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Mrs Deepa P
Assistant Professor
Govt College of Nursing
Alappuzha
Definitions
 Medical Science
 The branch of science concerned
with the study of the diagnosis,
treatment, and prevention of
disease.
 Nursing
 It is an integral part of the health
care system, encompasses the
promotion of health, prevention
of illness, and care of physically
ill, mentally ill, and disabled
people of all ages, in all health
care and other community
settings.
National Science day
 28th February
 Theme
 Science and Technology for Specially
Abled Persons
Medical technologies
 Medical technologies are
devices that extend
and/or improve life.
 They can reduce pain,
injury or a handicap as
well as increase the
effectiveness of patient
care.
 Advancements in care
such as operating rooms,
rooms for labour,
ambulances, biopsy labs,
etc… since they help
improve and extend life
and improve patient care
as well.
Scope
 Diagnosis
 Prevention
 Treatment
 Rehabilitation
Diagnosis
X ray machine
MRI machine
Prevention
VACCINATION
Treatment
Rehabilitation
The Benefits
 Earlier detection of
problems
 Less invasive treatment
options
 Reduction in hospital
stays
 Reduction in
rehabilitation time
Subcategories
 Medical Devices
 Medical Research
 Training Devices
 Information
Technology
Medical Devices
 It is a health or medical
instrument used in the
treatment, mitigation,
diagnosis or prevention
of a disease or abnormal
physical condition.
Risky……..
 Low risk devices
 Thermometer
 Breast pump
 BP apparatus
 Infusion pump
 Medium risk devices
 Ultrasound machines
 Surgical drills
 if used improperly could
seriously harm a patient.
 High risk devices
 Anesthesia machines
 Ventilators and
 Incubators
 which if used
improperly could kill
a patient.
Medical Research
 It is simply any research
that has increased the
body of knowledge in the
field of medicine.
 It can be done to test and find new surgical techniques
such as microsurgery.
 It can be done to find
and test possible new
cures for diseases.
 penicillin to treat
bacterial infections,
 human insulin for
diabetics
 vaccines to combat
harmful viruses.
Training Devices
 These are simply devices
doctors and nurses in
training would use that
help them develop their
skills without the
potential harm to a
living patient.
 Examples are practice
Epi-pens and Virtual
Patient websites.
IV Mannequin Labour Mannequin
CPR mannequin
Information Technology
 The study or use of systems
(especially computers and
telecommunications) for
storing, retrieving, and
sending information.
 Co-ordination of all the
patients’ medical records
together in one place/file.
 Beneficial to keeping track of
patient medical allergies and
their current medications.
Medical informatics
 Medical informatics is
the intersection of
information science,
computer science, and
health care. It deals
with the resources,
devices, and methods
required to optimize the
acquisition, storage,
retrieval, and use of
information in health
and biomedicine.
Examples of Medical Informatics Areas
 Hospital information systems
 Electronic medical records & medical
vocabularies
 Laboratory information systems
 Pharmaceutical information systems
 Radiological (imaging) information systems
 Patient monitoring systems
 Clinical decision-support systems
 Diagnosis/interpretation
 Therapy/management
Electronic medical records
Laboratory information systems
Pharmaceutical information systems
Radiological Information systems
Patient monitoring systems
Why I am here today?
Use of technology for specially
abled persons
Major Devender Pal, India's blade runner
Sharath Gayakwad, Paralympic
swimmer
Specially abled persons
 Differently Abled
 lack of normal functioning of physical, mental or
psychological processes.
 It is also defined as learning difficulties or difficulties
in adjusting socially, which interfaces with a person’s
normal growth and development.
Divyang jan
I can’t……..
Individual life Social life including work
 A disabled child has been defined as one who is unable
to ensure by himself, wholly or partially the necessities
of a normal individual or social life including work as a
result of deficiency whether congenital or not in his
physical or mental capabilities.
Synonyms
 challenged, disabled, exceptional, impaired, incapacita
ted
 Disease- Accident
 Impairment- Loss of foot
 Disability- Cannot walk
 Handicap- Unemployed
Disease Impairment Disability Handicap
Who are differently abled persons?
