Sit Back And Relax. We   Recommend You To GoThrough The Presentation For A  Minimum Of 2 Times. ThisPresentation Is Design...
Inside Today’s Desktop PC
Section 1
Introduction To Several Parts Of A Computer
In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board
Mother Board
In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU
In This Section You Will Know AboutThe Mother BoardCPUSMPS
SMPS
In This Section You Will Know About  The Mother Board  CPU  SMPS  Cabinet
Cabinet
In This Section You Will Know About  The Mother Board  CPU  SMPS  Cabinet  CPU Heat Sink & Fan
CPU Heat Sink & Fan
In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan RAM
Random Access MemorySD (Synchronous Dynamic) RAM
In This Section You Will Know About  The Mother Board  CPU  SMPS  Cabinet  CPU Heat Sink & Fan  RAM  Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
In this section you will know aboutThe Mother BoardCPUSMPSCabinetCPU Heat Sink & FanRAMHard Disk Drive (HDD)Floppy Disk Dr...
Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)
Contd…CD ROM Drive
CD ROM Drive
Contd…CD ROM DriveCD Writer
CD Writer
Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws Used
Screws
Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws UsedAGP Card
AGP Card
Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws UsedAGP CardLAN Card
LAN Card
Mother Board
Mother Board     Socket 478
Mother BoardNorth Bridge
Mother BoardSouth Bridge
A south bridge chipset handles controls all of thecomputers I/O functions, such as USB, audio, serial, thesystem BIOS, the...
Mother BoardCMOS Battery
Mother BoardPrimary & Secondary
Mother Board           Ports
Mother Board                 RAM Slots  SD RAM Slots DDR RAM Slots
Mother Board       AGP Slot
Mother Board          PCI Slots
Mother Board               CNR Slot
Communications and Networking Riser (CNR) is aslot found on certain PC motherboards and used forspecialized networking, au...
Mother Board         BIOS
Mother BoardATX PowerConnector
Mother BoardFloppy Drive Connector
Mother Board      CD In Jacks
Socket 478                                                           DDR RAM Slots                                        ...
Socket 478CPU Heat sink and    FanRetention Module             Locking Lever
Socket 478 Close Up                        Socket                        Name                        Pin 1                ...
Socket 478                                                            DDR RAM Slots                                       ...
North Bridge
Mother Board                                 SD RAM Slots                               DDR RAM Slots             North Br...
Socket 478                                                            DDR RAM Slots                                       ...
SouthBridge
Mother Board               Floppy Drive                ConnectorPorts                               Primary               ...
CMOSBattery
Secondary       Primary
CMOSJumper
System Fan
Socket 478                                                            DDR RAM Slots                                       ...
Ports (Back View)
Ports (Front View)                Ethernet Port                                       Parallel Port           Game PortMou...
Socket 478                                                            DDR RAM Slots                                       ...
DDR RAM & SD RAM Slots                 266 MHz              133 MHz
Socket 478                                                            DDR RAM Slots                                       ...
AGP Slot  Accelerated Graphics Port66MHz
PCI Slots   Peripheral Component Interconnect33MHz
CNR SlotCommunications and Networking Raiser
CNR, PCI, AGP Slots          AGP Slot                       PCI Slots            CNR Slot
Socket 478                                                            DDR RAM Slots                                       ...
BIOSBasic Input Output System
Socket 478                                                            DDR RAM Slots                                       ...
ATX Power Connector                      rFloppy Drive Connecto
Socket 478                                                            DDR RAM Slots                                       ...
CD in
Socket 478                                                           DDR RAM Slots                                        ...
Clock               L2 CacheSpeed                  FSB Speed                          Core Voltage     P – IV CPU Top View...
L2 Cache  Pin 1Indication
SMPS  Switching Mode Power SupplySMPS Fan230 V AC  Input230 V AC Output
Red(R) +5V                            Purple(P) +5V Stand ByYellow(Y) +12V                        Blue(Blu) -12VOrange(O) ...
