Distributing the wealth


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Coins and Medals 150th anniversary conference paper

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Distributing the wealth

  1. 1. Distributing the wealth Knowledge transfer in numismatics Daniel Pett dpett@britishmuseum.org / @portableant finds.org.ukCoins & Medals 150th Anniversary Conference 18.2.2011
  2. 2. Numismatic data banks
  3. 3. World wide web….
  4. 4. NUMIDAT
  5. 5. OAI – PMH: UK databases
  6. 6. Build your own collection 15 minute coin repository build • Import data via OAI-PMH into Omeka opensource CMS • Not many coin resource OAI endpoints available
  7. 7. NUDS – Numismatic Database Standard• NUDS is a set of suggested field names for recording numismatic information in a column-oriented database.• It is designed to capture information as it currently exists in databases deployed by museums and collectors in “real world” situations.• It is flexible in that it can represent objects for which only very generic information is known or objects that have been described in detail.• It does not mandate a set of required fields.• Was created at an AHRC workshop here at the British Museum
  8. 8. Innovation  Multi period  Multiple object types  Heavy reliance on public donating their information for research  Integrates social media and 3rd party technology  Multiple extraction methods for integration externally
  9. 9. Portable Antiquities Scheme data Broad period Quantity Iron Age 42,217 IRON AGE Greek & Roman 168 GREEK AND ROMAN PROVINCIAL Roman 163,657 * ROMAN Byzantine 94 BYZANTINE Early Medieval 2,242 EARLY MEDIEVAL Medieval 27,075 MEDIEVAL Post Medieval 19,864 POST MEDIEVAL Modern 171 MODERN Unknown 396 UNKNOWN Total 255,784 Percentage 37.6% are coins* S. Moorhead informs me that this figure exceeds Reece’s 1991 corpus of site finds by 10,000
  10. 10. Measuring engagement PAS web use 2010Metric VolumeVisits 371,308Page views 4,233,094Visitors 210,592Pages per visit 11.4 PAS people statisticsMetric VolumeRegistered users 2,580Contributors 18,606Research projects 229Total objects 680,273
  11. 11. Public & professional recording
  12. 12. High resolution images
  13. 13. All coins recorded
  14. 14. Isle of Wight coins
  15. 15. CCI vs PAS data - Overlap
  16. 16. Comparing IARCW vs PAS
  17. 17. Venetian soldino find spotsSince Adam Daubney won the Jeffrey May award in 2010 the firstinstances of the Doges Dandelo and Foscari have been recorded.
  18. 18. P. Walton PhD research [AHRC] Key Outcomes • When did Republican coins arrive in Britain – pre or post Conquest? Conclusion being that the overwhelming majority were first century military losses. • Where, when and by whom were Claudian copies used? Conclusion being military use at first but continued use by wider population into 2nd century AD. • Where is ‘C’ mint in the reigns of Carausius and Allectus? Conclusion is we don’t know as coinage circulates far too quickly and widely to use mint marks as a way of locating the mint. • Is 4th century a period of decline in Roman Britain? Can chart shrinkage in coin use inwards throughout 4th century... • Transformed understanding of coin use and loss in the Isle of Wight: located 30 new archaeological ‘sites’ using clusters of coin evidence. • Piercebridge coins: established that looking at the treatment of coinage (cutting, bending, scratching) can provide just as much information about site function (particularly of votive sites) as Reece analysis.
  19. 19. Roman coin guides
  20. 20. Early Medieval rulers Find spots directly from database Abstract & image from dbpedia (wikipedia)Examples recorded by the Scheme’s staff
  21. 21. Linked drop downs Denomination Roman coins IssuerReverse type Mint Reece period Rep. moneyer Category All Medieval coin periods Issuer Type Denomination Mint Moneyer
  22. 22. Drop downs drive knowledge pagesThese dropdown lists have beenderived from various sourcesincluding EMC, CCI, RIC etc.
  23. 23. And search engine Eliminate errors in search queries by only allowing the available options.
  24. 24. Ancient World linked data • Data bank of ancient place names • Link to these common identifiers • All talking about the same place with an authoritative source
  25. 25. Nomisma linked data model
  26. 26. Disseminate via social media
  27. 27. Image resource
  28. 28. Facebook & Twitter
  29. 29. Wikipedia seedingEnabled by releasing content and data under a Creative Commons licence
  30. 30. Low visibilitySearch for either numismatics or coins produces poor visibility of links tomuseums. Perhaps this can be addressed by the Money & Museums networkthat C&M is working on.
  31. 31. High visibility Guide position on Google 1. Roman – 2nd out of 1.25million 2. Early Medieval – 2nd out of 350K 3. Medieval – 1st out of 340K 4. Greek & Roman – 1st out of 62.5K 5. Post Medieval – 1st out of 300K 6. Byzantine – 1st out of 62.6K 7. Iron Age – 1st out of 280K
  32. 32. Search optimised?
  33. 33. Analytical performance Unusual length of visit Search term: iron age coins lincolnshire Pages viewed: 186.00 Time spent viewing: 2 hours 26 minutes
  34. 34. The end. Visit our website : www.finds.org.ukContact me: dpett@britishmuseum.org Twitter: @portableant