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1. SAP Production PlanningQuestions, Answers,and ExplanationsSAPCOOKBOOK.COM2. Please visit our website at www.sapcookbook...
deletion.............................47Question 37: COGI...............................................................49Q...
............................................109Question 89: Sample material issue against productionorder ...................
shirt material master number B also logged as a stock item.2. We have Created asubcontracting Info Record for the shirt.3....
order via CO03 and the statusis currently set to 1 OPEN for all Act. Is this the reasonwhy?Should I change it to 3 CLSD Cl...
include the status of your purchasing documents(pending versus complete). However,this would require anABAP development (P...
make sure that where the same characteristic is used in both lower KMATs, they have thesame set of possible values;2) To c...
where the system checks for the availablecapacity before scheduling it? That is, if thecapacity in notavailable at a work ...
select the basic data and then change the statusto release..You can modify it at the sameplace where you had attachedit in...
variant are selected.Configurable materials are either created in a materialtype that allowsthe configuration (n the standar...
„0310‟.PERFORM bdc_field USING „BDC_OKCODE‟ „=OPT2‟.PERFORMbdc_dynpro USING „SAPLCOKO1‟ „0115‟. - 34 -42. SAP Production Pl...
can visit the site http://digilander.libero.it/vietrim/index.html for some demo aboutcapacity check. - 40 -48. SAP Product...
such acase, without users changing their PO?✍ ANSWERThe rule for maintenance isbased on how you want to controlthe input o...
allowed.We have a scenario in which 1 EA = 5.54 * 6.66 M, so wedefine 36.89M2;However it is not accepting decimal places. I...
knowledge, there is no restriction. It is a 2 lengthcharacter field, so it can accept numerictill 99, alpha numericand 2 ch...
CR03OPCN – Matrix – Delivery TimeOP4A – Define Shift programOPCR and OPCS –Define Formula (Example Overhead)OPJP – Define pro...
73. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 51COPY BOM from Productionto costingWe have implemented a few months ago a...
repetitive manufacturing,back flush type is “assembly back flush”.I have planned orderbut I don‟t put it in the MFBF transac...
83. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 60Select order in capacitylevelingWhen I do dispatching to the work center...
HALB and FERT) is not maintained foritem category “L” i.e. stock item. It is notallowing to createBOM with material ROH/ H...
order.System error message is:CO434Production order XXXXXXXX purchase orderXXXXX stillexists.Is it a program error?✍ ANSWE...
processes like screenprinting, curing, lamination, cutting etc. The final product isanindividual sticker but this sticker i...
pushbutton; so-calleddisproportional factor) to split the costs between main andco-product. You also have to maintain the ...
108. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 82Common problems whileRunning MRPI am quoting some common problems which...
the total of labor time based oncharacteristic values assigned in the sales order? Can Iputthe characteristic values in a ...
line along with the production order.Throughout the production cycle, this sample isphysicallyout of the storage location ...
delivered field in the production order screenshows zero. Why is that happening?✍ANSWERCheck the status if it is DLV. If no...
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  1. 1. 1. SAP Production PlanningQuestions, Answers,and ExplanationsSAPCOOKBOOK.COM2. Please visit our website at www.sapcookbook.com© 2006 Equity Press all rightsreserved.ISBN 1-933804-09-2All rights reserved. No part of this publication maybereproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in anyform or by any means,electronic, mechanical, photocopying,recording or otherwise, without either the priorwrittenpermission of the publisher or a license permitting restrictedcopying in the UnitedStates or abroad.The programs in this book have been included forinstructional valueonly. They have been tested with care butare not guaranteed for any particular purpose.The publisherdoes not offer any warranties or representations not does itaccept anyliabilities with respect to the programs.Trademark noticesSAP, SAP EBP, SAP SRM,Netweaver, and SAP New Dimensionare registered trademarks of SAP AG. Thispublisher gratefullyacknowledges SAP permission to use its trademark in thispublication.SAP AG is not the publisher of this book and isnot responsible for it under any aspect ofthe law.3. TABLE OF CONTENTSSAP PP Questions, Answers, and Explanations ....... viiQuestion 1: Authorization for Costs in Production Order................................................................ 1 Question 2: Assignment of production order.................. 2 Question 3: Split planned order during MRP run by production version..........................................3 Question 4: Subcontracting ................................................4Question 5: Using MIGO for Goods Issue Reversals .......6 Question 6: Entries get postedthough production order has been closed.....................................7 Question 7: SplitProduction orders ..................................9 Question 8: Reverse MRP‟ for obsoleterequirements ..10 Question 9: MRP Run for Material Range .......................12 Question10: Maintain Alternative Item Group Error......13 Question 11: Location of time oftransaction MD05 ........14 Question 12: Combining two Configurable Materials .....15Question 13: BOM Error .....................................................17 Question 14: Work centerformula .....................................18 Question 15: Variant configuration and BOM...................19 Question 16: Scheduling of planned order .......................20 Question 17:Capacity Planning .........................................21 Question 18: Components for lower levelconfigurable not exploded ..................................................23 Question 19: Localdependency .........................................25 Question 20: Reprint production order.............................26 Question 21: Single Screen Confirmation .........................27Question 22: With more than one component use LSMW forBOM..............................................28 Question 23: Batch Management - CharacteristicsReport...29 Question 24: Configurable material/BOM .........................304. Question 25: Storage Resources ........................................31Question 26: ProductionOrder Long Text ........................33Question 27: Modified strategy63......................................36Question 28: Demand Management...................................37Question 29: MRP RUN.......................................................38Question 30: Capacity leveling - individual capacity(CM27) ............................................................39Question 31: Capacity planning beforeactual planning ...40Question 32: Trouble with Scheduling ..............................41Question33: Planned Orders and Capacity Evaluation ..42Question 34: Capacity Planning.........................................44Question 35: Work center basic dataview........................45Question 36: Flag material for
  2. 2. deletion.............................47Question 37: COGI...............................................................49Question 38: Decimal Places Error whiledefining Alternate UOM...............................................50Question 39: Conversion ofPlanned Orders into PR for Product Order..........................................51Question 40:Using Alternative BOMS ..............................52Question 41: Pricing determination forActivity Type .....53Question 42: Maximum number of group counters in Routing Group...........................................55Question 43: MTO or MTS?.................................................56Question 44: Auto selection of Routing at Productionorder creation ................................................58Question 45: Production Version and thedocument year 2006 ........................................................59Question 46: Capacityplanning in PP ...............................60Question 47: Routing query................................................61Question 48: Relevance of ownership of material...........62Question 49: Partial Reversal of Production Order .........64Question 50: Unableto schedule Production Order on Jan 2 /06 ....................................................65 - iv -5. Question 51: COPY BOM from Production to costing ....66Question 52: PeggedRequirements ...................................67Question 53: ATP checkproblem.......................................68Question 54: Reorder Point for FERT...............................69Question 55: Production Order..........................................70Question 56: Problem with automatic scrap....................71Question 57: Make Versus Buy ...........................................72Question 58:Capacity Planning-PP ...................................73Question 59: Capacity Planning.........................................74Question 60: Select order in capacity leveling.................76Question 61: Storage Capacity Planning ...........................77Question 62:Capacity Requirements ................................79Question 63: Detailed Scheduling inPlanned Order .......80Question 64: BOMs not created in new plant...................81Question 65: Transfer planning to demand management..................................................82Question 66: Recipe with materials assignment withdifferent BOMs ..............................................83Question 67: Field PLPOD-LTXA2 inRouting ..................84Question 68: MRP requirements........................................85Question 69: Where to find the deleted order..................86Question 70: Close production order with external purchase order..............................................87Question 71: Customer requirements allocation issue(TCode MD73) ...............................................88Question 72: Canceling orderconfirmation......................89Question 73: Material creation problem...........................91Question 74: BOM creation problem .................................92Question75: Production Scenario -Sticker Industry .......93Question 76: Strategy 11.....................................................95Question 77: By-products & Co-products.........................96Question 78: Strategy Options ............................................97Question79: Lead time off set ............................................98 -v-6. Question 80: Super BOM .....................................................99Question 81: Re-Scheduling ..............................................100Question 82: Common problems whileRunning MRP ...101Question 83: Target cost in process order ......................102Question84: BOM at date in the past ..............................103Question 85: Packing of by-products..............................104Question 86: Object dependencies to calculate labor hours.............................................................105Question 87: Product Number Range..............................107Question 88: Order Confirmation - Act Labor vs. Standard Labor
