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Barkin decrecbarcelona

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Barkin decrecbarcelona

  1. 1. DEGROWTH: New Strategies for Strengthening Tradition
  2. 2. The Fathers of the Scientific Revolution Galileo Galilei Francis Bacon Descartes Isaac Newton Theirs was a mechanical, reductionist vision of the world and the universe. Their vision is the basis for the concept and method of modern science and the western model of development.
  3. 3. Francis Bacon: Nature has to be “hounded in her wanderings”, “bound into service”, and made a “slave”. She was to be “put in constraint”, and the aim of the scientist was to “torture nature’s secrets from her”.
  4. 4. Figure 3: Building sustainability: Social and environmental responsibility Social responsibility Environmental responsibility Participation Communal Territory as Cultural and Work shelter Cohesion Democracy Communality Zoning S Restoration Technological innovation M for sustainability Exploitation R Conservation R Autonomy Support Political- D. of communal Surplus Food networks cultural productive Generation Sovereignty training forces
  5. 5. NEW COMMUNITARIAN RURALITY (Actors creating new persona) Strategic approach: Sustainable Regional Resource Management (People rewriting theory)
  6. 6. Heterodox Ecological Economics Moving Forward • Mainstream science: critical pol. econ. of productive structures and growth • Heterodox paradigm : commitment w/ viable alternatives for well-being • Post-normal science: conservation, production and protection • EE: creating new social-productive models
  7. 7. Alternative social models A homogenous Diverse model worlds • Modernization: • Rural resurgence • Urban-industrial; • Dynamic agriculture • Interdependence; • Productive diversity • market segmentation • Integrated societies • production integrated with • Advanced technologies ecosystem use/protection • Backwardness • Self-sufficiency Science for Capital Science for well-being 7
  8. 8. Struggles for local development Strategic principles: • Autonomy • Self-Sufficiency • Productive diversification • Ecosystem management
  9. 9. QUALITY OF LIFE • Construction–ecological, social, economic criteria • Renewable energy sources • Local materials and natural resources • Purchasing policies: local sources, SMEs • Encourage productive networks (linkages) and broad participation • Codify local epistemologies (post-normal science)
  10. 10. SOCIAL RESPONSES • Formulating local strategies • Building models of coexistence to combat proletarianization • No noble savage; modern autonomy • Redefining global threats to “los de abajo” • Population question: ≠ Malthusianism A matter of gender equality/freedom
  11. 11. A SOLIDARITY ECONOMY • Strengthen COLLECTIVE collaboration • Use local KNOWLEDGE about production and ecosystems • Create synergies among producers: PRODUCTIVE LINKAGES • Identify QUALITY products and ecologically SUSTAINABLE systems • Implement regional circuits for BARTER markets
  12. 12. WATER: Conflict, Marginality, Sickness Abuses (Tribunal LA del Agua): • Inadequate services: Quantity and quality • Deficient infrastructure: Partial coverage; bad maintenance • Forgotten ecosystems: Recharge • Industrial impunity: Mining; agroindustry; industrial/urban discharges 12
  13. 13. WATER: Life, Collaboration, Sustenance Possibilities for social organization : • Universal service: Principle of solidarity • Quality of life : Education to change consumption pattern • Technological change: Quality; availability; conservation 13
  14. 14. The New Culture of Water (Mexicanized) Fundamental principles: 1) Social Economy: (free) • Water as a human right • Water for environmental needs • Water for social solidarity 2) Capitalist Economy: (auction) • Water for economic and social development (punish and end illegal uses of water) 14
  15. 15. The scandalous/careful socio-political construction of NATURAL DISASTERS 15
  16. 16. Ecotourism: Scale and control
  17. 17. Water Forever http://www.quali.com.mx
  18. 18. INNOVATING TRADITION Point of departure: “Discover” vernacular knowledge: avocados reduce cholesterol in mammals Response: Develop a diet for hogs to rescue a traditional system of backyard animal husbandry for fattening pigs
  19. 19. STRENGTHEN TRADITION Challenge: “Identify” social significance to community and problems of producers without choices Response: Develop a diet to strengthen local economy w/ Omega-3 eggs Result: Individual activity community responsibility 20
  20. 20. I R D R I R G I A T P I O N State of the Art Technology
  21. 21. Productive Forestry With wood from pruning
  22. 22. Fair Trade (http://www.artinoaxaca.addr.com)
  23. 23. Waste Water Treatment Plants
  24. 24. Water: Use / Treatment Local adaptations of state of the art technologies ▲ High-valued products ► Opportunities for local management and work 25
  25. 25. MULBERRY • Highly adaptable • Multiple uses: – Food for silk worms – Forage for livestock sheep, cattle, goats as well as rabbits, hogs, poultry – Landscape values – Pharmaceutical uses
  26. 26. Silk Worm (Bombyx mori)
  27. 27. The Silk Worm Cycle A 60 day cycle is aborted in the cocoon phase to obtain silk thread.
  28. 28. OBJETIVES Initiate sustainable management of mulberry and silk worms • 1. Establish nurseries and mulberry plantations in community forests • 2. Establish and adapt rooms for raising silk worms in local households • 3. Produce silk work cocoons and transform them into silk thread • 4. Market silk thread and develop its incorporation into artisan production.
  29. 29. OTHER WORLDS ARE POSSIBLE SAY NO TO “TINA” “There is no Alternative” (Margaret Thatcher – World Bank)
  30. 30. DEGROWTH: New Strategies for Public Water Management Strengthening Tradition Lessons for Democratization barkin@correo.xoc.uam.mx David Barkin Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – Xochimilco Sources: Wealth, Poverty and Sustainable Development D. Barkin 7 Noviembre 2007 Water Management in Mexico Urban CISDA: Analizando el agua 31

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