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How to understand modal verbs

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How to understand modal verbs

  1. 1. HOW TO UNDERSTAND MODAL VERBS
  2. 2. HOW TO UNDERSTAND MODAL VERBSObjetivo: completar o mapa de significados com os modal verbs apropriados.Usar o material como guia de consulta no uso de modal verbs, acrescentando as próprias experiências adquiridas com esta aprendizagem, exemplos, empregos de frases e contextos.Calendário: for good!Bibliografia:Oxford Wordpower Dictionaryhttp://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/american/ acesso em 16/1/13.
  3. 3. HOW TO UNDERSTAND MODAL VERBSCan /kæn/ (strong pronunciation) /kən/ (weak pronunciation). Modal verb. Negative: cannot /kænɑt/ Short form: can’t /kænt/ Past: could /kʊd/ Negative: couldn’t /kʊd(ə)nt/Ability: the modal verb can is used to express ability. If it’s possible for someone to do something.Can you swim? Can he dance? She can write novels. Children can learn languages easily.
  4. 4. HOW TO UNDERSTAND MODAL VERBSWhat are your abilities? What can you do? Or can’t do? Think about five things and write complete sentences.Tip: trabalhe sempre com os significados e não com a tradução. Como você traduziria as frases dadas como exemplo? Can you swim? (Você pode nadar?). Pense sobre isso!
  5. 5. HOW TO UNDERSTAND MODAL VERBSWhat are your abilities? What can you do? Or can’t do? Think about five things and write complete sentences.Grammar: Can não tem formas de infinitivo ou de particípio. Também não há mudança de forma com sujeitos diferentes, ou seja, todos os pronomes empregam a mesma forma: can. Para formar o futuro ou os tempos perfeitos, usa-se be able to: One day people will be able to travel to Mars.Para expressar alguma competência que a pessoa tivesse no passado, usa-se could have: She could have passed the exam but she didn’t really try.

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