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Integrated farming system copy (2)


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Integrated farming system copy (2)

  1. 1. INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM PRESENTED BY: Deepak Verma MBA(AB) Ist year IABM , Bikaner IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 1
  2. 2. FLOW OF PRESENTATION Introduction Objectives Factors affecting IFS Components of IFS Integration of Enterprises IFS Models Advantages of IFS IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 2
  3. 3. Introduction  “Farming system” designates a set of agricultural activities organized while preserving land productivity, environmental quality and maintaining desirable level of biological diversity and ecological stability. (Lal and Millar 1990) Farming system consist of several enterprises like Cropping system, Dairying, Piggery, Poultry, Fishery, Bee keeping etc. these enterprises are interrelated. The end product and wastes of one enterprise are used as inputs in others IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 3
  4. 4. Objectives To identify existing farming systems in specific areas and access their relative viability To formulate farming system. Model involving main and allied enterprises for different farming situations  To ensure optional utilization and conservation of available resources and effective recycling of farm residues within system  To maintain sustainable production system without damaging resources/environment  To rise over all profitability of farmhouse hold by complementing main/allied enterprises with other IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 4
  5. 5. Factors Affecting IFS  Soil and climatic features of the selected area  Availability of the resources, land, labour & capital  Present level of utilization of resources  Economics of proposed integrated farming system  Managerial skill of farmer IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 5
  6. 6. Components of Farming System In the integrated farming system, it is always emphasized to combine cropping with other enterprises/ activities, many enterprises are available and these includes cattle maintenance sheep or goat rearing, poultry, piggery, rabbit rearing, bee keeping etc. Any one or more can be combined with the cropping. Buffaloes Sheep rearing Goat rearing Contd… IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 6
  7. 7. Cattle Poultry Duck rearing Turkey rearing Piggery Rabbit rearing Bee keeping Sericulture Mushroom cultivation Biogas plant IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 7
  8. 8. Integration of Enterprises  Farming System Under Lowland: Common cropping system in agro climatic condition of south India are following: Maize, Groundnut, Sesamum, Rice – Fish – Poultry culture Upland Irrigated Farming Systems: Additional income can be generated by enterprises like Dairy , Biogas and Silvi culture to the usual cropping systems.  Rainfed Farming Systems: Agronomic practices of conservation, tillage and mulch farming, rotational cropping use of legumes and cover crops for improving soil fertility and suppressing weeds and efficient use of cattle manure are some of the components of sustainable farming systems. IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 8
  9. 9. IFS Model IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 9
  10. 10. IFS Model IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 10
  11. 11. Advantages of Integrated Farming System Productivity Profitability Potentiality or Sustainability Balanced Food Environmental Safety Recycling Income Rounds the year Meeting Fodder crisis Solving Fuel and Timber Crisis Employment Generation Agro – industries Increasing Input Efficiency IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 11
  12. 12. Conclusion  Integrated farming system seems to be the answer to the problems of increasing food production , for increasing income and for improving nutrition of the small scale farmers with limited resources without any adverse effect on environment and agro- eco-system IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 12
  13. 13. References   IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 13
  14. 14. THANK YOU IABM Bikaner 11/21/2013 14