Presented by:Dave E. Marcialdemarcial@su.edu.ph/Silliman UniversityCollege of Computer StudiesCHED Center of Development i...
I. Presentation Outline Definition and Boundaries Objective of the Study Research Component System Development Develo...
A psychological and educationaltheory espousing the kinds of“intelligence" exist in humans, eachrelating to a different s...
Kinds of MI Assessments:1. Intelligence2. Learning Style3. Thinking Style4. Interest5. PersonalityDefinition and Boundarie...
thinking style, a dominant or preferredcognitive pattern for processinginformation (Shearer, 2001)Definition and Boundari...
a computer system or program that usesartificial intelligence techniques to solveproblems that ordinarily require aknowle...
Conceptual Framework2PARTSKnowledge-BaseInferenceEngineFactualHeuristicTypically found in textbooks orjournals, and common...
General expert system problem categories:1. Interpretation (Inferring situation description from data)2. Prediction3. Diag...
Definition and Boundariesa computer program that provides expertadvice (recommendations) as if a realperson (guidance coun...
Expert System uses an expert.Webster’s dictionary defines anexpert as one with the special skillor mastery of a particul...
Adopted:Wiley Encyclopedia for Electrical and Electronics Engineering, J. WebsterMIES Expert System KernelMULTIPLE INTELLI...
3 Primary People Involved In Building MIES(Environment E):KnowledgeEngineerDomainExpertEndUserMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPER...
A system that provide expert assistance tothe high school graduating students toidentify their strengths of interest andp...
A system that is not intended to replace guidancecounselors but rather to offer a computer-basedassessment tool that woul...
To develop an expert system onmultiple intelligences as anassessment tool that would providevital information on the cour...
Specific Objective of the Study:1. What is the extent of need as perceived by therespondents in the development of an expe...
Specific Objective of the Study:2. Is there a significant difference in the extent of need as perceived bythe respondents ...
Specific Objective of the Study:3. What are the important features that should be includedin the development of an expert ...
Data Gathering:Descriptive•Survey Method•Interview MethodSoftware Evaluation Design:Descriptive-evaluative Method•Evalua...
152 fourth year high school students of SUFocused on the multiple intelligences assessmentValidity & Reliability of the...
The Instrument:Thurstone Scaling (2-point scale)Likert Scale Method (5-point scale)Validation of the Instrument:Face an...
Dry-run Survey:15 Respondents (3/sections in SU High School, fishbowlmethod)Cronbach Alpha technique was employed by the...
IdentifyObjectivesDetermine Information RequirementsWork with Users toDesign SystemSoftware Implementation PhaseBuild theS...
The Knowledge Engineering ProcessSystem DevelopmentDefine Problems & GoalsDefine Problems & GoalsExtraction of KnowledgeEx...
The Rules (The IF…THEN..)System DevelopmentCategory = CIF C = 1THENC1 = “How much time do you spend…”Question = QIF Q = 1T...
The MechanismSystem DevelopmentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
The CombinationSystem DevelopmentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Stud...
The CombinationSystem Development9 x 5 DimensionMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For H...
The Production RulesSystem Development9 x 5 + 10 x 5 + 7 x 5 + 10 x 545 + 50 + 35 + 50180 RulesMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPE...
The Rating InterpretationSystem DevelopmentAnalyzer ()StartGet value_from_AnswerLocate Intelligence_Tracker()If Found()Do ...
Software Development Other Methodologies, Models,Tools and Techniques UsedMIESData Flow DiagramI/O RequirementsEntity-Rela...
MIES Evaluation1. Accuracy of the functionality: Tested and checked by high school guidance counselor2. User-friendliness...
Intangible Benefits using the PIECES FrameworkI. PERFORMANCE Decreased response time Increased throughputII. INFORMATION...
Recommendation for Further StudyConduct a further study on the following: Deployment of MIES on the internetcapable of of...
