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Passive

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Passive

  1. 1. The passive<br />Welcome to a presentation on<br />
  2. 2. The passive<br />In an ACTIVE sentence, the subject is the person or thing that performs the action:<br />Masked thieves stole a valuable painting from the museum last night.<br />When you take this into PASSIVE sentence, the object of the verb becomes the subject:<br />A valuable painting was stolen from the museum last night.<br />
  3. 3. The passive contd…<br />The passive is formed with the auxiliary verb be and the past participle of the verb:<br />The painting is valued at 2 million dollars.<br />The lock had been broken and the cameras had been switched off.<br />
  4. 4. Use the passive<br />When you do not know who performed the action, or when this information is not important. It is common in formal writing, for example scientific writing:<br />The liquid is heated to 60o and then filtered.<br />Note:<br />If you want to mention who performed the action, you use by at the end of the sentence:<br />The theft is being investigated by the police.<br />
  5. 5. Use of passive contd…<br />When you want to serve new or important information until the end of the sentence for emphasis:<br />The picture was painted by Constable.<br />It is possible to put a verb that has two objects into the passive:<br />(active) The director told the staff the news this morning.<br />(passive) The staff were told the news this morning by the director.<br />Some verbs cannot be used in the passive, and this is shown at the entries.<br />
  6. 6. Thank you<br />

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