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Lista verbos-irregulares

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Lista verbos-irregulares

  1. 1. LISTA DE VERBOS REGULARES EN INGLÉS infinitive past simple past participle spanish 1. add /æd/ added added añadir, sumar 2. agree /əˈgri:/ agreed agreed estar de acuerdo, acordar 3. allow /əˈlaʊ/ allowed allowed permitir 4. answer /ˈɑ:nsə(r)/ answered answered responder 5. appear /əˈpɪə(r)/ appeared appeared aparecer 6. arrive /əˈraɪv/ arrived arrived llegar 7. ask /ɑ:sk/ asked asked preguntar 8. believe /bɪˈli:v/ believed believed creer 9. belong /bɪˈlɔŋ/ belonged belonged pertenecer 10. borrow /ˈbɒrəʊ/ borrowed borrowed pedir prestado 11. breathe /bri:ð/ breathed breathed respirar 12. call /kɔ:l/ called called llamar, telefonear 13. carry /ˈkæri/ carried carried llevar, transportar 14. change /ʧeɪnʤ/ changed changed cambiar 15. clean /kli:n/ cleaned cleaned limpiar 16. close /kləʊz/ closed closed cerrar 17. consider /kəˈnsɪdə(r)/ considered considered considerar 18. cover /ˈkʌvə(r)/ covered covered cubrir 19. cross /krɒs/ crossed crossed cruzar 20. cry /kraɪ/ cried cried llorar, gritar 21. dance /dɑ:ns/ danced danced bailar 22. decide /dɪˈsaɪd/ decided decided decidir 23. destroy /dɪˈstrɔɪ/ destroyed destroyed destruir 24. develop /dɪˈveləp/ developed developed desarrollar 25. die /daɪ/ died died morirse 26. discover /dɪˈskʌvə(r)/ discovered discovered descubrir 27. dress /dres/ dressed dressed vestirse 28. drop /drɒp/ dropped dropped dejar caer 29. earn /ɜ:n/ earned earned percibir (salario) 30. end /end/ ended ended finalizar, acabar, terminar 31. enjoy /ɪnˈʤɔɪ/ enjoyed enjoyed disfrutar 32. enter /ˈentə(r)/ entered entered entrar en, hacerse socio de 33. explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explained explained explicar 34. fail /feɪl/ failed failed fallar, fracasar, suspender 35. fill /fil/ filled filled llenar 36. finish /ˈfiniʃ/ finished finished terminar 37. follow /ˈfɒləʊ/ followed followed seguir 38. form /fɔ:m/ formed formed formar 39. happen /ˈhæpən/ happened happened suceder, ocurrir 40. help /help/ helped helped ayudar 41. hope /həʊp/ hoped hoped anhelar, esperar 42. increase /ɪnˈkri:s/ increased increased aumentar
  2. 2. infinitive past simple past participle spanish 43. iron /aɪən/ ironed ironed planchar 44. join /ʤɔɪn/ joined joined unirse a 45. jump /ʤʌmp/ jumped jumped saltar 46. kill /kɪl/ killed killed matar, asesinar 47. kiss /kɪs/ kissed kissed besar 48. knock /nɒk/ knocked knocked llamar (a la puerta), golpear 49. last /lɑ:st/ lasted lasted durar 50. laugh /lɑ:f/ laughed laughed reir 51. lay /leɪ/ layed layed poner, extender 52. like /laɪk/ liked liked gustar 53. listen (to) /ˈlɪsən tu:/ listened listened escuchar 54. live /lɪv/ lived lived vivir 55. look after /ˈlʊk ˌɑ:ftə(r)/ looked after looked after cuidar de 56. look at /ˈlʊk ət/ looked at looked at mirar 57. look for /ˈlʊk fə(r)/ looked for looked for buscar 58. look like /ˈlʊk ˌlaɪk/ looked like looked like parecerse a 59. love /lʌv/ loved loved amar 60. manage /ˈmænɪʤ/ managed managed arreglárselas, ir tirando 61. marry /ˈmæri/ married married casarse 62. melt /melt/ melted melted derretir 63. mend /mend/ mended mended reparar, arreglar 64. miss /mɪs/ missed missed echar de menos, perder, errar 65. mix /mɪks/ mixed mixed mezclar 66. move /mu:v/ moved moved mover, mudarse, trasladarse 67. need /ni:d/ needed needed necesitar 68. notice /ˈnəʊtɪs/ noticed noticed darse cuenta, notar 69. obey /ˈəbeɪ/ obeyed obeyed obedecer 70. open /ˈəʊpən/ opened opened abrir 71. organize /ˈɔ:gənaɪz/ organized organized organizar 72. pass /pɑ:s/ passed passed aprobar, pasar 73. permit /ˈpəmɪt/ permitted permitted permitir 74. phone /fəʊn/ phoned phoned telefonear, llamar por teléfono 75. play /pleɪ/ played played jugar, tocar un instrumento 76. post /pəʊst/ posted posted mandar por correo 77. practise /ˈpræktɪs/ practised practised practicar 78. pray /preɪ/ prayed prayed rogar, rezar 79. prefer /prɪˈfɜ:(r)/ prefered prefered preferir 80. prepare /prɪˈpeə(r)/ prepared prepared preparar 81. prevent /prɪˈvent/ prevented prevented impedir 82. produce /prəˈdju:s/ produced produced producir 83. promise /ˈprɒmɪs/ promised promised prometer 84. propose /prəˈpəʊz/ proposed proposed proponer 85. provide /prəˈvaɪd/ provided provided suministrar 86. pull /pʊl/ pulled pulled tirar de