II. The Proposed MIES SoftwareMIESSoftware Presentation
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
Multiple intelligences expert system a computer based course advisor for high school students
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Multiple intelligences expert system a computer based course advisor for high school students

  1. 1. Presented by:Dave E. Marcialdemarcial@su.edu.ph/Silliman UniversityCollege of Computer StudiesCHED Center of Development in I.T. Education
  2. 2. I. Presentation Outline Definition and Boundaries Objective of the Study Research Component System Development Development Framework Knowledge Engineering Process Rules Mechanism Combination Rating Interpretation Other Methodologies, Models, Tools & TechniquesUsed System Evaluation Recommendation for Further StudyII. MIES Software PresentationMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  3. 3. A psychological and educationaltheory espousing the kinds of“intelligence" exist in humans, eachrelating to a different sphere of humanlife and activity.Definition and BoundariesMultiple Intelligences (MI)MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  4. 4. Kinds of MI Assessments:1. Intelligence2. Learning Style3. Thinking Style4. Interest5. PersonalityDefinition and BoundariesMultiple Intelligences (MI)MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  5. 5. thinking style, a dominant or preferredcognitive pattern for processinginformation (Shearer, 2001)Definition and BoundariesMultiple Intelligences (MI)MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  6. 6. a computer system or program that usesartificial intelligence techniques to solveproblems that ordinarily require aknowledgeable human. (Encyclopedia, 2006)Definition and BoundariesExpert SystemMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  7. 7. Conceptual Framework2PARTSKnowledge-BaseInferenceEngineFactualHeuristicTypically found in textbooks orjournals, and commonlyagreed upon by thoseknowledgeable in theparticular fieldIt is the knowledge of goodpractice, good judgment, andplausible reasoning in the fieldthat underlies the art of goodguessing.Production RuleTHENIF> Tries to derive answers from aknowledge base.> It is the brain of the expertsystems that provides amethodology for reasoning aboutthe information in the knowledgebase, and for formulatingconclusionsKnowledgeRepresentationMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  8. 8. General expert system problem categories:1. Interpretation (Inferring situation description from data)2. Prediction3. Diagnosis4. Design5. Planning (Designing actions)6. Monitoring7. Debugging and Repair8. Instruction9. ControlDefinition and BoundariesExpert SystemMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  9. 9. Definition and Boundariesa computer program that provides expertadvice (recommendations) as if a realperson (guidance counselor) had beenconsulted.In this study…MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  10. 10. Expert System uses an expert.Webster’s dictionary defines anexpert as one with the special skillor mastery of a particular subjectThe Focal Point of MIES…MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  11. 11. Adopted:Wiley Encyclopedia for Electrical and Electronics Engineering, J. WebsterMIES Expert System KernelMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  12. 12. 3 Primary People Involved In Building MIES(Environment E):KnowledgeEngineerDomainExpertEndUserMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  13. 13. A system that provide expert assistance tothe high school graduating students toidentify their strengths of interest andparticipation in activities particularly intheir course preferences that are related tothe multiple intelligences.Why MIES?MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  14. 14. A system that is not intended to replace guidancecounselors but rather to offer a computer-basedassessment tool that would provide expertrecommendation and advices to the high schoolgraduating students of the best course to enroll incollege as interpreted according to their multipleintelligences.Why MIES?A system that provide expert assistance to the highschool graduating students to identify their strengths ofinterest and participation in activities particularly in theircourse preferences that are related to the multipleintelligences.MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  15. 15. To develop an expert system onmultiple intelligences as anassessment tool that would providevital information on the coursepreferences of high schoolgraduating students in preparingthem to their college courses.Primary Objective of the Study:The Research ComponentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  16. 16. Specific Objective of the Study:1. What is the extent of need as perceived by therespondents in the development of an expert system onmultiple intelligences assessment?Statistical Tool:Weighted MeanFindings:Very Often NeededConclusion: strong extent of need that is helpful inthe development for MIES. Shows that the respondents hadperceived that they really need theMIES* on the need to provide security andprotection in their personal records &assessment results* on the need to have accurate rating of eachintelligencesThe Research ComponentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  17. 17. Specific Objective of the Study:2. Is there a significant difference in the extent of need as perceived bythe respondents in the development of an expert system on multipleintelligences assessment among the groups of respondents.Statistical Tool:One-Way ANOVAFindings:Significant. (the status of hypothesis isrejected)Hypothesis:There is no significant difference in the extentof need as perceived by the respondents in thedevelopment of an expert system on multipleintelligences assessment among the groups ofrespondents.Conclusion: Entails that there isreally a need todevelop an expertsystem on MI toassess the coursepreferenceMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  18. 18. Specific Objective of the Study:3. What are the important features that should be includedin the development of an expert system on multipleintelligences assessment?Statistical Tool:Frequency, Percentage and Ranking MethodsFindings: very important MIES features that are @ least 80%:1. Automated Assessment Test2. Printing Features3. Database Management System4. Automatic Interpretation of Results5. Automated Scoring Tool6. A log-in System7. Help AssistantConclusion: created a highest levelof importance for thedevelopment of MIESMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  19. 