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  1. 1. 1<br />Aromatherapy<br /> Mr. Gadade Dipak <br />Lecturer<br />Dept. of Pharmaceutics,<br />Shri Bhagwan College of Pharmacy,<br /> Aurangabad-03<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Use of aromatic or essential oils<br />Hieglyphics (4500 BC) mentioned use of aromatic sub. as drugs and medicine <br />Term ‘aromatherapy’ was coined by French cosmetic chemist Prof. Gantle Fosse.<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />He was aware of potential of aromatic material for treatment of physical & mental ailments.<br />India- traditional use of aromatherapy ubtane, essence sticks, and dhoops for changing mood<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Introduction<br />Essential oils were used due to their antimicrobial property to avoid putrefaction of dead bodies in process of preservation<br />Greeks used of aromatic principles for massage, aromatic bath & for wound healing<br />
  5. 5. Theory & Basic Concepts<br />Osphresiology- study of physiology & other aspects of olfaction. <br />It is interdiciplinary science involving mol. physics & app. psychology<br />
  6. 6. Theory & Basic Concepts<br />Chemical molecules from source come in contact with anatomical structures where interaction occurs and signals are transferred to brain<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Theory & Basic Concepts<br />Researchers from Weizmann Institutes of sci., Israel have found out principle of smell<br />Aromatic chem. G-protein stimulation<br />Production of Adenylate cAMP cyclase activation <br /> Increased ionic permeability Impulse<br /> transmission <br />
  8. 8. Theory & Basic Concepts<br />The electric impulse is transmitted through nerve fibers to brain <br />Aromatic substances have potential curative abilities in treatment of wounds, acne, other skin problems, arthritic diseases and stress conditions<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Diagnosis<br />Aromatherapist carefully narrate the problem of patient <br />Aromatherapist investigates about diet, lifestyle, present symptoms, past illness and previous treatment<br />After diagnosis he prescribes specific essential oils as a remedy.<br />The aromatic oil formulation is decided based upon the diagnosis.<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Treatment<br />Formulated oils are massaged into skin, inhaled or added to the hot bath. <br />OilMassage- selected for skin problems, muscular pain, urinogenital disorder, etc.<br />Inhalation- selected in respiratory diseases and in some nervine diseases.<br />Massagetechnique- specific pressure points and works down to lymph nodes<br />Oils selected carefully for quicker effect<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Treatment<br />For single application 2-3drops of essential oil in a teaspoonful carrier oil used <br />Whole body massage require 8 drops of essential oil in 3 teaspoonful carrier oil<br />Wheat germ oil(10%)used as preservative<br />Oils for massage- chamomile, geranium, lavender, mandin, peppermint oil, etc.<br />Oils as carrier- Olive oil, almond oil, corn oil, etc.<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Treatment<br />Full bath: 5-10 drops of essential oil added to warm bath & body immersed for 10 to 20 min.<br />Half hand/foot bath: 4-8 essential oil drops blown in warm water & hands/feet soaked for 5 to 10 min.<br />Compress Treatment: 4-8 drops of essential oil added in enough hot/cold water so as to soak compress & applied to affected area<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Treatment<br />Hot water is recommended in cases like backache, toothache and rheumatic pain<br />Cold water is preferred in bruise, sprain and headache<br />Inhalation: 4-8 drops sprinkled on tissue paper or in hot water and inhaled for 5 to 10 min keeping eyes closed. It is contraindicated in asthmatic patient<br />Internaluse: as a aromatic tea or other liquids preparation<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Various Disorders and Aromatic Oils <br />14<br />
  15. 15. Various Disorders and Aromatic Oils <br />15<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />May these flowers <br />spread happiness…<br />