  3. 3. ............................................109Question 89: Sample material issue against productionorder .........................................110Question 90: Table T457C.................................................112Question 91: Mass change base quantity of BOMs androuting ...................................................113Question 92: Trouble with dates of production.............114Question 93: Quantity delivered in production order screen shows zero.......................................115Question 94: Labor characteristic in Variant Configuration...............................................116Question 95: MC94 and Excel..........................................117Question 96: Coverage Profile..........................................119Question 97: Made to order, strategy group...................120Question 98: Production Order Settlement ....................121Question 99:Planning Horizon.........................................122Question 100: No stock increase forfinished products after CO11N .................................123Index:.......................................................................125 - vi -7. SAP PPQuestions, Answers,and Explanations SAPCOOKBOOK Equity Press8. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 1Authorization for Costs inProduction OrderI have a situation wherein an object allows certain functionsthat shouldnot be.For example: I have a role that allows seeing prices and otheritems that shouldinstead be a „limited access‟ function. I don‟tknow how to configure it so that access canbe controlled. Iassume it should be in the authorizations of the role (TCode=PFCG).However, I don‟t find any appropriate object for theconfiguration.How can I limit theaccess to costs in the production order?✍ ANSWERIf you are using version 40b, youcan limit access to costs(analysis etc), via the production order by not giving accesstoReport Writer: Report Group (G_803J_GJB).One other solution could be: AssigningObject K_KEKOresponsible for the checking of the authorization for costs.How can Iassign production order without material tostandard production order in rework scenario?-1-9. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 2Assignment of production order✍ ANSWERIf you are trying to assign the rework order as the initialorder so that all therework order cost would be captured tothe initial order, then I suggest thefollowing:Assign your rework order to the initial order by enteringthe initial order to therework order at the “settlement rule”(header). The category should be ORD (order). Thisshouldbe followed by the order number and the percentage of thecost absorbed by theinitial order. -2-10. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 3Split planned order during MRPrun byproduction versionWe have 2 production lines within one plant to produce thesamefinished product. For planning, we put the planningquantity for finish product inDemandManagement with a daily planning period and differentiatedthe productionlinewith a production version. The problem occurs when we runMRP. The systemautomatically accumulates the requirementin a same day demand. Hence, we need toautomatically splitthe planned order with a different production line.Since the lot sizerange is the same, is there a more efficientway as to how we can split the planned order?✍ ANSWERIf you want to split the planned order by percentage, you canuse quotaarrangement (meq1).If you want to split order by capacity, then you might want tousefixed lot size, and finite capacity with option “changingproduction version on error”. -3-11. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 4SubcontractingThis is thescenario I am faced with:1. We have a cloth material master number. A stock item and a
  4. 4. shirt material master number B also logged as a stock item.2. We have Created asubcontracting Info Record for the shirt.3. We have created a Source list for the shirt.4.We created a bill.During routing, we have assigned a control key PP02tooperation>elected, the subcontracting check box, andattempted to enter the purchasinginfo record.Here, we get the following message:„Enter info record withoutmaterialMessage no. CP 561DiagnosisYou entered a purchasing info record with amaterial master.This is not acceptable for external processing operation sinceyou arepurchasing a service or activity and not a material.ProcedureEnter a purchasing inforecord without a material master thathas an info record category 0 (normal) or 3(subcontracting)subcontractor purchasing info records (type “3”).‟ -4-12. SAP Production Planning QuestionsNote:If, when you are searching for a suitableinfo record, youselect the search help “info records for external processing”,the systemautomatically displays only the info recordswithout material masters that have the inforecord category0 or 3.‟What are we doing incorrectly? What must be done to correctthisissue?Additional info:The item (say shirt) is a stock item. I want to create a POon thevendor to manufacture the shirts and issue it withour special material (say cloth) from ourstock to make theshirts and receive the shirts into stock. From hereon, noproduction orderwill be created.Am I correct to assume that in this scenario we do not haveto couple theinfo record to the routing, as we would do foran “outside process” for a production order?✍ ANSWERThe Info records with material are used if you create purchaseorders withthe bill of material for subcontracting.You probably configured it as a production process.Hence,you must not have an info record together with material. Youneed to create asubcontracting info record without enteringa material number. This info record will thenneed to beentered at your operation.This is the standard subcontracting process in MMandtherefore, no routing is required. -5-13. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 5Using MIGO for Goods IssueReversalsWe are upgrading to 4.6C from 4.0. In 4.0, you can reversea goods issue toprocess order using the standard IMtransaction MB1A. If you reverse with reference toan order,the system proposes the materials, quantities and batchespreviously issuedagainst the order. You can then just changethe quantity and reverse, for example, only aportion of whatwas originally issued.We tried to do this with MIGO (or MIGO_GI), andit doesn‟tseem to work. MIGO gives you the option to enter themovement type (262, inthis case) in the header row, but itdoesn‟t seem to recognize that movement type. Whenwetry to do a 262, the system either proposes the balance ofthe components which havenot been fully issued, or says“document contains no selectable items” if allcomponentshave been fully issued. It appears that the system still thinkswe are doing a261, despite the fact that we entered 262 inthe movement type field.We want the systemto propose the details of the items thathave already been issued (so that it is easier to justchangethe appropriate quantities), so using the “New items” buttonand re-entering thematerial, batch, etc. is not a preferredoption. Is there a proper way to do this with MIGO?✍ ANSWERTry to use Transaction MBST instead. It would factor in thenecessaryrequirements and changes for what you need. -6-14. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 6Entries get posted thoughproduction orderhas been closedWhy is it that entries get posted after every month‟sendunder my production order although the order has beenclosed? The current status isREL CNF DLV PRC BCRQGMPS MACM SETC VCAL.I checked again my production
  5. 5. order via CO03 and the statusis currently set to 1 OPEN for all Act. Is this the reasonwhy?Should I change it to 3 CLSD Closed for all Act?When you display productionorder via CO03 you see theorder number in the first line followed by the material andthenthe status. I clicked the “i” icon beside the status and itis there that I see the status OPENand CLOSED on the rightside of the screen.I also don‟t see any TECO status in myproduction order.Where can I find all the status available for production order?Is it inSPRO? What is the path?✍ ANSWERIt appears from the status that the order is fullyconfirmedand delivered.Generally, if Order is having TECO it will not allow anyfurtherposting of Cost to the order.Even in techno status, we can post the entries. If you wanttoavoid the postings, then close the order. -7-15. SAP Production Planning QuestionsAs a standard, you can still post goods issues andbookcosts, etc. to a production order while it is at a status TECO.To prevent this, you willhave to close the production order,which generally cannot be done until the balance iszero (i.e.settlement has been performed).Before closing the order you should performthese actions:Technically complete the order by functions>restrictprocessing>technicallycomplete on order header screenwhich will bring techno status of year order, this isrequiredfor cost settlement.Then, create distribution rule for settlementheader>settlementrule, Then, settle the order using ko88.tocde which will bringSETCstatus to year order>then close the order.After the above corrections, no further postingscan beavoided.SETC is Settlement Rule Created. This status is usuallyactivated when theorder is created and an appropriatesettlement rule is assigned.Running settlement doesnot create a status. You can see thebalance of an order (CO02) through menu path – Goto -->Costs --> Balance.Settlement can be run more than once for an order, so if youdonot want any further postings, you have to close the orderimmediately after settlement.Please note that closing theorder will initiate a check to ensure there are nooutstandingcommitments against the order (invoices, PO‟s etc). If there are,you will notbe able to close the order until these are cleared. -8-16. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 7Split Production ordersI amusing the Split Production order functionality. I createdan order # 123. I split this order tocreate a child order # 321.Is it possible to further split order # 321 using splitorderfunctionality?✍ ANSWERYes, it should be possible to further split the orders. Tryitand see. -9-17. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 8„Reverse MRP‟ for obsoleterequirementsOne of our customers regularly changes his mid rangeproduction plan,deleting the previously created plannedorders. The problem is, there might be somepurchase ordersleft in the system, which had already been created based on theMRP run,especially for raw materials with long lead times.What we‟re looking for is a report thatgives us a list ofpurchasing documents (requisitions or orders) that havebecome obsoleteand - in the case of purchase orders - shouldbe cancelled, if possible.Is there somethinglike that (a report that will give us the list)in standard SAP?Can you use exceptionmessages in MRP?✍ ANSWERFrom the MM process point of view, there is not such athingas an „obsolete‟ purchasing documents. There are variousstandard transactionswhich can list out the purchaserequisitions (ME5A Transaction) or Request forQuotation(Transaction ME4L, ME4M, ME4N) or Purchase Order(Transaction ME2L,ME2M, ME2N). However, whether acertain purchasing document is regarded as„obsolete‟ issubject completely to your own justification. Of course, it isfeasible to
  6. 6. include the status of your purchasing documents(pending versus complete). However,this would require anABAP development (PO, for instance). - 10 -18. SAP Production Planning QuestionsIf there is no requirement for the raw material butthere isPO still outstanding, it should give you exception message 20- cancel process.That should be the job of the raw materialplanner. - 11 -19. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 9MRP Run for Material RangeIsit possible to run MRP for a material range? (Not by MRPController, PDT Group, etc.)✍ANSWERNo, this is not possible. However, SAP provides manysolutions for you tomanage your MRP run.Your options for this are to either set up product groups andassignyour materials to the relevant product group, or createan MRP group and assign yourmaterials to the relevant MRPgroup.You can actually be able to run MRP for a materialitem (viaTransaction MD03 or MD02), for the entire plant (MD01) orfor a storagelocation (via the usage of MRP Area) or for acertain MRP Controller, Material Group orMaterial Type etc.via the User Exit.Check the user exit for MRP M61X0001. It can selectbased onthe defined parameter in total planning run (MD01). Samplecodes are alsoavailable in program LXM61F01. - 12 -20. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 10Maintain Alternative ItemGroup ErrorHere is the scenario:User maintains the substitute material in BOM, A101 istheprimary material; B102 is the substitute material, the step asfollows:Tx: CO02 in theA101 item, Alternative Item Group is01,Priority is 2,Strategy is 2,Usage problem is 0.Inthe B102 item, Alternative Item Group is 01,Priority is2,Strategy is 2,Usage problem is0.Hence, the production orders have not committed quantity.What can I do to resolvethis?✍ ANSWERBasically you should maintain one of your alternate items tobe primarywith priority 1. You want to check whether thestock is available - if yes, you may want toswitch to priority2.Then you should maintain your primary to have priority 1,usageproblem 100%, and your secondary alternates withpriority 2, usage problem 0.Then youuse strategy 1 (100% check) meaning thatif availability of primary is not fulfilled, itswitches tosecondary. - 13 -21. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 11Location of time of transactionMD05Is there a table in which the TIME of transaction MD05 issaved? And the USERwho executed the MRP runs?✍ ANSWERI would try using ST03N and look attransaction analysis.Table MDKP is kept the MRP List header and have the MRPdate asone of the fields. Table MDTB is the table for MRPList items. - 14 -22. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 12Combining two ConfigurableMaterialsOne of our customers would like us to ship two differentConfigurable Materials(different SuperBOMs, differentconfiguration profiles, different classes) to act as asingleconfigurable “system”.My inelegant method was to create a newConfigurableMaterial, SuperBOM, Class; Configuration Profile where Imanually enteredevery bit of data from the two combinedmaterials. While technically this worked, therehas to be abetter way - one that does not require maintaining severalmassive (ourproducts are quite involved) SuperBOMs whichcontain very similar data.Does anybodyhave any idea how to proceed and complywith the requirements?✍ ANSWERNo need togo that deep - you can create one superior materialthat has BOM with the two existingKMATs. The superiormaterial should have each of the classes of the twoKMATsassigned to it (SAP will merge them internally).Your tasks, then, would be:1) To
