The Balfour Declaration

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The Balfour Declaration

  1. 1. The Balfour Declaration By Jack Hanington
  2. 2. The Balfour Declaration <ul><li>Foreign Office, November 2nd, 1917. Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet: &quot;His Majesty's Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country&quot;. I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely Arthur James Balfour </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Balfour Declaration The Balfour Declaration was a letter Arthur Balfour wrote to Lionel Walter Rothschild and also a statement of British support for the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people. The Letter was writen on November 2, 1917 and approved by the League of Nations on July 24, 1922. This Declaration was important to the Jewish People because it gave them a homeland to hold residence after centenaries of persecution.
  4. 4. <ul><li>The declaration came out at the end of World War 1. The Ottoman Empire, which was aligned with Germany and Austria-Hungary, was beaten, and was being split up among the victors. There were a lot of discussions about who got what, and one of the territories on the table for discussion was Palestine. There was a strong Zionist movement even before the Nazis came along, and the British Government was very sensitive to that. The declaration promising Jews possession of Palestine was just a letter That Balfour had written to Lord Rothschild, a prominent British Jew. It really had no force of law. But the Jews latched onto it as their guarantee to the homeland they were seeking. </li></ul>Balfour Declaration
  5. 5. Importance of the Declaration <ul><li>The Balfour Declaration was important, because with it, it caused a series of events that were very important in the lives of many Jews. The Jews went to the British seeking to gain all of Palestine. They felt that the land was rightfully theirs because they were there first. The British used this weakness to their advantage. They created this agreement so that was not exactly what the Jews wanted but they knew the Jews would go for it, because the British were their only option. They also knew that by creating this agreement, they would gain support from the Jews. The Jews did in fact do this, and were rewarded not their own Jewish Home state, but major power and decision within Palestine. The Jewish Agency was created, and they opened up so many opportunities for the Jews in hopes that more Jews would move there. They in fact, did to start move there, and the Arabs began to attack the Jews. In 1937 the British restricted the powers of the Jewish Agency. They also tried to limit the immigration of Jews into Palestine. They did this in order to gain support from the Arabs, and they knew that the only way this was going to be possible was if they restricted the powers of the Jews. This was basically the Balfour Declaration all over again. </li></ul>
  6. 7. July 24, 1922 “Mandate for Palestine” “ Recognition Has Been Given to the Historical Connection of the Jewish People with Palestine and to the Grounds for Reconstituting their National Home in that Country.” -The Council of the League of Nations Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, British India, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Japan, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Persia, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic of China, Romania, Siam, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Union of South Africa, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Venezuela.
  7. 9. Founding of Modern Zionism Benjamin Ze'ev (Theodor) Herzl May 2, 1860 – July, 3 1904 Balfour Declaration Arthur James Balfour & The British Foreign Office, November 2, 1917. In 1926 the official mandate was named after Arthur’s original letter The Two most significant events leading to the creation of a Jewish National Home
  8. 10. Topic Relative to the Reading <ul><li>You think if the British hadn’t helped them, if there had been no Balfour Declaration, there would be no Israel today? There would have been. They wouldn’t have sat back and said, “Oh. but the British won’t help us, the Sultan won’t sell us Palestine , the Arabs won’t go away ” But they were part of the whole colonial movement. They had the spirit of the age behind them.’ Mustafi al-Sharqawi has been standing silently by us, listening. Now Mahgoub turns to him. “Why are you so quiet, ya Mustafa? It’s not like you. Tell us what you think.” - Page 224 </li></ul>
  9. 11. Works Cited <ul><li>Lesch, Ann M., Tareq Y. Ismael, and Jacqueline S. Ismael. Politics and Government in the Middle East and North Africa . New York: University P of Florida, 1991. 294-95. </li></ul><ul><li>Medad, Yisrael. &quot;Jewish Settlements are legal according to International Law.&quot; Eretzyisroel . 16 Sept. 2008 <http://www.eretzyisroel.org/~jkatz/settlementslaw.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Origins of the Balfour Declaration.&quot; Zionism Isreal . Origins of the Balfour Declaration. 16 Sept. 2008 <http://www.zionism-israel.com/balfour_declaration_1917.htm>. </li></ul>

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