Imt Ppt To Be Delivered On Friday

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Imt Ppt To Be Delivered On Friday

  1. 1. Presentation <br />on <br />International <br />maritime transport<br />Topic: changing trends<br />Presented By:<br />Aniket Singh<br />Atul Sharma<br />Deepak Tiwari<br />Nishant Pant<br />Jogender Singh<br />Manpreet Singh<br />Rohit Singh<br />Shobhit Srivastava<br />Subodh Kumar<br />
  2. 2. Types and Trends<br />Trends in ships type…<br /><ul><li>Causes behind the changes in trends:</li></li></ul><li>Huge Capital investment….<br />CAUSES:<br />Dry cargo ships (50-60% time in ports.<br />Rising cost for lifting cargo (from 5 to 30% of TC)<br />Hugh cost of manufacturing.<br />High turn-around time.<br />Trend in 1950’s-60’s<br />Low freight Rate<br />Rising Cost<br />
  3. 3. What constraints are there on size?<br />
  4. 4. Changing Trends…<br />Improved technology… harbinger of growth.<br />Factors causing change in trends:<br />Incentives to build large ships:<br />
  5. 5. Disadvantages of larger ships:<br />Disadvantages are more then advantages, then too, large tankers have become the accepted mode…<br />
  6. 6. What should be the Optimum size of ship?<br />Optimum size =Maximum Size that the ship owner can fill + operate safety on the routes + reasonable turn-around time<br />Effect of market conditions on ship types and operations:<br />After Korean war end i.e. 1960s, demand was growing, so as supply. Therefore freight rate were low… hence profits were also low.!! <br />
  7. 7. The focus laid down to two key areas:<br />Cargo handling cost shared a large proportion of Total Transport costs.<br />Large ships were introduced.<br />
  8. 8. Conclusion<br />Nothing is stagnant, and growth itself show moving ahead.. The trends in ships have changed from time to time simply based on the above mentioned fact. In 1960s the growth was although not good and the profit margins were low too. But the 1970s was the boom period for shipping which encouraged not only the usual round of new ship ordering but also encouraged new entries in the business. Eventually competition increased and the services became better. But later crude oil prices rose and downfall again happened and trend changed to diesel engine and steam engine… <br />

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