  7. 7. make sure that where the same characteristic is used in both lower KMATs, they have thesame set of possible values;2) To copy profile-level dependencies into the configuration -15 -23. SAP Production Planning Questions profile of the superior material;3) To createBOM selection conditions for the superior material as needed;4) If you want to pick thetwo assemblies separately, set everything up with a sales BOM explosion; - 16 -24. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 13BOM ErrorOur user hascreated a BOM for material X.When he is creating Process Order, he is gettingfollowingmessage:„No Valid Task List Maintained for Material X Plant P forSelectedCriteria‟.Where is the mistake?✍ ANSWERThe material is to be processed using a tasklist - & there‟s notask list / routing / recipe etc available.Check the following things:(A)Validity dates maintained in the BOM,routing and production version;(B) Lot size rangesmaintained in the production version;(C) Order type dependent parameters of thatplant;(D) Check the material assigned to the routing; - 17 -25. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 14Work center formulaWhy dowe need different formula for setup requirements andprocessing time requirements incapacity tap & schedulingtab?✍ ANSWERThese formulas are used for capacityplanning and schedulingof orders during execution as well planning of ordersandmaterials.One formula is used for time calculation of one piece and theother is usedfor scheduling that is to indicate the number ofpieces.In a nutshell, capacity is used fordetermining the actualcapacity requirements, whereas scheduling is used todetermine thebasic dates. - 18 -26. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 15Variant configuration andBOMI have three questions:Can you give me the steps in variant configuration?How do Icreate a variant BOM?✍ ANSWER[quote=”supersubra”]1. Create first BOM thrutransaction code cs012. Create second BOM thru same transaction code. You will get amessage alternative2 added.For creating a variant bom, select a “create a variant of”andgive the reference of BOM for which you want to create avariant. - 19 -27. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 16Scheduling of plannedorderThere is this problem with scheduling: I have capacity inthe WC (cat 0008)allocated in the views Scheduling andCapacities. But when I schedule planned orderbefore savingit (MD11), the system issues the „W‟ message: “No capacity category hasbeen maintained for schedulingin the work center specified in the operation”.Theindicator “Capacity relevant to finite scheduling” is setin the capacity. All customizingfor planned orders seems tobe correct.What could have possibly be wrong here?I alsocustomized shifts and set Grouping in Capacity, butsystem does not take into account thebreaks between shifts,and considers only Standard Available capacity. What iscausingthis too?✍ ANSWERIt may be the work center formulas. They must be enabledforcapacity check. The planned order scheduling type (foryour plant) must also have its ownflag.If you are interested in finite capacity check, take a look atthesite:.http://digilander.libero.it/vietrim/index.htmlFor the second plant, activate schedulingwith break indicatorin tcode opu3. - 20 -28. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 17Capacity PlanningWhen I runMRP, the system creates planned orders withbackward planning logic. We find that itdoes not check thecapacity available in the work centers and overloads it.Is there a way
  8. 8. where the system checks for the availablecapacity before scheduling it? That is, if thecapacity in notavailable at a work center, it goes back and looks for nextavailable slot andthen schedule.✍ ANSWERU need to maintain the settings for production scheduler.Inthe production scheduler profile check the box “checkavailable capacity “and “Finitescheduling “. Attach this tothe production scheduler and then given this scheduler inthework scheduling view of the material master.Now create an order and make the workcenter overload andsee if this works.In config for scheduling and capacity planning forplannedorder you will have to set it to load capacity.Tnx - OPU5 select plnt and ordertype and whateverscheduling type you select tick cap. ReqmtAlso make sure you havethe correct capacity category onthe work center created for schedulingMRP in SAP isbased on Infinite scheduling, meaning that nocapacity check is performed during MRPrun. - 21 -29. SAP Production Planning QuestionsIf you want to do finite scheduling, you need torun itseparately in another job. You can use CM40 to do so, butfirst you have tounderstand the logic and all configurationsrelated to this functionality. - 22 -30. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 18Components for lower levelconfigurable notexplodedHigher level configurable material BIO2-N2_H hascomponentsCOMP1, COMP2 and BIO2-N2_L (Lower level configurable).Configurationmaterial BIO2-N2_L has components COMP3and COMP4. BIO2-N2_L set up asPhantom (specialprocurement key 50). Selection conditions are assigned tocomponentsCOMP1, COMP2 in the BOM for BIO2-N2_H andto components COMP3, COMP4 inthe BOM for BIO2-N2_L.Configuration profiles for BIO2-N2_H and BIO2-N2_LhavePlanned/Prod order and Multi level indicator set and BOMapplication type PP01.BOMs for BIO2-N2_H and BIO2-N2_Lare universal (BOM usage 3). When I go toCU50 for BIO2-N2_L, I select a characteristic value and go to result screen, Isee thecorrect component selected. No problem there.However, when I go to CU50 for BIO2-N2_H, I select acharacteristic value for BIO2-N2_H and then select acharacteristic valuefor BIO2-N2_L, then I see the componentcorresponding to the characteristic value ofBIO2-N2_Hin the results screen. But I do not see the componentcorresponding to thecharacteristic value of BIO2-N2_L inthe results screen.What could be the problem here?How can this be resolved?✍ ANSWERTry the sales order set. See if it works in CU50.Iam not sure why you enter the characteristic values - 23 -31. SAP Production Planning Questionsseparately for B102-N2_H and B102-N2_L in theconfigurationSimulation.When a characteristic value at header level is selected thesamevalues have to be passed on to the lower levels also.Make sure that you haveattached the inheritance procedureto the configuration profile of lower level to enablepassageof the values of the higher level configuration.They can differ, which is preciselywhy you should writea constraint / procedure to copy values downward if youwant themso. SAP will inherit downwards if it can, but notconsistently.Also, this should not affectthe explosion at all (unless there areselection conditions on all components of the lowerKMAT, andthe characteristics are not passing down).Selection conditions are assigned toall components of lowerlevel KMAT and higher level KMAT except for thecomponentlower level KMAT itself. - 24 -32. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 19Local dependencyCU02 canchange global dependency. Local dependenciescan‟t be maintained centrally. This is theerror we get.How do I unlock the local locked dependency?✍ ANSWERGo to cu02,
  9. 9. select the basic data and then change the statusto release..You can modify it at the sameplace where you had attachedit in the bill of material or routing.Instead of double-clicking on the dependency checkbox, go todependencies>allocations, and then select“header.” - 25 -33. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 20Reprint production orderI havealready printed a production order.When I am try to reprint it, the system is not allowingthecommand.The error message is „number BS-002‟.It says that „reprint is not allowedand the user settings needto be checked‟.I have checked this forum and am not able tofind the correctsolution.I have checked transaction code OKP8 & OPKP. However, Iamnot able to find which parameter controls the reprint ofproduction and of production orderin these transactions.Were could the error have occurred and how can it be fixed?✍ANSWERYou can go to the production order and click on displaystatus.Click on tabBusiness process, check on reprint order, and thenclick on transaction analysis. This willindicate which status isblocking your printing. You can then go from there. - 26 -34. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 21Single Screen ConfirmationIneed a confirmation in a single screen entry of productionorder TC (C011N).How do Imake the field “mandatory entry” even though it isbeing done in field selection forconfirmation (co86) and itdoes not have an effect in Co11N?✍ ANSWERBase on Note540734, you cannot do this in CO11N, butinstead, you can do that in CO11.You can dothis using a screen variant with the use oftransaction code “SHD0”, where you canchange a fieldproperty like: display only, invisible, and mandatory entryfor a specificscreen. - 27 -35. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 22With more than onecomponent use LSMWfor BOMI use LSMW version 1.7.1I want to know if it is possibleto create the BOM (bill ofmaterial) with the LSMW transaction. I tried and succeededtocreate the BOM with one component, but if I try to createthe BOM with more than onecomponent, the LSMW recordwill also give the possibility to more than onecomponent.Is there an explanation or methodology on how to use theLSMW in creatingappropriate BOMS?✍ ANSWERI would suggest for you to go for BDC instead forlesscomplications. - 28 -36. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 23Batch Management -Characteristics ReportWe are using batch management. In the batch, we areentering somecharacteristics - say up to 10 characteristics.My problem is that I want to get all thecharacteristics usedin a batch to appear as a report.Say in batch 101, I am entering Rollno, diameter, width, etc.My report should be in such a way that if I enter the batch101, areport has to be generated with all my characteristicsused reflected.Can I use a query forthis purpose?I have tried using the tables CABN, CABNNEW, etc. So far,nothing hasworked according to purpose.✍ ANSWERTry to see BMBC. It might better serve yourpurpose. - 29 -37. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 24Configurable material/BOMIwould like to know about the configurable material/BOM.How should I start with it?✍ANSWERConfigurable materials have a bill of material that contains allcomponents thatare used in at least one variant. Likewise, thetask list for the configurable materialcontains all operationsthat are used to manufacture at least one variant. By usingthematerial configuration, only the components and operationsthat are required for one
