“ A systematic arrangement of the sum total of
selected experiences planned by a school or a
defined group of students to attain the aims of a
particular educational programme.”
Florence nightingale international foundation
“ Curriculum is the primary aid in the process of
adjusting the child to the environment in which he
function from day-to-day and in the environment in
which he will have to organize his activities later.”
K G Sayyidan
“ It is a complex of more or less planned and
controlled conditions under which students learn to
behave in their ways. In it, new behaviour may be
acquired, present behaviour maintained or eliminated
and desirable behaviour may become both persistent
Kerney & Cook
“Nursing curriculum is defined as the totality
of the philosophical approaches, curriculum
outcome statements, overall
design, courses, teaching-learning
methods, interactions, learning
climate, evaluation methods, curriculum
policies and resources.”
It includes all the learning experience which
It is the systematic arrangement of certain
courses designed with certain objectives.
The courses offered within a certain field in
The courses studied by an individual child.
It includes the total learning experience
of the child within or outside the
according to his age and ability.
directs the teaching-learning
provides formal and informal contacts.
the blue print plan.
reflects the patterns of life.
tool in the hands of the teacher to give
inculcate the standards of moral action.
The facets of curriculum are:
Goals & Purpose of education
Process of Evaluation
Curriculum of products
Duration of learning.
Courses of study, placement, sequences, and
Programme of evaluation.
AREAS OF STUDY FROM WHERE THE
COMPONENTS OF NURSING CURRICULUM ARE TO
• The natural sciences like biology,
microbiology, biophysics, chemistry, pharmacology
etc gives the information about facts, principles.
• The humanities, behavioural and social sciences like
psychology, sociology, fine arts etc. provide the
insight and background for the development of the
art of nursing.
• Professional nursing areas where by the student
nurse is responsible to learn and practice
nursing, the subjects like fundamentals of
nursing, midwifery, community health
nursing, paediatric nursing and different branches of
The behavioural model
Stenhouse’s proess model:
Similarly teaching methods and learning
experiences can be selected in terms of
worthwhileness as learning activities.
the teacher‟s commitment to professional
development is vital.
Lawton’s cultural analysis model
. Culture is defined as the whole way of life
of society and the purpose of education is to
make available to the next generation what
we regard as the most important aspects of
Beattie’s four fold model
The curriculum as a map of key subjects
The curriculum as the schedule of basic skills
The curriculum as a portfolio of meaningful
The curriculum as the agenda of important
describe the theory form
cope with the knowledge explosion
and scientific advancements.
consistent with theoretical
enable to do active practice.
being creative for the next 15-20
a reasonable length of time.
professional and personal growth.
agreed by the faculty either
implicitly or explicitly.
The illegitimate curriculum:
is the curriculum of insights,
patterns, creativity, strategies,
inquiry and understanding.
This is the curriculum of subtle socialization
of teaching how to think and feel nurses. It is
the curriculum that covertly communicates
priorities, relationships and values.
The null curriculum:
This is the curriculum that exists
only in the hearts and mind of
educators but seldom exists in
“ It is the process of
gathering, sorting, selecting, bala
ncing and synthesizing relevant
information for many sources in
order to design those experiences
that will assist learners in
the goals of curriculum.”
The instructional curriculum:
Philosophy of nursing education:
the goal is to prepare the student so that he can
attain the end for which he was created.
provides information and principles which serve
to help in selection, organization and the
evaluation of learning experiences in the
nursing is one of the social institution concerned
with health, a fundamental need of all people and
consequently can‟t be conceived of today apart
from the society in which it functions
Prepare the number and the kind of nurses
essential to fulfil the nursing needs of the
to assist the student to help them to
overcome the difficulties and in adjusting
Helps in the growth of student in individual
capacities and in social participation.
consists of Subject matter courses
the high-tech-high-touch approach
Transnational career oppurtunities:
abroad career oppurtunities.
depends upon the availability of tangible and
principle of conservation:
The principle of selectivity:
The forward looking principle:
The activity and experience principle:
Principle of all round development of
body, mind and spirit:
Principle of democracy, secularism and
Principle of dignity of labour
Principle of character building
Principle of comprehensiveness and
Principle of loyalties
Principle of connecting to community
Training for leisure:
Principle of core or common subjects
principle of preparation of life
Principle of connecting to life
Child centred curriculum
The creative principle
Principle of integration and co-relation
Principle of maturity
Principle of individual difference
knowledge, skill and attitude.
expected results of the should be clear.
should consider the community needs.
inculcating right attitude.
offer adequate teaching-learning
Follow guidelines of the statutory bodies.
high- tech-high- touch approach.
a participatory approach.
learning environment should resemble the life
FORMULATION OF EDUATIONAL OBJECTIVES
statements of those desired change in
SELECTION OF LEARNING EXPERIENCE
deliberately planned experience in selected
situations which student actively
participate, interact and which result in
desirable changes of behaviour in students.
ORGANIZATION OF LEARNING EXPERIENCE
organized in such a way that the student is able
to practice professional nursing for the next few
EVALUATION OF THE CURRICULUM