As per the provisions of the Persons with Disability (PWD)
Act 1995 it means:-
1. Blindness
2. Low vision
3. Leprosy cured
4. Hearing impairment
5. Locomotor disability
6. Mental retardation and
7. Mental illness
Research evidences
 denial of disability
 physical restraints
 social boycott
 denial of property rights
 decreased marital life prospects
 implications on sexuality of people with disability
 women with disability
 discrepancies in state welfare programs
 problems in measuring disabilities.
WHO
 About 650 million people live with disabilities
 Congenital diseases
 Chronic diseases
 Injuries
 Car crashes
 Falls
 Violence and
 Ageing.
 80% live in low-income countries
International Day of Persons with
Disabilities (IDPD)
India and Kerala
 8.61 lakhs (3.92% of the total disabled persons in
India).
 53.2% are males and 46.7% are females
Acts for the Specially Abled in India
 Rehabilitation Council of India Act (1992): states that
CWSN will be taught by a trained teacher.
 Persons with Disabilities Act (1995): educational
entitlement for all CWSN up to 18 years in an
appropriate environment.
 National Trust Act (1999): provide services and
support to severely disabled children.
 The 86th Constitutional Amendment (2007): free and
compulsory education to children, up to 14 years.
Barriers to education
Dr. Nidhi Singhal 2009
 Negative Attitudes and Stereotypes
 Inadequate funding
 Lack of skilled teachers
 Physical Inaccessibility and poor infra structure
 Rigid curricula and assessment systems
 Gap in the availability of accessible higher education
facilities.
 Poverty and lack of awareness of the parents
 Absence of statistical data and the attitudes of the
policy makers.
SSA and its focus on children with
special needs
 8 priority areas of intervention for inclusive
education:
1) Survey for identification of CWSN
2) Assessment of CWSN
3) Providing assistive devices
4) Networking with NGOs/Government schemes
5) Barrier free access
6) Training of teachers on Inclusive Education
7) Appointment of resource teachers
8) Curricula adaptation/textbooks/appropriate Teaching
Learning Materials
WHO – Assistive Technology
 Assistive devices and technologies are those whose
primary purpose is to maintain or improve an
individual’s functioning and independence to
facilitate participation and to enhance overall well-
being.
 Assistive devices can help a differently abled person to
improve the quality of life and maintain sense of
independence.
Examples
 Wheelchairs
 Prosthetics- artificial limb
 Hearing aids
 Visual aids
 Specialized computer software and hardware that
increase mobility, hearing, vision, or communication
capacities.
 only 5-15% of people are able to get them.
 Assistive technology (AT)
 includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative
devices for people with disabilities.
 acquired commercially, modified, or
customized.
 It is used to increase, maintain, or improve
functional capabilities of individuals with
disabilities.
 Assistive devices may help a differently
abled to move around, see, communicate,
eat, or get dressed/undressed.
 Assistive devices for mobility/ambulation is
referred to as ambulatory aids. eg, canes,
crutches, walkers
Adaptive technology
 Adaptive technology covers items that are
specifically designed for persons with
disabilities and will not be used by non-
disabled persons.
Wheel chairs
DEKA iBOT –
self-balancing technology
negotiate tough terrain and stairways
elevates the user so that he or she can be at eye-level with others
who are standing
Crutches and canes
Prosthetics or artificial limb
 Circulation problems from atherosclerosis or diabetes.
Patients need an amputation.
 Traumatic injuries, including from traffic accidents
and military combat
 Cancer
 Birth defects
Myo electric prostheses
Upper arm prostheses
Lower arm prosthetics
Above knee prostheses
Below knee prostheses
Rehabilitation - training
Hearing aids
American Sign Language to real
time speech- Uber
Projects of students in Indian
Institutes
 Dumb Sign System Using Speech Communication
 Object Identification For Deaf And Dumb
 A Portable Glove Based Sign Language Translator With
Liquid Crystal Display
 GSM Based Calling Bell For Deaf And Dumb
 Gesture vocalizer
White canes with ultrasonic devices
that detect obstacles up to nine feet
away.
