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Environmental dimension in a ship’s life cycle<br />Presented by:<br />Deepak Tiwari<br />Nishant Pant<br />
What Is Product Life Cycle?<br />The average life period of a particular product.<br />How long a particular product will ...
PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE<br />Birth<br />Growth<br />Maturity<br />Decline and death<br />12/8/2009<br />3<br />Environmental Di...
LIKE  EVERY OTHER PRODUCT…..<br />SHIPS ALSO HAVE A LIFE CYCLE<br />12/8/2009<br />4<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ship...
Life cycle of a Ship…….<br />Can also be classified into 4 stages…<br />12/8/2009<br />5<br />Environmental Dimensions in ...
Life Cycle of Ship<br />Design<br />Construction<br />Operation<br />Scrapping<br />12/8/2009<br />6<br />Environmental Di...
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)<br />Used to identify, evaluate and minimize energy consumption and environmental impacts with...
Thus LCA is…..<br />A systematic way of examining the environmental impacts of a product throughout its life cycle, from r...
Input/output of any industrial processes.<br />ENERGY<br />Products<br />Industrial Processes<br />Environmental Impact<br...
Materials
Know-how
Manpower</li></ul>Waste<br />Emission<br />12/8/2009<br />9<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
BASIC CONCEPT OF LCAAn environmental approach<br />After scrapping, waste material needs to be disposed off.<br />Special ...
 Energy & environment of pre-production stage<br />Energy Sources<br />Transport.<br />Transport<br />Material Extraction ...
Land pollution
Solid Waste</li></ul>Consumers<br />12/8/2009<br />11<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
The main objectives of LCA are:<br />Minimization of energy consumption<br />Minimization of environmental impacts<br />Ra...
Main concepts of LCA of a product:<br />Raw Materials <br />Energy<br />Product Life Cycle<br /><ul><li>Waste
Emission</li></ul>Rationalization<br />Product Improvement<br />Minimization<br />Life cycle Assessment<br />12/8/2009<br ...
Inventory analysis<br />Identification and calculation of energy and resources used and environmental releases to air, wat...
Environmental impact assessment (EIA)<br />Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is the technical qualitative and quantita...
The main elements to be considered in an EIA<br />Resources<br />Human health<br />Global warming<br />Depletion of strato...
Improvement analysis<br />It is the evaluation and implementation of opportunities to reduce environmental burdens.<br />T...
Cumulative energy and emission<br />Ship building Stage<br />Ship Operation Stage<br />Ship Scrapping Stage<br />
LCA of ships<br />LCA of Ship = rational use of material + outfitting material + energy consumption + environmental impact...
Environmental dimension in ship design…<br />Integral part of rational approach to ship design.<br />Also called ship desi...
Rational use of materials…<br />The main materials commonly used in the shipbuilding industry, which require rationalizati...
The rational use of these materials should not only reduce energy consumption and the negative environmental impacts but s...
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Imt Presentation On Ships Life Clycle

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Deepak Tiwari

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Imt Presentation On Ships Life Clycle

