AGING AND TRAUMA Key Points Increased longevity results in increased neurological disorders ‘ Normal’ age-related changes ...
AUSTRALIA
<ul><li>Changes associated with ‘normal’ aging   </li></ul><ul><li>Brain shrinkage, regression of processes/synapses </li>...
 
Older adults actually use different regions of the brain and more of the brain than younger adults to perform the same mem...
Exercise and trophic factor production in the adult brain
 
Alzheimer’s Disease Amyloid plaques, tangles Early versus late-onset Alzheimer’s disease APP, apoE, presenilins, tau Chang...
 
 
Parkinson’s disease and dopamine cell loss Neurodegenerative diseases
 
Early diagnosis and neuroprotection, or cell replacement? Parkinson’s Disease **
Huntington’s   Normal
Multiple sclerosis
Traumatic and vascular accidents
 
 
 
The mammalian nervous system brain spinal cord CNS PNS
 
Spinal Cord Injury
 
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AGING AND TRAUMA Key Points

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AGING AND TRAUMA Key Points

  1. 1. AGING AND TRAUMA Key Points Increased longevity results in increased neurological disorders ‘ Normal’ age-related changes in brain structure Neurodegenerative diseases – abnormal changes with age Basic knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease – neuropathology, genes Basic understanding of Parkinson’s disease Role of genetic versus environmental factors Stroke – infarct and haemorrhage Traumatic injuries to brain and spinal cord, primary - secondary events Knowledge of reactions to axonal injury Glial cell changes Differences between CNS and PNS injury Reading Crossman and Neary. pgs 13-17, 21, 27, 54-56, 127, 158 Kiernan (7th Ed), pgs 31-35, 38, 59-62, 103-104 Nolte (4th Ed), pgs 35, 89-94, 490-492 Fitzgerald, pgs 47-48, 53-55, 102-105, 215-217, 225, 234-235
  2. 2. AUSTRALIA
  3. 3. <ul><li>Changes associated with ‘normal’ aging </li></ul><ul><li>Brain shrinkage, regression of processes/synapses </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in levels of neurotransmitters and their receptor s </li></ul><ul><li>Degenerative diseases – abnormal aging </li></ul><ul><li>Cortical plaques containing irregular cell processes and beta-amyloid, activated glial cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Cellular changes in Alzheimer’s disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Neurofibrillary tangles in hippocampal neurons </li></ul><ul><li>Altered blood vessels </li></ul>
  4. 5. Older adults actually use different regions of the brain and more of the brain than younger adults to perform the same memory and information processing tasks. Overall, Reuter-Lorenz believes that older adults benefit from bi-hemispheric processing. Using two hemispheres instead of one, and more of the brain overall, may allow seniors to compensate for some of the mental declines that come with age.
  5. 6. Exercise and trophic factor production in the adult brain
  6. 8. Alzheimer’s Disease Amyloid plaques, tangles Early versus late-onset Alzheimer’s disease APP, apoE, presenilins, tau Changes in neurochemistry (acetylcholine), receptor levels
  7. 11. Parkinson’s disease and dopamine cell loss Neurodegenerative diseases
  8. 13. Early diagnosis and neuroprotection, or cell replacement? Parkinson’s Disease **
  9. 14. Huntington’s Normal
  10. 15. Multiple sclerosis
  11. 16. Traumatic and vascular accidents
  12. 20. The mammalian nervous system brain spinal cord CNS PNS
  13. 22. Spinal Cord Injury

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