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Getting updated: Tricks&Tips

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Getting updated: Tricks&Tips

  1. 1. State of the art Guia práticaJavier Rodriguez-Vera
  2. 2. Quê é state of the art• Informação actualizada• Informação válida
  3. 3. Pesquisa bibliográficaFontes que podemos consultar: – Apontamentos – Opiniões – Livros – Sites – Jornais
  4. 4. ApontamentosNotas tomadas a mão habitualmente dum discurso oral: – Problemas de interpretação da escrita – “Bias” de interpretação da mensagem – O orador estava a dar um state of the art?
  5. 5. OpiniõesFalar com alguém do nosso entorno quetem conhecimento adequado do tópico:– A linguagem verbal tem “perdas”– A pessoa quem perguntamos está actualizada ou enganada?– Útil: pode dar alguma referência bibliográfica
  6. 6. Livros• Informação validada.• Muito condensada. Sem pormenores.• Não actualizados.• Úteis para ter uma visão global da questão.
  7. 7. Internet• “Toda a informação do mondo está na net” – Limitação 1: Alta sensibilidade baixa especificidade: • Exemplo: “prostate cancer”: 9.660.000 entradas – Limitação 2: Não temos garantia da qualidade da informação: Cancer Charity - Front Page The Prostate - [ Traduzir esta página ] The Prostate Cancer Charity offers support and information to anyoneconcerned with prostate cancer. The site has information on the prostate, ... www.prostate-cancer.org.uk/ - 30k - Em cache - Páginas semelhantes
  8. 8. Precisamos aumentar a especificidade e diminuir a sensibilidade: EFICIÊNCIA • Jornais online/papel: – Informação validada. – Informação actualizada – Informação acessível • Quê tipos de jornais existem? – Indexados – Não indexados: “Grey literature”
  9. 9. Jornais: introdução histórica• Resposta a necessidade histórica: – Informação rápida, manuseável e barata.• Primeiros Jornais 1665: – Philosophical Transactions – Jornal de Savants• 2000: 1.000.000 jornais científicos no mondo
  10. 10. Por quê indexar um jornal?• Número de jornais muito elevado: é preciso discriminar aqueles de maior qualidade.• Indexados: revisão interpares, publicação periódica durante um tempo, cumprem norma Vancouver, ultrapassam audit…• Indexado= Garantia de qualidade.• Não indexado não quer dizer má qualidade
  11. 11. Há um só índex?• Não.• Nos vão interessar aqueles indexados num médio acessível, rápido e barato.
  12. 12. Problemas e soluções: os compiladores• PubMed e Embase: recursos que agrupam jornais “de qualidade” e os ordenam segundo vários parâmetros.
  13. 13. EMBASE• 19 milhões de artigos indexados de 7,000 jornais desde 1947.• Preço elevado: eficaz, mas ineficiente – £4300 para 2008-2009
  14. 14. PubMed• Serviço da National Library of Medicine• Revisa milhares de Jornais:• 5246 (Jan 2008) 70 países• Contém 10 milhões de referências bibliográficas desde 1966 www.pubmed.org
  15. 15. Vantagens do PubMed• Gratuito• Instantâneo• “Links” para artigos em fulltextInconvenientes do PubMed• Precisa duma linguagem específica• Há muitos artigos sem fulltext
  16. 16. Como Fazer uma pesquisa bibliográfica em PubMed• 1. “Linguagem PubMed”• 2. Restrictores• 3. Selecção de artigos
  17. 17. Linguagem PubMed• 10 milhões de referências bibliográficas: perante qualquer pergunta vamos a obter respostas.• Respondem a nossa pergunta?• Exemplo: prostate cancer: 78336 entradas• PRECISAMOS AUMENTAR A ESPECIFICIDADE
  18. 18. PESQUISA BIBLIOGRÁFICA COM PUBMED• Quê queremos saber?. Definir antes da pesquisa.• Primeira aproximação: termos livres (não boleanos). Da uma ideia da quantidade de informação disponível na base de dados