  10. 10. variant are selected.Configurable materials are either created in a materialtype that allowsthe configuration (n the standard system,the material type KMAT) or they are given theindicator„Configurable‟ in the material master record. - 30 -38. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 25Storage ResourcesI am settingup a storage resources (linked to a storagelocation), with the purpose of being able tocheck thecapacity of the storage location.Inside the capacity header, we take capacity cat.1 and inputthe available capacity unit as M2, minimum and maximumcapacity.After that,we check the available capacity by CM01 butfound out that the available capacity is ALLZEROS and cannot display in M2 (only Hour).I have been checking for a long time andstarted wonderingif this function (concept) could actually work in SAP.Is this possible inSAP? If yes, what should be the correctsetup?✍ ANSWERI assume that you don‟t wantto use WM to check the capacityof the storage location? WM would be better suited toyourrequirement.I think using the work center will have a few problems. First,you needto have an operation that goes for the total time thefinished goods are being stored. If youclose the productionorder your storage requirement is removed. Second,storagerequirements are dependent on volume and storage periodof the finished goods,work centers would be based on a - 31 -39. SAP Production Planning Questionsvolume over time. For example, do you have 1square meterx 5 days or 5 square meters x 1 day?If you wanted a simple check on thevolume of materials, youcan maintain the volume in the material master and write aqueryto look at volumes for materials in stock or volume offinished goods still to be completedin the production orders.That would be a lot simpler to configure. - 32 -40. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 26Production Order LongTextWe have a requirement to populate the Production Order LongText with the contentsof Material Master Long text when theproduction order is created (CO01). This is for theheadermaterial or the material that is produced.I did look at the user exit (PPCO0007) butwas unable to findthe correct field to populate the long text information.I also created anorder using a recording of co01. I couldprobably use the necessary text from a ztable. ButI am notsure how to enter it in the production order.Which field should be populated withthis information?Code:FORM create_order_pp.CLEAR: bdcdata.REFRESH:bdcdata.DATA: l_menge(13) TYPE c,l_datum(10) TYPE c,l_meins(3) TYPE c.WRITEwa_krpos_order-menge_ausfTO l_mengeLEFT-JUSTIFIEDDECIMALS 0.WRITE sy-datum - 33 -41. SAP Production Planning QuestionsTO l_datum.SELECT SINGLE meins FROMmaraINTO l_meinsWHERE matnr EQ l_zzatnr.PERFORM bdc_dynpro USING„SAPLCOKO1‟ „0100‟.PERFORM bdc_field USING „BDC_CURSOR‟ AFPOD-PWERK‟.PERFORM bdc_field USING „BDC_OKCODE‟ „/00‟.PERFORM bdc_fieldUSING „CAUFVD-MATNR‟ l_zzatnr.PERFORM bdc_field USING „CAUFVD-WERKS‟ wa_krpos_order-werks.PERFORM bdc_field USING „AFPOD-PWERK‟wa_krpos_order-werks.PERFORM bdc_field USING „AUFPAR-PP_AUFART‟„zp01‟.PERFORM bdc_dynpro USING „SAPLCOKO1‟ „0115‟.PERFORM bdc_fieldUSING „BDC_OKCODE‟ „/00‟.PERFORM bdc_field USING „BDC_CURSOR‟„CAUFVD-GLTRP‟.PERFORM bdc_field USING „CAUFVD-GAMNG‟l_menge.PERFORM bdc_field USING „CAUFVD-GMEIN‟ l_meins.PERFORMbdc_field USING „CAUFVD-GSTRP‟ l_datum.PERFORM bdc_field USING„CAUFVD-TERKZ‟ „1‟.PERFORM bdc_dynpro USING „SAPLCOSD‟
  11. 11. „0310‟.PERFORM bdc_field USING „BDC_OKCODE‟ „=OPT2‟.PERFORMbdc_dynpro USING „SAPLCOKO1‟ „0115‟. - 34 -42. SAP Production Planning QuestionsPERFORM bdc_field USING „BDC_OKCODE‟„=BU‟.REFRESH: messtab.CALL TRANSACTION „CO01‟ USING bdcdata MODE „E‟UPDATE „S‟MESSAGES INTO messtab.CLEAR: bdcdata.REFRESH:bdcdata.ENDFORM.✍ ANSWERSince you have already tried user-exit inenhancementPPCO0007, Use transaction COR2. Click on the pencil and inthis field youcan type in your long text.You can also add some functions in file ZXCO1U06. Thereyoucan use some local functions to upload long-Text file,and I think you know function“Read Text” will be used.You can transfer initial data from header_imp. - 35 -43. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 27Modified strategy 63We arediscussing merits/drawbacks of using strategy 63. Wewant to trigger the productassembly with sales order (andnot with individual requirements for finished goods) butthefact is that customer order is usually too late in coming.So we would like todifferentiate sales orders to those whichwould trigger the assembly and those whichwould not.Is there a possibility to do this?✍ ANSWERTry using a strategy 74 and mixedMRP 3. This will be moreappropriate for your requirement. - 36 -44. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 28Demand ManagementHow canI upload a sales planning directly in DM through Xlfile? Is there any mass processingavailable?✍ ANSWERTry the OMPL procedure. - 37 -45. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 29MRP RUNHow can I makeMRP run in a GROSS Requirement planningstrategy (11)?What are the necessary stepsto be taken?✍ ANSWERBasically, you should enter the independent requirementwithBSF. The independent requirement drives the plannedorders, without netting with currentstocks and other receipt(that‟s gross requirement).After which, you can execute MD02 orMD01 transaction.Then, you have to maintain the mixed MRP to be 2 as well. - 38 -46. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 30Capacity leveling - individualcapacity(CM27)When I move production order to its individual capacity withdifferentscheduling date and scheduling time, the systemdoesn‟t change scheduling date andscheduling time of theproduction order to follow new scheduling.Is this standard SAPwork procedure or protocol?If so, where can I set the appropriate configuration?✍ANSWERYou will have to check your MRP settings and believe it ornot, you will haveto set up conversion of planned order toproduction order in configuration. From there,you shouldspecify that when planned order is converted to productorder, it is convertedas PP01 type. This should work foryou.For further insights on this subject, you can seesome demoof finite capacity check in the sitehttp://digilander.libero.it/vietrim/index.html. - 39 -47. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 31Capacity planning beforeactual planningHow do I formulate capacity planning before actual planningfor aparticular work center?✍ ANSWERThere are several levels of capacity planning: forlong-termplanning (against a scenario), for planned order, and for arun schedule qty/prodorder/proc order.All these can happen if you setup the system correctly.As for capacityplanning for the work center, this is usuallythe result of the capacity planning mentionedbefore. If youwant to do capacity leveling for a work center, then it isanother story.You
  12. 12. can visit the site http://digilander.libero.it/vietrim/index.html for some demo aboutcapacity check. - 40 -48. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 32Trouble with SchedulingWhenI tried to schedule the planned order, the dates that thesystems propose are too early, evenif I increase the amountof the order.I also tried another formula at the work center but itdidn‟thelp me either.How can I propose specific dates in order to be in sync withthecapacity of the work center?✍ ANSWERStandard works with finite capacity and basicdates arerelated to the production time of the material master. Youcan have differentscheduled dates, proportionally to thequantity, etc. but not related to the effective load ofthe workcenter. Normally APO provides for this.For further details, you can visit the sitehttp://digilander.libero.it/vietrim/index.html for some demos about capacitycheck. - 41 -49. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 33Planned Orders and CapacityEvaluationI have two problems with planned orders:1. After MRP run, the planned orderscreated are not capacity checked. I have two materials A&B, planned orders Pa & Pb, andthese two orders have operations 0010 in their MR(master recipe), in CM29 transaction -these two operations are scheduled with overlap! I have defined capacity check at theproduction scheduling profile, assigned them to the production scheduler and the materialmaster (work scheduling view). Why is it still not looking at the available capacity?2. I‟mnot able to dispatch these planned orders. I was told that planned orders cannot bedispatched. Why is this?I want to check how my schedule looks before I convertthem toprocess orders. Is this possible or not?If yes, what should I do to at least schedule theplannedorders manually to let the shop floor guys know how it looksahead of time?I‟m ata client site and I need to tell them whether it is possibleor not. I‟m in 4.6C.✍ANSWERYou want to check the work center capacity availabilityduring the plannedorder scheduling. Unfortunately, it‟s not - 42 -50. SAP Production Planning Questionspossible. SAP works with infinite capacity. It canonly givescheduled dates starting from the material routing or basicdates starting from thematerial master lead time. It does notprovide for checking the real work center capacity.Ibelieve this can be done with APO though. - 43 -51. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 34Capacity PlanningPlannedorders are generated based on the MRP run, but itdoes not give detailed schedule, unlessorder is scheduled onan individual basis.Another problem is that once a planned order isscheduledfor a particular work center, the system should not scheduleanother order, onthe same timings which were scheduled onprevious order.Is it possible to generateplanned order along with their detailedschedule on the MRP Run? If so, how is it done?✍ ANSWERWhen running the MRP for parameter “scheduling”, select2 (Lead timescheduling and capacity planning). This willschedule the planned order.SAP R3 can onlydo infinite scheduling in which it assumesinfinite capacity available at all work centers. Ifyou wantcapacity constraints, then u need APO. - 44 -52. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 35Work center basic data view1.In work center basic data view, what are the meanings of various options of the „Rule forMaintenance‟?2. What do we mean by performance efficiency rate?I have the case forMRP below: „Company 1000, Purchasingdepartment create PO for parts A.Designdepartment create BOM using parts A1.Actually, A1 is A just with some version changeby thevendor.While running MRP, A1 should be short of parts since thereis nooutstanding quantity defined for it.Will there be any solution to allow the MRP to run for
  13. 13. such acase, without users changing their PO?✍ ANSWERThe rule for maintenance isbased on how you want to controlthe input of the standard values in routing (for anoperationinvolving the work center).„Should / may not - generally means only a warning,“must”is mandatory.‟Performance efficiency rate is the rate that the work centerisworking at. 100% is normal working rate. If you alter - 45 -53. SAP Production Planning Questionsthe effectiveness of the work center, the standardtimesin capacity planning & costing are altered against the newrate.If A and A1 havebeen maintained as two different materialitems (i.e. two different material number inSAP), then it isnot feasible.Instead, you can use auto-back flush to make theconversionbetween these two parts when receiving goods. - 46 -54. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 36Flag material for deletionIflagged a material for deletion, but I can only get the warningmessage when I create aproduction order.Even if we maintain message to E in O04C transaction formessagenumber CO 732 (when creating production order),the user can still save the order.Or, isthere another transaction to be setup?Usually i will use material status in material masterto preventproduction order creation for unwanted material.But, I still have a doubt, whythis deletion flag still can‟tprevent production order creation even if we already setthemessage to E.I‟ve tried to set the message ME 051 to E in OME0 transaction(forpurchase order creation), and the system gives an errormessage thereby preventing theuser from saving the PO.If I want a error message of the deletion flag, what do I needtodo? How can I check the configuration of the flag?✍ ANSWERWhat you have to do isto go to Transaction SE38 and makethe proper modification of your ProgramLCOKOF1V whereW732 shall be modified. Alternatively, go to TransactionOMS4 andset up the new Material Status Key where „B‟ shallbe maintained into the „Production‟Section. Assign this new - 47 -55. SAP Production Planning QuestionsMaterial Status Key to your material masterrecord.I have found out an interesting thing that this kind of errorcould not take place notonly in PP order but SD order aswell (Message Number V1 406). Of course, from theMMpoint of view, such message as M7 127 can be set as „E‟, thisis not really the same inother modules.„Use PP user‟ exists to error out for deleted flag items. - 48 -56. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 37COGII have two questions onCOGI:1. Is there any way to find the deleted records form COGIwith out any processinginvolved?2. In CO24, we get entries for material availability check,and then those entriesvanish after the material is madeavailable.How can I get a list of the entries whichwere/are existing inCO24, just like for COGI in table - AFFWPRO.✍ANSWERResponse is given per number indicated in the question:1. Standard SAP doesnot log the manually deleted entries of COGI.If this log is required have a look at theSAP Note: 309050, onlyafter implementation of the note. You can find the entriesinAFFWPRO table with an update indicator as „D‟.I will not recommend this as everyentry in the COGI will getlogged to this table requiring enormous database space. Evenifit cleared through background processing, the entries will existin this table with updateindicator as U.2. You can report error components from order in either RESB or AUFM.Try and check it. - 49 -57. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 38Decimal Places Error whiledefiningAlternate UOMWhile creating a material and defining its alternate UOMand itsfactor in decimal form, the system gives an errorindicating that decimal places are not