October
15th
Braille
Braille watch
BrainPort V100- Seeing with mouth
 Wearers can learn to understand the tingles and “see”
where objects are located
Eye Cane and Eye Music
•EyeCane, a flashlight-like device
•sends out infrared rays
•sense objects within a range of
up to five meters.
• EyeMusic, is a mini-camera
system
•translates location of objects
into soundscapes which the
brain can interpret visually.
Assisted vision smart glasses
 These glasses allow
them to navigate
their daily lives with
maximum comfort
Blitab
tactile tablet for the blind and visually impaired
Finger Reader
 It reads aloud in real-time
Taptapsee
 The app utilizes the device’s camera and VoiceOver
functions to photograph objects and identify them out
loud for the user.
Arianna App
 pAth Recognition for Indoor Assisted NavigatioN with
Augmented perception
Google Glass
 Optical head-mounted
display designed in the
shape of a pair of
eyeglasses
 Camera attached to it
 Internet accessibility
 Google announced that
it would stop producing
the Google Glass
prototype in 2015
Use of internet
 People with disabilities access and navigate the Web in
different ways, depending on their individual needs and
preferences.
 Tools and preferences
 Assistive Technologies - software or hardware that people
with disabilities use to improve interaction with the web. Eg:
read aloud web pages, screen magnifiers
 Adaptive Strategies - techniques that people with disabilities
use to improve interaction with the web. Eg: reducing mouse
speed
Modifications
 Content formats - hearing, feeling, and seeing
 Refreshable braille display
 screen reader
 voice browser
 Presentation - distinguishing and
understanding
 Pop-up and animations blockers
 Reading assistants
 Screen magnifier
 Volume control
 User interaction - typing, writing, and clicking
 Alternative keyboard and mouse
 Eye tracking
 On-screen keyboard
 Voice recognition
 Word prediction
 Design solutions - navigating and finding content
 Bookmarks and history
 Keyword search
 Keyboard navigation
 Page maps
 Pictorial links
Alternative keyboard and mouse
 Keyboards with larger keys, key labels, key spacing,
illuminated keys, or custom layouts
 On-screen keyboards, touch-screens, sip-and-puff
switches, and single-key switches
 Trackballs, joysticks, touch-pads, specially designed
mice, and other pointing devices
Summary
 Medicine
 Nursing
 Medical technologies - scope, benefits, subcategories
 Specially abled persons
 Incidence
 Acts for the specially abled
 Barriers of education
 SSA and its focus on CWSN
 Assistive technology
 Examples
Conclusion
 Over the centuries, new medical developments and
techniques have changed the face of healthcare.
 The medical field has always brought together the
best and brightest of society to help those in need.
 From treating cancer and delivering babies to dealing
with heart attacks, it has developed technology and
improved techniques.
 And it will continue to do so in future………….
The only disability in life is a bad
attitude
 Scott Hamilton
Technology for differently abled persons

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Technology for differently abled persons

  • 1. Mrs Deepa P Assistant Professor Govt College of Nursing Alappuzha
  • 2. Definitions  Medical Science  The branch of science concerned with the study of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.  Nursing  It is an integral part of the health care system, encompasses the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and care of physically ill, mentally ill, and disabled people of all ages, in all health care and other community settings.
  • 3. National Science day  28th February  Theme  Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons
  • 4. Medical technologies  Medical technologies are devices that extend and/or improve life.  They can reduce pain, injury or a handicap as well as increase the effectiveness of patient care.
  • 5.  Advancements in care such as operating rooms, rooms for labour, ambulances, biopsy labs, etc… since they help improve and extend life and improve patient care as well.
  • 6. Scope  Diagnosis  Prevention  Treatment  Rehabilitation
  • 8.
  • 12.
  • 14.
  • 15. The Benefits  Earlier detection of problems  Less invasive treatment options  Reduction in hospital stays  Reduction in rehabilitation time
  • 16. Subcategories  Medical Devices  Medical Research  Training Devices  Information Technology
  • 17. Medical Devices  It is a health or medical instrument used in the treatment, mitigation, diagnosis or prevention of a disease or abnormal physical condition. Risky……..
