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  1. 1. Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master subtitle style ICTs for fighting corruption Basheerhamad Shadrach, Secretary, Mission 2007 Asia Senior Program Officer,, IDRC 1
  2. 2. Corruption effects… The poor are the most affected Real loss of revenue for governmentPetty corruption the large form of corruption in practice Distances people fromgovernment and those in authorityIncreases tolerance to corruption in societyExtortion, collusion and systemic corruption are norms of the day
  3. 3. eGovernance effects… The poor and the rich are equal beneficiariesA real income drive for government; many a times saves cost Petty corruption is difficult asdiscretionary power does not existBrings government services at the door steps and finger tips, butmakes the authority invisible, thus collusion and extortion nearly impossibleIncreased awareness about rights
  4. 4. Yet the less known facts… The relationship between•eGovernance and fighting corruption •ICT-enabled mechanisms to fightcorruption and improving governance
  5. 5. ICTs for fighting corruption… Some early trendsCurtailing large scale petty corruption in ‘Jumping the Queue’ phenomenon – Railway reservation?Bhoomi project? DAVP computerisation? Pro-pooreGov research of TI national chapters? Community monitoring of education? (typical eGov projects) •Reducing the 4 billion dollar tuition industry –digital curriculum (an ICT for Development initiative) •Withstanding the pesticides lobby – the KolamBadi project (a program that banks upon the use of ICT in a mainstream pilot) •Booking high profile criminals - the ‘YOU’phenomenon at work (the spin-off benefits of ICTs)
  6. 6. ICTs for fighting corruption… The ‘YOU’ phenomenon • Citizens’ journalism/reporting • Tehelkha case • The Delhi ceilings • Haj pilgrims management? • Strong bondage between citizens and media; and, demand for ‘Right to information’• Higher level of participation, empathy and solidarity
  7. 7. eGovernance as a disguise…Creating incentives and ; better ecosystem for workCall for a transparent Delhi replicating the Chicago modelThe “name and shame” drive – teh CVC, CBI sites Public grievances systems a mandatory tool to serve citizens Mission mode projects to help fight corruption
  8. 8. eGovernance (India)… The Plan 26 Mission mode projects 8 support components Rs. 23000 Cr. ( US5.1 billion )
  9. 9. eGovernance (India)…e-Panchayats 2/26 projects Panchayats Ministry of Panchayati RajServices Proposed Under Service Levels Defined Benchmarked Service Levelse-PanchayatsCopy of Proceedings of Within 3 working days of the Copy of Proceedings made online & throughGram Sabha and Action transaction through service centres within 2 working days of theTaken Report information made available on transaction in villages where a CSC exist – else the Panchayat Boards and within 5 working days Ultimately Web Certified Copy of Proceedings to be made available through CSCs / Panchayat Office within 20 minutes of request.Receipt of Funds / Progress Information made available on Unaudited accounts / progress report to beReport the Panchayat Boards and updated online < 7 days of the month-end. Ultimately Web Audited Accounts to be finalized within 4 months of the financial closureDissemination of Data – Information made available on A consolidated data, updated every 6 monthsBPL, PF for Landless the Panchayat Boards and (within one month of September 30 and MarchAgricultural Laborers, Ultimately Web 31) for a district to be coordinated by DPC to beeducation, Health facilities made available through the Internet& statusDigitization of the Village Information made available Beside CD, this information should also be madeInfrastructure on a Map through CDs – updated once available on the net. Information should be every year updated within 3 months of the end of the financial year. 39 National e-Governance Plan
  10. 10. eGovernance (India)…Agriculture (1/26 projects) Creation of a village level authentic, reliableand updatable database of soil health and theproduction of user friendly and updatable soil health cards/passbooks for farming lands •Creation of a nation-wide information Systems for quality seeds production, preservation and distribution •Creating credit and insurance information and advisory systems for the rural poor• Creation of land information systems for the nation with cultivating patterns
  11. 11. eGovernance (India)…Common Service Centres •100,000 telecentres in rural areas•At least 10,000 centres in urban areas •Access by mobile phone, web •Capacity building for information entrepreneurs and change agents •Access to private services•An ally in national focus areas – health, agriculture, education, livelihoods, governance
  12. 12. eGovernance (India)… What is there for citizens •Integrated & enhanced access to government services •Clearly defined service levels •Services at the doorstep with substantial rural outreach •Increased efficiency •Enhanced transparency •Improved reliability •Affordable cost
  13. 13. eGovernance (India)… e-governance key to making India corruption free; All governmentprogrammes must consider citizens as privileged customers and become accountable for providing all services without interruption and hassles. One of the means toensure this is by incorporation of a sound e-governance system-The Honourable President of India Dr A P J Abdul Kalam at the StateAnti-corruption Bureaux/Vigilance Bureaux-2006‘ (16 Nov 2006)
  14. 14. eGovernance and anti- corruption….E-government projects should notmake a mention of anti-corruption intent; but achieve itAnti-corruption intent should not avoid making a mention of eGovernance; but labour it
  15. 15. Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master subtitle style A million citizen-centric knowledge And empowerment centres to revolutionize the world by 2010 15