HIV/AIDS

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HIV/AIDS

  1. 1. HIV and AIDS Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann
  2. 2. What is HIV? <ul><li>H uman I mmunodeficiency V irus </li></ul><ul><li>Causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime  Damages the immune system </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is AIDS? <ul><li>A cquired I mmuno d eficiency S yndrome </li></ul><ul><li>When immune system is weak: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>_______________ and infections enter the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This stage of HIV is called AIDS </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. How is HIV/AIDS Transmitted? <ul><li>Vaginal, anal, oral sex </li></ul><ul><li>___________ sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Mother to fetus or newborn </li></ul><ul><li>Blood-to-blood contact </li></ul>
  5. 5. HIV/AIDS is NOT spread by: <ul><li>Shaking hands, touching or hugging </li></ul><ul><li>Breathing, coughing or ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Using toilets, telephones, etc. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Continued… <ul><li>Sharing food, drinks, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Insect bites including _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Tears or sweat </li></ul>
  7. 7. Symptoms of HIV <ul><li>Rapid _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Dry cough </li></ul><ul><li>Recurring fever or profuse night sweats </li></ul><ul><li>Profound, unexplained fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen lymph glands in armpits, groin, neck </li></ul>
  8. 8. Symptoms of HIV <ul><li>Diarrhea lasting for more than _________ </li></ul><ul><li>White spots or unusual blemishes on tongue, in the mouth or throat </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Continued… <ul><li>Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin, in the mouth, nose or eyelids </li></ul><ul><li>Memory loss, depression & other neurological disorders </li></ul>
  10. 10. HOWEVER… <ul><li>All of these symptoms can be related to _______________ as well!!! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Testing for HIV/AIDS <ul><li>Testing positive for HIV does NOT mean you have AIDS BUT if left _____________ can become AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Blood tests: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Count CD4 cells  white blood cells which attack infections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If infected your CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm^3 </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Treatments and Medications <ul><li>No vaccines or medicines will __________ the spread of HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Most medicines slow the progression of HIV in an infected person </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine also used to prevent transmission from mother to baby during and after pregnancy </li></ul>
  13. 13. Medicines Used <ul><li>Zidovudine (Retrovir) </li></ul><ul><li>Nevirapine (Viramune) </li></ul><ul><li>Tenofovir </li></ul><ul><li>What exactly do these medicines do? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the possible side effects? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Preventing & Dealing with AIDS… Counseling Options <ul><li>Risk-Reduction Counseling: Targets at-risk individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Most counseling is aimed at PREVENTING the HIV contraction </li></ul><ul><li>Therapy is also available to HIV infected individuals and their families </li></ul>
  15. 15. Why is HIV/AIDS Continuing to Spread? <ul><li>Failure to change risky behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Myths about HIV </li></ul><ul><li>Poor _____________ conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Naivete </li></ul>
  16. 16. AIDS Across The Globe <ul><li>http://www.unaids.org/wad2004/report_pdf.html </li></ul>
  17. 17. Interesting Statistics <ul><li>At the end of 2003, an estimated 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 people in the US were living with HIV/AIDS, 24-27% undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV infection </li></ul><ul><li>The cumulative estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS through 2003 in the US is 929,985 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Deaths Due to AIDS <ul><li>The cumulative estimated number of deaths of persons with AIDS through 2003 is 524,060 including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>518,568 adults and adolescents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5,492 children under age 13 </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. What Can Be Done? <ul><li>Websites to browse through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.projecthope.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.worldvision.org </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Questions, Comments, Concerns???

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