  • 18.  Low risk devices  Thermometer  Breast pump  BP apparatus  Infusion pump
  • 19.  Medium risk devices  Ultrasound machines  Surgical drills  if used improperly could seriously harm a patient.
  • 20.  High risk devices  Anesthesia machines  Ventilators and  Incubators  which if used improperly could kill a patient.
  • 21. Medical Research  It is simply any research that has increased the body of knowledge in the field of medicine.
  • 22.  It can be done to test and find new surgical techniques such as microsurgery.
  • 23.  It can be done to find and test possible new cures for diseases.  penicillin to treat bacterial infections,  human insulin for diabetics  vaccines to combat harmful viruses.
  • 24. Training Devices  These are simply devices doctors and nurses in training would use that help them develop their skills without the potential harm to a living patient.  Examples are practice Epi-pens and Virtual Patient websites.
  • 25. IV Mannequin Labour Mannequin
  • 27. Information Technology  The study or use of systems (especially computers and telecommunications) for storing, retrieving, and sending information.  Co-ordination of all the patients’ medical records together in one place/file.  Beneficial to keeping track of patient medical allergies and their current medications.
  • 28. Medical informatics  Medical informatics is the intersection of information science, computer science, and health care. It deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and biomedicine.
  • 29. Examples of Medical Informatics Areas  Hospital information systems  Electronic medical records & medical vocabularies  Laboratory information systems  Pharmaceutical information systems  Radiological (imaging) information systems  Patient monitoring systems  Clinical decision-support systems  Diagnosis/interpretation  Therapy/management
  • 31.
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38. Why I am here today?
  • 39. Use of technology for specially abled persons
  • 40. Major Devender Pal, India's blade runner
  • 42. Specially abled persons  Differently Abled  lack of normal functioning of physical, mental or psychological processes.  It is also defined as learning difficulties or difficulties in adjusting socially, which interfaces with a person’s normal growth and development. Divyang jan
  • 43. I can’t…….. Individual life Social life including work
  • 44.  A disabled child has been defined as one who is unable to ensure by himself, wholly or partially the necessities of a normal individual or social life including work as a result of deficiency whether congenital or not in his physical or mental capabilities.
  • 45. Synonyms  challenged, disabled, exceptional, impaired, incapacita ted
  • 46.  Disease- Accident  Impairment- Loss of foot  Disability- Cannot walk  Handicap- Unemployed Disease Impairment Disability Handicap
  • 47. Who are differently abled persons? As per the provisions of the Persons with Disability (PWD) Act 1995 it means:- 1. Blindness 2. Low vision 3. Leprosy cured 4. Hearing impairment 5. Locomotor disability 6. Mental retardation and 7. Mental illness
  • 48. Research evidences  denial of disability  physical restraints  social boycott  denial of property rights  decreased marital life prospects  implications on sexuality of people with disability  women with disability  discrepancies in state welfare programs  problems in measuring disabilities.
  • 49. WHO  About 650 million people live with disabilities  Congenital diseases  Chronic diseases  Injuries  Car crashes  Falls  Violence and  Ageing.  80% live in low-income countries
  • 50. International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD)
  • 51. India and Kerala  8.61 lakhs (3.92% of the total disabled persons in India).  53.2% are males and 46.7% are females
  • 52. Acts for the Specially Abled in India  Rehabilitation Council of India Act (1992): states that CWSN will be taught by a trained teacher.  Persons with Disabilities Act (1995): educational entitlement for all CWSN up to 18 years in an appropriate environment.  National Trust Act (1999): provide services and support to severely disabled children.  The 86th Constitutional Amendment (2007): free and compulsory education to children, up to 14 years.
  • 53. Barriers to education Dr. Nidhi Singhal 2009  Negative Attitudes and Stereotypes  Inadequate funding  Lack of skilled teachers  Physical Inaccessibility and poor infra structure  Rigid curricula and assessment systems  Gap in the availability of accessible higher education facilities.  Poverty and lack of awareness of the parents  Absence of statistical data and the attitudes of the policy makers.
