Développer des modes de vie partageables par tou-te-s Enorme débat dans toute la société est nécessaire Il s'agit d'une décroissance par le haut IL s'agit d'éviter aussi des crises de société incontournable si nous continuons dans cette direction erronée, on ne pourra pas continuer cette utopie de la croissance alors que les ressources et l'espace environnmental sont limitées. Il s'agit de continuer à innover, il s'agit non pas d'un refus du changement, au contraire d'une remise en cause fondamentale de nos façons de faire actuelles. Innovation de styles de vie et de façons de s'organiser.
augmentation des surfaces de logement de 12,9 13% en 10 ans (85-95) 10ha par jour d'autoroute, in occidental europe
With National and G20 « stimulation packages » we can buy at today price all the petrol produced for almost two years at a peak production of 87 barrels a day
Since the invention of the machine this &quot;labor productivity&quot; has risen by a factor of thirty, forty or even fifty--in special cases up to fifty-thousand. In Germany's lignite open cast mines, one machine that is operated by five people is able to extract up to 240,000 metric tons of coal per day2.
Multiple Sources, Dimensions, and Strategies of Degrowth
Multiple Sources, Dimensions, and Strategies of Degrowth François Schneider Research & Degrowth ICTA, UAB [email_address] WWW.DEGROWTH.NET
Outline 1- What is degrowth? 2- Why Degrowth? The multiple Sources. 3- Rebound Effect – Jevons Paradox 4- What Grows/Degrows? The multiple Dimensions 5- How to Degrow? For the process of transformation: the multiple Strategies.
What is degrowth? A democratic collective decision , a project with the ambition of voluntarily getting closer to ecological sustainability and socio-environmental justice worldwide. Cleaner Production 18 (2010) 511–51 It means LESS
<ul>Clarifications for Sustainable Degrowth </ul><ul><li>The first degrowth: degrowth of inequity
Conference objectives <ul><li>Get out of the schizophrenia between the green/social discourse and the growth policies
Get into concrete propositions on the political and personal level </li></ul>
Different Degrowth Sources a- Culturalism : Challenge to profit making, development and uniformity. Latouche, Rist, Caillé etc. b- Meaning of life: Bringing meaning in our relation to the world. Thoreau, Gandhi, Rabhi etc. c- Democracy : Degrowth for democratization. Illich, Fotopoulos, Cheynet etc d- Bioeconomy : Degrowth of exploitation of natural ressources, Smith-Bleek, Georgescu-Roegen etc. e- Ecology : Defense of ecosystems. Odum, etc... f- Egalitarism : Degrowth of inequality & exploitation of other humans. Kempf, Sachs, Ariès etc. Source: inspired from Flipo Fabrice
<ul>Innovations </ul><ul>We can travel further </ul><ul>Reduced fuel costs </ul><ul>More fuel efficient cars </ul><ul>Rebound </ul><ul>Efficiency gain </ul><ul>Savings can be reallocated to more production or consumption </ul><ul>Reduced costs </ul><ul>Efficiency </ul><ul>Rebound effect </ul>
En 1760 En 1910 for 1kwh for 1kwh Energy efficiency reduces Coal consumption?
William Stanley JEVONS in 1865 “ The very contrary is the truth”
From 1760 to 1910: production of energy from coal increase by a factor 2000. Increase of production was made possibly by the increase of the multidimensional capacity to exploit coal From 1760 to 1910: consumption of coal per kwh reduce by a factor 50 In 1760 energy production from coal is limited by prohibitive costs. Source: Victor
The reduction of exploitation of natural resources and humans needs: Degrowth of the capacities to exploit them What should degrow?
Degrowth is about collectively reducing the space we take to leave space for everybody Sharing: - with the world (voluntary simplicity) - with our peers (joint use) Sharing
We need open localisation: - connection with the diversity in all places - reducing distance between production and consumption Closedness no Closeness si Open-localism
Convergence of strategies 2- Alter-growth <ul>Voluntary simplicity and frugal innovations </ul>1- Anti-growth: opposition a- Civil disobedience to banks b- Clown action c- Anti-nano action; Anti-adverts action d- Blocking of mining site e- Opposition to mega-projects f- Landless demonstration in India 4- De-growth <ul>Political actions for the change of institutions a- Promotion of gift economy b- Engaged artists c- Deepening democracy: more direct and participative d- Leaving more resources in/on the ground e- Radical ecology f- For redistribution </ul>5- No-growth: actions for steady state of institutions a- Political struggle to maintain non-market relations b- Conservation of art tradition c- Defense of democratic institutions d- Conservation of resources e- Defense of ecosystems f- Defense of equality rights 3- A-growth: Against “growth religion” Theorisation & Vulgarisation Degrowth work in science and arts
Degrowth direction Less and different in the Global North; More and different in the Global South. Less urbanised areas; More natural areas preserved. Less useless products, Less waste and incineration; More reuse and composting. Less urban space; More cohousing. Less cars, trucks, planes, roads, airports; More bicycles and public transport. Less speed and distance; more (open) relocation More “face to face” meeting; less “screen to screen”
Less supermarkets Less tourism; more travel, local, long & slow. Less industrial agriculture; more organic & vegan. Less fossil and nuclear energy; more renewable energy. Less explosives, buldozers and other “extractors” Less advertizing; more independent information (...) Degrowth direction