  3. 3. infinitive past simple past participle spanish 87. push /pʊʃ/ pushed pushed empujar 88. quarrel /ˈkwɒrəl/ quarrelled quarrelled pelear 89. rain /reɪn/ rained rained llover 90. raise /reɪz/ raised raised alzar, subir (algo) 91. reach /ri:ʧ/ reached reached alcanzar 92. realize /ˈri:əlaɪz/ realized realized darse cuenta 93. receive /rɪˈsi:v/ received received recibir 94. record /rɪˈkɔ:d/ recorded recorded grabar 95. remain /rɪˈmeɪn/ remained remained permanecer, quedarse 96. remember /rɪˈmembə(r)/ remembered remembered recordar 97. repeat /rɪˈpi:t/ repeated repeated repetir 98. reply /ˌri:ˈpleɪ/ replied replied responder, replicar 99. rest /rest/ rested rested descansar 10 0. save /seɪv/ saved saved ahorrar 10 1. seem /si:m/ seemed seemed parecer 10 2. shave /ʃeɪv/ shaved shaved afeitarse 10 3. smile /smaɪl/ smiled smiled sonreir 10 4. snore /snɔ:(r)/ snored snored roncar 10 5. start /stɑ:t/ started started comenzar, empezar 10 6. stay /steɪ/ stayed stayed estar (en algún sitio) 10 7. step /step/ stepped stepped dar un paso 10 8. stop /stɒp/ stopped stopped parar 10 9. study /ˈstʌdi/ studied studied estudiar 11 0. succeed /səkˈsi:d/ succeeded succeeded triunfar, tener éxito 11 1. suffer /ˈsʌfə(r)/ suffered suffered sufrir, padecer 11 2. suppose /səˈpəʊz/ supposed supposed suponer 11 3. surround /səˈraʊnd/ surrounded surrounded rodear 11 4. talk /tɔ:k/ talked talked charlar, conversar 11 tease /ti:z/ teased teased tomar el pelo
  4. 4. infinitive past simple past participle spanish 11 6. tidy up /taɪdi ʌp/ tidied up tidied up ordenar, poner en orden 11 7. touch /tʌʧ/ touched touched tocar 11 8. travel /ˈtrævl/ travelled travelled viajar 11 9. treat /tri:t/ treated treated tratar 12 0. try /traɪ/ tried tried intentar 12 1. turn /tɜ:n/ turned turned girar, darse la vuelta 12 2. use /ju:z/ used used usar, emplear 12 3. wait /weɪt/ waited waited esperar, dejar pasar el tiempo 12 4. walk /wɔ:k/ walked walked caminar, pasear 12 5. want /wɒnt/ wanted wanted querer, desear 12 6. wash /wɒʃ/ washed washed lavar 12 7. wash up / wɒʃ ʌp/ washed up washed up fregar los platos 12 8. watch /wɒʧ/ watched watched ver la T.V., vigilar 12 9. wish /wɪʃ/ wished wished desear 13 0. wonder /ˈwʌndə(r)/ wondered wondered preguntarse, maravillarse 13 1. work /wɜ:k/ worked worked trabajar 13 2. worry /ˈwʌri/ worried worried preocuparse REGLAS PARA LA ESCRITURA DEL PASADO SIMPLE Y PARTICIPIO DE PASADO DE LOS VERBOS REGULARES. El pasado simple y el participio de pasado de los verbos regulares se forma añadiendo ‘-ed’ ( o ‘-d’, en el caso de verbos acabados en -e) a la forma de infinitivo. 1. En palabras con una vocal corta y que terminan en consonante simple, la consonante se duplica,
  5. 5. e.g. stopped, planned. 2. En palabras que acaban en consonante + y, la -y cambia a -i, e.g. carried, hurried. 3. La -l se duplica en inglés británico (pero no en inglés americano), e.g. travelled. REGLAS PARA LA PRONUNCACIÓN DEL PASADO SIMPLE Y PARTICIPIO DE PASADO DE LOS VERBOS RECULARES. b El sufijo -ed varía en su pronunciación de acuerdo con las reglas que a continuación se indican: 1. -ed se pronuncia /ɪd/ después de /t/ y /d/, e.g. wanted, mended. 2. -ed se pronuncia /d/ después de sonidos sonoros menos ‘d’: vocales y /m, n, ŋ, ʤ, ʒ, g.../, e. g. rained, covered, seemed. 2. -ed se pronuncia /t/ después de sonidos sordos menos ‘t’: /k, p, s, f, ʃ, ʧ, θ.../, e.g. Iooked, helped, crossed. NOTA. Los siguientes verbos pueden ser tanto regulares como irregulares: Infinitive Past simple Past participle BURN BURNED o BURNT BURNED o BURNT DREAM DREAMED o DREAMT DREAMED o DREAMT LEARN LEARNED o LEARNT LEARNED o LEARNT SMELL SMELLED o SMELT SMELLED o SMELT

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