  • 54. SSA and its focus on children with special needs  8 priority areas of intervention for inclusive education: 1) Survey for identification of CWSN 2) Assessment of CWSN 3) Providing assistive devices 4) Networking with NGOs/Government schemes 5) Barrier free access 6) Training of teachers on Inclusive Education 7) Appointment of resource teachers 8) Curricula adaptation/textbooks/appropriate Teaching Learning Materials
  • 55. WHO – Assistive Technology  Assistive devices and technologies are those whose primary purpose is to maintain or improve an individual’s functioning and independence to facilitate participation and to enhance overall well- being.  Assistive devices can help a differently abled person to improve the quality of life and maintain sense of independence.
  • 56. Examples  Wheelchairs  Prosthetics- artificial limb  Hearing aids  Visual aids  Specialized computer software and hardware that increase mobility, hearing, vision, or communication capacities.  only 5-15% of people are able to get them.
  • 57.  Assistive technology (AT)  includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities.  acquired commercially, modified, or customized.  It is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.
  • 58.  Assistive devices may help a differently abled to move around, see, communicate, eat, or get dressed/undressed.  Assistive devices for mobility/ambulation is referred to as ambulatory aids. eg, canes, crutches, walkers
  • 59. Adaptive technology  Adaptive technology covers items that are specifically designed for persons with disabilities and will not be used by non- disabled persons.
  • 61. DEKA iBOT – self-balancing technology negotiate tough terrain and stairways elevates the user so that he or she can be at eye-level with others who are standing
  • 62.
  • 64.
  • 65. Prosthetics or artificial limb  Circulation problems from atherosclerosis or diabetes. Patients need an amputation.  Traumatic injuries, including from traffic accidents and military combat  Cancer  Birth defects
  • 67.
  • 74. American Sign Language to real time speech- Uber
  • 75. Projects of students in Indian Institutes  Dumb Sign System Using Speech Communication  Object Identification For Deaf And Dumb  A Portable Glove Based Sign Language Translator With Liquid Crystal Display  GSM Based Calling Bell For Deaf And Dumb  Gesture vocalizer
  • 76. White canes with ultrasonic devices that detect obstacles up to nine feet away. October 15th
  • 79. BrainPort V100- Seeing with mouth  Wearers can learn to understand the tingles and “see” where objects are located
  • 80. Eye Cane and Eye Music •EyeCane, a flashlight-like device •sends out infrared rays •sense objects within a range of up to five meters. • EyeMusic, is a mini-camera system •translates location of objects into soundscapes which the brain can interpret visually.
  • 81. Assisted vision smart glasses  These glasses allow them to navigate their daily lives with maximum comfort
  • 82.
  • 83. Blitab tactile tablet for the blind and visually impaired
  • 84. Finger Reader  It reads aloud in real-time
  • 85. Taptapsee  The app utilizes the device’s camera and VoiceOver functions to photograph objects and identify them out loud for the user.
  • 86. Arianna App  pAth Recognition for Indoor Assisted NavigatioN with Augmented perception
  • 87. Google Glass  Optical head-mounted display designed in the shape of a pair of eyeglasses  Camera attached to it  Internet accessibility  Google announced that it would stop producing the Google Glass prototype in 2015
  • 88. Use of internet  People with disabilities access and navigate the Web in different ways, depending on their individual needs and preferences.  Tools and preferences  Assistive Technologies - software or hardware that people with disabilities use to improve interaction with the web. Eg: read aloud web pages, screen magnifiers  Adaptive Strategies - techniques that people with disabilities use to improve interaction with the web. Eg: reducing mouse speed
  • 89. Modifications  Content formats - hearing, feeling, and seeing  Refreshable braille display  screen reader  voice browser  Presentation - distinguishing and understanding  Pop-up and animations blockers  Reading assistants  Screen magnifier  Volume control
  • 90.  User interaction - typing, writing, and clicking  Alternative keyboard and mouse  Eye tracking  On-screen keyboard  Voice recognition  Word prediction  Design solutions - navigating and finding content  Bookmarks and history  Keyword search  Keyboard navigation  Page maps  Pictorial links
  • 91. Alternative keyboard and mouse  Keyboards with larger keys, key labels, key spacing, illuminated keys, or custom layouts  On-screen keyboards, touch-screens, sip-and-puff switches, and single-key switches  Trackballs, joysticks, touch-pads, specially designed mice, and other pointing devices
  • 92.
