul><ul><li>UW-Milwaukee </li></ul><ul><li>UW-Stevens Point </li></ul><ul><li>UW-Eau Claire </li></ul><ul><li>UW-River Falls </li></ul><ul><li>Marquette University </li></ul>
  6. 6. Audiology Au.D. Programs in WI, MN, and IL. <ul><li>UW-Madison / UW-Stevens Point </li></ul><ul><li>University of Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Illinois University </li></ul><ul><li>University of Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>Rush University (Chicago) </li></ul><ul><li>Northwestern University </li></ul>
  7. 7. Language Disorders <ul><li>Aphasia </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed/disordered language </li></ul>
  8. 8. Aphasia <ul><li>Normally associated with elderly adults but can occur with any person </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a result of . . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traumatic brain injury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organ pathology (tumor) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Delayed/disordered language <ul><li>Delayed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language which is inappropriate for age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., a four year old using language of a two year old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be result of deprivation, cognitive disorders, maturational delay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disordered language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses atypical or eccentric language - inappropriate use of pronouns, plurals, excessive gesturing, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Articulation and Phonology
  11. 11. Articulation <ul><li>Articulation is the ability to correctly produce speech sounds. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Articulation Disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with structural problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cleft palate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overbite, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurological problems </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Phonology <ul><li>Has ability to produce speech but has difficulty with rules. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g., wabbit for rabbit </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Fluency and Stuttering <ul><li>Fluency involves the ability to fluently produce speech. </li></ul><ul><li>What can affect fluency? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluttering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of interjections, fillers, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stuttering (most serious) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disrupted speech, charcterized by prolongations, hesitations, and blockages. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Voice <ul><li>Involves larynx and vocal folds </li></ul><ul><li>Disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loudness disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pitch disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Therapy </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Hearing
  16. 16. Anatomy <ul><li>Outer ear </li></ul><ul><li>Middle ear </li></ul><ul><li>Inner ear </li></ul><ul><li>Central auditory pathways </li></ul>
  17. 17. Hearing disorders <ul><li>Conductive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacted cerumen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Otitis media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sensorineural disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age (presbycusis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noise induced hearing loss </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Hearing disorders <ul><li>Mixed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conductive + sensorineural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., otitis media + presbycusis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central loss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tumors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strokes </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Aural Rehabilitation <ul><li>Treatment of hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Amplification & other assistive devices </li></ul><ul><li>Therapy </li></ul>
  20. 20. Other topics dealing with hearing <ul><li>Deaf cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Deaf education </li></ul>
  21. 21. Communicative problems associated with aging. <ul><li>Neurological problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alzheimer’s disease, aphasia, apraxia,degenerative neurological disorders, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hearing disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>presbycusis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voice disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurological, muscular, stiffening of vocal folds, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Swallowing problems </li></ul>

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