• the body's reaction to a change
that requires a physical, mental
or emotional adjustment or
• an organism's response to a
stressor such as an
environmental condition or a
• a body's way to react to a
• a negative condition or a positive
condition that can have an
impact on an organism's mental
and physical well-being.
Types of stress
– good (positive) kind of stress that provides immediate strength.
-Occurs for a short period of time and it is still stress and it is not good to be
so strong or act too often.
- Without control, stress
becomes bad stress or
distress. Bring out the
weakness to us and make us
vulnerable to illness.
Acute (arise fast)
• The most common form of stress
• Usually immediate and intense reaction of body
and mind to a significant threat, challenge, scare or
-mostly in small doses
- mostly too much
pleasant, cheerful, thrilling, exciting stress cause of mental health problems and
physical difficulties, tension headaches,
upset stomach, exhausting
Chronic (long term)
• Stressor is present
around for a longer time
• is dangerous, because
people get used to it
(ignore chronic stress)
• can lead to health
• Patients are trapped in
an unhappiness and
can not find a way out of
a desperate situations.
The signs of stress
Stress Warning Signs and Symptoms
Cognitive Symptoms Emotional Symptoms
•Inability to concentrate
•Seeing only the negative
•Anxious or racing thoughts
•Irritability or short temper
•Agitation, inability to relax
•Sense of loneliness and isolation
•Depression or general unhappiness
Physical Symptoms Behavioral Symptoms
•Aches and pains
•Diarrhea or constipation
•Chest pain, rapid heartbeat
•Loss of sex drive
•Eating more or less
•Sleeping too much or too little
•Isolating yourself from others
•Procrastinating or neglecting responsibilities
•Using alcohol, cigarettes, or drugs to relax
•Nervous habits (e.g. nail biting, pacing)
What are stressors?
• chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or
an event that causes stress to an organism.
• have physical, chemical and mental responses inside of the body.
How to manage workplace stress?
• Tip 1: Recognize warning signs of excessive stress at work
- If you ignore the warning signs of work stress, they can lead to bigger problems.
• Tip 2: Reduce job stress by taking care of yourself
-Make food choices that keeps you going
-Drink alcohol in moderation
-Get enough sleep
• Tip 3: Reduce job stress by prioritizing and
-Time and Task management
• Tip 4: Reduce job stress by improving emotional
- Emotional intelligence is about communicating with others in ways that
draw people to you, overcome differences, repair wounded feelings, and
tension and stress.
Tip 5: Reduce job stress by breaking bad habits
Eliminate self-defeating behaviors
o Resist perfectionism.
o Aim to do your best, no one can ask for more than that.
o Clean up your act.
Plan your day and stick to the schedule — you’ll feel less overwhelmed.
o Flip your negative thinking.
Try to think positively about your work, avoid negative-thinking co-workers, and
pat yourself on the back about small accomplishments, even if no one else does.
o Don’t try to control the uncontrollable.
focus on the things you can control such as the way you choose to react to