  • 93.
  • 94.
  • 95.
  • 96.
  • 97. Summary  Medicine  Nursing  Medical technologies - scope, benefits, subcategories  Specially abled persons  Incidence  Acts for the specially abled  Barriers of education  SSA and its focus on CWSN  Assistive technology  Examples
  • 98. Conclusion  Over the centuries, new medical developments and techniques have changed the face of healthcare.  The medical field has always brought together the best and brightest of society to help those in need.  From treating cancer and delivering babies to dealing with heart attacks, it has developed technology and improved techniques.  And it will continue to do so in future………….
  • 99. The only disability in life is a bad attitude  Scott Hamilton

Editor's Notes

  1. Meet India's blade runner, Major Devender Pal. Despite losing his right leg to a Pakistani mortar during the Kargil War, Pal challenges himself each passing day, making his disability his strength. His determination to do something different and his never-say-die attitude has seen him become India's first blade runner. His passion for running has seen him participate in 9 marathons. After he ran three half marathons with a normal walking leg successfully, the army came to his rescue and gave him an Ireland-made prosthesis which costs about Rs 4.5 lakh. You are truly an inspiration, sir!
  2. Being born with a deformed left hand did not deter this starry-eyed kid who started taking swimming lessons when he was just 9. Sharath recently created history by winning 6 medals at the Para Incheon Asian Games 2014. With this, he broke the legendary PT Usha's 28-year-old record at the Asian Games. Not only this, he also has over 30 international and 40 national medals to his name. He was also the first Indian to qualify for the London Olympics for the disabled in 2010. Kudos to you, Sharath!
  3. Nov 2: Prime Minister Narendra Modi Sunday said his reference in his radio address to specially-abled children inspired the HRD ministry to provide scholarships to 1,000 such meritorious children who want study in technical institutes
  4. case studies describes the various ugly forms of the discriminatory practices seen in the community towards differently abled children, same been categorized as
  5. ; most are poor and have limited or no access to basic services, including rehabilitation facilities.
  6. Are able to get
  7. The structure of the prosthesis should result in intu-itive control to improve user acceptance. This can be accomplished by making the signal flow between the prosthesis and the user resemble that of the nondisabled body. The signal flow can be divided into three parts: user intent, motion control, and sensory feedback. A prosthesis should contain subsystems that account for each of these parts; such a desired system is shown in Figure 1. The subsystems are described as follows: electromyographic (EMG) sensing, which determines user intent by detecting the activity of residual muscles through electrodes on the skin; control system, which actuates the prosthesis according to control signals received from EMG sensing; and feedback system, which provides the user with artificial sensory information. The combination of these three subsystems gives the user a noninvasive way to control an electronic prosthesis with the residual limb.
  8. GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) is a digital mobile telephony system that is widely used in Europe and other parts of the world.  LCD (liquid crystal display) is the technology used for displays in notebook and other smaller computers. Like light-emitting diode (LED) and gas-plasma technologies,LCDs allow displays to be much thinner than cathode ray tube (CRT) technology.
  9. Seeing with your mouth
  10. Blind people can recognize the letters of the alphabet and identify pictures of people EyeCane, a flashlight-like device, sends out infrared rays to translate distance into auditory and tactile cues, letting the user sense objects within a range of up to five meters. The second device, EyeMusic, is a mini-camera system connected to an app that translates colors, shapes and location of objects into soundscapes which the brain can interpret visually. 
  11. these glasses allow them to navigate their daily lives with maximum comfort without having to undergo any invasive surgeries
  12. Blitab is the first ever true tactile tablet for the blind and visually impaired. The innovative smart liquid technology inside the device also makes it possible to display tactile pictures to directly address blind users that are non-braille readers