  19. 19. Disponível em fulltext gratuito:
  20. 20. Disponível em fulltext, mas é preciso pagar. Abstract gratuito.
  21. 21. Nada gratuito
  22. 22. Formas de apresentação dos resultados
  23. 23. Podemos armazenar as pesquisas? Clipboard
  24. 24. Queremos eliminar um artigo do Clipboard
  25. 25. My NCBIpermite guardar critérios de búsqueda e definir diversos filtros personalizados
  26. 26. • Pesquisa actualizada e enviada ao mail periodicamente
  27. 27. Os filtrosAumentam a especificidade da nossa pesquisa
  28. 28. Single Citation Matcher• Para localizar artigos a partir de dados isolados (Autor, jornal, data de publicação)• Útil para localizar os artigos sugeridos pelos peritos.
  29. 29. Os operadores booleanos• Ferramenta lógica para relacionar diferentes términos nas pesquisas compostas. – AND: devem verificar-se cada uma das condições definidas (aumenta especificidade) • Exemplo: Cancer AND 2000/3: artigos publicados em Março de 2003 em cujo título exista a palavra Cancer – OR: deverá verificar-se ao menos uma das condições definidas (aumenta a sensibilidade) • Exemplo: cancer[ti] OR cancer[tw] OR tumor[ti] OR tumor[tw] : Artigos que tenham a palavra cancer ou tumor no título ou texto – NOT: Deverá cumprir-se a condição da esquerda mas não a da direita • Exemplo:Young[au] NOT Nature[ta] :Artigos que Young tenha publicado em jornais não sendo Nature
  30. 30. Comodines• Truncamento: Asterisco * – Implica escrever uma palavra incompleta, terminada em asterisco • Exemplo: muta*[ti] Busca os registos que tenham no título o término mutation, mutations, mutability ou, em general, qualquer término que começe pela raiz "muta".• Termos com mais de duas palavras: Comas “”. – Escrever os registos entre comas “”. • Exemplo: "lung disease"[ti] pesquisa os artigos em cujo título poda ler-se o conjunto "lung disease" tal e como está escrito.
  31. 31. Límites• Filtros predefinidos que, unidos a cadeia de búsqueda especificada, aumenta a rentabilidade da pesquisa.
  32. 32. Preview• Para ver se o número de entradas tem atingido um nível aceitável• Mostra os resultados das três últimas pesquisas realizadas• Resulta possível combinar com operadores booleanos Exemplo: #1 AND #3
  33. 33. MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)• Termo com que está indexado um artigo em Medline.• Ao introduzir o nosso termo de busqueda no MeSH Browser: – 1. Diz-nos se esse termo está indexado – 2. Se o estiver, nos apresenta uma lista hierárquica de menos a mais concreto
  34. 34. Ingrese un término Cuadro de dialogo para la búsqueda en Término solicitadoPubMed Resultado Cuadro de dialogo de estrategia de de término MeSH para su búsqueda Envió Término MeSH dado por el sistema búsqueda (operadores booleanos: And, OR, NOT) Sinónimos de entrada del término Ejecutar búsqueda en PubMed Términos controlados Selección del término MeSH Selección del término MeSHTérmino controlado en el MeSH para Hepatic cirrhosis Definición del Término Identificación del MeSH Estructura jerárquica (árbol) MeHS Otra forma de identificar el MeSH para el término liver cirrhosis Página de inicio PubMed Subencabezamientos para especificar una búsqueda
  35. 35. Escolha de informação válida1. Que venha do PubMed não quere dizer que seja fiável ou issenta de “bias”.2. De esta informação, quê preferenciar: 1. Metanálises 2. Ensaios clínicos aleatorizados controlados 3. Ensaios controlados 4. Serie de casos 5. Casos clínicos 6. Editoriais
  36. 36. Neste momento, temos um State of the art

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