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Parts of speech

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Parts of speech

  1. 1. Parts Of Speech-Presentation Made By Rohan Gandhi
  2. 2. Parts Of SpeechOur speech (talk) is made up of different kinds of words.Just as we require different kinds of workmen to build ahouse, we need different kinds of words to build up alanguage.According to the different jobs that the words do, they fallinto nine different classes that are as under :(1) Nouns (2)Pronouns (3)Verbs (4)Adjectives(5)Adverbs (6)Prepositions (7)Conjunctions(8)Interjections.
  3. 3. Nouns Nouns are naming words. They namepersons, places, things, qualities, states, actions, feelings etc. They may be used as subjects, objects orcomplements in sentences.For example:(1)Anil is a cunning boy.(2)Our school is near the bus-stop.(3)The sheep is a meek animal.(4)My books are on the table.(5)Honesty pays in a long run.(6)I have sympathy with you.
  4. 4. Pronoun Pronoun = Pro + NounA pronoun is a word used in place of a noun to avoid itsrepetition.For example: I, we, me, us, he, him,it, herself, themselves, this, that, who,whose, somebody,all,all, etc.(1)Mohan and Sohan are friends. They study together.(2)This is Mr. Shah to whom I met in the park.
  5. 5. Verbs A verb is a word that denotes an action orpredicates a fact.Actions Fact(1)We came by bus. (1)Ramu is a thief.(2)I shall help you (2)They were fastin trouble. friends.(3)Birds fly in air. (3)Lucy was a pretty girl .For example: (1) I can lift this load.(2) Bob writes a letter.(3) The king laughed loudly.(4) The baby is crying.
  6. 6. Adjectives An adjective is a word that adds to the meaning of a nounor pronoun.For example:(1)Raju is a tall lad.(2)Ramu is very lazy.(3)Abdul Majid was a brave soldier.(4)Taj Mahal is a wonderful building.(5)The Indian nation is a great nation.(6)Domestic animals are useful to us.(7)She is a true patriot.
  7. 7. Adverb An adverb is a word that qualifies or adds to the meaningof a verb, an adjective or another adverb.For example:(1)Shiela shall come tomorrow.(2)Do it right now.(3)Go, there please.(4)The crow flew away.(5)You should eat slowly.(6)Please do it again.(7)It is extremely hot.
  8. 8. Preposition Preposition = Pre + PositionA preposition is a word or a group of words placed beforea noun or a pronoun to show its relation with some othernoun or pronoun in the sentence.For example:(1)His uncle deals in cloth.(2)Place these books on the table.(3)She is very fond of coffee.(4)There is a narrow bridge across the river.(5)We sleep during night.
  9. 9. Conjunction Conjunction = Con + JunctionA conjunction is a word that joins together words, phrases,clauses or sentences.For example:(1)Ram and Sham.(2)He is poor yet he is honest.(3)Pay the fine or go back home.(4)I as well as you am guilty.(5)Behave yourself else you will suffer.(6)The good love God while (whereas) the bad love money.
  10. 10. Interjection An interjection is a word expressing a sudden feeling ofthe mind.For example:(1)Hurrah ! Daddy has come. (Joy)(2)Ha ! What a lovely child ! (Surprise)(3)Bravo ! a fine hit. (Approval)(4)Lo ! There comes mummy. (Attention)(5)May you be ever happy ! (Blessing)(6)If I were a millionaire ! (Wish)

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