12V                  5V                      GNDPeripheral Power Connector
GND12V                      5V      Floppy Power Connector
12V      ATX 12V Connector
GND                       5V                 3.3V             (P6)      ATX Auxiliary Connector
Cabinet                      Power Switch          Power LED          HDD LED     Reset Switch
SMPS Case  MotherBoard Ports   caseSystem Fan   Case  ADD ON Cards Cases
CDD Cabin HDD & FDD   Cabin   Speaker
CPU Heat Sink & Fan                        Locking                        Levers                         Fan              ...
Random Access MemorySD (Synchronous Dynamic) RAM
IDE – Integrated Drive Electronics                        Jumper                         Pins     PowerIDE Connector      ...
HDD Top View
Instructions on Top of HDD
Jumper Settings
Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)Access LED       Eject Button
FDD Back ViewPower Connector   Data Cable Connector
CD ROM Drive
Vendor Name                               Access LEDHead Phones Jack                   Volume Control
Speed of a CDD52X = 52 x 150 KBps = 7800 KBps
Pin Hole           Open / Close Button
CDD Rear View        Jumper Pins                      IDE Connector                                  Power ConnectorCD Aud...
CDD Connectors Specifications
CDD Top View
CD Writer
CD Writer Rear View                      IDE Connector           Jumper Pins                                Power Connecto...
Vendor Name               Volume ControlHead Phones Jack
Write Speed   Read Speed              Re Write Speed   Pin HoleAccess LED Open / Close Button
CD Writer Top View
ScrewsOuter    Inner   Mother Board
AGP Card
AGP Card top view
LAN Card
RJ 45 Jack
CablesFloppy Drive Cable            IDE Cables
40          80 Conductor   Conductor  Cable        CableLow Speed    High Speed
Section 2
Assembling    a  P – IV    PC
In this section you will learnHow to assemble a Pentium – IV PC with• P – IV 1.6 GHz 478 pin CPU• KOB P4M266 NDFSMX Mother...
Preparing the Chassis
I / O Shield
Installing the   Mother    Board
Installing the CPU
Installing the CPU fan
Installing the RAM
Installing the SMPS
Installing the ATXPower Connector
Installing the HDD
Installing the FDD
Powering the HDD & FDD
Installing the CDROM          Drive
Installing the LAN Card
Test Yourself     Try to identify the       componentsFROM NOW ON PRESS THE SPACE BAR   TO PROCEED TO NEXT SLIDE
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Mother Board
Socket 478
Socket 478 Close Up
Mother Board
SMPS
Red(R) +5V                            Purple(P) +5V Stand ByYellow(Y) +12V                        Blue(Blu) -12VOrange(O) ...
12V   5V       GND
GND12V         5V
12V
GND            5V        3.3V      (P6)
IDE –
Speed of a CDD     52X =
CDD Rear View
Screws
Cables
Conductor   Conductor Cable        CableSpeed         Speed
Thank You
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Computer hardware

  1. 1. Sit Back And Relax. We Recommend You To GoThrough The Presentation For A Minimum Of 2 Times. ThisPresentation Is Designed For A Novice.
  2. 2. Inside Today’s Desktop PC
  3. 3. Section 1
  4. 4. Introduction To Several Parts Of A Computer
  5. 5. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board
  6. 6. Mother Board
  7. 7. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU
  8. 8. In This Section You Will Know AboutThe Mother BoardCPUSMPS
  9. 9. SMPS
  10. 10. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet
  11. 11. Cabinet
  12. 12. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan
  13. 13. CPU Heat Sink & Fan
  14. 14. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan RAM
  15. 15. Random Access MemorySD (Synchronous Dynamic) RAM
  16. 16. In This Section You Will Know About The Mother Board CPU SMPS Cabinet CPU Heat Sink & Fan RAM Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  17. 17. Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  18. 18. In this section you will know aboutThe Mother BoardCPUSMPSCabinetCPU Heat Sink & FanRAMHard Disk Drive (HDD)Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)
  19. 19. Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)
  20. 20. Contd…CD ROM Drive
  21. 21. CD ROM Drive
  22. 22. Contd…CD ROM DriveCD Writer
  23. 23. CD Writer
  24. 24. Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws Used
  25. 25. Screws
  26. 26. Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws UsedAGP Card
  27. 27. AGP Card
  28. 28. Contd…CD ROM DriveCD WriterDifferent Screws UsedAGP CardLAN Card
  29. 29. LAN Card
  30. 30. Mother Board
  31. 31. Mother Board Socket 478
  32. 32. Mother BoardNorth Bridge
  33. 33. Mother BoardSouth Bridge
  34. 34. A south bridge chipset handles controls all of thecomputers I/O functions, such as USB, audio, serial, thesystem BIOS, the ISA bus, the interrupt controller andthe IDE channels.The north bridge typically handles communicationsamong the CPU, in some cases RAM, and PCI Express(or AGP) video cards.CMOS is short for Complementary Metal-OxideSemiconductor. CMOS is an on-board semiconductorchip powered by a CMOS battery inside computers thatstores information such as the system time and date andthe system hardware settings for your computer.
