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  1. 1. St. Peter’s Basilica:Documentary Historical Research on Faith Through Religious Art/Architecture<br />By:<br />ESMILIO, HAZEL MAY K.<br />MERCADO, DIANE TRICIA D.<br />QUIAMBAO, AMINA FATIMA D.<br />
  2. 2. St. Peter’s Basilica<br />The premier church of Roman Catholic Christendom<br />Location<br />Left side of the Circus of Nero, where St. Peter was crucified, Vatican City, Rome<br />
  3. 3. Year 324 Constantine gave place to a basilica to built over St. Peter’s tomb. It stood for a century until it verge on collapse. It was constructed during 1450-1626 (176 yrs).<br />Giulianoda Sangallo plan for St Peter'sFlorence, Uffizi, GabinettoDisegni e Stampe, 7A<br />Floorplan of Old St Peter's with the presentbasilica superimposed, by TiberioAlfarano, 1570<br />
  4. 4. Architectural style<br />Gothic Style <br />forms of arches and flying buttress<br />Old St. Peter’s bell tower<br />Central nave<br /><br /><br />
  5. 5. Romanesque styleStone barrel vault, thick and heavy walls, thick and heavy pillars, a transept, sculptured decoration on portals, capitals and other surfaces <br />Door of Death, Portico<br />Right transept<br />Right transept <br />Door of death. portico<br />
  6. 6. Baroque styleThe external facade is often characterized by a dramatic central projection, The interior is often no more than a shell for painting and sculpture <br /><br />
  7. 7. TIMELINE<br />During Nero’s time the current location of St. Peter’s Basilica was a chariot racing stadium where persecution was done to the Christians.<br />
  8. 8. After St. Peter’s persecution he was buried to a near cemetery outside the stadium. That gave rise to the biggest basilica that early Christians have built during Constantine’s reign who gave freedom to Christians at 313 A.D.<br />
  9. 9. It was during the peak of Renaissance Pope Julius II decided to replace the basilica in a more magnificent structure when Pope Nicholas V failed to implement his plan of reconstruction.<br />
  10. 10. The works done in building the basilica was pioneered by notable Michaelangelo, Maderno, Della Porta, and Bernini.<br />
  11. 11. Paintings/Design/Structure<br />Pieta was created by Michelangelo when he was 25. It portrays the genre of Mother Mary cradling the dead Christ. The Pieta is located at the first chapel in the right aisle in Saint Peter’s Basilica.<br />
  12. 12. The Basilica’s Dome was also designed by Michelangelo. Its central apex lies directly over Saint Peter’s tomb.<br />A biblical message is found at the bottom of the dome. It says: “You are Peter, and upon this rock, I will build my church; I will give you the keys to heaven.”<br />
  13. 13. The central Balcony is found at the façade of the Basilica. It is also called the “Loggia of the Blessings”. It is where the new pope is announced.<br />
  14. 14. In 1624, Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini began working on the immense bronze baldacchino or canopy for the high altar of Saint Peter’s Basilica directly over the saint’s tomb.<br />
  15. 15. Bernini also built the Altar of the Chair or Cathedra Petri, which is the focal point of the Church. He started to build it on 1657 and finished it on 1666.<br />Cathedra Petri<br />Bernini’s last work is the monument to Alexander VII. It is a melodramatic style of a skeleton, holding an hourglass. It symbolizes death. <br />Monument to Alexander VII<br />
  16. 16. References<br />Hacker, Jeffrey “Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge” pp.249 V 16, 2002<br />Ringvelski, Shanon, “Let’s Go Rome”, pp. 112-119, 2003<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  17. 17. That in all things, God may be glorified<br />