  14. 14. allowed.We have a scenario in which 1 EA = 5.54 * 6.66 M, so wedefine 36.89M2;However it is not accepting decimal places. It gives thismessage:„Message no.00011‟How can this be resolved?✍ ANSWERUnfortunately, you should go for 1000 EAequal to 36890 M2.You might also want to consider defining the decimal placefor yourUOM in Transaction CUNI. - 50 -58. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 39Conversion of Planned Ordersinto PR forProduct OrderWhen we run MD02 with settings: Processing key:NETCH;>Create purchase requirement: 2 Purchase Required inopening period;>Fordelivery schedules: 3 Schedule lines;>Create MRP list: 1 MRP list;>Planning mode: 1Adapt planning data (normal mode);>Scheduling: 1 Basic date will be determined forplan;SAP generates purchase requirements for production ordersand planned orders.Isthere a way so that SAP creates purchase requirementsonly for production orders and notfor planned orders?✍ ANSWERThe root cause of this problem was due to the fact thatthe„Creation Requirement‟ indicator has been set as „2‟ insteadof „1‟. Therefore, thesystem always creates PR within theopening period and planned orders outside theopeningperiod. - 51 -59. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 40Using Alternative BOMSForproduction 1710598-001, I have 2 BOM set up, but I don‟tknow how to make the workorder pull the 2nd BOM. We areusing 4.5b.Do you know how to make a work order pullan alternativeBOM?✍ ANSWERThere are several ways to select alternate BOMs:1. Usevalidity dates on the BOM header.2. Use lot sizing on the BOM.3. Set up productionversions in the material master so that alt 2 is selected instead of alt 1. - 52 -60. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 41Pricing determination forActivity TypeI have to create a new activity type and a cost center andthen assign it inmy work center. So I have created a new, GLaccount to my controlling area Cost Centeras follows:>Primary and Secondary cost elements>Activity type>Activity type – PricingPlanWith this new activity type and cost center, I run through mySFC cycle during OrderConfirmation and I am getting anError message of:“No price could be determined forobject activity typeControlling area/Cost center/Activity type - *** / **** / **** ”Whencoming back an error box appears saying:“Error determining actual cost for order******* “How can I locate the mistake and rectify it?I have also maintained Activityprice using Transaction- KP26, even then the same problem with the same errormessageappears.How can I also confirm the Production Order?✍ ANSWERIf you alreadymaintain activity price using Transaction - - 53 -61. SAP Production Planning QuestionsKP26 for the current period & Year -for thecombination ofCost center/Activity type, try checking the configuration inOPL1 to checkthe CO version you have used.Another item to check is whether the difference indefiningunit of measurement in parameters defined for standardvalue key in PPcustomizing and UOM defined for activity bythe Controlling Consultant. - 54 -62. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 42Maximum number of groupcounters inRouting GroupSAP is telling „to create maximum 10 counters for oneroutinggroup‟.What will happen if I create more than 10?Is this logic applicable for alltypes of routings in SAP?✍ ANSWERThis is incorrect. You can have as many countersas you likefor a routing number, including an alpha and alphanumericnotations.To my
  15. 15. knowledge, there is no restriction. It is a 2 lengthcharacter field, so it can accept numerictill 99, alpha numericand 2 character numeric. - 55 -63. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 43MTO or MTS?1. As companypolicy, we can only generate production orders based on the real sales orders, not rollingforecast. But our purchasing needs to run component MRP based on the rolling forecast.It‟s because our order lead time is short, but material purchasing lead time is long. Howdo I reconcile this kind of MRP strategy?2. Our production mode is MTO. My questionis: if we go to MTO solutions in SAP, can we generate production order from sales ordersdirectly and not thru MRP program? And if production order bound with specified salesorder, how do we switch inventory to other sales order at the time of shipment if thecustomer has an urgent request?3. Our top level, finished goods level is MTO, thefollowing semi-finished and raw material level is MTS. So can we put forecastrequirements on the semi-finished level instead of finished goods level?✍ANSWERResponses are given according to question numbers:1. You can still use lot-for-lot in MTS, and MRP does not have to automatically convert planned orders.Furthermore, any strategy that can utilize long-term planning should allow you to planand procure the components without forcing you to convert planned orders intoproduction orders. However, it is possible to move from one order to another with thecorrect chain of inventory movements. Because - 56 -64. SAP Production Planning Questions MTO typically is non-valuated and settledagainst the sales order, you will have a slew of costing concerns to watch.2. Yes, you cantie a planned or an assembly order to a sales order through the requirements class. If youhave a high volume and need to switch from one order to another, MTS makes a wholelot more sense. MTS does not mean you have to stock up -- you can still make as neededbased on MRP driving the demand. This will give you simplified planning and inventorymanagement.3. Sure, why not? The dependent requirements from the MTO order willconsume the plan for the MTS assemblies. - 57 -65. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 44Auto selection of Routing atProductionorder creationI do have multiple routings (production versions) for afinishedproduct. The information is flowing from sales order(MTO scenario). My requirement isfor the system to selectthe appropriate routing automatically and then createtheproduction order automatically.Is there any program or user exit I can use?How can itbe automated?✍ ANSWERAutomatic creation of production order is possiblewithassembly to order strategy. - 58 -66. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 45Production Version and thedocument year2006Our Environment is SAP R/3 4.6c.I keep getting the message“Production version not extendedfor the document year 2006”. I have checked and thematerialproduction version has been extended in MRP view 4. Whatcould be wronghere?✍ ANSWERCheck the validity period of the production version you areusing. Thevalidity may be ending 31/12/2005. You can usetransaction C223 OR MM02 to changethis validity. - 59 -67. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 46Capacity planning in PPCananybody help in providing me step by step configurationsettings for capacity planning?✍ANSWERYou can do this configuration:OPCF – Define UMOP7B – Parameter ofMeasure -> Energy, Volume, etc.O7CM – Define Matrix values to TCode- CR01 to
  16. 16. CR03OPCN – Matrix – Delivery TimeOP4A – Define Shift programOPCR and OPCS –Define Formula (Example Overhead)OPJP – Define programming classOPCH – DefineGroup Production control - 60 -68. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 47Routing queryTable PLPO andPLKO isn‟t enough to fulfill the routing queryreport.What other table for material orwork center can I use?✍ ANSWERYou can use the s022 table. Also, in addition toPLPO andPLKO, use MAPL. - 61 -69. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 48Relevance of ownership ofmaterialScenario 1: One material was received under a differentmaterial code.Formaintaining secrecy of the final product, raw materialsare issued to the production centerswith code. For example:same raw material is issued to the different productioncenter witha different material code. While collecting thefinal product (which is received under samecode as the rawmaterial) all the stocks are arriving with a different name.There are about50 such codes for each material.This final products from production centers thenundergoprocessing and treatment and finally packed under a MarketingCode variety. Thestock position should be available at anystage with all quality parameters for all thecodes.Important Note: Throughout the lifecycle of the product,quality parameters aremeasured at different stages andshould be traceable from any stage.Scenario 2: Materialis taken into stock only after certainprocessing and quality check thereafter.Raw materialis received from the vendor and processedin either own plant or leased plant. Afterprocessing, if theproduct meets the quality parameters, only then is the stocktaken intoaccount and payment is made to the vendor.Until that time, the stock ownership is thevendor‟s only.Without ownership of the material, can it be consumed inaProduction/Process Order? - 62 -70. SAP Production Planning QuestionsRequirement: The stock position should beavailable at anystage with all quality parameters.✍ ANSWERActually, if the stock is inthe vendor consignment stock, it ispossible to issue to production orders from this stocktype.Once you issued out your vendor consigned stock to yourorder, you did actuallyconsume this stock. For example, thestock ownership has been transferred to you(through thegeneration of accounting document) who are not meetingthe originalbusiness requirement. - 63 -71. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 49Partial Reversal of ProductionOrderIs there a way in SAP wherein we can reverse partialquantities of previouslyconfirmed production order?✍ ANSWERYou can reverse the entire confirmation(CO13), and thenre-input the correct confirmation. I do not know of a way(except for atable hack!) of amending a confirmation. - 64 -72. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 50Unable to schedule ProductionOrder on Jan2 /06Our US Plant Factory Calendar is a working day for January2, 2006and assigning to plant V-T001W also went well.However, we are unable to schedule anyProduction orderfor January 02 and it moves either to December 31, 2005 orJanuary 3,2006. The Mexico plant worked fined with theschedule date and the only problem is withthe US plants.How can we locate the problem and how do we fix this?✍ANSWERJanuary 2, 2006 is the New Year‟s holiday. Therefore, Iwould start by lookingat the factory calendar – that is thefactory calendar assigned to the Work center involvedin theProduction order.Check it in the capacity header of the Work Center. - 65 -
