RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY
Research, Statistics, and Psychology
Jennifer Killough
University of Phoenix
RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY
Research, Statistics, and Psychology
In the field of psychology, there are many branc...
RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY
best way to work through a problem. The scientific method has been very helpful in so...
RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY
solution to their problem. Primary and secondary data provide one with the informatio...
RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY
References
Aron, A., Aron, E., & Coups, E. (2009). Statistics for Psychology (5th ed....
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  1. 1. RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY Research, Statistics, and Psychology Jennifer Killough University of Phoenix
  2. 2. RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY Research, Statistics, and Psychology In the field of psychology, there are many branches. Each branch plays a special role in how psychology works. It is important to learn each branch before practicing in psychology. Knowing each will enhance a person’s performance in the field. This paper with go over the role of research and statistics in the field. It will include the definition of research and the scientific method, will compare and contrast the characteristics of primary and secondary data and explain the role of statistics in research. Research in the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary is defined as: (1) organized study: methodical investigation into a subject in order to discover facts, to establish or revise a theory, or to develop a plan of action based on the facts discovered. (2) study something methodically: to carry out research into a subject. Everyone uses research in their everyday lives. We compare prices to get the best deal. We look into a company’s past performance before hiring them for a job. If we get a new medication, we find out what it is and how it will affect a person in the long run. Research is a vital asset for everyday living. It is needed where we can have the best outcome. Scientific method in the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary is defined as: principles and procedures for the systematic pursuit of knowledge involving the recognition and formulation of a problem, the collection of data through observation and experiment, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses. Though the scientific method is often presented as a fixed sequence of steps, they are better considered as general principles (Wikipedia). These steps include: formulation of a question, hypothesis, prediction, testing and analysis. After many studies, it has been found these steps are the
  3. 3. RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY best way to work through a problem. The scientific method has been very helpful in solving some of the world’s most asked questions. There are two different types of data collected during research, primary and secondary data. Primary data is data used in research originally obtained through the direct efforts of the researcher through surveys, interviews and direct observation. Primary data is more costly to obtain than secondary data, which is obtained through published sources, but it is also more current and more relevant to the research project (InvestorWords.com). The downside to primary data is that the data is based on that person’s opinion and how they perceive the data. It might not be useful as secondary data. Secondary data is data that has previously been collected (primary data) that is utilized by a person other than the one who collected the data (InvestorWords.com). Secondary data is often used in social and economic analysis, especially when access to primary data is unavailable. Secondary data can be split into two different categories: qualitative data and quantitative data. Qualitative data could include personal notes, published material, diaries, and biographies. Quantitative data deals more with numbers, market research, and census. The benefit of secondary data is most of the time consuming research is done. Statistics is the study of the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. It deals with all aspects of data, including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments(Wikipedia). Statistics play a major role in research. The use of statistics allows the researcher to form reasonable and accurate answers from collected information. It also allows the researcher to be certain in the presence of uncertainty. Psychologists use statistical methods to help them make sense of the numbers they collect when conducting research(Aron, Aron, & Coups, 2009). In conclusion, it has been found that research, primary and secondary data plus statistics are important in the field of psychology. Research helps one to learn more about something or find the best
  4. 4. RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY solution to their problem. Primary and secondary data provide one with the information needed in doing research on project at hand. Statistics gives order and a better understanding to a large collection of data. Without research, data and statistics, there would be many questions left unanswered.
  5. 5. RESEARCH, STATISTICS, AND PSYCHOLOGY References Aron, A., Aron, E., & Coups, E. (2009). Statistics for Psychology (5th ed.). : Pearson Education.References Primary data. (2013). InvestorWords.com, June 10, 2013, from http://www.investorwords.com/19322/primary_data.html research. (2013). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/research scientific method. (2013). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/scientific method Scientific method. (2013, June 8). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:19, June 10, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scientific_method&oldid=558882568 Statistics. (2013, June 8). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:42, June 10, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Statistics&oldid=558900275

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