  1. 1. Environmental dimension in a ship’s life cycle<br />Presented by:<br />Deepak Tiwari<br />Nishant Pant<br />
  2. 2. What Is Product Life Cycle?<br />The average life period of a particular product.<br />How long a particular product will stay in the market.<br />PLC of product is divided into 4 stages:<br />Introduction<br />Growth<br />Maturity<br />Decline<br />12/8/2009<br />2<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  3. 3. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE<br />Birth<br />Growth<br />Maturity<br />Decline and death<br />12/8/2009<br />3<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  4. 4. LIKE EVERY OTHER PRODUCT…..<br />SHIPS ALSO HAVE A LIFE CYCLE<br />12/8/2009<br />4<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  5. 5. Life cycle of a Ship…….<br />Can also be classified into 4 stages…<br />12/8/2009<br />5<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  6. 6. Life Cycle of Ship<br />Design<br />Construction<br />Operation<br />Scrapping<br />12/8/2009<br />6<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  7. 7. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)<br />Used to identify, evaluate and minimize energy consumption and environmental impacts with respect to its life of the product.<br />Sometimes called as “cradle-to-grave ” assessment.<br />Provides better designs.<br />Makes product cost effective.<br />Helps provide environmentally sound products.<br />Provides ideas for efficient waste mgmt. systems.<br />12/8/2009<br />7<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  8. 8. Thus LCA is…..<br />A systematic way of examining the environmental impacts of a product throughout its life cycle, from raw materials extraction through the processing, transport, use and finally product disposal.<br />12/8/2009<br />8<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  9. 9. Input/output of any industrial processes.<br />ENERGY<br />Products<br />Industrial Processes<br />Environmental Impact<br /><ul><li>Financial Resources
  10. 10. Materials
  11. 11. Know-how
  12. 12. Manpower</li></ul>Waste<br />Emission<br />12/8/2009<br />9<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  13. 13. BASIC CONCEPT OF LCAAn environmental approach<br />After scrapping, waste material needs to be disposed off.<br />Special Considerations regarding <br />Waste prevention.<br />Waste minimization at source.<br />Reuse, recover, repair, recycle.<br />Incineration (burning with or without energy recovery)<br />Landfill<br />12/8/2009<br />10<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  14. 14. Energy & environment of pre-production stage<br />Energy Sources<br />Transport.<br />Transport<br />Material Extraction industry<br />Raw Material<br />Engineering material<br />Steel and aluminum<br /><ul><li>Air pollution
  15. 15. Land pollution
  16. 16. Solid Waste</li></ul>Consumers<br />12/8/2009<br />11<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  17. 17. The main objectives of LCA are:<br />Minimization of energy consumption<br />Minimization of environmental impacts<br />Rationalization of material used<br />12/8/2009<br />12<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  18. 18. Main concepts of LCA of a product:<br />Raw Materials <br />Energy<br />Product Life Cycle<br /><ul><li>Waste
  19. 19. Emission</li></ul>Rationalization<br />Product Improvement<br />Minimization<br />Life cycle Assessment<br />12/8/2009<br />13<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  20. 20. Inventory analysis<br />Identification and calculation of energy and resources used and environmental releases to air, water and land for all the processes within the system boundary.<br />The system boundaries includes :<br />Main production sequence , <br />Handling and transport operations, <br />Production and use of fuels, generation of energy (electricity and heat, including fuel production)<br />Disposal of all process wastes<br />12/8/2009<br />14<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  21. 21. Environmental impact assessment (EIA)<br />Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is the technical qualitative and quantitative characterization and assessment of the consequences on the environment. <br />The impact analysis addresses ecological and human health consequences and resource depletion.<br />12/8/2009<br />15<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  22. 22. The main elements to be considered in an EIA<br />Resources<br />Human health<br />Global warming<br />Depletion of stratospheric ozone<br />Acidification<br />Habitat alterations and impacts on biological diversity<br />Risk assessment<br />12/8/2009<br />16<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  23. 23. Improvement analysis<br />It is the evaluation and implementation of opportunities to reduce environmental burdens.<br />This could be achieved by:<br />The efficient use of natural and man-made materials and in a cost effective manner, <br />Better measurement of environmental impacts,<br />Minimization of consumption and management of wastes by recycling/reuse of waste as a raw material, <br />Using clean technologies, polluting less, cleaning up the pollution,<br />Using risk assessment and management.<br />12/8/2009<br />17<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  24. 24. Cumulative energy and emission<br />Ship building Stage<br />Ship Operation Stage<br />Ship Scrapping Stage<br />
  25. 25. LCA of ships<br />LCA of Ship = rational use of material + outfitting material + energy consumption + environmental impact…this is applicable in all stages of the ship design till scrapping i.e.<br /> Design, construction.<br />Outfitting, operation, maintenance & repair, &<br />Finally in ship scrapping… …<br />12/8/2009<br />19<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  26. 26. Environmental dimension in ship design…<br />Integral part of rational approach to ship design.<br />Also called ship design for environment (DFE). <br /> (safety, economy, energy efficiency, environmental performance and ship disposal)<br />12/8/2009<br />20<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  27. 27. Rational use of materials…<br />The main materials commonly used in the shipbuilding industry, which require rationalization, are: <br />steel plates and sections,<br />welding coils and rods,<br /> castings, <br />forged parts,<br />timber, paintings, etc.<br />12/8/2009<br />21<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  28. 28. The rational use of these materials should not only reduce energy consumption and the negative environmental impacts but should also have positive economic gains. <br />The minimization of the negative environmental impacts and wastes in ship construction could be achieved by the efficient use of ship construction materials, welding rods, paints, etc.<br />12/8/2009<br />22<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  29. 29. Environmental impact of shipproduction<br />Energy used:<br />Direct<br />Indirect<br />The indirect energy used in the shipbuilding industry is used for the manufacture and production of the following main items:<br />steel plates and sections, main and auxiliary<br />engines, equipment, fittings, welding coils<br />The direct energy required for ship<br />construction is used for handling and<br />transport (raw materials, fabricated sections and blocks), fabrication processes (cutting, forming, welding), assembly of steel plates and sections.<br />12/8/2009<br />23<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  30. 30. Environmental impacts of shipoperation<br />Oceans are essential parts of the global life support system. They influence the climate and provide food and other resources for our growing world population. However, oceans are under increasing environmental stress from shipping operations.<br />With regard to energy consumption, ships require less energy to carry a given tonnage of cargo over a given distance than all other means of transport. <br />The environmental impacts of ship operation should be considered for both modes of operation at sea and in ports.<br />
  31. 31. Environmental Impact on ship operations.<br />
  32. 32. Environmental impact of shipscrapping<br />Ship scrapping is becoming an important industry in several countries : - <br />For ship owners, the decision to scrap a ship, continuing the operation or convert to a different trade requires condition assessment and economic evaluation. <br />Because of the increasing costs of acquiring a new ship, some ship owners have extended the life of some of their ships by upgrading either hull, machinery or both. Extending a ship’s life is a positive attitude to protect our natural resources.<br />12/8/2009<br />26<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  33. 33. 12/8/2009<br />27<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />
  34. 34. 12/8/2009<br />Environmental Dimensions in Ships life Cycle<br />28<br />QUERIES AND SUGGESTIONS PLEASE…<br />

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