  17. 17. 73. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 51COPY BOM from Productionto costingWe have implemented a few months ago a scrap factor inour BOM to have abetter planning structure. However, theFinance department is now requiring us to removeit. They(Finance) don‟t want to put costing to it.How can we have costing withoutcreating a new BOM?If we need to create a new Costing BOM, is there a way tocreatethose en masse?How do we keep it in sync if the production BOM change?Is there anystandard program?✍ ANSWERI think BDC will be the best option for yoursituation.You need one BDC to copy the existing BOM and make anew BOM withcosting as usage.Another option is to remove the Scrap definition of the BOM. - 66 -74. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 52Pegged RequirementsCansomeone please explain to me the meaning of peggedrequirements?✍ ANSWERPeggedrequirements is defined as a requirement which showsthe next level parent item (orcustomer order) as the sourceof the demand, (i.e. by using the where-used capabilityfromthe BOM). - 67 -75. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 53ATP check problemWe wantto use the ATP check for production order and setup a background job for ATP checkeach day just after theMRP total run.After we checked the result, we found that there wassomemisunderstanding.The system always gives committed and confirmedquantity baseon production creation date and not with therequirement date.Is there some setting relatedwith that? If so, how can I change theATP check with the component requirement date?✍ ANSWEROne suggestion - create multiple jobs of PPIO_ENTRY, eachone withdifferent relative date selection criteria. It meansthat the first job run for all orders willhave a start date in thepast. Then the next job would be all orders with a start dateoftoday, etc.This could work depending on your lead times and volumes.The system is justgrouping them - all sorted by productionorder number, which, in effect is the same as thecreationdate. - 68 -76. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 54Reorder Point for FERTI wantto know if it is possible to configure the Reorder Pointfor materials FERT, although thePlanned Order has to becreated for another Company.What happens if it is a Specialprocurement scenario? Canwe not suggest “juliaquercia” to go for Stock transferSpecialprocurement key so that his requirement of creating ademand for another plant ina different company code willbe met?✍ ANSWERFor the first questions, the answer isno. It is not feasible asthe MRP run is made at the plant level of a certaincompanycode.For the second question, I would be much doubtful if theSpecialProcurement Type can be the right solution. Therequirement is that once it is runningMRP at one plant, thesystem will generate the planned order at the other plant.In fact, thespecial procurement type is only enabling youto generate the stock transfer requisition atthe other plantwhich will then be converted into STO (Stock TransportOrder). - 69 -77. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 55Production OrderIs there anytransaction available to see all production orderscompleted in the last few months?✍ANSWERTry the TCode “COOIS”. CO28 could also prove helpful. - 70 -78. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 56Problem with automatic scrapIwould like to ask for your help about an issue we are facedregarding automatic scrap. Ihave read some topics aboutautomatic scrap, tried to apply the proposed solutions andIwonder if I have the appropriate customizing to use it.I declare production using MFBF,
  18. 18. repetitive manufacturing,back flush type is “assembly back flush”.I have planned orderbut I don‟t put it in the MFBF transactionto declare my production (repetitivemanufacturing).I have put a component scrap percentage in the BOM itemdetail (10%).Inmy planned order I get a required quantity that includesthe scrap quantity (thus 110%). IfI run my MRP, the requiredquantity is also 110% but when I declare my production Ionlyback flush 100% (movement code 261) and nothingis scrapped (I expected movement551 or something likethat).Is there something I missed in the material master data ofthecomponent or on the REM profile I use on the finishedgoods?✍ ANSWERTry tomaintain a component scrap in rate routing andgo from there. - 71 -79. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 57Make Versus BuyWe have asituation where a material we manufacture is tobe purchased from 1st June 2006. MRP iscreating plannedorder today but we would like to create planned orders till31 May 2006and requisition after that.Is this possible?We converted planned order to requisitionsbeyond 1st June2006 to support production then but the requisitions aregetting pegged toorders before 1st June 2006.We are on 4.7 release of R3.How do we go about resolvingthis issue?✍ ANSWEROne of the solutions is to change the Procurement Typefrom „E‟into „F‟. This will enable the generation of purchaserequisitions instead of plannedorders.Changing the procurement type will help, but it might alsocreate problems whencurrently using the material. Thismight also affect the costing of this material.Anotheroption is to use quota arrangements where yousource via production version (if beingused) up until 31 May2006, and source via source list (PIR) after that date.If they are allvaluated differently and you would like tokeep such difference, then you can think ofusing the splitvaluation functionality. - 72 -80. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 58Capacity Planning-PPThis isregarding capacity planning in discrete manufacturing.I want to view capacityrequirement generated against salesorder (Production orders against a particular salesorder).Simultaneously, it should show the status of work center(whether work center isoverloaded & if not, what is theremaining available capacity).Is this possible? If so, howcan this be accomplished?✍ ANSWERIt is possible. Try using TCode CM50. - 73 -81. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 59CapacityPlanningScenario:Machine 1: 300kg / 3 hoursNo. of Shifts: 2 shifts / 8 hours pershiftHow can you prevent planning from creating order if 5 PO‟sare already scheduled inMachine 1, which is equal to 15hours?Can you please give me a step by step procedure insettingthe solution?✍ ANSWERYou define the formula like (SAP_09 * SAP_02 /SAP_08).Whenever you create the PO, the order quantity is taken andcalculated howmuch time is taken for this operation underthe work center.In your case, Machine 1 canproduced 100 Kg / h. Supposeyou create the PO for 150 Kg. you applied these formula150*1/ 100 = 1.5 Hr like 1hr 30 Min.You can have the system perform a capacity checkuponorder creation/release by making the appropriate settings inconfiguration (T-codeOPJK).Further, you really need to balance capacity in a two stepprocess. First, orders arecreated (planned, process, - 74 -82. SAP Production Planning Questionsproduction, etc.) either manually or via MRP.Next, you needto level capacity, i.e., do finite scheduling on each of yourresources(CM29 for process, CM21 for discrete). Advancedplanning systems like APO can do thisin one step, but R/3requires it be done in two. - 75 -
  19. 19. 83. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 60Select order in capacitylevelingWhen I do dispatching to the work center, it has an individualcapacity = 2. ThenSAP will show 2 production orders onthe work center line at the same schedule time andshowa green line. The question is how to select the below order,because every time Iclick the system, it will select the frontproduction order.How do I resolve this?✍ANSWERThere are several overall profiles you can use via CM25.You need to select onethat has an order view of the data aswell (or instead) of a resource view.If you wish tocreate your own profile, the ability to haveoverlapping orders show up parallel to oneanother instead ofappearing overlaid when viewed against the same resource.This is alsoconfigurable. - 76 -84. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 61Storage Capacity PlanningIs itpossible to plan capacity of storage?For example:Material being produced is stored intanks whose storagecapacity is limited. I need to find out the storage volumerequired forthe production.I created resource with resource category of processingunit/storageresource. In this resource, I created capacitycategory Warehouse + procurement unit. Ientered relevantdata in the section Available capacity as volume/quantity.I created therelevant recipe for the material as well.When I check for the capacity requirementsgenerated by thesystem, I get capacity requirements only in hours where as Irequire it tobe in volume.I have defined parameter with dimension as Volume and UoM asM3 (Cubicmeter). I have also defined the formula.In capacity data, system only takes data from thesection„Standard Available capacity‟. Here, I cannot enter data withUoM as M3. Thesystem allows only UoM with dimension oftime.The data entered in the section„Available capacity as volume/quantity‟ is not being referred.Am I still missingsomething? - 77 -85. SAP Production Planning Questions✍ ANSWERCheck your definition of yourformula parameters for the unitof measure you want to calculate the capacity in. Thatmaybe causing some confusion within earlier configurations. - 78 -86. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 62Capacity RequirementsCansomeone tell me the table where the CapacityRequirements (Past and Future) per capacity/ Work Centerare stored?✍ ANSWERFor the current capacity requirements try thefollowingtables:KAKO - Capacity Header SegmentKBED - Capacity RequirementsRecordsCRCA - Work Center Capacity HeaderCRHD - Work Center Header - 79 -87. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 63Detailed Scheduling inPlanned OrderWhen using detailed scheduling and capacity planning,the system is notautomatically providing timings to theoperations in the planned orders generated at MRPRun.However, when in change mode of any planned orders,scheduling is possible ofoperations or work centers, whenusing scheduling is run.Is it possible that this planning isdone at MRP Run, ratherthan by going onto individual planned orders andexecutingscheduling or rescheduling?✍ ANSWERBetter check your MRP parametersand in the parametersfor capacity and scheduling (i think from memory, you havetochoose 2). - 80 -88. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 64BOMs not created in newplantI have created a new plant and attached the same to onecompany code which isalready available in the system. ThenI‟ve created Materials too (ROH, HALB andFERT).My problem is, while creating BOM the error message ismaterial type (ROH,
  20. 20. HALB and FERT) is not maintained foritem category “L” i.e. stock item. It is notallowing to createBOM with material ROH/ HALB/ FERT.(But BOMs are created insystem defined plants).✍ ANSWERYou problem is very simple. After creating the plant,youneed to setup the valuation of every material type for thevaluation area. Example, fora material type in a valuationarea how it should be accounted, whether in terms of QTYorValue or both.Do this configuration in OMS2. - 81 -89. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 65Transfer planning to demandmanagementWe have created sales forecast using flexible SOP. Now, whilewe are tryingto transfer these details to demand planningusing MD90, the system gives an error thatcurrently displayeddata will not be transferred. We are using customized infostructurewith consistent planning. I am able to do the samewith info structure with level by levelplanning.Can anyone please let me know how to transfer productionforecast from SOP toDemand Planning – specifically, whereinfo structure with consistent planning is used?✍ANSWERBy using mass processing functionality in SOP by creatingtransfer profiles andactivities we can transfer the data toDemand management.Using SOP method, demandcan be transferred like direct pirmethod by using md87, md78. - 82 -90. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 66Recipe with materialsassignment withdifferent BOMsI am creating a recipe with material assignment withthreefinished products as the routing is same but BOMs aredifferent. How do I assigndifferent BOMs in same recipe fordifferent FERTs? Is it possible or shall I create aseparaterecipe for all products?✍ ANSWERYou will need to create a production versionand link thedifferent Alternative BOMs and recipes. - 83 -91. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 67Field PLPOD-LTXA2 inRoutingI want to enter some quality check texts required foroperations in the routingbesides the operation short text.In PLPOD table of Routing, two fields LTXA1 & LTXA2areavailable but only LTXA1 (short text) is available for input.I want to make LTXA2field in routing for input as LTXA1. Isthis possible?✍ ANSWERYes it is possible. In thelong text for the operation, enter textin the second line. This will be updated in the PLPO-LTXA2field. - 84 -92. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 68MRP requirementsI am new toPP. After MRP run I want to see the requirements.Where do I have to check forrequirements? I saw MD04 andMD05, which one do I have to consider?What is thedifference between MD04 and MD05?✍ ANSWERMD05 is a static list which shows thedetails of the last runMRP for the combination of material and plant.Meanwhile, MD04 isa dynamic list which gives you theCurrent Stock/Requirements list. This list gives youanupdate after considering the changes which are done afterthe MRP run also. - 85 -93. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 69Where to find the deletedorderWhere or from which table I can find the deletedproduction?✍ ANSWERIf theprocess order is archived after setting DeletionIndicator, then you will be able to find itusing transactionCO78. Go for retrieval of data.If archiving is not done, I am afraid youwon‟t be able to seethe record. - 86 -94. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 70Close production order withexternalpurchase orderI want to close my production order which has an externalpurchaseorder. Even if I do final goods receipt and finalinvoice for this purchase order and thefinal GR & final IRindicator both have been flagged, I still can not close theproduction