  35. 35. Mother BoardCMOS Battery
  36. 36. Mother BoardPrimary & Secondary
  37. 37. Mother Board Ports
  38. 38. Mother Board RAM Slots SD RAM Slots DDR RAM Slots
  39. 39. Mother Board AGP Slot
  40. 40. Mother Board PCI Slots
  41. 41. Mother Board CNR Slot
  42. 42. Communications and Networking Riser (CNR) is aslot found on certain PC motherboards and used forspecialized networking, audio, and telephony equipment.Peripheral Component Interconnect,[1] part of thePCI Local Bus standard and often shortened toPCI) is a computer bus for attachinghardware devices in a computer.
  43. 43. Mother Board BIOS
  44. 44. Mother BoardATX PowerConnector
  45. 45. Mother BoardFloppy Drive Connector
  46. 46. Mother Board CD In Jacks
  47. 47. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  48. 48. Socket 478CPU Heat sink and FanRetention Module Locking Lever
  49. 49. Socket 478 Close Up Socket Name Pin 1 Indication Locking Lever
  50. 50. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  51. 51. North Bridge
  52. 52. Mother Board SD RAM Slots DDR RAM Slots North BridgeSocket 478 AGP Slot
  53. 53. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  54. 54. SouthBridge
  55. 55. Mother Board Floppy Drive ConnectorPorts Primary Secondary BIOS PCI Slots
  56. 56. CMOSBattery
  57. 57. Secondary Primary
  58. 58. CMOSJumper
  59. 59. System Fan
  60. 60. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  61. 61. Ports (Back View)
  62. 62. Ports (Front View) Ethernet Port Parallel Port Game PortMouse PortKeyboard Port Serial Port Sound Ports VGA Port USB Ports
  63. 63. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  64. 64. DDR RAM & SD RAM Slots 266 MHz 133 MHz
  65. 65. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  66. 66. AGP Slot Accelerated Graphics Port66MHz
  67. 67. PCI Slots Peripheral Component Interconnect33MHz
  68. 68. CNR SlotCommunications and Networking Raiser
  69. 69. CNR, PCI, AGP Slots AGP Slot PCI Slots CNR Slot
  70. 70. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  71. 71. BIOSBasic Input Output System
  72. 72. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  73. 73. ATX Power Connector rFloppy Drive Connecto
  74. 74. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery
  75. 75. CD in
  76. 76. Socket 478 DDR RAM Slots SD RAM SlotsPorts North Bridge ATX Power Connector Floppy Drive AGP Slot Connector South Primary Bridge Secondary BIOS PCI Slots CMOS Battery CNR Slot
  77. 77. Clock L2 CacheSpeed FSB Speed Core Voltage P – IV CPU Top View Pin 1Indication
  78. 78. L2 Cache Pin 1Indication
  79. 79. SMPS Switching Mode Power SupplySMPS Fan230 V AC Input230 V AC Output
  80. 80. Red(R) +5V Purple(P) +5V Stand ByYellow(Y) +12V Blue(Blu) -12VOrange(O) 3.3V Green(G) Power Supply OnGrey(Gr) Power Good White(W) -5V ATX Power Connector O Blu B G B B B W R R 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 O O B R B R B Gr P Y
  81. 81. 12V 5V GNDPeripheral Power Connector
  82. 82. GND12V 5V Floppy Power Connector
  83. 83. 12V ATX 12V Connector
  84. 84. GND 5V 3.3V (P6) ATX Auxiliary Connector
  85. 85. Cabinet Power Switch Power LED HDD LED Reset Switch
  86. 86. SMPS Case MotherBoard Ports caseSystem Fan Case ADD ON Cards Cases
