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Law and technology


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Legal issues involving the internet

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Law and technology

  1. 1. Legal Issues Involving Internet Presentation By -: Gurpreet Singh Amarjit & Associates Saturday, 7 th June, 2008 Social Media & Blog Camp
  2. 2. What are the Issues? <ul><li>Intellectual Property </li></ul><ul><li>Defamation </li></ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul>
  3. 3. Intellectual Property <ul><li>“ Creativity of Mind ” </li></ul><ul><li>Forms of Intellectual Property </li></ul><ul><li>Trademarks </li></ul><ul><li>Copyrights </li></ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Design </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical Indications </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Secrets </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Trade Mark? <ul><li>A Name </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Sign </li></ul><ul><li>Colors or combination of colors </li></ul>
  5. 5. Domain Names as a Trade Mark <ul><li>Domain names are capable of being identified as a source of person providing goods or services. Therefore, capable of being protected as Trade Marks. </li></ul><ul><li>Infringement Action can be brought before Civil courts or Arbitration forum </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Copyright? <ul><li>“ Bundle of Rights” </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright Subsists in -: </li></ul><ul><li>Original Literary, Dramatic and Artistic Works </li></ul><ul><li>Cinematograph Films and </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Recordings </li></ul>
  7. 7. Copyright Contd. <ul><li>Copyright gives exclusive right to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproduce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue Copies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make Cinematographic Film </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make Adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make Translation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Copyright Contd. <ul><li>Who Owns Copyright ? </li></ul><ul><li>Author – First Owner of Copyright except </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In Case of Literary, Dramatic or Artistic Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employer; work is done in course of employment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Case of Photograph or Painting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Person whose photograph or painting is drawn for consideration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Photographer or Painter; If taken or drawn during public performance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Copyright Contd. <ul><ul><li>In case of Address or Speech delivered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The person who delivers the speech </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In case of Government Works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright vests with Government </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Copyright Contd. <ul><li>Assignment of Copyright </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should be in Writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be for existing work or future work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assignment can either be in whole work or partial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be general or subject to limitations </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Copyright Contd. <ul><li>Term of Copyright </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In case of Literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works (except photograph) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sixty years after the death of author </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In case of Photographs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sixty years after the first publication </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Copyright Contd. <ul><li>Fair Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In respect of Literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work (not being computer program) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticism or review </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Defamation <ul><li>By Spoken Words (Slander) </li></ul><ul><li>By Written Words (Libel) </li></ul><ul><li>By Signs or by visible representation </li></ul><ul><li>Shall be liable u/s 500 I.P.C for which punishment can extend upto 2 years or fine or both. The offence is non-cognizable, bailable and compoundable. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Jurisdiction <ul><li>Under IT Act, 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Act to Apply to the offenses & contraventions committed outside India irrespective of the nationality of the person committing offence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offenses Defined under IT Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tampering with Computer Source Code </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Publishing of Obscene Information </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Jurisdiction Contd. <ul><li>Offenses not covered by IT Act (eg. Defamation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cr.P.C Provisions to apply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offence committed by Citizen of India outside the country; to be tried as per laws of India </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offence committed by foreign national in a ship or aircraft registered in India; to be tried as per Indian Laws. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offence committed by Foreign National in foreign Jurisdiction; to be tried in foreign courts as per foreign laws. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Jurisdiction Contd.
  17. 17. Contracts <ul><li>An essential legal document defining obligations of the parties. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May decide Jurisdiction of Law (Indian or Foreign) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May decide Choice Law (Indian or Foreign) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May decide Forum of Law (Arbitration or Civil Courts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May decide quantum of damages ( Limitation) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Contracts Contd. <ul><li>Requirements of a Valid Contract </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There should be an Offer, Acceptance and Consideration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The parties must be capable of entering into a contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both Parties must agree to the Terms of the Contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The subject matter of the contract must be legal </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. E-Bye <ul><li>Thanks </li></ul><ul><li>Gurpreet Singh </li></ul><ul><li>Amarjit & Associates </li></ul><ul><li>Suite 404 Law Arcade </li></ul><ul><li>18 – Pusa Road </li></ul><ul><li>New Delhi – 110005 </li></ul><ul><li>Ph: 91 11 28755155, 28752796 Fax: +91 11 28754798 </li></ul><ul><li>E-Mail : [email_address] , [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Web: </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation: </li></ul>