  21. 21. order.System error message is:CO434Production order XXXXXXXX purchase orderXXXXX stillexists.Is it a program error?✍ ANSWERCheck SAP notes 650829 &773397. - 87 -95. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 71Customer requirementsallocation issue(TCode MD73)Does the phrase “allocation of customerindependentrequirements” mean assignment of the customerrequirements to theindependent requirements versions? Isthat the consumption of planned independentrequirementsby customer independent requirements?If so, what are the independentrequirements versions usedfor? Is it just to classify the requirements?✍ ANSWERInLTP, you can use another version number. It is also aninactive version. - 88 -96. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 72Canceling order confirmationIencountered a problem on cancelling order confirmation.The error message indicatedis:“Future change records for background processing exist fororder 500232288”.Ifollowed the help index to run the program CORUPROC.But it wasn‟t very helpful. ThenI checked the back flushingvia transaction CO1P and found there are two parts thatwerenot issued. However, I can not found any error viatransaction COGI.What is the problemhere and how can this be resolved?✍ ANSWERThe mechanism in confirmation ofproduction order isdone after we post the records. The background job willdo the postingasynchronously, meaning return the screento user to do something else, while still postingthe data.You can control whether it‟s online or in a backgroundjob depending onconfiguration OPKC. The programCORUPROC is the background program that issupposedto do the posting.If we choose background, it improves the performance ofthedialog for the users. After a while, the background jobcompletes posting the data fromconfirmation. Then, youcan cancel your confirmation. - 89 -97. SAP Production Planning QuestionsIf you opt immediately after posting, the systemwill bebogged down until the posting is done. If you have a lot ofcomponents to backflush, I would not recommend you todo it on-line. - 90 -98. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 73Material creation problemIhave created a new plant & material component.I have to change the materialrequirement in MRP 4 view.But when I try to opt for collective requirement only, I gettheerror:“Only individual planning possible (No quantity basedinventorymanagement)”.How do I correct the error?✍ ANSWERFor the material type of thematerial you are using to changethe Individual and Collective requirements, the valuationisnot defined for Quantity and Value.Better redefine using Customizing TransactionOMS2 for thematerial type and for the Plant combination as well. - 91 -99. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 74BOM creation problemI havecreated a new plant & material in a new plant location.While creating BOM in new plant,it gives me the error:“Material type ROH with item category L (Plant 9901)”“Materialtype HALB with item category L (Plant 9901)”“Material type FER with item category L(Plant 9901)”How can this be resolved?✍ ANSWERComplete your valuation settingsfor the material type forthe new plant in Customizing transaction OMS2. - 92 -100. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 75Production Scenario -StickerIndustryI am involved with an implementation project at a stickermanufacturing plant.The scenario here is a little differentfrom the usual scenarios we come across in adiscreteindustry. I will explain the process.The stickers are produced by various 8/9
  22. 22. processes like screenprinting, curing, lamination, cutting etc. The final product isanindividual sticker but this sticker is produced as a part oflayout sheet until the finalstamping out operation and lateron two operations are done on an individual sticker.Theissue here is, the layout sheet (by design) is not aseparate sheet for different sticker types(final products) butit is a combination of the different stickers of various shapesand sizes.This is done to reduce the scrap percentage of thesheets.The process is a batch managedprocess where variousprocesses are carried out on the sheet.The client wants to track theWIP for the individual stickers(which are part of the layout sheet) at all the stages. Theplanningis done for the final product sticker. There are multiple layoutsheets available fora single product. The layout is selectedbased on the orders on hand and the currentinventory of thestickers on the layout.I want to understand how one should create a Billof Materialand the production orders. How can we track the individualstickers in WIP? -93 -101. SAP Production Planning Questions✍ ANSWERFirst of all, I suggest that you takea look at the apparelindustry solution and best practices, as this problem occurstheretoo.Second, there may be more than one way to define the billof materials, but no one isperfect for all the BOM uses (e.g.MRP planning, costing, etc.).The first option would beto choose a leading sticker typefor each sheet, which will then become the BOMheader,and the rest of the sticker types on the same sheet wouldbe by products. Thisoption has the potential to work wellwith WIP (production orders), but may pose someissues incosting and planning.The second option would be to have a separate BOM foreachsticker type (as BOM header), and have a different materialnumber for each sheetlayout type. In this kind of BOM, definethe resulting quantity ratio between the stickerand sheet,and define all other possible sheets that include the samesticker as alternativeitems (for the cases when you use adifferent sheet layout type). This option is not perfecteither,since it still raises yet different issues regarding planningand costing. If there‟s awrong calculation of the number ofrequired sheets, it needs to be rectified (maybe usingsomeadditional functionality that may have to be developed). Theadvantage here is thatyou can get a more natural trace of thesheets batches in WIP.You can try the variousoptions and apply whichever worksbest for your situation. - 94 -102. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 76Strategy 11Strategy 11 is notactivating properly. I also tried the MRP 3view but I am unable to access it.I would liketo understand all the procedures involvedto correct the situation. Can the process beexplained indetail?✍ ANSWERStrategy group 11 will not take off from the current stockasthe positive quantity in MRP calculation.You have to set strategy group to 11 and mixMRP to 2,availability check to 02, and sales item category to NORM.This information iscontained in the SAP help file. You maywant to take a look at the scenarios first beforeyou actuallyspend time in testing it. - 95 -103. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 77By-products & Co-productsWhat settings in BOM / Material Master distinguish a Co-product from a By-product?✍ ANSWERDuring the creation of Material Master, one has to definematerialtype and material number. Both series are uniquefor each and every material type thatdesignates what typeof material is a Co-Product or a By-product.We did not have to usethe material type to separate fromco-, and by-product.The main difference is co-productcan run cost estimatesand by-product does not have to run cost estimates.The co-productis flagged in MRP view and also the proportionalfactor of the costs (in Joint Production
  23. 23. pushbutton; so-calleddisproportional factor) to split the costs between main andco-product. You also have to maintain the co-product flag inthe BOM items as well.Both by-, and co-product are maintained as negative quantityin BOM. - 96 -104. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 78Strategy OptionsI‟m lookingfor a strategy which would function this way:- Component should be produced ahead,based on independent requirement for this component (component is used in manydifferent finished products).- Assembly of finished product shouldn‟t start with salesorder, because that would be too late. Instead, it should be based on independentrequirement of finished products.I‟ve looked into strategy 50/52, 60/62, but the assemblyistriggered here by the sales order.In reference to the above requirements, what strategywouldpose as the best option to take?✍ ANSWERYour finished goods are make-to-stockwith final assembly.Therefore, you should opt for strategy 10, or 40.Your component isbased on independent requirement.Therefore, you should choose 70 planning at theassemblylevel. - 97 -105. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 79Lead time off setLTP andoperative MRP are sharing the same BOM. When Iset the lead time off in BOM, I tried toget all the componentrequirements to fall into the same month, instead it went inoperativeMRP and I don‟t want that.How do I get out of this?✍ ANSWERI don‟t think that youcan use lead time offset to do so.Try using the lot size key for long-term lot size(configurationOMI4) and use scheduling to be 2 (period end = deliverydate). You mightalso want to disable lead-time schedulingas well.If your long-term period is falling short,you may want touse gross lot size maintenance in planning scenario instead.It willoverride what is maintained in material master. Theonly problem is the rounding valuewill not be taken intoaccount. - 98 -106. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 80Super BOMWhat is a SuperBOM?How do I use it & how are settings done in SAP?✍ ANSWERSuper BOM iswhere the product is possible to producewith different features by combining variouscomponentsavailable in the BOM.The selection of the component from the BOM fortheproduction order will be based on the configuration of theproduct in the sale order.Theconfiguration of the Product in the sale order drives theselection of the component basedon Dependency, Selectionconditions, preconditions procedures etc. which are inturn,defined.The bill of material (BOM) of a configurable material containsall thecomponents that are required to manufacture thematerial. The BOM contains componentsthat are only usedin specific variants (variant parts), as well as componentsthat are usedin all variants (non-variable parts).This is why BOMs for configurable materials areknown asSuper BOMs. - 99 -107. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 81Re-SchedulingI have oneproblem regarding scheduling.Suppose I have one BOM with the following specs: X-header Y- Assembly Z-rawI have created PIR for X and ran the MRP. If opening dateisin the past for Y is shown then how should I reschedulethe order and how should I blockthe production orderconfirmation for X when material shortage exist (i.e. usershouldknow the material is not available at the start dateof X)?✍ ANSWERDefine checkcontrol to reject release when missing partsexists for the order - Transaction OPJK.Confirmation will beallowed only for released status orders. - 100 -
  24. 24. 108. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 82Common problems whileRunning MRPI am quoting some common problems which I encounteredduring the MRPrun.I have created PIR for finished material and while runningMRP (MD02), thedependent requirement for the raw materialwas shown as 1-; I don‟t know what theproblem is. How doI determine where I went wrong and how do I correct theerror?✍ANSWERYour problem seems to be in understanding how to read theStock/requirementlist (MD04) or MRP list (MD05).The quantity column denotes Quantity received orQuantityrequired. Depending on the relevant MRP element, thisvalue specifies either thequantity received or the quantityrequired.In your case this is quantity received 1- as it isan issueelement (reservation-dependent requirement). - 101 -109. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 83Target cost in processorderCan anybody tell how to get the target cost in cost analysisof process order?Is thereany setting in configuration or master data which Iam missing?✍ ANSWERHere aresome pointers you need to go over:1. Target cost version needs to be setup in OKV6transaction for the controlling area you are using.2. There has been some GR for theorder.3. Variance is calculated for the order.4. Based on the definition of the Target costversion - Standard cost estimate exists for the product. - 102 -110. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 84BOM at date in the pastIsthere any way of getting the BOM for material in the past?I know functionCS_BOM_EXPL_MAT_V2 has the date inputparameter, but it does not seem to workproperly. I changedthe material on one of the component lines of a BOM andthen ran theabove function with yesterdays date, and itreturned the new material I had entered today.I deleted thecomponent line and then re-created it with a new material andwhen I run theabove function for yesterday, the componentI deleted does not appear and the newcomponent onlyappears when I run it with today‟s date.I am currently working on4.6C.How can I fix this issue?✍ ANSWERDo you use ECN? If not, then it is notpossible to keep changehistory of BOM.If you only need to interrogate one BOM at atime, runtransaction CS03 without any valid-from and valid-to dates(or with dates overthe date range you are after). This willdisplay some of the changes against each item,regardlessof whether ECM was used or not. If you require changes tothe Header or needmore detailed info regarding the changesmade, then transaction CM80 might help. - 103 -111. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 85Packing of by-products Myclient wants to pack waste or byproducts in bales or incartons - that is not in equalquantity, and wants to upload inSAP Stock. After which they want to sell the product.Canany one help me how to configure in SAP the uploadingof the material?Should it beshown in MMBE in bale wise or lot wise?✍ ANSWERUse the appropriate handling unitmanagement by whichyou can resolve the above mentioned concerns.Maintain alternateunit of measure as a packing unit bymaintaining relation with Base unit of measure ofmaterialand upload the quantity in the system using MB1C with mvttype 561 . - 104 -112. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 86Object dependencies tocalculate laborhoursI wanted to set up object dependencies to calculate laborhours basedon the characteristic values of characteristic „Model‟, „ BF‟, and „ MB‟.I used thefollowing procedure:$SELF.LABOUR = MDATA $SELF. + 2 IF Model eq „1020‟Toadd, for example, 2 hours to the equation.However, I calculated that I need to create 500objectdependencies to cover all possible combinations. Is thereany other way to calculate
