Android in Netbooks


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Presentation I gave at the Netbook Summit on May-24, 2010

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Android in Netbooks

  1. 1. Android’s Impact on Netbooks<br />Mike Demler<br />DIGDIA<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Android’s Impact on Netbooks<br />Agenda<br />What is Android?<br />A Brief Tour of the Android Software Stack<br />Enabling Applications Beyond Smartphones<br />Examples of Android in Netbooks<br />Conclusions<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />2<br />
  3. 3. What is Android?<br />A robot in the form of a human being?<br />Applications for smartphones?<br />A user interface?<br />An OS for connected devices?<br />An ecosystem?<br />All of the above.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Android’s Origins<br />Google buys Android<br />Founded by Andy Rubin, now Google VP Engineering <br />Open Handset Alliance formed<br />Announcing the development of Android<br />Originally 34 members<br />Semiconductors, H/W, S/W, wireless operators<br />Now 71 members<br />Google announces Android Open Source Project.<br />
  5. 5. Open Handset Alliance<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Android Open Source Project<br />The first free, open source, fully customizable mobile platform.<br />Licensed by Apache 2.0: Use and modify, develop proprietary features.<br />A complete software stack<br />An operating system, middleware, and key mobile applications. <br />APIs for third-party application development.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Android: The Operating System<br />Built on Linux 2.6.24<br />But Android is NOT Linux.<br />Linux provides a proven open-source foundation.<br />“Enhanced” for mobile devices.<br />Optimizations:<br />Multiprocessing with IPC.<br />Minimize memory requirements.<br />More aggressive power management to conserve battery life.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Android Libraries<br />Built for mobile applications<br />Customized “Bionic” libc<br />BSD license allows keeping enhancements proprietary.<br />Supports multi-processing with small memory footprint.<br />H/W abstraction layer outside of kernel for proprietary devices.<br />WebKit (Safari) for browsing.<br />Open GL 3D graphics<br />Native A/V codecs<br />Can be replaced with H/W accelerators.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Android in Operation<br />Each application runs in its own process.<br />Provides security.<br />Optimized ‘Dalvik’ VM<br />Addresses limitations of mobile vs. desktop computing.<br />Designed to run applications efficiently with limited memory and CPU resources.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Android Applications<br />Applications are generally written in Java (blue boxes).<br />But compiled for Dalvik.<br />Basic Android applications are part of the package.<br />Other Google apps require OEM agreement; i.e. Maps<br />All applications run at the same priority.<br />All built-in apps can be replaced or enhanced.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />10<br />
  11. 11. The Android Application Market<br />Android market<br />Now >50,000 apps<br />Apps must pass the “Compatibility Test Suite”<br />Google’s App Store does not support non-smartphone devices <br />Apps can be pre-installed by manufacturers or through 3rd party sites<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />11<br />For a comprehensive, up-to-date list of the thousands of titles that are available, you will need to view Android Market on a handset. <br />
  12. 12. Advantages of Android<br />Cost: free.<br />Openness: copy, use, modify, retain IP.<br />Ecosystem<br />Google<br />Semiconductors, S/W, app developers, CE manufacturers.<br />vs. Linux: a complete software stack.<br />“Linux is kind of like going to NAPA Auto Parts and trying to leave with an automobile… Android fixes that problem.”<br />TI’s George Martin at ESC Silicon Valley<br />vs. Windows: not limited to Intel processors.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Android & Embedded Processors- Beyond Smartphones<br />Processor cores for mobile applications<br />ARM: Solution Center for Android - SCA<br />MIPS:<br />Integrated Application Processors<br />Qualcomm Snapdragon (Nexus-One, HTC Incredible, etc.)<br />TI OMAP (Motorola DROID)<br />Samsung (Moment)<br />NvidiaTegra<br />Marvell Armada<br />Freescale<br />Intel Atom<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Android in Netbooks- HP/Compaq AirLife 100<br />“Compaq touch experience” powered by Android™<br />Customized for larger screen<br />Qualcomm Snapdragon™ QSD8250™ chipset<br />Integrated 3G mobile broadband<br />GSM, GPRS, EDGE, HSPA<br />1 GHz CPU & 600 MHz DSP<br />3D graphics & HD video<br />Sold only through Telefónica<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />14<br />
  15. 15. Android in Netbooks- Acer Aspire® One D250-1613<br />Dual-boot with Microsoft Windows<br />Intel® Atom™ N280 Processor<br />Intel announced porting of Android at IDF-Beijing<br />Android on Intel Atom is the application processor for Google TV<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Android in Netbooks- LemoteYeeLoong 8089<br />MIPS-Based Loongson processor<br />Joint venture with Chinese Institute of Computing Technologies<br />“The world's first laptop that contains completely free software”<br />Objective to develop a scalable computer architecture.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Android in Netbooks- ThunderSoft<br />Android netbook solutions:<br />Added multi-window, drag & drop UI.<br />Supports mouse and cursor.<br />Modified browser: multi-tab.<br />H/W acceleration for 3D graphics, HD video playback.<br />ARM processors<br />Qualcomm<br />TI OMAP<br />Freescale<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Android’s Impact on Netbooks<br />Summary<br />Android is an open and rapidly expanding ecosystem.<br />OHA spawned the Open Embedded Software Foundation.<br />Netbook applications are beginning to be introduced.<br />Expected impact will be greatest in Asia.<br />Bigger impact in U.S. will be Android-based tablets.<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />18<br />
  19. 19. For More Information<br />“The Android Invasion”<br />See my reports at<br />Discount to attendees<br />Email me at<br />Also see my blog:<br />The World Is Analog<br />Follow me on Twitter: <br />MikeDemler<br />San Francisco, CA<br />May 2010<br />