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Open Data - Where can it take us?

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Open Data presentation at iQuest's Inaugural National Public Sector IT Leaders Forum in Dublin, Ireland

http://www.psitleaders.ie/

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Open Data - Where can it take us?

  1. 1. Deirdre Lee Digital Enterprise Research Institute (DERI), NUI Galway Copyright 2011 Digital Enterprise Research Institute. All rights reserved. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  2. 2. Promotional art for Batman #608 (Oct. 2002, second printing) Pencils by Jim Lee and inks by Scott WilliamsEnabling Networked Knowledge
  3. 3.  “In God we trust. Everyone else bring data”  Mayor Mike Bloomberg, New York City “My administration is committed to creating an unprecedented level of in Government. Openness will strengthen our and promote and in Government”  President Obama, US "This revolution in government will make it easier than ever before for the public to make between providers, and hold government to account for the of key public services.”  Prime Minister David Cameron, UK Enabling Networked Knowledge
  4. 4.  nyopendata.socrata.com  924 datasets data.gov  4409 datasets data.gov.uk  >8200 datasets data.worldbank.org data.nytimes.com data.enel.com Enabling Networked Knowledge
  5. 5. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  6. 6. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  7. 7. First workshop of National Cross Industry Working GroupOpen Data ie.ckan.net data-gov.ie First Irish Open on Open DataGoogle Group launched launched Data Week Fingal Open opendata.ie 18-hour Open Dublinked Apps4Fingal Data launched launched Data Challenge launched deadline Enabling Networked Knowledge
  8. 8.  : data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone.* : data and information produced or commissioned by government or government controlled entities.* Not sensitive or private information but core public data on transport, infrastructure, education, health, crime, environment, etc. *Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) http://opengovernmentdata.org/what/ Enabling Networked Knowledge
  9. 9.  Resources:  oil, gas, skilled workforce, infrastructure, etc. Data is also a valuable resource! A by-product of day-to-day governance Enabling Networked Knowledge
  10. 10. 1 Governing Body2 Agency Agency Agency 3 Enabling Networked Knowledge
  11. 11.  Freedom of Information request handling Internal reporting Service indicators submission Queries from neighbouring agencies Queries from the public or media Requests for Open Data Enabling Networked Knowledge
  12. 12. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  13. 13. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  14. 14.  Providing easy access to public data can encourage:  comments, feedback, critique, insights, recommendations, queries.... Two-way discussion Enables government to respond to real-time needs of citizens Enabling Networked Knowledge
  15. 15.  Depends on datasets… To highlight deficiencies, mistakes and inaccuracies within government? To rebuild trust between citizens and government, identify room for improvement, encourage new solutions, and remove inefficiencies. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  16. 16. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  17. 17.  Have a simple page on your website Use an open community data catalogue  The Data Hub (  Irish CKAN ( Set up catalogue using own software  Data.fingal.ie  Dublinked.ie Set up catalogue using Open Source software  Data.gov.uk  Berlin Open Data Use a national Irish data catalogue Enabling Networked Knowledge
  18. 18.  Enabling Networked Knowledge
  19. 19. http://lab.linkeddata.deri.ie/2010/star-scheme-by-example/ Enabling Networked Knowledge
  20. 20. ★ Web  Wide access  Google can index it  People can find it themselves Open License  Regulates reuse of data  Helps maintain provenance  Strengthens business reuse Enabling Networked Knowledge
  21. 21. ★★ Machine-readable Enabling Networked Knowledge
  22. 22. ★★★ Freedom of how to process, analyse and visualise data Proprietary:  Word, Excel, PDF Non-proprietary:  CSV, XML, JSON, Microdata, RDF Enabling Networked Knowledge
  23. 23.  CSV – Comma-Separated Values  More open (and simpler) alternative to Excel format  Can be opened in and exported from Excel, Google Spreadsheets, Google Refine, … KML – Keyhole Markup Language  Simple format for presenting geographic data  Can be opened in Google Maps RSS – Really Simple Syndication  Notifications of updates of any kind  Can be opened in RSS readers and many email clients Enabling Networked Knowledge
  24. 24.  XML – Extensible Markup Language  W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) standard, 1997  established, reliable, ubiquitous JSON – Javascript Object Notation  IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) standard, 2006  great for web APIs  very simple; very fashionable right now RDF – Resource Description Framework  W3C standard, 2004  great for data integration  steeper learning curve Enabling Networked Knowledge
  25. 25. ★★★★ Unique identifiers enable others to point to the data.  <http://www.deri.ie/about/team/member/Deirdre_Lee>  <http://lab.linkeddata.deri.ie/2010/star-scheme-by- example/gtd-4.html#forecast20101113> Enabling Networked Knowledge
  26. 26. ★★★★★http://lod-cloud.net Enabling Networked Knowledge
  27. 27. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  28. 28.  Enabling Networked Knowledge
  29. 29. Governing BodyAgency Agency Agency Enabling Networked Knowledge
  30. 30. Governing BodyCommon standards Agency Agency Agency Enabling Networked Knowledge
  31. 31.  Title Description Category License Quality Format(s) Granularity Format Time Period .... Enabling Networked Knowledge
  32. 32. http://vmsgov03.deri.ie:8080/data-cube-searcher/about.html Enabling Networked Knowledge
  33. 33. Org:BlanchardstownHospital hosp:childrensWard hosp:hasWard Org:hasOrgType Org:hospital Org:hospital Org:hasOrgType hosp:hasWard Org:StJamesHospital hosp:cardiacWard Enabling Networked Knowledge
  34. 34.  Massive Industry Adoption Enabling Networked Knowledge
  35. 35.  Develop a domain model Populate your data model Design URIs Build pages Apply layout and decor CSS Test and iterateMike Atherton, ‘Beyond the Polar Bear’ http://www.slideshare.net/reduxd/beyond-the-polar-bear Enabling Networked Knowledge
  36. 36.  Modular for publishing standard Open Data, based on Open Source components. Deployment  On-site  Hosted service (in the cloud) Enabling Networked Knowledge
  37. 37. Enabling Networked Knowledge
  38. 38.  Mailing List  http://groups.google.com/group/open-data-ireland Workspace  http://workspace.opendata.ie Open Data Publishing Pipeline (ODPP)  http://publishing-pipeline.com Enabling Networked Knowledge

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