  25. 25. the total of labor time based oncharacteristic values assigned in the sales order? Can Iputthe characteristic values in a table and „tell‟ SAP to calculatethe sum of thecharacteristic values?Example:BF MB Total labor timeModel:1010 1 2 31020 2 2 410300, 5 1 1, 5✍ ANSWERThe answer is actually quite simple: - 105 -113. SAP Production Planning QuestionsBF MB Total labor timeModel:1010 1 2 310202 2 41030 0, 5 1 1, 5To continue the equation:$SELF.LABOUR = MDATA $SELF.LABOUR+ 1 IF Model eq„1010‟SELF.LABOUR = $SELF. LABOUR+ 2 IF Model eq„1020‟SELF.LABOUR = $SELF. LABOUR+ 0.5 IF Model eq „1030‟Try it and have adry run.You can use a variant table. You can put everything inone procedure, asdescribed above, but you will still have500 lines. If you use a table, you can at least makethismaintainable by a user.You can also use variant functions, if you have asimpleenough formula. - 106 -114. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 87Product Number RangeI‟mlooking for information for an internal number range.How can we segment a numberrange based on the producttype:Say, for liquid 1000000 to 3999999;For solid 4000000 to6999999;For gas 7000000 to 9999999;Can User exists or can custom development helpto resolvethis?Will a number range (Internal number) allocation for RecipeGroup bemade possible?✍ ANSWERI assume you mean production order number sincematerialnumber range can basically vary by material type already.What you can do is useMRP Group as the way to default theproduction order type. You can also default MRPgroup byMRP type.The individual conversion of each planned order will usethis ordertype. However, if you use CO41, the problem willrecognize the last order type inparameter ID “AAT”. Thatwill override the default setting in the MRP group.You canalso resolve this by creating a field exit for CO41 t- - 107 -115. SAP Production Planning Questionscode not to take the parameter AAT.For thesecond question, unfortunately it is not possible. Idon‟t think there is a user exit for it.Oneway is to configure the number range to turn off theinternal number and having only anexternal number rangethat are in your list.Then user just has to enter the recipe groupmanually bycopying the material number to the recipe group.Check your detailrequirement whether this will work ornot. - 108 -116. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 88Order Confirmation - ActLabor vs. StandardLaborDuring processing of the CO11N (Confirmation), I enteredtheactual labor and machine hours. However, the Standardgoes through the GeneralLedger.What I really need to know is the actual figures entered whenprocessing theconfirmation.Is there a report I can download out of SAP that can give meboth, either inone report or in separate reports?✍ ANSWERCheck for COOIS> Select Operations inthe top field and inthe results screen change you can bring in the actual hours.This givesyou the total confirmed hours for an operation.If you want to see each individualconfirmation you need tolook at table AFRU.You can also check the AFVV table withrouting operationnumber and counter. This you will get from kbed table for aparticularwork center. - 109 -117. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 89Sample material issue againstproductionorderIn my scenario, against a production order, sample FERTmaterial isissued and after completion of that productionorder, that sample FERT material is againreceived.For example:There is one FERT material created through some otherproductioncycle.For our main production cycle, this sample actually movesthrough the production
  26. 26. line along with the production order.Throughout the production cycle, this sample isphysicallyout of the storage location and only after completion of thatproduction cycledoes this sample (FERT) goes back to itsstorage location.The Client needs to record themovement of the samplebecause all samples remain accumulated in the samplestoragelocation.How do I take that FERT sample material in my BOMcomponent? After which,if I get it issued as my component,how can I do GR after production order completion?✍ANSWERLet me consider your final product as X - Maintain co-productindicator in theMRP2 View. - 110 -118. SAP Production Planning QuestionsMaintain co-product indicator for Sample (Fert)in the MRP2view,Now, you can add Sample as two line items in the BOM ofX, one withpositive quantity and another with negativequantity.In the component details of thenegative quantity line item,activate the Co-Product indicator.This should solve yourproblem. Now you can Issue Sampleand also receive sample.On the costing part youneed to maintain equivalence numberfor material X with respect to Sample (Fert). - 111 -119. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 90Table T457CI don‟t know theusage of maintaining table T457C. The itemin the table includes the following fields:>Transact Group >MRP element individual >Status >Transaction code >Initial screen>Parameter ID >Field nameWhat is the function of each field?✍ ANSWERThis table ismainly used for default navigation in stockrequirement list and MRP lists. As far as Iknow, there is nodirect customizing for this table.If you want to change the button, say,double click on PRshow push button for PR change, PR release, e.g., youcan configurethis using navigation profile (Production -> Material Requirement Planning -> Evaluation-> Definenavigation profiles).MRP Element is the type of element shown instockrequirement list such as production order (FE), PR (BA),sales order (VC). - 112 -120. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 91Mass change base quantity ofBOMs androutingI have 2 work centers and both their base quantity is 1000.Is it possibleto have a mass change (of BOMs and routing)with this quantity on 994?✍ANSWERYou could write a batch input routine. Coordinate this withyour development/abap team. - 113 -121. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 92Trouble with dates ofproductionI am currently using Repetitive manufacturing and Iencountered problemswhen I used the Planification Table(MF50). When I tried to assign an amount to a lineproduction,a message appears in the button of the screen:“No production dates formaterial 1000002, version 0003,production line MM-01-SDThe planned order has noproduction dates for thecombination of material, production version and productionlineyou specified.This may be as a result of the following, for example:The planned orderwas scheduled but not using the productionline you selected. (The production line isdetermined by theproduction version you entered in a planned order.)”I did everythingthat they mentioned. I also checked allthe master information like material version,routings, andwork centers. In customizing, I checked in CRP (CapacityPlanning) for thePlant but nothing looks unusual.✍ ANSWERCheck if you have provided the correctentries in theproduction line (Critical Work center) in the productionversion 003. - 114 -122. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 93Quantity delivered inproduction orderscreen shows zeroWe have a few production orders where the finalconfirmationhas been done and full delivery has been made. However,the quantity
  27. 27. delivered field in the production order screenshows zero. Why is that happening?✍ANSWERCheck the status if it is DLV. If not, check the COGI transaction,thistransaction displays the good movement errors. Give theplant and the order number andcheck for 101 MVT type lineitem. - 115 -123. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 94Labor characteristic inVariant ConfigurationI use a reference characteristic to calculate labor inprocedures thatare allocated to the operation on the masterrouting. This works fine. But now, I want touse this totalvalue for another purpose in a constraint. However, itdoesn‟t seem to see thecalculated value. How can I makethis value available to a constraint or procedure locatedonthe configuration profile?✍ ANSWERIf the calculation of the labor value occurs onthe profile, justplace it in sequence prior to the procedure where you wishto use the result.This may not be possible with a constraint,depending on your usage, as you cannotcontrol eventsequencing with a constraint.If your labor calculation is assigned to therouting directly, itwon‟t work at all. You will have to move the calculation intotheprofile, and simply use the result on the operation. - 116 -124. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 95MC94 and ExcelHow can Iupload information from Excel to FlexiblePlanning (MC94)?✍ ANSWERIt is possiblebut you have to be careful and exact in executingthe procedure.The essential thing toremember is that every aspect of theExcel file has to be exactly the same sequence andformatas in MC94. This is not a formal SAP function; this is just ashortcut to copyinglarge amounts of data in quick steps.First step: from MC94, click Adjusted Quantity, thenKeyFigure. This expands the forecasts by line item. Control-F8to change to yourplanning units (we always use meters).Then Edit-Sort Members-Ascending. Keep theMC94 screenin exactly this format for uploading later.Download your plan into Excel byusing Extras-MicrosoftExcel. This will make a spreadsheet called Pt.xls. Save thisunder anew file name. You can update your forecast numbersin Excel in Pt.xls, but then youneed to get them back up intoSAP (this is pretty quick once you get some practice):1.Reformat the Excel spreadsheet.Highlight the data area in the spreadsheet. Use Data-Sort-Ascending by column A to get rid of the empty rows. - 117 -125. SAP Production Planning QuestionsHide all the columns for past months, i.e.: thefirst monthshowing should be next month, note: you can‟t uploadprevious month‟sforecasts.Update your forecast numbers in this spreadsheet, manuallyor by copying infrom other data from your sales staff.2. Upload the Excel data to SAP MC94.Have MC94in exactly the same position as before, when youcopied to Pt.xls.For the entire visibletable in MC94, i.e.: 17 rows (products),10 columns (months), copy those rows andcolumns of datafrom your Excel spreadsheet, and paste into the top left cellof MC94.This will over-write all the visible data in MC94.Then scroll down to the next set of 17rows in MC94, andpaste the next group of Excel data. At the end, check andsave yourdata.3. Comments.This sounds awkward, but treat the visible areas of the MC94table thesame as the Excel table and it is just like copyingdata from one spreadsheet to another.Iuse this especially for bulk changes, e.g.: add 10% to allforecasts in Excel and copy backinto MC94 takes only a fewminutes.Just be very careful that both MC94 and Excel tableare inthe same sort sequence and in the same units, and make sureyou line up the rightproducts with the new forecasts. - 118 -126. SAP Production Planning Questions☞ QUESTION 96Coverage ProfileBrief: I amcreating a requirement through PIR on a monthlybasis and I have configured a dynamic

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