  87. 87. CDD Cabin HDD & FDD Cabin Speaker
  88. 88. CPU Heat Sink & Fan Locking Levers Fan 12V GND
  89. 89. Random Access MemorySD (Synchronous Dynamic) RAM
  90. 90. IDE – Integrated Drive Electronics Jumper Pins PowerIDE Connector Connecto r Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  91. 91. HDD Top View
  92. 92. Instructions on Top of HDD
  93. 93. Jumper Settings
  94. 94. Floppy Disk Drive (FDD)Access LED Eject Button
  95. 95. FDD Back ViewPower Connector Data Cable Connector
  96. 96. CD ROM Drive
  97. 97. Vendor Name Access LEDHead Phones Jack Volume Control
  98. 98. Speed of a CDD52X = 52 x 150 KBps = 7800 KBps
  99. 99. Pin Hole Open / Close Button
  100. 100. CDD Rear View Jumper Pins IDE Connector Power ConnectorCD Audio Connectors
  101. 101. CDD Connectors Specifications
  102. 102. CDD Top View
  103. 103. CD Writer
  104. 104. CD Writer Rear View IDE Connector Jumper Pins Power ConnectorCD Audio Connectors
  105. 105. Vendor Name Volume ControlHead Phones Jack
  106. 106. Write Speed Read Speed Re Write Speed Pin HoleAccess LED Open / Close Button
  107. 107. CD Writer Top View
  108. 108. ScrewsOuter Inner Mother Board
  109. 109. AGP Card
  110. 110. AGP Card top view
  111. 111. LAN Card
  112. 112. RJ 45 Jack
  113. 113. CablesFloppy Drive Cable IDE Cables
  114. 114. 40 80 Conductor Conductor Cable CableLow Speed High Speed
  115. 115. Section 2
  116. 116. Assembling a P – IV PC
  117. 117. In this section you will learnHow to assemble a Pentium – IV PC with• P – IV 1.6 GHz 478 pin CPU• KOB P4M266 NDFSMX Mother Board• 256 MB SD RAM• Sony FDD• Creative Infra 48X CD ROM Drive• Seagate 40 GB HDD• 10 /100 Realtek Ethernet Card
  118. 118. Preparing the Chassis
  119. 119. I / O Shield
  120. 120. Installing the Mother Board
  121. 121. Installing the CPU
  122. 122. Installing the CPU fan
  123. 123. Installing the RAM
  124. 124. Installing the SMPS
  125. 125. Installing the ATXPower Connector
  126. 126. Installing the HDD
  127. 127. Installing the FDD
  128. 128. Powering the HDD & FDD
  129. 129. Installing the CDROM Drive
  130. 130. Installing the LAN Card
  131. 131. Test Yourself Try to identify the componentsFROM NOW ON PRESS THE SPACE BAR TO PROCEED TO NEXT SLIDE
  132. 132. Mother Board
  133. 133. Mother Board
  134. 134. Mother Board
  135. 135. Mother Board
  136. 136. Mother Board
  137. 137. Mother Board
  138. 138. Mother Board
  139. 139. Mother Board
  140. 140. Mother Board
  141. 141. Mother Board
  142. 142. Mother Board
  143. 143. Mother Board
  144. 144. Socket 478
  145. 145. Socket 478 Close Up
  146. 146. Mother Board
  147. 147. SMPS
  148. 148. Red(R) +5V Purple(P) +5V Stand ByYellow(Y) +12V Blue(Blu) -12VOrange(O) 3.3V Green(G) Power Supply OnGrey(Gr) Power Good White(W) -5V O Blu B G B B B W R R 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 O O B R B R B Gr P Y
  149. 149. 12V 5V GND
  150. 150. GND12V 5V
  151. 151. 12V
  152. 152. GND 5V 3.3V (P6)
  153. 153. IDE –
  154. 154. Speed of a CDD 52X =
  155. 155. CDD Rear View
  156. 156. Screws
  157. 157. Cables
  158. 158. Conductor Conductor Cable CableSpeed Speed
  159. 159. Thank You

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