19. Data Gathering:Descriptive•Survey Method•Interview MethodSoftware Evaluation Design:Descriptive-evaluative Method•Evaluation SchemeMethodologyThe Research ComponentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  20. 20. 152 fourth year high school students of SUFocused on the multiple intelligences assessmentValidity & Reliability of the assessment and interpretation of resultsrelied from the Thinking Style Survey (TSS) for assessing the multipleintelligences of students in line with their course preferences.The development of the proposed software was restricted on thestandard operational procedure of the Guidance Office of High SchoolDepartment of Silliman University. extraction of rules during the knowledge engineering process waslimited from the knowledge providers, namely, Dr. Branton Shearer ofM.I. Research and Consulting, Inc. Ohio, the author of TSS; andguidance counselors in Silliman University.Scope of the StudyThe Research ComponentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  21. 21. The Instrument:Thurstone Scaling (2-point scale)Likert Scale Method (5-point scale)Validation of the Instrument:Face and Content Validation•from Guidance & Counseling, from IT•Good and Scates CriteriaInstrumentThe Research ComponentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  22. 22. Dry-run Survey:15 Respondents (3/sections in SU High School, fishbowlmethod)Cronbach Alpha technique was employed by the use ofstatistical software.Data Gathering ProceduresThe Research ComponentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  23. 23. IdentifyObjectivesDetermine Information RequirementsWork with Users toDesign SystemSoftware Implementation PhaseBuild theSystemUse Input from UsersUser FeedbackRequirements Planning PhaseRapid Application DevelopmentThe Development FrameworkSystem DevelopmentAd0pted: Kendall, Kenneth E. &Kendall, Julie E. (2002). SystemsAnalysis and Design Fifth Edition.Pearson Education, Inc., UpperSaddle River, New Jersey.MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  24. 24. The Knowledge Engineering ProcessSystem DevelopmentDefine Problems & GoalsDefine Problems & GoalsExtraction of KnowledgeExtraction of KnowledgeFamiliarization of the Problem DomainFamiliarization of the Problem Domain- Setting of boundaries- Identifying domain expert and end users- Conducting survey- Learning MI- Interview w/ guidance counselors, inputs from the author of TSS ofUSA, SU students-production rules (If..Then..)- Determining mechanism (LHS to RHS Rules) A = {a1…an}- Formulating description system- Performing results and interpretationMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  25. 25. The Rules (The IF…THEN..)System DevelopmentCategory = CIF C = 1THENC1 = “How much time do you spend…”Question = QIF Q = 1THENQ1 = “Getting lost in a good book”Choices = AA1 = “none”A2 = “Only a little”A3 = “A Fair Amount”A4 = “A lotA5 = “All the time”Ans = ResponseIFAns = A1THENVal = 0IFAns = A2THENVal = 1IFAns = A3THENVal = 3IFAns = A4THENVal = 4MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  26. 26. The MechanismSystem DevelopmentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  27. 27. The CombinationSystem DevelopmentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  28. 28. The CombinationSystem Development9 x 5 DimensionMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  29. 29. The Production RulesSystem Development9 x 5 + 10 x 5 + 7 x 5 + 10 x 545 + 50 + 35 + 50180 RulesMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  30. 30. The Rating InterpretationSystem DevelopmentAnalyzer ()StartGet value_from_AnswerLocate Intelligence_Tracker()If Found()Do While (endof Intelligence)If found()Accumulate value()ElseAssign null value()EndifEnddoEndifEndof Locate()Get (Accumulated_Value)Compute Rating_in_Percentage()Compare Highest_Intelligence_Rating()End.MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  31. 31. Software Development Other Methodologies, Models,Tools and Techniques UsedMIESData Flow DiagramI/O RequirementsEntity-Relationship DiagramNormalizationNetwork ModelProject Management(Software, Hardware, People)User’s ManualPrototypingGantt Chart &PERT/CPMLogical Framework AnalysisFlowchartCost-Benefit AnalysisSystem DevelopmentMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  32. 32. MIES Evaluation1. Accuracy of the functionality: Tested and checked by high school guidance counselor2. User-friendliness & feedback gathering: dry-run to selected high school students3. Efficiency and Applicability: Presented to Guidance & Testing Division of Silliman University4. Total Performance: Panel presentation & evaluation• 5 experts coming from the screening committee• the evaluation result was 4.7 (VERY GOOD). Thus, the proposedsystem is RELIABLE and ready for implementation.MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  33. 33. Intangible Benefits using the PIECES FrameworkI. PERFORMANCE Decreased response time Increased throughputII. INFORMATION & DATA Availability of Test (Questioners, Schedule of the Guidance & Students) Test Results AnswersIII. CONTROL AND SECURITY copying is minimized. A log-in system was established.IV. EFFICIENCY Waste of time is eliminated. Elimination of required effortV. SERVICE Interpretation of result is fast and accurate. Elimination of job steps and processes like the jobs for printing,distribution and collection of questionnaires and results, keeping ofbulked paper records, disorganization of files and the like.MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  34. 34. Recommendation for Further StudyConduct a further study on the following: Deployment of MIES on the internetcapable of offering online assessment. Comparative statistical analysis of theprevious and present assessmentresults, particularly, on the diagnosisand analysis of person’s MI using other MI assessment toolMULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students
  35. 35. II. The Proposed MIES SoftwareMIESSoftware Presentation
  36. 36. MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES EXPERT SYSTEM:A Computer-based Course Advisor For High School Students

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