India, with reputation as a
destination for IT and BPO, is
fast emerging as a major
center for cutting-edge
research and development
(R&D) projects for global Businesses are setting up
multinationals such as ambitious R&D projects, in part to
Microsoft and Motorola as well serve the Indian market, at the
as Indian firms. same time with an eye on
delivering new generations of
products faster and cheaper to the
INDIA - GLOBAL R&D HUB
Scientific research and
development can • India has superb scientific infrastructure.
benefit greatly by • India provides low cost R&D model to global
cooperation and • India has large pool of English speaking
collaboration. skilled people.
With emphasis now • India is at fore front of IT, key facilitator of
shifting to external
technology acquisition R&D.
to complement internal • India has excellent Global Communication
efforts which is leading facilities.
to lot of Mergers & • India has stable Geo-Political and Economic
India is and can
become R&D Hub for • India itself is a huge market.
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT - MARKET
• US$ 5.5
Billion 60% of World’s
2008- Leading Product
09 / OEM companies
source a part of
• US$ 4.1 “Unlimited
Growth program drives
in Indian villages
(Year to Year)
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT - INVESTMENTS
2008- Billion like Cisco and
09 Intel are
R&D presence in
• US$ 100 + Fortune
12.1 500 Companies
Growth have R&D
centers in India
(Year to Year)
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT - TRENDS
R&D spending is
increasing rapidly • The most important factor for success in global market
across the globe, is technical skills and innovation to produce superior
especially by products at competitive rates, which leads to higher
private players in spending by businesses globally to gain such skills.
abroad by large • IBM, HP and Google are spending 30% on research
corporate from outside US.
• 100 foreign companies of Japan, Germany, UK, France
countries is rising • and South Korea have about set up in India by in USA.
More than 100 R&D centers
250 R&D facilities
faster than their Multinational Companies.
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT - POLICY
Indian Policy is focused to promote international science and
technology cooperation, for achieving the goals of national
development and security and to make collaboration in fields of
science and technology a key element of its international relations.
India provides convenient mechanism for technology transfer inside and across countries.
India provides free and flexible movement of highly skilled personnel.
India provides suitable taxation and related arrangements in respect of R&D.
India provides good legal framework to facilitate collaborative R&D and dispute settlement.
India allow 100% FDI in majority of sectors and full repatriation of capital and profits.
India is signatory of various S&T, IPR and other international treaties impacting R&D.
India has accepted R&D programs under the chapter on “Trade in Services” of WTO.
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT – KEY AREAS
Material Science Cellular and
and Solid State Molecular
Information and Medical Sciences
Communication and Human Geophysics
Technology Genome Research
Embedded Nanotechnology Pharmaceuticals
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT – EXISTING UNITS
Automotive • Honda, Visteon, Ford, General Motors, Daimler Chrysler
Aerospace • Honeywell
Chemical • Cargill, DuPont
Conglomerates & Consumer • GE, Samsung, LG, Hyundai, Unilever, Whirlpool, Philips, Electrolux ,
Goods Sony, Siemens, Kone
• Intel, Texas Instruments, Motorola, Cisco, IBM, ST Micro Electronics, Xilinx,
Hardware & Semiconductor NVIDIA, AMD, BELL Labs, 3Com
• Adobe, Microsoft, Oracle, Yahoo, Google, Cadence, Symantec / Veritas,
Biotech & Pharmaceuticals • Merck, Glaxo SmithKline, Pfizer, Astra Zeneca
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT – PROOF OF EXCELLENCE
cranked out 40
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT – PUBLIC SECTOR
Number of Research Centers
Number of Scientinsts ('00s)
CSIR ICAR ICMR DBT DRDO DAE DOS/ISRO
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT – HUMAN RESOURCE
Total Graduate Pool Annual Addition
35 32 3
30 2.5 2.2
0.7 1.5 0.03 0.06
All Values in Millions
INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION
No. of Engineering Colleges - 2421
Universities – 471
Colleges – 22064 IITs NITs
Faculties – 5.21 lakhs
Students – 123.77 lakhs DEGREE
No. of Medical Colleges - 273 500000 470000
35000 31298 400000
20000 Colleges 250000
10000 6600 150000
34975 23000 39500
0 3380 3900
IITs NITs DEGREE DIPLOMA
INDIA – STRATEGICALLY PLACED
Lost Sight of India with its
PROPENSITY TO INNOVATE
Fresh & Favorable Policy
Innovative Regime and
and Propensity to
Reduced Innovate, Emerging
Innovation as R&D Hub of 21st
Depressed Uncertain Growing Booming
STATE OF ECONOMY
INDIA LEADING THE RACE
countries by number of
research and development
LEVERAGE INDIA – R&D MODELS FOR MNCS
• Companies can open there
R&D Alliances • Companies can outsource
own captive R&D center. the complete R&D process
Managed, funded, and • Companies can partner to private or public sector
operated by themselves. with other Indian R&D labs and Universities.
• LG companies to establish • Samsung-IITD
• Samsung research facility. • Analog Devices - IITM
• IBM Research Center) • Suzuki – Maruti
• DuPont- Reliance